Rev. 20:12 KJV (With Strong’s)

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12
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
And
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
I saw
eido (Greek #1492)
used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know
KJV usage: be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot. Compare 3700.
Pronounce: i'-do
Origin: a primary verb
the dead
nekros (Greek #3498)
dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun)
KJV usage: dead.
Pronounce: nek-ros'
Origin: from an apparently primary νέκυς (a corpse)
, small
mikros (Greek #3398)
small (in size, quantity, number or (figuratively) dignity)
KJV usage: least, less, little, small.
Pronounce: mik-ros'
Origin: μικρότερος (mik-rot'-er-os) apparently a primary word
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
great
megas (Greek #3173)
big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application)
KJV usage: (+ fear) exceedingly, great(-est), high, large, loud, mighty, + (be) sore (afraid), strong, X to years.
Pronounce: meg'-as
Origin: (including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη, plural μεγάλοι, etc.; compare also 3176, 3187)
, stand
histemi (Greek #2476)
to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: abide, appoint, bring, continue, covenant, establish, hold up, lay, present, set (up), stanch, stand (by, forth, still, up). Compare 5087.
Pronounce: his'-tay-mee
Origin: a prolonged form of a primary στάω (stah'-o) (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses)
before
enopion (Greek #1799)
in the face of (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: before, in the presence (sight) of, to.
Pronounce: en-o'-pee-on
Origin: neuter of a compound of 1722 and a derivative of 3700
God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
; and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the books
biblion (Greek #975)
a roll
KJV usage: bill, book, scroll, writing.
Pronounce: bib-lee'-on
Origin: a diminutive of 976
b were opened
anoigo (Greek #455)
to open up (literally or figuratively, in various applications)
KJV usage: open.
Pronounce: an-oy'-go
Origin: from 303 and οἴγω (to open)
: and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
another
allos (Greek #243)
"else," i.e. different (in many applications)
KJV usage: more, one (another), (an-, some an-)other(-s, -wise).
Pronounce: al'-los
Origin: a primary word
book
biblion (Greek #975)
a roll
KJV usage: bill, book, scroll, writing.
Pronounce: bib-lee'-on
Origin: a diminutive of 976
c was opened
anoigo (Greek #455)
to open up (literally or figuratively, in various applications)
KJV usage: open.
Pronounce: an-oy'-go
Origin: from 303 and οἴγω (to open)
, which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
is
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
the book of life
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
zoe (Greek #2222)
life (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: life(-time). Compare 5590.
Pronounce: dzo-ay'
Origin: from 2198
: and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the dead
nekros (Greek #3498)
dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun)
KJV usage: dead.
Pronounce: nek-ros'
Origin: from an apparently primary νέκυς (a corpse)
were judged
krino (Greek #2919)
by implication, to try, condemn, punish
KJV usage: avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think.
Pronounce: kree'-no
Origin: properly, to distinguish, i.e. decide (mentally or judicially)
out of
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
those things
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
which were written
grapho (Greek #1125)
to "grave", especially to write; figuratively, to describe
KJV usage: describe, write(-ing, -ten).
Pronounce: graf'-o
Origin: a primary verb
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the books
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
biblion (Greek #975)
a roll
KJV usage: bill, book, scroll, writing.
Pronounce: bib-lee'-on
Origin: a diminutive of 976
, accordinge to
kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
their
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
works
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
ergon (Greek #2041)
toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act
KJV usage: deed, doing, labour, work.
Pronounce: er'-gon
Origin: from a primary (but obsolete) ἔργω (to work)
.

Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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I saw.
Rev. 20:11• 11And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. (Rev. 20:11)
;
Dan. 12:2• 2And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. (Dan. 12:2)
;
John 5:28‑29• 28Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,
29And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
(John 5:28‑29)
;
John 11:25‑26• 25Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
26And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
(John 11:25‑26)
;
Acts 24:15• 15And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. (Acts 24:15)
;
1 Cor. 15:21‑23• 21For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
23But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
(1 Cor. 15:21‑23)
;
1 Thess. 4:15‑17• 15For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
16For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
17Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
(1 Thess. 4:15‑17)
small.
stand.
the books.
and another.
Rev. 3:5• 5He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. (Rev. 3:5)
;
Rev. 13:8• 8And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. (Rev. 13:8)
;
Rev. 17:8• 8The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is. (Rev. 17:8)
;
Rev. 21:27• 27And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. (Rev. 21:27)
;
Psa. 69:28• 28Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous. (Psa. 69:28)
;
Dan. 12:1• 1And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. (Dan. 12:1)
;
Luke 10:20• 20Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven. (Luke 10:20)
;
Phil. 4:3• 3And I entreat thee also, true yokefellow, help those women which labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and with other my fellowlaborers, whose names are in the book of life. (Phil. 4:3)
according.
Rev. 20:13• 13And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. (Rev. 20:13)
;
Rev. 2:23• 23And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works. (Rev. 2:23)
;
Rev. 22:12• 12And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. (Rev. 22:12)
;
Psa. 28:4• 4Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness of their endeavors: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert. (Psa. 28:4)
;
Psa. 62:12• 12Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work. (Psa. 62:12)
;
Prov. 24:12,29• 12If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it? and shall not he render to every man according to his works?
29Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me: I will render to the man according to his work.
(Prov. 24:12,29)
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Eccl. 12:14• 14For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. (Eccl. 12:14)
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Jer. 17:10• 10I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings. (Jer. 17:10)
;
Jer. 32:19• 19Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings: (Jer. 32:19)
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Matt. 16:27• 27For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. (Matt. 16:27)
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Rom. 2:6• 6Who will render to every man according to his deeds: (Rom. 2:6)
;
2 Cor. 5:10• 10For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. (2 Cor. 5:10)
 But scripture shows us that, the resurrection of the just is a totally different thing and at a different time from the resurrection of the unjust: they have nothing in common, save that in both cases soul and body must be reunited for ever. (Brief Exposition of Revelation 20 by A.J. Pollock)
 None but dead are there, and how differently do they appear [from the living] before the throne! (Lectures on Revelation 20: Part 3 by W. Kelly)
 Man in accountable. His deeds are marked, whether he be small or great. Every one is judged according to his works. (Lectures on Revelation 20: Part 3 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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12
And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is that of life. And the dead were judged out of the things written in the books according to their works.

W. Kelly Translation

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12
aAnd I saw the dead, the great and the little, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of the things written in the books according to their works.

WK Translation Notes

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a
I saw: ἴδ. AB. 7. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)
the great and the little, standing: τοὺς με. κ. τ. μι. A., fifteen cursives, Compl., Vulg., Syr., Æth., Arm., Ar.p, Slav.3.4. And., Ir.int: μι. κ. με. (τοὺς μικ. τ. μ. B.) very many mss., Rec. (31. 32. 48. putting ἐστῶτας before). 2. 8. 29. 30. 49. 42. 50.... 90. 94. 97. 98. omit the words, as 2. 14. 30.... 92. 98. omit ἐστωτας. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)
the great and the little, standing: Rec. etc. μικ. καὶ μεγ. Matthiae, Ln. Tisch. and Treg. τοὺς μεγ. καὶ τ. μικ. (Prospect 1:163)
the great and the little, standing: it should be "the great and the small," as in the Complutensian edition and the Revised Version, though some good copies favor "the small and the great." It is curious that all the other early Greek editions are wrong, all the early English versions right before the Authorized Version, save in omitting the article. But the omission of the articles in the phrase as in the Received Text has no support from any known manuscript. More than a dozen cursives omit the entire phrase, among them Erasmus' copy, Codex Reuchlini. (Bible Treasury 14:256)
the throne: θρόνου AB., thirty-six cursives, Compl., almost all Vv. and Ff.; θεοῦ some cursives, Rec., Slav. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)
the throne: The edd. after A. B. and many MSS. read θρόνου. (Prospect 1:163)
the throne: Before "the throne" should supplant "God," which has trifling authority. Forms and order slightly vary from the Received Text, but do not affect the sense. (Bible Treasury 14:256)
were opened: ἠνοίχθησαν AB., 7. 11. 14. 29. 31. 32. 33. 35. 48.... 87. 92. Er.; ἠνεῷχ. (ἀνεῷχ. 37. 38. 49.... 96. Compl.) many cursives, Rec.; ἤνοιξαν (-εν 9. 13. 16. 39. etc.) 2. 8. 29. 30. 40. 41. 42. 50. 54. 90. 94. 97. 98. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)
were opened: most [edd.] read ἠνοίχθησαν, instead of ἠνεῷχθ. with Rec. etc. (and again in the sing.) Matthiae ἤνοιξαν. (Prospect 1:163)
another book: ἄ. β. AB., about thirty cursives, Compl., And., Are., cat.; β. ἄ. many cursives, Rec. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)
was opened: ἠνοίχθη A. 3. 7. 11. 29. 35. 40.... 87. Er.; ἀνεῷ. 38. 38. 49.... 96. 97. Compl.; ἠνεῷ. B., most mss., Rec. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.58)