James 4:4 KJV (With Strong’s)

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4
Ye adulterers
moichos (Greek #3432)
a (male) paramour; figuratively, apostate
KJV usage: adulterer.
Pronounce: moy-khos'
Origin: perhaps a primary word
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
adulteresses
moichalis (Greek #3428)
an adulteress (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: adulteress(-ous, -y).
Pronounce: moy-khal-is'
Origin: a prolonged form of the feminine of 3432
, know ye
eido (Greek #1492)
used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know
KJV usage: be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot. Compare 3700.
Pronounce: i'-do
Origin: a primary verb
not
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
that
hoti (Greek #3754)
demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because
KJV usage: as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.
Pronounce: hot'-ee
Origin: neuter of 3748 as conjunction
the friendship
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
philia (Greek #5373)
fondness
KJV usage: friendship.
Pronounce: fil-ee'-ah
Origin: from 5384
u of the world
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
is
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
enmity
echthra (Greek #2189)
hostility; by implication, a reason for opposition
KJV usage: enmity, hatred.
Pronounce: ekh'-thrah
Origin: feminine of 2190
with God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
? whosoever
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
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an (Greek #302)
a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty
KJV usage: (what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contracted for 1437.
Pronounce: an
therefore
oun (Greek #3767)
(adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly
KJV usage: and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.
Pronounce: oon
Origin: apparently a primary word
will
boulomai (Greek #1014)
to "will," i.e. (reflexively) be willing
KJV usage: be disposed, minded, intend, list, (be, of own) will (-ing). Compare 2309.
Pronounce: boo'-lom-ahee
Origin: middle voice of a primary verb
be
einai (Greek #1511)
to exist
KJV usage: am, was. come, is, X lust after, X please well, there is, to be, was.
Pronounce: i'-nahee
Origin: present infinitive from 1510
a friend
philos (Greek #5384)
actively, fond, i.e. friendly (still as a noun, an associate, neighbor, etc.)
KJV usage: friend.
Pronounce: fee'-los
Origin: properly, dear, i.e. a friend
of the world
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
is
kathistemi (Greek #2525)
to place down (permanently), i.e. (figuratively) to designate, constitute, convoy
KJV usage: appoint, be, conduct, make, ordain, set.
Pronounce: kath-is'-tay-mee
Origin: from 2596 and 2476
the enemy
echthros (Greek #2190)
hateful (passively, odious, or actively, hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan)
KJV usage: enemy, foe.
Pronounce: ech-thros'
Origin: from a primary ἔχθω (to hate)
of God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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adulterers.
the friendship.
enmity.
whosoever.
is the.
 Our attitude towards the world plainly declares our attitude towards God. "She that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth," states the apostle Paul (1 Tim. 5:6). Habits of worldly self-indulgence bring death between the soul and God. (The Evil of the Flesh by H. Smith)
 It does not say that God is his enemy, but the breach is so complete on the world’s side that friendship with it is only possible on the basis of enmity against God. (James 4 by F.B. Hole)

J. N. Darby Translation

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4
Adulteresses, know ye not that friendship with the world is enmity with Godh? Whoever therefore is minded to be the friend of the world is constituted enemy of God.

JND Translation Notes

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h
Lit. "the friendship of the world is enmity of God"; but it is the state as between the parties, in English "with." In what follows, the same construction in Greek, it is taken up as "our state towards" God, but this is warning to conscience.

W. Kelly Translation

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4
Adulteresses, know ye not that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whosoever therefore shall be minded to be friend of the world is constituted enemy of God1.

WK Translation Notes

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1
Adulteresses: (So run אpmAB 13, and, only in the masc., Syrsch. Copt. Aeth. Arm.)... The shorter text as given here is attested by the great witnesses, both manuscripts and versions. The addition in later copies we can understand from the temptation to round the phrase and comprehend men and women; and this has tended to a literal sense instead of understanding it as a forcible and solemn appeal, the gender being easily apprehended from the nature of the offense. (Bible Treasury N2:220, Exp. of James, p.155-156)
Adulteresses: [The RV is here] an instance of valuable correction. The weighty authorities, both MSS. and Versions, reject μοιχιὶ καί. The one designation, though in the feminine, embraces all men or women who sought the world in unfaithfulness to God and their own relationship of privilege. (Bible Treasury 14:63)
Adulteresses: In 4:4 [of the American correctors of the RV] there is but a marginal explanation suggested of "adulteresses," "That is, who break your marriage vow to God," without a word on ch. 5. There is no sufficient reason to doubt the soundness of the critical change, which all accept save that Tischendorf strangely connects the word μ with the sentence before (3), not with 4. But the feminine only and fully expresses the corruption of all who tamper with the world, instead of keeping themselves unspotted from it. (Bible Treasury 15:48)
with: both the Authorized and the Revised Versions failed to give the full force; for it is really friendship with the world as distinctly as enmity with God, which they rightly say. (Bible Treasury 14:63)
shall be minded: is there sufficient energy in the Revision, any more than the Authorized Version of βουληθῇ? It is "shall have chosen," or be minded. (Bible Treasury 14:63)
enemy: both the Authorized and the Revised Versions failed to give the full force; for it is really friendship with the world as distinctly as enmity with God, which they rightly say. None of our English versions is right, though none is here so wrong as the Rhemish, which following the Vulgate, confounds ἔχθρα with ἐχθρά. (Bible Treasury 14:63)