A Study of the Psalms

Table of Contents

1. A Few Leading Thoughts as to the Book of Psalms
2. A Study of the Psalms
3. Psalm 1
4. Psalm 2
5. Psalm 3
6. Psalm 4
7. Psalm 5
8. Psalm 6
9. Psalm 7
10. Psalm 8
11. Psalm 9
12. Psalm 10
13. Psalm 11
14. Psalm 12
15. Psalm 13
16. Psalm 14
17. Psalm 15
18. Psalm 16
19. Psalm 17
20. Psalm 18
21. Psalm 19
22. Psalm 20
23. Psalm 21
24. Psalm 22
25. Psalm 23
26. Psalm 24
27. Psalm 25
28. Psalm 26
29. Psalm 27
30. Psalm 28
31. Psalm 29
32. Psalm 30
33. Psalm 31
34. Psalm 32
35. Psalm 33
36. Psalm 34
37. Psalm 35
38. Psalm 36
39. Psalm 37
40. Psalm 38
41. Psalm 39
42. Psalm 40
43. Psalm 41
44. Psalm 42
45. Psalm 43
46. Psalm 44
47. Psalm 45
48. Psalm 46
49. Psalm 47
50. Psalm 48
51. Psalm 49
52. Psalm 50
53. Psalm 51
54. Psalm 52
55. Psalm 53
56. Psalm 54
57. Psalm 55
58. Psalm 56
59. Psalm 57
60. Psalm 58
61. Psalm 59
62. Psalm 60
63. Psalm 61
64. Psalm 62
65. Psalm 63
66. Psalm 64
67. Psalm 65
68. Psalm 66
69. Psalm 67
70. Psalm 68
71. Psalm 69
72. Psalm 70
73. Psalm 71
74. Psalm 72
75. Psalm 73
76. Psalm 74
77. Psalm 75
78. Psalm 76
79. Psalm 77
80. Psalm 78
81. Psalm 79
82. Psalm 80
83. Psalm 81
84. Psalm 82
85. Psalm 83
86. Psalm 84
87. Psalm 85
88. Psalm 86
89. Psalm 87
90. Psalm 88
91. Psalm 89
92. Psalm 90
93. Psalm 91
94. Psalm 92
95. Psalm 93
96. Psalm 94
97. Psalm 95
98. Psalm 96
99. Psalm 97
100. Psalm 98
101. Psalm 99
102. Psalm 100
103. Psalm 101
104. Psalm 102
105. Psalm 103
106. Psalm 104
107. Psalm 105
108. Psalm 107
109. Psalm 108
110. Psalm 109
111. Psalm 110
112. Psalm 111
113. Psalm 112
114. Psalm 113
115. Psalm 114
116. Psalm 115
117. Psalm 116
118. Psalm 117
119. Psalm 118
120. Psalm 119
121. Psalms 120-134: Fifteen Songs of Degrees
122. Psalm 120
123. Psalm 121
124. Psalm 122
125. Psalm 123
126. Psalm 124
127. Psalm 125
128. Psalm 126
129. Psalm 127
130. Psalm 128
131. Psalm 129
132. Psalm 130
133. Psalm 131
134. Psalm 132
135. Psalm 133
136. Psalm 134
137. Psalm 135
138. Psalm 136
139. Psalm 137
140. Psalm 138
141. Psalm 139
142. Psalm 140
143. Psalm 141
144. Psalm 142
145. Psalm 143
146. Psalm 144
147. Psalm 145
148. Psalm 146
149. Psalm 147
150. Psalm 148
151. Psalm 149
152. Psalm 150
153. Postscript

A Few Leading Thoughts as to the Book of Psalms

Most of the Psalms are expressions afore-prepared by the Supreme Being for His earthly people-expressions of sentiments produced in their hearts, in and by circumstances through which they have to pass.
Among His people I include here the Messiah Himself.
These expressions give us, in truth, the part which the Spirit takes, as working in the hearts of saints for the earth, amid their sorrows and exercises, and even in their human infirmities and failures, of which, of course, the Messiah had none; and He thus gives, beforehand, the thoughts of faith, and the truth suited to all that happens.
Observe here, lst. These expressions belong to the godly remnant in Judah and Israel in the last days. 2ndly. It is the spirit of Messiah-the spirit of prophecy which so speaks.
3rdly. While the sins of the people would morally hinder their having confidence in God amid their distresses, yet He alone can deliver them, and to Him they must look in integrity of heart.
In sum, then, the Psalms are the expression of the spirit of the Anointed One, either in the Jewish remnant, or in saints in Israel, or in His own person as suffering for them, in view of the counsels of Elohim with respect to His elect earthly people.
C. Observe, too, that the positions in which Messiah suffers are three:-
1St. From man for His righteousness and love, and for His testimony in that which is goodiby which He revealed God. Here He calls for vengeance.
2ndly. From God for sin. Here He is all alone; and blessing and grace the result.
