Ancient name of the plain lying in the south between the Euphrates and the Tigris. It was where Nimrod established his kingdom, and where the tower of Babel was built. Amraphel, king of Shinar, was one of the four kings who fought against the five kings when Lot was taken prisoner. In later times it was known as Chaldea, or Babylonia (as in the LXX of Isaiah 11:11), and thither some of the captives from Judah were carried (Gen. 10:10; Gen. 11:2; Gen. 14:1,9; Isa. 11:11; Dan. 1:2; Zech. 5:11).