Urim and Thummim

 •  1 min. read  •  grade level: 11
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(light and perfection). From the way these mysterious words are spoken of (Ex. 28:30), and (Lev. 8:8), compared with (Ex. 28:15-21), they appear to denote some material things, separate from the high priest’s breastplate and its gems, and previously well known. Their purpose seems to be indicated (Num. 27:21; 1 Sam. 28:6), and, since they were connected with the ephod (1 Sam. 22:14-15; 23:9-12; 30:7-8), it may be inferred they were consulted to ascertain the will of Jehovah, and that they were preserved in the bag of the high priest’s breastplate to be borne “upon his heart before the Lord continually” (Ex. 28:30). Not in use after the captivity (Ezra 2:63; Neh. 7:65; Hos. 3:4).