3rdly. From Satan's power and darkness, and the anticipation of death, besides what is referred to in Heb. 2:10. God had not yet given up Israel; but their state was judicially dealt with under His government. Devils and leprosy, sickness and famine, etc., filled the land, as well as the sword of, and tribute to, Caesar heavy upon them, and ten and a half tribes gone, no one knew where. Christ went through that which enables Him to be afflicted in all the afflictions of His own people, and will enable Him to sympathize with them hereafter (Heb. 5:7-9), when as the angel of Jehovah's presence, He comes to save them.
At the close of His life-we may say, from after the paschal supper-He bare in principle, in His soul, all the distress and affliction under which Israel will come through the government of God-not condemnation, but still the consequences of their sin.
In John 12 He anticipated it, but, afterward entered into it.
It was apostate Israel's hour and the power of darkness; and He looked to the Father-not yet forsaken.
The Book of the Psalms contains five books
Book 1.,1.-41. gives the state as a whole of the Jewish remnant, or of those of it who are not driven out of Jerusalem, and hence of Messiah Himself, as connected with it. We have thus more of His personal history in it than in all the rest.
Book 2., 42.-72., views the remnant as cast out of Jerusalem.—Messiah's place is with them, and so they—hope. His coming in restores them, in the view. of prophecy, to relationship with Jehovah-a people before Him, xlv., xlvi. Previously, when cast out, they speak of Elohim rather than of Jehovah. In li. they own the nation's guilt in rejecting Him.
Book 3.,73.-89., shows the deliverance and restoration of Israel as a nation: Jerusalem-at the close being the center of His blessing and government.
78. electing grace stands in royalty when all seems lost.
88. the dread- effects of being under law.
89. all mercies centering in Messiah-longed for.
Book 4.,90.-106., Jehovah at all times the dwelling 'place of Israel: they look for Him to deliver. For this the Abrahamic names of El Shaddai and Gnelion are introduced. Messiah comes in and says, " I own them in Jehovah, the Elohim of Israel.". There He is found. Then there will be judgment on the wicked and 'deliverance of the righteous.' The full divine nature of Messiah, once cut off, is made the ground of His having the blessings: He is unchangeable, Jehovah. Then, blessing 'on Israel and creation, and judgment on the solm-but all of that mercy which had so often spared them.
Book 5.,107.-150., a kind of moral on all: 'the close triumphant praise.
Note-It is common in the Psalms for the beginning of a psalm to give its thesis, and the after-verses to give that which the spirit passed through in reaching it. This remark will be found often to help the reader in a psalm.
The same principle is true as to the Psalms in their consecutive order; and, perhaps, as a book.
Some great truth is brought forward (as in i. and ii.), and then a series of Psalms follow (as expressing the sentiments of the remnant; and then the issue (as in Psa. 8).
Let us now turn to the First Book, (1.-41. 41 Psalms), and 1St. as to the general structure. Psa. 1 to 8. give the basis of the whole Five Books.
3.- 7. a series-thoughts produced thereby in the faithful (A), closing with a new fact in the result in the purposes of God.
And 10. state of facts in the latter days.
11.-15. a series: compare 3.-7. (B.)
16.-24. Messiah, and the whole Divine testimony; Messiah crucified-atonement.
25.-39. a series (C); compare (A) and (B).
Messiah's intervention.
His people's blessing.)
Then, 1., the standard of man's walk on earth raised; and
2. Messiah, earth-rejected, but heaven-owned.
(3-4)The thoughts and feelings of the faithful thereupon.)
8. The Son of Man glorified in heaven.
9.,10. The basis of what follows to end of xv., being the historic condition of the remnant in the latter day.
(11.-15. thoughts and feelings to which that condition gives rise.)
16.-24. Messiah entering into the circumstances of the faithful few; the testimonies of Elohim; the sufferings of Messiah, and the final manifestation of His glory when He is owned as Jehovah on His return.
The faithful few are seen in17.,20.,23.; creation and law as testimonies in xix.; Messiah the main subject of the rest.
(25.-39. Thoughts and feelings of the faithful few thereunder.)
40.,41. The true source of Messiah's intervention in the counsels and plans of Elohim; His place in humiliation and the blessing of him who can enter into that, His humiliation, and that of the believing ones associated with Him.
Observe-The point of departure of the feeling and of the whole of what is said-is any godly Jew whatever in the latter days. Into that Messiah has entered in His
own way. But the point of moral departure is always, the remnant and their state.
To take it now more in detail:-
The first- verse or few first verses generally give the thesis of a psalm.
1. The godly and their blessing under divine government; judgment of the ungodly; moral government on earth made good by judgment in Israel.
2. Messiah, and the counsels of Jehovah as to Him.7. the remnant in their moral traits thereon, and position.)
3. the condition in general in contrast with IL; and faith a stay.
4. appeals to righteousness; also, in Him, and in themselves.
5. cry to Him who discerns between good and evil.
6. appeal to mercy for selves, and judgment on the wicked.
7. cry to Him who judges the righteous and will judge the wicked. How long?
