Lebanon

Concise Bible Dictionary:

The mountain range in the north of Palestine. Its name signifies “white,” and may have arisen from some of its peaks being always covered with snow, or from the whiteness of its limestone cliffs. It is mentioned as the northern boundary of Palestine (Deut. 1:77Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates. (Deuteronomy 1:7); Deut. 11:2424Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be. (Deuteronomy 11:24); Josh. 1:44From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast. (Joshua 1:4)). There are two ranges bearing this name, the southern terminus of both being about 33° 23' N. They run N.E. nearly parallel with the Mediterranean; a fertile valley, from five to eight miles wide, running between them. This is mentioned in Joshua 11:1717Even from the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them. (Joshua 11:17). Its modern name is El Bukeiah. The valley may be considered as being prolonged southward
Cedars of Lebanon
The western range is the Lebanon generally referred to in scripture and the one from whence Solomon obtained cedar and fir trees for the temple (1 Kings 5:8-98And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 9My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. (1 Kings 5:8‑9); Psa. 29:55The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh the cedars of Lebanon. (Psalm 29:5); Isa. 14:88Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us. (Isaiah 14:8)). Of the cedars only a few remain. There are many villages situated on the small plains on the mountains, with patches of grain growing here and there vines also are cultivated from which excellent wine is made (Hos. 14:77They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon. (Hosea 14:7)). Firs grow, clinging as it were to the bare rock, yet quite secure (Hos. 14:55I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. (Hosea 14:5)). Olives, figs, and mulberries also abound, and a number of aromatic shrubs, which perfume the air, as alluded to in Song of Solomon 4:1111Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon. (Song of Solomon 4:11). Wild beasts still inhabit the glens and peaks as they did in Old Testament times (2 Kings 14:99And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle. (2 Kings 14:9); Song of Sol. 4:88Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards. (Song of Solomon 4:8); Hab. 2:1717For the violence of Lebanon shall cover thee, and the spoil of beasts, which made them afraid, because of men's blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein. (Habakkuk 2:17)). Its modern name is Jebel Libnan.
The eastern range is often called ANTI-LEBANON, but in scripture it is alluded to as “Lebanon toward the sun-rising” (Josh. 13:55And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baal-gad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath. (Joshua 13:5)). Its modern name is Jebel esh Shurky. Mount Hermon is its southern point. The road from Beirut to Damascus crosses both the mountains of Lebanon.

Strong’s Dictionary of Hebrew Words:

Transliteration:
Lbanown
Phonic:
leb-aw-nohn’
Meaning:
from 3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine
KJV Usage:
Lebanon

Jackson’s Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names:

whiteness

Potts’ Bible Proper Names:

Very white; incense:― a mountain range in Palestine, Deut. 1:7. {Valde albus}