Boyd’s Bible Dictionary:

Whirlwinds of great violence and frequency were well-known desert visitations and gave rise to many Scripture metaphors
(Job 37:9; Isa. 17:13).

Concise Bible Dictionary:

This is often referred to in the Old Testament as one of the means wielded by God in His judgments on the earth. It is twice connected with the south (Job 37:9; Isa. 21:1; Isa. 40:24; Isa. 41:16; Jer. 23:19; Jer. 30:23).
Iraq. Typical desert whirlwinds. A series of them between Kirkuk and Baghdad.
Waterspout in the Baltic Sea