8. Son of Man owned as set over all things.
(9. and10. there are 1St, the humble; 2ndly, the golm; 3rdly, the wicked,9. 5, and x. 15 and 16; the 2nd and 3rd perish together.)
9. Jehovah's intervention in judgment for His own.
10. position of the sorrow and trial of the remnant till Jehovah arises.
Note the character of the wicked (Jew) as to idols and Babylon, and as to Messiah: ver. 12, the humble cry. ver. 16, Jehovah, king forever.
(11.-15. founded on ix. and x.; circumstances.)
(11.-15. the remnant in their thoughts and feelings.)
11. What can the righteous do when evil reigns in Jehovah's land? He is in heaven and loves righteousness.
12. He will cut off the proud and deceitful lips.
13. How long, Jehovah! My heart shall rejoice in thy salvation.
14. He will judge from heaven, for Elohim is in the generation of the righteous.
15. Who shall then abide with Him? The upright in heart.
(16.-24. Messiah's place as to the remnant.)
16. Messiah takes formally His own place in grace among the remnant. In thee I trust.
17. the Spirit of Messiah in the remnant, and in Himself amid the wicked. Hear the right.
18. His humiliation the way to and basis of the deliverance and exaltation of Israel, from Egypt till the millennial reign.
19. Testimonies to God. Creation and the law of Jehovah.
20. the remnant associate themselves with Messiah in His sufferings. See18. And 19.
21. the answer on high to the 20th.
22. Messiah has suffered for sin from God: God glorified about sin will bless man.
23. confidence in the shepherd, Jehovah (compare xvi.). He knows what to give us.
24. the character of those who will have a part with Jacob (comp. xvii.): glory on earth.
(25.-31. the position of the remnant on a new ground and a different footing.)
25. the remnant, 1 and 2, trust; 3, waiting; 4, 5, guidance; 6, mercy; 7-11, pardon of sins; 9, the meek; 12-14, the fearers' hopes; 15-21, the meek one.
26. integrity and trust in Jehovah pleaded; and separation sought from the wicked.
27. 1-6, the confidence of the believer; 7-12, cry of distress. Singleness of eye, and the call " Seek ye my face;" and waiting.
28. cry, not to be confounded with the wicked; 6, Jehovah hears; 7, His Messiah.
29. Let the mighty hear the mightier voice of Jehovah. He has a temple and a people.
30. Trust in Jehovah better than trust in prosperity; 3-9, a living people to be blessed upon earth.
31. trust and righteousness and looking for guidance for His name's sake, and for deliverance from enemies.
32. forgiveness of sins, on confession-and no guile. His eye guides.
33. the full result of deliverance is celebrated. He is the joy of the upright.
34. His government is sure: faith can praise at all times.
35. deliverance sought to the praise of Jehovah in Israel restored.
36. warning to the conscience-less wicked. Jehovah my trust they are fallen.
37. Wait on Him and keep His way, and all is yours.
38. and 39. Governmental rebuking for sins lies on the remnant. Full chastening for sins from the rod of government has reached the sheep of the flock, outwardly and then inwardly.
38. under the stroke of Jehovah, disgrace, shame, and fear, felt and accepted.
under the stroke of Jehovah the emptiness of all flesh felt and owned.
40. waiting on Jehovah, Messiah is delivered. He alone has done His whole will (comp. Phil. 2:6-8).
41. Blessed the man who knows this place of the poor of the flock.
Resume-Thus we have (1.-n 8.) the whole scene in. its principles and result in the purpose of God. 9.,10. the historical circumstances of the Jews in the latter day, whose state forms the groundwork and subject of the whole book. Their state shown, we then have the way of Messiah traced. His life is passed in review; but especially its close.
End of the. First Book.
F(*Verse 13.-" Blessed be Jehovah God of Israel from everlasting and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.")
Book 2 (42.-72., 31 Psalms) gives us the godly cast out of Jerusalem-their anguish, and faith, and hope of restoration. Messiah's deliverance and previous humiliation. The glorious and yet lowly One, and then royal rule in David's line established in Israel.
This ends the dealings of the remnant in the land, looked at as apart from the rests
42. Cast out by the heathen, the godly pants after
God; hopes in Him, and (43.) longs for the holy hill, tabernacle, altar.
(44.-48. from their first appeal to God to their re-establishment in Zion.49. a comment thereon.)
44. Faith looks back; that gives faithfulness, and this gives hope in God.
45. Messiah comes in and takes the throne.
46. the God of Jacob is then a refuge. He has His city, etc., on earth. He is with us.
47. He is a great king over all the earth.
48. Mount Zion the center of all the blessing.
49. man and all his glory fades; but God is great as a redeemer.
(50. and 51. the separative judgment in Israel connected with sin against God; the remnant's confession.)
50. (1 and 2, thesis). God's arraignment of His earthly people.
51. The true remnant's confession.
(52.-64. the exercises of the remnant; the trial side to faith; lxv.—lxvii. the bright side to faith and hope.)
