Heb. 1:3 KJV (With Strong’s)

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3
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Who
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
f being
on (Greek #5607)
and the neuter ὄν (on) present participle of 1510; being
KJV usage: be, come, have.
Pronounce: oan
Origin: οὖσα (oo'-sah)
the brightness
apaugasma (Greek #541)
an off-flash, i.e. effulgence
KJV usage: brightness.
Pronounce: ap-ow'-gas-mah
Origin: from a compound of 575 and 826
of
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
doxa (Greek #1391)
glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective)
KJV usage: dignity, glory(-ious), honour, praise, worship.
Pronounce: dox'-ah
Origin: from the base of 1380
his glory
doxa (Greek #1391)
glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective)
KJV usage: dignity, glory(-ious), honour, praise, worship.
Pronounce: dox'-ah
Origin: from the base of 1380
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the express image
charakter (Greek #5481)
a graver (the tool or the person), i.e. (by implication) engraving (("character"), the figure stamped, i.e. an exact copy or (figuratively) representation)
KJV usage: express image.
Pronounce: khar-ak-tare'
Origin: from the same as 5482
of
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
hupostasis (Greek #5287)
a setting under (support), i.e. (figuratively) concretely, essence, or abstractly, assurance (objectively or subjectively)
KJV usage: confidence, confident, person, substance.
Pronounce: hoop-os'-tas-is
Origin: from a compound of 5259 and 2476
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
person
hupostasis (Greek #5287)
a setting under (support), i.e. (figuratively) concretely, essence, or abstractly, assurance (objectively or subjectively)
KJV usage: confidence, confident, person, substance.
Pronounce: hoop-os'-tas-is
Origin: from a compound of 5259 and 2476
, and
te (Greek #5037)
both or also (properly, as correlation of 2532)
KJV usage: also, and, both, even, then, whether. Often used in composition, usually as the latter participle.
Pronounce: teh
Origin: a primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition
upholding
phero (Greek #5342)
namely, οἴω (oy'-o); and ἐνέγκω (en-eng'-ko) to "bear" or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively, as follows)
KJV usage: be, bear, bring (forth), carry, come, + let her drive, be driven, endure, go on, lay, lead, move, reach, rushing, uphold.
Pronounce: fer'-o
Origin: a primary verb -- for which other, and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only
all things
pas (Greek #3956)
apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole
KJV usage: all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
Pronounce: pas
Origin: including all the forms of declension
by the word
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
rhema (Greek #4487)
an utterance (individually, collectively or specially),; by implication, a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever
KJV usage: + evil, + nothing, saying, word.
Pronounce: hray'-mah
Origin: from 4483
of
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
dunamis (Greek #1411)
force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself)
KJV usage: ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.
Pronounce: doo'-nam-is
Origin: from 1410
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
power
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
dunamis (Greek #1411)
force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself)
KJV usage: ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.
Pronounce: doo'-nam-is
Origin: from 1410
, when heg had
poieo (Greek #4160)
to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct)
KJV usage: abide, + agree, appoint, X avenge, + band together, be, bear, + bewray, bring (forth), cast out, cause, commit, + content, continue, deal, + without any delay, (would) do(-ing), execute, exercise, fulfil, gain, give, have, hold, X journeying, keep, + lay wait, + lighten the ship, make, X mean, + none of these things move me, observe, ordain, perform, provide, + have purged, purpose, put, + raising up, X secure, shew, X shoot out, spend, take, tarry, + transgress the law, work, yield. Compare 4238.
Pronounce: poy-eh'-o
Origin: apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary
by
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
himself
heautou (Greek #1438)
him- (her-, it-, them-, also (in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons) my-, thy-, our-, your-) self (selves), etc.
KJV usage: alone, her (own, -self), (he) himself, his (own), itself, one (to) another, our (thine) own(-selves), + that she had, their (own, own selves), (of) them(-selves), they, thyself, you, your (own, own conceits, own selves, -selves).
Pronounce: heh-ow-too'
Origin: from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive case (dative case or accusative case) of 846
purged
katharismos (Greek #2512)
a washing off, i.e. (ceremonially) ablution, (morally) expiation
KJV usage: cleansing, + purge, purification(-fying).
Pronounce: kath-ar-is-mos'
Origin: from 2511
our
hemon (Greek #2257)
of (or from) us
KJV usage: our (company), us, we.
Pronounce: hay-mone'
Origin: genitive case plural of 1473
sins
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
hamartia (Greek #266)
a sin (properly abstract)
KJV usage: offence, sin(-ful).
Pronounce: ham-ar-tee'-ah
Origin: from 264
, sat down
kathizo (Greek #2523)
to seat down, i.e. set (figuratively, appoint); intransitively, to sit (down); figuratively, to settle (hover, dwell)
KJV usage: continue, set, sit (down), tarry.
Pronounce: kath-id'-zo
Origin: another (active) form for 2516
h on
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the right hand
dexios (Greek #1188)
the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes)
KJV usage: right (hand, side).
Pronounce: dex-ee-os'
Origin: from 1209
of the Majesty
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
megalosune (Greek #3172)
greatness, i.e. (figuratively) divinity (often God himself)
KJV usage: majesty.
Pronounce: meg-al-o-soo'-nay
Origin: from 3173
on
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
high
hupselos (Greek #5308)
lofty (in place or character)
KJV usage: high(-er, -ly) (esteemed).
Pronounce: hoop-say-los'
Origin: from 5311
;

Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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the brightness.
image.
upholding.
the word.
by himself.
sat.
Heb. 4:14• 14Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. (Heb. 4:14)
;
Heb. 8:1• 1Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; (Heb. 8:1)
;
Heb. 10:12• 12But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; (Heb. 10:12)
;
Heb. 12:2• 2Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. (Heb. 12:2)
;
Psa. 110:1• 1<<A Psalm of David.>> The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. (Psa. 110:1)
;
Matt. 22:24• 24Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. (Matt. 22:24)
;
Mark 16:19• 19So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. (Mark 16:19)
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Luke 20:42‑43• 42And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
43Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
(Luke 20:42‑43)
;
Acts 2:33• 33Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. (Acts 2:33)
;
Acts 7:56• 56And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. (Acts 7:56)
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Rom. 8:34• 34Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. (Rom. 8:34)
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Eph. 1:20‑22• 20Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
21Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
22And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,
(Eph. 1:20‑22)
;
Col. 3:1• 1If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. (Col. 3:1)
;
1 Peter 1:21• 21Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. (1 Peter 1:21)
;
1 Peter 3:22• 22Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him. (1 Peter 3:22)
;
Rev. 3:21• 21To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne. (Rev. 3:21)
Majesty.
 “Himself purged our sins.” Although this included our sins, it is not the point here. “Our” has been added by the translators. The chapter is magnifying the majesty of the person and various work of the Son. (Help on Hard Verses by A.C. Brown)
 " effulgence." It is really a "shining off from" The force is of beams of light radiating from a luminous surface. Thus the word is most picturesque, full of active energy (Hebrews 1:3 by R. Beacon)
 in the Greek there is only one word for the twofold English term " express image." And it is a most forcible one. It has been bodily transferred to English in the well-known word " character," which is pure and unaltered Greek, and means (see Liddell and Scott), strictly, an instrument for graving, and then that which is cut in or stamped. To use a homely illustration, one may perhaps think of that which has taken the form of a mold in which it has been cast in liquid shape, and then solidifying. (Hebrews 1:3 by R. Beacon)
 We carefully note that Christ is not said to be the " likeness " of God. Things are like that are not identical. (Hebrews 1:3 by R. Beacon)
 the very Man Whom they crucified by the hand of lawless men, Who was crucified through weakness At the moment He bowed His head and expired, He was sustaining all creation. It were absurd to think or say so, had He been only man; but He was God; and the dissolution of the tie between the outer and the inner man in no way touched His almighty power. (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)
 Jesus then is not merely the Messianic Heir of the-nations as in Psa. 2 He is the Heir of all things as He created all. (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)
 the incarnation means not Godhead swamped by humanity, but this taken into everlasting union with itself, each nature abiding in its own perfectness, not metamorphosed but constituting together the one person of Christ. As He therefore brought all into being, so does He sustain all the universe, and ever did so. (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)
 To create needed but His word; to sustain, His will; but not so redemption. To command in this case would have been wholly insufficient. The purging of sins could not be without the shedding of blood, without sacrificial death (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)
 Christ " by Himself " made purification of sins. For He alone suffered for sins; He alone was sacrificed for us. The Father had His will in giving Him for the purpose; and the Holy Spirit bears testimony to the complete efficacy, as He previously held out types and predictions and promises. But it was for Christ alone to suffer for sin; and this He did to the uttermost. (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)
 the work was done, finished, in such perfectness, that the only adequate seat for Him Who had borne all was at the right hand of the Majesty on high. (Hebrews 1:2-4 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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3
who being the effulgenceb of his glory and the expression of his substancec, and upholding all things by the word of hisd power, having madee by himself the purification of sins, set himself down on the right hand of the greatness on high,

