Psa. 60:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

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1
<<To the chief Musician
natsach (Hebrew #5329)
properly, to glitter from afar, i.e. to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from 5331), to be permanent
KJV usage: excel, chief musician (singer), oversee(-r), set forward.
Pronounce: naw-tsakh'
Origin: a primitive root
uponu Shushan-eduth
Shuwshan (Hebrew #7802)
from 7799 and 5715; lily (or trumpet) of assemblage; Shushan-Eduth or Shoshannim-Eduth, the title of a popular song
KJV usage: Shoshannim-Eduth, Shushan-eduth.
Pronounce: `Eduwth
Origin: or (plural of former) Showshanniym aEduwth {sho-shan-neem' ay-dooth'}
, βMichtam
miktam (Hebrew #4387)
an engraving, i.e. (techn.) a poem
KJV usage: Michtam.
Pronounce: mik-tawm'
Origin: from 3799
of David
David (Hebrew #1732)
Daviyd {daw-veed'}; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse
KJV usage: David.
Pronounce: daw-veed'
Origin: rarely (fully)
, to teach
lamad (Hebrew #3925)
properly, to goad, i.e. (by implication) to teach (the rod being an Oriental incentive)
KJV usage: (un-) accustomed, X diligently, expert, instruct, learn, skilful, teach(-er, - ing).
Pronounce: law-mad'
Origin: a primitive root
; whenv he strove
natsah (Hebrew #5327)
properly, to go forth, i.e. (by implication) to be expelled, and (consequently) desolate; causatively, to lay waste; also (specifically), to quarrel
KJV usage: be laid waste, runinous, strive (together).
Pronounce: naw-tsaw'
Origin: a primitive root
with Aram-naharaim
nahar (Hebrew #5104)
a stream (including the sea; expec. the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity
KJV usage: flood, river.
Pronounce: naw-hawr'
Origin: from 5102
'Aram (Hebrew #763)
Aram of (the) two rivers (Euphrates and Tigris) or Mesopotamia
KJV usage: Aham-naharaim, Mesopotamia.
Pronounce: Naharayim
Origin: from 758 and the dual of 5104
and with Aram-zobah
'Aram (Hebrew #760)
Aram of Tsoba (or Coele-Syria)
KJV usage: Aram-zobah.
Pronounce: Tsobah
Origin: from 758 and 6678
, when Joab
Yow'ab (Hebrew #3097)
Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites
KJV usage: Joab.
Pronounce: yo-awb'
Origin: from {SI 13068}3068{/SI} and 1
returned
shuwb (Hebrew #7725)
to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbial, again
KJV usage: ((break, build, circumcise, dig, do anything, do evil, feed, lay down, lie down, lodge, make, rejoice, send, take, weep)) X again, (cause to) answer (+ again), X in any case (wise), X at all, averse, bring (again, back, home again), call (to mind), carry again (back), cease, X certainly, come again (back), X consider, + continually, convert, deliver (again), + deny, draw back, fetch home again, X fro, get (oneself) (back) again, X give (again), go again (back, home), (go) out, hinder, let, (see) more, X needs, be past, X pay, pervert, pull in again, put (again, up again), recall, recompense, recover, refresh, relieve, render (again), requite, rescue, restore, retrieve, (cause to, make to) return, reverse, reward, + say nay, send back, set again, slide back, still, X surely, take back (off), (cause to, make to) turn (again, self again, away, back, back again, backward, from, off), withdraw.
Pronounce: shoob
Origin: a primitive root
, and smote
nakah (Hebrew #5221)
to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: beat, cast forth, clap, give (wounds), X go forward, X indeed, kill, make (slaughter), murderer, punish, slaughter, slay(-er, -ing), smite(-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, X surely, wound.
Pronounce: naw-kaw'
Origin: a primitive root
of Edom
'Edom (Hebrew #123)
from 122; red (see Gen. 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him
KJV usage: Edom, Edomites, Idumea.
Pronounce: ed-ome'
Origin: or (fully) oEdowm {ed-ome'}
in the valley
gay' (Hebrew #1516)
probably (by transmutation) from the same root as 1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence, narrow, but not a gully or winter-torrent)
KJV usage: valley.
Pronounce: gah'-ee
Origin: or (shortened) gay {gah'-ee}
of salt
melach (Hebrew #4417)
properly, powder, i.e. (specifically) salt (as easily pulverized and dissolved
KJV usage: salt((-pit)).
Pronounce: meh'-lakh
Origin: from 4414
twelve
`asar (Hebrew #6240)
ten (only in combination), i.e. -teen; also (ordinal) -teenth
KJV usage: (eigh-, fif-, four-, nine-, seven-, six-, thir-)teen(-th), + eleven(-th), + sixscore thousand, + twelve(-th).
Pronounce: aw-sawr'
Origin: for 6235
shnayim (Hebrew #8147)
feminine shttayim {shet-tah'-yim}; two; also (as ordinal) twofold
KJV usage: both, couple, double, second, twain, + twelfth, + twelve, + twenty (sixscore) thousand, twice, two.
Pronounce: shen-ah'-yim
Origin: dual of 8145
thousand
'eleph (Hebrew #505)
hence (the ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand
KJV usage: thousand.
Pronounce: eh'-lef
Origin: prop, the same as 504
.>> O God
'elohiym (Hebrew #430)
gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative
KJV usage: angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.
Pronounce: el-o-heem'
Origin: plural of 433
, thouw hast cast us off
zanach (Hebrew #2186)
a primitive root meaning to push aside, i.e. reject, forsake, fail
KJV usage: cast away (off), remove far away (off).
Pronounce: zaw-nakh'
, thou hast γscattered
parats (Hebrew #6555)
to break out (in many applications, direct and indirect, literal and figurative)
KJV usage: X abroad, (make a) breach, break (away, down, -er, forth, in, up), burst out, come (spread) abroad, compel, disperse, grow, increase, open, press, scatter, urge.
Pronounce: paw-rats'
Origin: a primitive root
us, thou hast been displeased
'anaph (Hebrew #599)
to breathe hard, i.e. be enraged
KJV usage: be angry (displeased).
Pronounce: aw-naf'
Origin: a primitive root
; O turnx thyself to us again
shuwb (Hebrew #7725)
to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbial, again
KJV usage: ((break, build, circumcise, dig, do anything, do evil, feed, lay down, lie down, lodge, make, rejoice, send, take, weep)) X again, (cause to) answer (+ again), X in any case (wise), X at all, averse, bring (again, back, home again), call (to mind), carry again (back), cease, X certainly, come again (back), X consider, + continually, convert, deliver (again), + deny, draw back, fetch home again, X fro, get (oneself) (back) again, X give (again), go again (back, home), (go) out, hinder, let, (see) more, X needs, be past, X pay, pervert, pull in again, put (again, up again), recall, recompense, recover, refresh, relieve, render (again), requite, rescue, restore, retrieve, (cause to, make to) return, reverse, reward, + say nay, send back, set again, slide back, still, X surely, take back (off), (cause to, make to) turn (again, self again, away, back, back again, backward, from, off), withdraw.
Pronounce: shoob
Origin: a primitive root
.
β
or, a golden Psalm.
v
2 Sam. 8:3‑13• 3David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
4And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.
5And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
6Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.
7And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
9When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
10Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
11Which also king David did dedicate unto the Lord, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;
12Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
(2 Sam. 8:3‑13)
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1 Chron. 8:3‑12• 3And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,
4And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,
5And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.
6And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:
7And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud.
8And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.
9And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
10And Jeuz, and Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons, heads of the fathers.
11And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal.
12The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:
(1 Chron. 8:3‑12)
γ
broken.