52. the wicked man will not abide, for the goodness of God abides.
53. God looks down from heaven upon the infidel scoffers.
54. Save, God! for the sake of Thy name, from strangers outside and oppressors inside. Jehovah my praise!
55. anguish from faith finds rest in God. Jehovah will save.
56. the tears of the godly amid the bitter enmity of
the wicked are put into God's bottle. He will keep our feet from falling.
57. God a refuge. His wings a covert till all evil is overpast.
58. Righteousness was asleep in the congregation. Judgment sought.
59. Lord God of Israel, awake to visit. All the heathen against me; slay them not, lest my people forget.
60. 0 God! Thou hast cast us off; turn Thyself to us again. Through Thee we shall do valiantly.
61. from the ends of the earth I cry to thee; Thou bast heard my desires.
62. My soul waits upon God; from Him my salvation: how long?
63. in a land of drought, Thy loving-kindness better than life; my lips praise; Thou my help; the shadow of Thy wings my joy.
64. the enemy shoots at the perfect: God will shoot at him. His judgment shall be owned of all. (65.-67. see above, above 52.)
65. Praise still is dumb in Zion; yet to Thee shall all come; Thy chosen, we shall dwell with Thee.
66. His intervention in judgment: purging the souls of His own.
67. God shall bless us, and all the ends of the earth shall fear Him,
(That which follows gives the introduction of Israel into its position.)
68. God at the head of His people; their joy and the shame of the wicked. His character as so doing known of old. The Lord ascended up on high to receive; gives as man, and for rebellious man, Himself-the root of it all. Israel restored.
69. but the pathway into the same blessedness (68.) is moral glory proved in the depths of humiliation. Messiah (as in Psa. 22) was alone, forsaken of God when atonement was made. But having been thus made sin, He can in spirit and heart enter into all the sorrows of the remnant of Israel, into which as under God's government the nation brings itself. It will not be forsaken, then, though judged in time, and He who had been once forsaken can sympathize with the remnant, and pray against the wicked mass.
70. a summing up of the principle on which the spirit speaks in the remnant, and of the association of
Messiah with their sorrows: one poor and needy trusted in God.
71. the sum of all God's ways with Israel from the beginning. He will not leave them at the last in the depths.
the full reign of peace and royal blessing.
End of the Second Book.
Book 3, (78.- 89., 17 Psalms) takes up Israel as well as Judah; but only the remnant in Israel. There is only one " Psalm of David" in it. The history of the nation as such is given, still a true-hearted remnant is distinguished. Christ, Israel, and general principles.
"God is good to Israel, to such as are of a clean heart." The prosperity of the wicked perplexes a good man's mind, till he goes into the sanctuary and sees the end.
74. 0 God, why hast Thou cast us off forever? They have cast fire into Thy sanctuary. Arise! plead Thine own cause.
75. When Messiah receives the congregation He will judge uprightly.
76. In Judah is God known; His name great in Israel; terrible to the kings of the earth.
77. The godly man goes back in trouble to the faithfulness of old of the Most High to Israel: the ways of God with himself.
78. The history of Israel's failure under law, and the security of blessing on the principle of electing love.
79. The heathen lay waste Jerusalem. Wilt Thou let them say, Where is now their God?
80. Israel under the shepherd care of God, as in the wilderness. Let Thy hand be upon the man of Thy right hand.
81. Israel, supposing itself upon the old historic ground, is judged for unfaithfulness.
82. God judges the judges of the earth, and even of the land.
83. God invoked to judge the confederacy, that men may know that Jehovah is Most High over all the earth.
84. joy in the prospect of appearing in Zion.
85. restored to the land, they look for the full blessing of millennium rest.
86. the meek yet confiding expectation of a godly soul, of blessing from Jehovah.
87. Jehovah loves Zion; reckons the Redeemer and the redeemed to her as children: all my springs are in Thee.
88. looking to a Savior from utter ruin and condemnation in self, under law.
Jehovah's mercies centered in and clustering round Messiah, when men had no claim to any blessing.
End of the Third Book -
Book 4*, (90. -106., 17 Psalms). The coming of Messiah; this connects the nation with Messiah, as well as with Jehovah.
(90. the nation looking to Adonay's return to bless them, that His beauty may be on them. 91. the connection of Messiah as a man on this earth with the nation. 92. gives, in prophetic celebration the great result into which 93.-100. enter in the whole establishment of it. 101. And 102. deeply interesting details as to Messiah. 103. and civ. the general result as illustrating Jehovah's ways as to Israel and the earth. cv. And 106. His dealings from the first, and Israel's ways with Him.)
(*Book 4 is not so separated from the 3rd, as are the 1St, and the 2nd, and the 3rd books from each other. The 1St gives the principles of the position of the Jewish Remnant in connection with the history of the Messiah; the 2nd their casting out; the 3rd the condition of Israel as a nation restored to the land: this, in reality, involves the hope of the coming of Messiah, which is the subject of the 4th.)
