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King of Assyria, successor to Tiglath-pileser (B.C. 727). He is sometimes called Shalmaneser III, and sometimes IV. He made Hoshea, king of Israel, tributary; but Hoshea revolted, relying on So, king of Egypt. In the ninth year of Hoshea’s reign (B.C. 722), Samaria was taken and the inhabitants were carried away captive (2 Kings 17:33Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. (2 Kings 17:3); 2 Kings 18:99And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. (2 Kings 18:9)). It may be noticed that Shalmaneser’s name is mentioned only in these two passages, afterward the term “the king of Assyria” is employed; and in 2 Kings 18:1010And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. (2 Kings 18:10) it is said, “at the end of three years they took it.” This leaves room for SARGON, the next king of Assyria, to have finished the siege, and to have carried away the captives. He succeeded to the Assyrian throne in the year B.C. 722, and on his monuments he claims to have taken Samaria in his first year.