JND Translation Notes

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b
That which fully presents the glory which is in something else. Thus light makes us know what the sun is; the tabernacle, what the pattern in the mount was.
c
Clearly "substance," "essential being," not "person." It is of God, not of the Father.
d
That is, his own, the Son's.
e
The form (middle) of the verb here, has a peculiar reflexive force, "having done it for himself." Though we, as alone the sinners, have the profit, yet the work was done within his own person and work, without us, as when a man journeys, and so when he makes a person his friend, his wife.

W. Kelly Translation

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3
awho being effulgence of his glory and expression of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, having made [by himself] purification of our sins sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high,

WK Translation Notes

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a
substance: And it is scarcely needful to say that "person," borrowed in the A.V. from that of Geneva, is a mistake. It is "substance" or essential being, as in Wiclif, Tyndale, Cranmer, and the Rhemish from the Vulgate. (Exp. of Heb., p.9)
substance: [The RV gives] rightly the very image, or impress, "of His substance." "Person" is quite wrong, not only in translation, but in doctrine. (Bible Treasury 14:44)
made: Nor is there the least hint of the middle voice in the aorist participle, the more striking as the purification made was of the sins of others assuredly not His own. The favorite Vulgate (factus) is here out of the way false, as it is in the next word, and often to the subversion of the truth in this epistle. (Bible Treasury 14:44)
[by himself]: Nor is the omission of δι’εαυτοῦ ["by himself"] by any means so sure as to justify not even a notice in the margin. E K L M are no doubt inferior to א A B P, Dp.m. giving δι’αὐτοῦ, but both the Syriac, the AEthiopic and the Coptic are at least equal to the Vulgate and the Armenian. Indeed, Theodoret in his comment expressly says that δι’αὐτοῦ should be read with an aspirate for δι’ἐαυτοῦ (δασέως ἀναγιγώσκειν προσήκει, άντὶ τοῦ δι’ἐαυτοῦ, B. Theod. Opp. ed. Sirmond. v. 549). (Bible Treasury 14:44)
[by himself]:... the dynamic sense of personal agency in π. is unnoticed [by the American correctors of the RV], if the reading of the three oldest copies prevail against the mass in the omission of "by Himself." It is curious to see how Ebrard over and over discusses π. as if it were active, and the Vulgate renders it as a present, instead of a past and completed act. (Bible Treasury 15:30)
our: For a wonder [the RV is]... right about purification "of sins," perhaps to avoid the appearance of reading ἠμῶν as in Text. Rec. contrary to אp.m. A B Dp.m. all and many other witnesses. They ought to have translated similarly in Eph. 1:7, Col. 1:14, where they have ruined the sense by treating the article as a possessive four times in error. (Bible Treasury 14:44)