90. The believing people's faith in AdOnay ever their-dwelling place; His works.
91. Messiah confesses Jehovah as His God; and the promised blessing is declared His.
92. celebration of the open display of the results of xci.
93. Jehovah reigns; He is mightier than the wicked. His testimonies sure and holy.
94. cry to Jehovah the God of vengeance to show. Himself as against the wicked.
95. Oh, come, let us [Israel] sing unto Jehovah.
96. all the earth is bidden to come, in the spirit of the everlasting gospel.
97. His coming is now celebrated. His judgments in power precede Himself.
98. Jehovah has made known His salvation and mercy to Israel.
99. He is sitting between the cherubim in Zion. e. all the earth, or land, called to come and praise.
100. all the earth, or land, called to come and praise
101. He declares how He will govern His house and land.
102. the contrast between the isolation of the man of sorrows, and the divine glory of the same; and glory.
(103.-104. the results and the covenant in grace, and the responsibility of Israel's history. 103. the voice of Messiah in Israel is praise as to Jehovah's dealings with them. civ. the same in creation. cv. God's ways in grace from Abraham to the giving of the land, now to be possessed in grace. cvi. Israel's ways from first to last; but looking for Jehovah's mercy which endures forever.)
103. forgiveness and salvation for the remnant'; the blessing from Jehovah.
104. Jehovah as creator of the earth: sinners will be consumed out of it.
105. Thanks to Jehovah who gave unconditional promises to Abraham, and acts in grace to Israel.
(N.B.-The previous book does not go back beyond Moses.)
Praise Jehovah; His mercy forever: we have sinned with our fathers; but He is our. Savior. Praise ye Him.
(As the 3rd so the 4th- book speaks of all Israel, not only of mere Jewish circumstances.)
End of the Fourth Book.
Book 5, (107.-150.). The people restored; a survey of God's ways, and a divine comment on it all, ending in praise.
107. The goodness of Jehovah. Israel redeemed from the enemy and brought back from every land: His mercy forever. In temporal things on earth.
108. I praise God, and will praise Him among the nations and all races: He will deliver all our heritage. for us.
109. imprecation on the apostate; but Jehovah stands at the right hand of the poor who trusts Him.
110. Jehovah exalts Messiah at His right hand on high„ until He sets Him in Zion as Melchizedek.
(.111.-113 a hallelujah as to Jehovah's ways in delivering Israel.)
111. Jehovah's works glorious: He has brought redemption to His people; and His fear the beginning of wisdom.
112. Blessed the man that fears Him: the desire of the wicked shall perish.
113. Praise for the same, only " for evermore," and " from the rising of the sun to the going down of the same."
114. The presence of Jehovah with His people, as in the redemption from Egypt.
115. Cry to Jehovah to glorify His name in contrast to idols and to Israel (blessed of Him), and those that fear Him to trust in Him.
116. I love Jehovah; He brought me up from the grave's mouth, and saved me from despair.
117. the nations to praise Jehovah for His mercy to us (Israel).
118.Compassed by nations, thrust sore at by the enemy, chastened sore of Jehovah-yet am I delivered. The gate of Jehovah. The rejected stone now made head-of the corner. The day made by Him. Blessed is He that comes in the name of Jehovah.
119. the law written in their hearts, they confess they had gone astray.
Aleph. Blessed the returner who walks with the Lord. Beth. The word associates with God-cleansing. Gimel. Leaning on Divine mercy, if the law is in the heart.
Daleth. Soul cleaves to the dust: the word quickens.
He. Looking for Divine guidance and teaching.
Vau. For establishment before adversaries through instruction.
Zain. Reckoning upon the word of Jehovah-is strength: for
Cheth. Thus, Jehovah is my portion; those that fear Him my companions.
Teth. I can look upon circumstances with God's eye and mind.
Yod. Thou art my Creator; thou wilt guide me even through afflictions.
Caph. My soul faints for Thy deliverance from evil.
Lamed. But for Thy word I should have perished in affliction.
Mem. Joy in the law, and its effects on the intelligence.
Nun. It guides and comforts me in spite of enemies and snares; and
Samech. Gives the horror of vain thoughts, and terror at the judgments on wickedness.
Ain. Cry to Jehovah to work; they have made void Thy law.
Pe—-Schin. Give the effects of love to Jehovah's law and testimonies; its value; His trials, walk, grief at transgressors. He looks for teaching, quickening, keeping, and holds fast.
Tau. A general summing up of the whole.
*.. Is this the moral state of Israel in the last days, when, in the land, the law is written in their hearts ere full deliverance and final blessing are come?
(120.-134. Songs of degrees. Israel in the land, but the power of Gog not yet destroyed.)
120. I cried to Jehovah, Save me from the lying lips and deceitful tongue; and was heard.
121. Jehovah, appealed to, is security.
123. Jerusalem, the alone center of blessing.123.. Filled with contempt of the wicked, I wait for Him that dwells in the heavens.
124. had not Jehovah been for us, all, all would have been lost.