More on:

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Cross References

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1-3:  David, complaining to God of former judgment,
4-5:  now upon better hope, prays for deliverance.
6-12:  Comforting himself in God's promises, he craves that help whereon he trusts.
A.M. 2964.
B.C. 1040.
(Title.)
{Shu-shan-eduth.}Probably a hexachord harp, or lute; for {âiduth} appears to be the same as the Arabic {ôod,} a harp or lute; concerning {shushan,} see on Ps 45; 80, titles.Michtam.
or, a golden Psalm.
when he strove.
2 Sam. 8:3,12‑13• 3David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
12Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
(2 Sam. 8:3,12‑13)
;
2 Sam. 10:16• 16And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. (2 Sam. 10:16)
;
1 Chron. 18:3,12‑13• 3And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
12Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
13And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David's servants. Thus the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.
(1 Chron. 18:3,12‑13)
;
1 Chron. 19:16‑19• 16And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.
17And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him.
18But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.
19And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.
(1 Chron. 19:16‑19)
valley.
O God.
scattered.
Heb. broken.
Psa. 59:11• 11Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield. (Psa. 59:11)
;
1 Sam. 4:10‑11,17• 10And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
11And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
17And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.
(1 Sam. 4:10‑11,17)
;
1 Sam. 13:6‑7,11,19‑22• 6When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
7And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
11And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash;
19Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:
20But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
21Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
22So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
(1 Sam. 13:6‑7,11,19‑22)
;
1 Sam. 31:1‑7• 1Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
2And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, Saul's sons.
3And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.
4Then said Saul unto his armorbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armorbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
5And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
6So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armorbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
7And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
(1 Sam. 31:1‑7)
O turn.

J. N. Darby Translation

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1
To the chief Musician. On Shushanc. Testimony. Michtam of David; to teach: when he strove with the Syrians of Mesopotamia, and the Syrians of Zobah, and Joab returned, and smote the Edomites in the valley of salt, twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased: restore us again.

JND Translation Notes

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c
Meaning, "lily." For michtam see Ps. 16 and Ps. 56 to 60.