Grecia, Greece

Genesis 10:2,4; 1 Chronicles 1:5,7; Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:13,19; Daniel 8:21; Daniel 10:20; Daniel 11:2; Daniel 2:39; Daniel 7:6; Daniel 8:6,8,21; Zechariah 9:13; Acts 16:9-12; Acts 18:12; Acts 19:21; Acts 20:2
The Hebrew of Greece is Yavan, which naturally associates it with Javan the son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2,42The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. (Genesis 10:2)
4And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. (Genesis 10:4)
; 1 Chron. 1:5, 75The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. (1 Chronicles 1:5)
7And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. (1 Chronicles 1:7)
). In Isaiah 66:1919And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles. (Isaiah 66:19) the country inhabited by his descendants is also called Javan, which is mentioned as a place whose merchants traded with Tyre (Ezek. 27:13,1913Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market. (Ezekiel 27:13)
19Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market. (Ezekiel 27:19)
). See JAVAN. The same word is translated “Grecia” in Daniel and “Greece” in Zechariah. It is the well-known country bearing that name in the S.E. corner of Europe, but the name did not always apply to the same extent of territory. It did not anciently include Macedonia, nor does the modern kingdom. Greece is referred to in Daniel as the seat of the third great Gentile empire, of which Alexander the Great was the head, though he was a Macedonian; but he conquered. Greece, and the empire he established bears that name (Dan. 8:2121And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. (Daniel 8:21); Dan. 10:2020Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come. (Daniel 10:20); Dan. 11:22And now will I show thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. (Daniel 11:2)).
THE GRECIAN EMPIRE is called “a kingdom of brass,” as inferior to the Babylonian and the Persian (Dan. 2:3939And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth. (Daniel 2:39)). It was not inferior as to its extent. Of it was said, “it shall bear rule over all the earth”; but as an empire it was not consolidated, and scarcely had any capital. An army had to be left in Greece under Antipater to preserve peace. On the death of Alexander the empire was not conquered by others, but fell to pieces of itself.
The empire is further compared to a leopard, with four wings, marking its rapid conquests. It had four heads, answering to its being divided into four kingdoms, before Rome became supreme (Dan. 7:66After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. (Daniel 7:6)). Again it is compared to a he-goat that touched not the ground, also marking the speed of its progress. It was very great, and when very strong its great horn was broken. “The rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king” (Dan. 8:6,8,216And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. (Daniel 8:6)
8Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven. (Daniel 8:8)
21And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. (Daniel 8:21)
). See ALEXANDER THE GREAT. In Zechariah 9:1313When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man. (Zechariah 9:13) Greece is mentioned as one of the nations to be subdued by Israel when Jehovah again fights for them. It was visited by Paul under the names of Macedonia, Achaia and Greece (Acts 16:9-129And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us. 10And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them. 11Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis; 12And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days. (Acts 16:9‑12): Acts 18:1212And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat, (Acts 18:12); Acts 19:2121After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome. (Acts 19:21); Acts 20:22And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece, (Acts 20:2)).