125. trust in Jehovah; He judges the wicked, but is peace to Israel.
126. they that sow in tears shall, through Jehovah, reap in joy.
127. all temporal blessings on earth will be from Jehovah.
128. such blessings promised to those that fear and own Him.
129. Jehovah is righteous: by past sorrows He loosened from us the cords of the wicked.
130. forgiveness with Thee that thou mayest be feared.
131. humbled, I have so walked: let Israel trust in Jehovah forever.
132. Grace acted by power in bringing the ark to a sure dwelling-place: and David's seed supplants David's self as root of blessing.
133. the beauty of His people dwelling together in unity under Jehovah.
134. all His servants to bless Jehovah the blesser.
(135. And 136. calls to praise Jehovah and His works.)
135. call to praise Jehovah, God of Jacob and Israel; contrasted with idols.
136. answer to the call.
(Here close the Historical Psalms.)
(137.-150. A sort of supplement.)
137.-144. characteristic sorrows and hopes of blessing and deliverance. cxlv.-cl. millennial praises.
137. the captives' love to Zion, and joy at the thought of the judgment on Babylon and Edom.
138. I will _praise-for mercy, and for Thy truth, and for Thy care of the lowly one.
139. searched by and known to Thee, I can trust
Thee for good.
(140.-144. Israel restored, but in conflict: on the road to full blessing.)
140. Deliver me, O Jehovah, from the wicked. Thouwilt maintain the upright.
141. Jehovah, keep my lips and heart amid the wicked that are to be judged.
142. Jehovah my refuge and my portion amid trouble.
143. cry in extremity for Jehovah's merciful interference for me.
144. Jehovah, my strength! What is man? Give judgment, and there will be blessing.
145. Messiah and the remnant, Spirit-led, in dialog, anticipating the millennium with praise of Jehovah. (146.-150. the full final praise.)
146. commences the full final praises. His character towards Israel in the last days.
147. praise for His mercy to Israel, and that He who rules in creation has shown His word to Jacob.
148. all, and all creation to praise Him who has exalted the horn of His people.
149. praise from the congregation of saints, and joy in Israel; He has given them power to destroy the
heathen.
150. summons to universal praise to Jehovah.
End of the Fifth Book.
PRÉCIS.
No. XIV. CO.LLECTANEUM. 1. FEELING versus FAITH.
" I sat a full twenty minutes by his dying bed; and heard, quietly, all that he had to say about_ his feelings, and how pitiably they were in contrast with mine as expressed in the little hymn which I had given to him:-
"How bright, there above, is the mercy of God!" -
"And void of all guilt, and clear of all sin,
Is my conscience and heart, through my Savior's blood."- "
Not a cloud above "; "not a spot within."
Christ died! then I am clean;
"Not a spot within."
God's mercy and love!
"Not a cloud above."
" Tis the Spirit, thro' faith, thus triumphs o'er sin; -
" Not a cloud above"; "not a spot within."
"He was exhausted and I went away. Curiosity led me, as I sat alone, to take up " Cruden's Concordance," and to look out the two words feel and feeling as repeated by my dying friend, some thirty or forty times in the last ten minutes of my visit, and I read:-
Gen. 27:12, my father will f. me; and 5. 21, that I may f. thee; and v. 22, and he felt him.
To feel here is said of the hand as trying whether a face is smooth or rough.
Ecc. 8. 5, shall feel no evil (marg. know).
Acts 17:27, they might f. after. The Greek word here is rendered Luke 24:39, handle me.
And Heb. 12:18, touched.
And 1 John 1:1, hands have handled.
Eph. 4:19, being past f. The Greek word is αραιςεο* " cast off remorse" would be the best rendering.
Heb. 4:15, which cannot be touched with the f. of our infirmities, lit. (not able) to sympathize with our infirmities.
I called a few days after on my patient, and directed his attention to the facts, first, that his own feelings had usurped, in his mind, the place due to the word of God; secondly, that while he mentioned his feelings to me some thirty times in ten minutes, I had found, as a dry matter of fact, that " Cruden " only gave the words feel and feeling as occurring seven times in the whole Bible; and that not one single one of these occurrences presented the same thing as each of his did, namely, a certain in. ward, morbid feeling,, independent of the faith revealed in God's written word.
Aug. 15th, 1869.

A Study of the Psalms

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS.
It has pleased the Most High to reveal Himself to us (in that which men call the New Testament), under the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost (Matt. 28:19). In this we learn redemption eternal and for Heaven.
Of old, in the Creation of the world, He had revealed His eternal power and Godhead (Rom. 1:20). After the deluge, He made a fresh revelation of Himself in another glory, viz., as in the patience of long-suffering goodness in Providence (Gen. 8:21, 22, and 9: 8-17); the rainbow the memorial of it. Then, again, He displayed Himself and new glories in Government upon the Earth, as the alone One to be worshipped, and as the King to be obeyed, of Israel-His own peculiar nation, which He redeemed for Himself out of Egypt. As the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, was not made known in those times, neither was heaven His dwelling-place thrown open to faith; nor was this done until the Holy Ghost came down on the day of Pentecost, a witness of Jesus, the earth -rejected, -that He was Lord and Christ, and upon the throne on high. The peculiarity of the light vouchsafed to us must not be forgotten, nor the power which has been given to us. The church was not revealed in Old Testament times, nor referred to, nor had the Holy Ghost come down to dwell in it.
