Explanatory Notes

 •  5 min. read  •  grade level: 8
Daniel 12:22And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. (Daniel 12:2): “Shall awake, some to everlasting life.” This is not resurrection but the regathering of Israel from the Gentiles, the restoration of some to kingdom blessings (Psalm 71:2020Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth. (Psalm 71:20), J.N.D. Trans.; Isa. 26:1919Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. (Isaiah 26:19); Ezek. 37; Hos. 6:22After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. (Hosea 6:2); Rom. 11:1515For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? (Romans 11:15)). “Everlasting life” here and “life for evermore” (Psalm 133:33As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the Lord commanded the blessing, even life for evermore. (Psalm 133:3)) is millennial and alluded to in Matthew 19:16, 29; 26:4616And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? (Matthew 19:16)
29And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life. (Matthew 19:29)
46Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me. (Matthew 26:46)
; Mark 10:17, 3017And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? (Mark 10:17)
30But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life. (Mark 10:30)
; Luke 10:26; 18:1826He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? (Luke 10:26)
18And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? (Luke 18:18)
. Now in Christianity, commencing with John 3:1515That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. (John 3:15), “eternal life” has a special character as being life enjoyed in communion with God and by the Holy Spirit given from Christ glorified, consequent upon His having completed the work of redemption.
Mark 16:9-209Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. 10And she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. 12After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country. 13And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them. 14Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. 15And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 16He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. 17And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; 18They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover. 19So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. 20And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen. (Mark 16:9‑20): “Found in more than 500 Greek manuscripts... all Syriac and Coptic and most Latin and Gothic versions, but Eusebius and Jerome state, ‘Nearly all trustworthy copies omit,’ also Vaticanus and Sinaiticus” wrote Constantine Tischendorf (in 1868). “The two oldest, Sinaiticus and Vaticanus (corrupt testimony) omit. B left the only blank in the New Testament here! —aware of omission. All other writings and translations have ‘I read them as Scripture.’” J.N.D.
“No good version of antiquity omits... the vast mass of positive testimony and the internal character prove not only it is inspired Scripture, but from none other than Mark himself.” Wm. K.
... Verse 8 would be a strange ending to Mark’s gospel verses 15, 19 and 20 are very much in keeping with this “servant gospel.”
Luke 6:11And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. (Luke 6:1): Although three uncials and four cursives omit “the second-first” (Sabbath), 13 uncials, almost all cursives and versions and many “fathers” do have it. It seems strange until understood in the light of Leviticus 23:10-1410Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the Lord. 13And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 14And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. (Leviticus 23:10‑14) as fulfilled in Christ, “the sheaf of first-fruits” in resurrection. He was in the grave during the “great day” Sabbath of John 19:3131The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. (John 19:31). From it the next was “the second” which was the “first” of the series of “seven sabbaths” which led to Pentecost. Thus it was “the second-first sabbath” according to Leviticus 23, and it was proper for the disciples to pluck and eat the corn.
John 3:1313And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. (John 3:13): “Who is in heaven” is omitted by the Sinai, Vatican, two other uncials and a cursive; but the mass of authoritives have it. Christ became a man, but did not, could not, cease to be God. This is infinite truth, “the Son of man, who is in heaven.” “The only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father.” “I am.” This could be said of none other than Mm who was “the true God and eternal life.” Here we are on holy ground.
John 7:53-8:1153And every man went unto his own house. 1Jesus went unto the mount of Olives. 2And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them. 3And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst, 4They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. 5Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou? 6This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not. 7So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. 8And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. 9And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. 10When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee? 11She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more. (John 7:53‑8:11): This is omitted in many ancient copies. But several uncials, over 330 cursives, the Vulgate and later Syriac have it. Augustine says, “Persons of small faith, or rather enemies of the faith, have taken it away.” In some copies the portion was torn out, while gaps were left in others designedly. Sixteen place it elsewhere. It is a perfect introduction to chapter eight. Verse 12, “I am the light of the world,” exposed those black hearts.
1 Corinthians 15:2929Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead? (1 Corinthians 15:29): “Baptized for the dead.” This refers to filling in the Christian ranks by new recruits being baptized, and taking the place of those who had died in faith of the resurrection.
Ephesians 4:2222That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; (Ephesians 4:22): As to putting off the old man, here it appears to be that which pertained to him. “Sin in the flesh” as well as “flesh of sin” show a relation between “our old man” and our “old nature.” “Our old man” has been crucified. He was once and for all dealt with on the cross when Christ as our Substitute was made sin for us (Rom. 6:66Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. (Romans 6:6); Col. 2:11; 3:911In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: (Colossians 2:11)
9Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; (Colossians 3:9)
; Rom. 8:33For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: (Romans 8:3); 2 Cor. 5:2121For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. (2 Corinthians 5:21)). And so J. N. D. translates Ephesians 4:2222That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; (Ephesians 4:22), “Having put off... the old man.” The Englishman’s Greek New Testament also translates it “Having put off... the old man.” Seeing that this has long ago taken place is a great relief. We still have our old nature to disallow (Col. 3:55Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: (Colossians 3:5)), etc.
1 Peter 3:1919By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; (1 Peter 3:19): “He went and preached to the spirits in prison.” When? “When once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah while the ark was preparing.” The Holy Spirit used Noah as “a preacher of righteousness” (2 Peter 2:55And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; (2 Peter 2:5)) to these now disembodied spirits who had been “disobedient” and whose bodies perished in the flood.