Isaiah 10:5,9; 2 Chronicles 35:20; Jeremiah 46:2
City on the river Euphrates, about 36° 50' N, 38° 5' E. The Assyrian monuments show that about 1,000 years B.C. it belonged to the Hittites. Apparently it was taken by the Assyrians (Isa. 10:5,95O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation. (Isaiah 10:5)
9Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus? (Isaiah 10:9)
); afterward conquered by Necho king of Egypt, after the battle of Megiddo, in which Josiah was killed (2 Chron. 35:2020After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him. (2 Chronicles 35:20)), where it is CHARCHEMISH. Three years later it was taken by Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 46:22Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh-necho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah. (Jeremiah 46:2)). Carchemish has often been associated with the classical Circesium, and placed on maps some 200 miles S. E. of the above, which is judged to be an error.