Creation, providence and government upon earth were three spheres, each giving its own distinctive testimony; but the testimony of none of them was that which the Son brought forth: He was the truth. Life and immortality were brought to light through the gospel. All the fullness of the Godhead dwelt in Him bodily; and His alone it was to say, "he that has seen me has seen the Father also." Man now, and from that time to this, stands under the light of eternity and of heaven opened. The revelation now is of the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
Eternal redemption, as taught us in the epistle to the Hebrews, had been foreshadowed by a temporal redemption of Israel out of Egypt: but the types and emblems of Old Testament times pointed on to that to which they would have to give place when it came,-whether, first, as applied to the church now, or as, secondly, to be applied hereafter, in its second covenant to Israel. In both applications the leading Personage is one and the same, the Lord Jesus Christ: yet, as presented to us now, while in His present position in heaven, it brings out to light the value and import of His higher divine and heavenly associations in a way that it will not, when it is applied to the House of Israel in the land.
The Psalms contain the proof of this when the subjects of any of them are carefully set in the light of the epistles. Compare the subject opened up in any Psalm with the counterpart of it now, and with the counterpart of it when Israel is restored to the land, and what I have said is clear enough. The principles connected with forgiveness of sins, as laid down in Psa. 32, for instance, are the same as those laid down in Romans chap. 4, and in the Scriptures which tell of Israel's forgiveness; but the light of Heb. 10-Christ upon the throne of the Majesty in the Highest (and the throne of God thus made the mercy-seat)-and my conscience brought there through faith and by the Spirit-transcends infinitely the light found for Israel in the last eight chapters, of Ezekiel -when Jehovah and His restored temple will be known to Israel dwelling in the city Jehovah-Shammah. So again, compare Psa. 103.: and Eph. 1:15, to 2:10, and who will not see that our light about mercy and grace altogether surpasses both David's, and that of the Nation Israel in the day of its glory.
Let me now ask my reader, whether he ever noticed the order in which the Psalms stand? It is, so far as I know, the same in all Hebrew bibles. If you examine it, you will find that the Psalms are not placed in the order of the events which they describe, or to which they refer. In the order in which the events occurred, the cross took place before the resurrection, and before the ascension of the Lord to heaven. But Ps. 2, which describes that which was after (compare Acts 4:25, 26) the cross, is placed before Psa. 22, which gives the crucifixion. The crucifixion, I say, occurred before the Holy Ghost charged man with the sin of rebellion against the Lord and His anointed, heaven-honored though earth-rejected: yet in the order of the Psalms 22 is after 2. And if this is true, when things are looked at in principle, it is only still more obviously so when results in detail are considered; compare Psa. 2:9, in principle true in Acts 4:25, 26, but in full result exhibited in Rev. 2:27. Again, Psa. 22 and 40 are atonement Psalms. The latter is largely quoted in Heb. 10; and the former is a divine description of the sufferings endured by Messiah when on the cross; at least from ver. 1 to 21. Yet these Psalms are placed, among the Psalms, after 2 and 8, the one of which gives us the recognition in heaven of Messiah when Israel on earth had rejected Him, and the other presents His title of glory as Son of man. Peter, and James and John show us the import of Psa. 2., in a result of the cross; Paul, in the Hebrews chap. 2, uses the 8th Psalm as describing, what has resulted from the cross. Take again, Psalms 16 and 17, and compare them with those which precede and which follow them, and then examine the New Testament for the historical order of events; and the same result appears. I need not trace out here this, which I have in study done, as to each of the Psalms.
" Lord, why is this? "-is more according to faith than are the efforts to re-arrange the collection, made by some according to the order of the things predicted, and by others according to the times of writing. Faith would take the book as God gave it, though humbly owning man's wretched unfaithfulness as the keeper of it. Faith knows right well that God's order and man's are not the same. In God, counsel and plan went before work and before revelation too. With man in his fallen state God deals according to the moral condition in presenting truth; and the order in which He dealt with the Apostle of the circumcision was different from that in which He dealt to the Apostle of the uncircumcision.
Thankful as we ought to be for the Authorized Version of the Bible, it is not part of its excellency that the very names used and the various characters under which Divine glory is presented in Scripture-those of Elohim, El, Jehovah, Jah, Shadday, Adonay, etc.-at times each found alone, and at times in combinations together -have not been marked: and, perhaps as a natural result of this, headings have been put to chapters which lead to confusion between the Church and Israel, and between the Gospel to us and Mercy to Israel hereafter. See the headings in Isaiah to chapters 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45; and, in the Psalms the word Church forced into the headings in Psa. 20; 44; 45; 46; 48, 50, 51, 68, 76, 80, 83, 87, 89, 97, 114, 122, 124, 126, 129, 147, 149.
