Boyd’s Bible Dictionary:

(warning). Gold and silver passed by weight among Hebrews (Gen. 17:13; 23:16); though the ring tokens of Egypt may have been current (Gen. 20:16; 37:28). Persian coined money (daric or dram) came into use after the captivity (Esther 2:69; Neh. 7:70-72). The Maccabees first coined Jewish money, B. C. 140—shekels and half shekels of gold and silver, with minor copper coins. The N. T. coins (Matt. 17:27; 22:19; 10:29; 5:26; Mark 12:42), were Roman or Grecian.

Concise Bible Dictionary:

Mention is made of money as early as Genesis 17:12-13, where persons are said to be “bought with money”; and from Genesis to Zechariah it is spoken of as being not counted, but weighed, which would give the true value of the precious metals in the form of rings or in odd pieces of gold or silver. The names Gerah, Bekah, Shekel, Maneh, and Talent, being used for weights as well as money, the two are better considered together. See WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
On the return of the Jews, B.C. 536, Persian money was used by them. This would be followed by Greek money when they were under the dominion of the Greeks. Antiochus VII, about B.C. 140, granted permission to Simon Maccabeus to coin Jewish money. Shekels were coined bearing a pot of manna and an almond rod. Under the Romans, Roman money was used.