Psa. 78:40 KJV (With Strong’s)

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40
How
mah (Hebrew #4100)
or ma {maw}; or ma {mah}; also meh {meh}; a primitive particle; properly, interrogative what? (including how? why? when?); but also exclamation, what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively, that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjunctive senses
KJV usage: how (long, oft, (- soever)), (no-)thing, what (end, good, purpose, thing), whereby(-fore, -in, -to, -with), (for) why.
Pronounce: maw
Origin: or mah {mah}
oft did they δprovoke
marah (Hebrew #4784)
to be (causatively, make) bitter (or unpleasant); (figuratively) to rebel (or resist; causatively, to provoke)
KJV usage: bitter, change, be disobedient, disobey, grievously, provocation, provoke(-ing), (be) rebel (against, -lious).
Pronounce: maw-raw'
Origin: a primitive root
o him in the wilderness
midbar (Hebrew #4057)
a pasture (i.e. open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication, a desert; also speech (including its organs)
KJV usage: desert, south, speech, wilderness.
Pronounce: mid-bawr'
Origin: from 1696 in the sense of driving
, and grieve
`atsab (Hebrew #6087)
properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger
KJV usage: displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.
Pronounce: aw-tsab'
Origin: a primitive root
him in the desert
yshiymown (Hebrew #3452)
a desolation
KJV usage: desert, Jeshimon, solitary, wilderness.
Pronounce: yesh-ee-mone'
Origin: from 3456
!

Cross References

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How oft.
Psa. 78:17• 17And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness. (Psa. 78:17)
;
Psa. 95:8‑10• 8Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
9When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.
10Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:
(Psa. 95:8‑10)
;
Psa. 106:14‑33• 14But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.
15And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.
16They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the Lord.
17The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram.
18And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame burned up the wicked.
19They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.
20Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.
21They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;
22Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.
23Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.
24Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word:
25But murmured in their tents, and hearkened not unto the voice of the Lord.
26Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness:
27To overthrow their seed also among the nations, and to scatter them in the lands.
28They joined themselves also unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.
29Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them.
30Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed.
31And that was counted unto him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore.
32They angered him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes:
33Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.
(Psa. 106:14‑33)
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Num. 14:11• 11And the Lord said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have showed among them? (Num. 14:11)
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Deut. 9:21‑22• 21And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.
22And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, ye provoked the Lord to wrath.
(Deut. 9:21‑22)
provoke him.
or, rebel against him.
grieve.

J. N. Darby Translation

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40
How oft did they provokec him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

JND Translation Notes

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c
Or "rebel against."