It is the persuasion that if any one searched out the force of these-names and read the book of Psalms in the light which these names cast upon it, light would arise to them such as they have not now, which has led to the present paper. And let me say that to read Scripture in the presence of the Divine glory is a very different thing from reading it in the light of our own private feelings and experiences. All light
is about the Lord Jesus, in one or other display of His glory. We cannot degrade ourselves in holy things more than by putting ourselves as the center or end of the testimony of the word. Lower the Lord in reality we cannot; but lower ourselves by false views of Him and of His Father and ours, and of His God and our God we can; and how many do so through a want of intelligence in the Psalms.
None but He Himself had the right to say, " Go, tell my brethren, behold I ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and to your God." None but He could give power to any to enter, through Him, into these two relationships: Himself the revealer of the Father, and Himself God manifest in flesh. These things He did according to His own personal glory and work after His resurrection. Jehovah alone can have the right and the power to renew Jehovah covenant with Israel upon earth; He alone can have the power to do so. The same may be said as to the Elohistic position and blessings for a people or peoples upon earth. The same may be said as to the titles Adonay, Shad-day, etc., even as to all the titles and characteristics found in the Roll of the glories of the Messiah. Is the Anointed dear to me? Do I need to know more about Him? I must take Scripture then as I find it, and if I cannot give up out of the New Testament (John 20:17) " Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father and your Father; and to my God and to your God "—as the essential and distinctive portion of the believer now—yet must I let Scripture stand in the Old Testament as it was written, and I shall then find through it further testimony to His glories and to His grace.
"The Hebrews divide the Psalms into five Books: of which the first three end in " Amen and Amen," namely, Psa. 41 last verse; Psa. 72 last verse but one; Psa. 89 last verse. The fourth book ends with Hallelujah, Psa. 106. last verse. The fifth in Hallelujah, Psa. 150 last verse."
Bythner's "Lyre."
I have tried to give, markedly, this subdivision, because when each Psalm is studied under the light of Scripture in general and of the New Testament in particular, it seems to me that internal evidence assigns it in its grand fulfillment to one of five positions in which the blessed Savior, who is the great subject of all testimony, will be known to stand as to Israel.
These five positions are:-
lstly. Messiah earth-rejected but heaven-honored; yet the object of faith to some Israelites in the land and in Jerusalem.
2ndly. As occupied with some who in the land have been rejected for His (Messiah's) sake.
3rdly. As occupied with the ten tribes, who never actually dipped their hands in His blood like the two tribes.
4thly. As coming into the world to take the kingdom and bring Israel into blessing in the land and the Gentiles into blessing under them.
5thly. As acting and regulating everything so as to get His own earthly people, in heart and in mind, into readiness for, and fellowship with Himself of, the blessing in the land on the millennial earth.
The translation is strictly that of the Authorized Version; only the original names of Elohim, El, Jehovah, Jah, Adonay, etc., as found in the Hebrew text, are retained. Also occasional explanatory matter (sometimes taken from the original edition of the Authorized Version, namely, King James's Bible, 1611) is inserted in [ ] brackets. Again, I have added at the foot of each Psalm a running analysis of the contents of it.
As to the respective meanings of these different titles and names of the Most High, and of the glories which attach to them, I would now say a few words. I shall endeavor to find light about them in the Scripture use of them.
1. Elohim Is the Name Used by the Spirit in Giving to Us His Description of the Creation, From " in the Beginning God [Elohim] Created the Heaven and the Earth" (Gen. 1:1-2: 3) to " and God [Elohim] Blessed the Seventh Day," Etc. Paul Also Helps Us in Rom. 1:19, 20-" That Which May Be Known of God Is Manifest in Them [Men]; for God Has Showed It Unto Them. for the Invisible Things of Him From the Creation of the World Are Clearly Seen, Being Understood by the Things That Are Made, Even His Eternal Power and Godhead." Here the Origination of the World, Attributed to Elohim, Is Declared to Be a Manifestation and Proof of His Eternal Power and Godhead.
The word Elohim may be derived from El, power: probably enough: but the important thing is that He, Elohim, displayed, in a given scene, creation, the eternal power and Godhead which is the revelation of His title of Elohim. Supreme power, as its meaning, would suit the use of it in Scripture as applied to the Most High Himself. It suits, too, its application in a secondary sense, either to angels of heaven as being powers that excel in strength to do His commandments; Psa. 8:5 and compare Psa. 97:7 and Heb. 1:6; or to judges in government down here, as in Ex. 21:6, and 22: 8, 9, 9, 28 marg., and 1 Sam. 2:25; or to those to whom the word of Elohim comes, compare John 10:34-36 and Psa. 82:6. Our translators retain the same idea, when it occurs, as they judged, adjectively, as in Gen. 23:6, which they render not "a prince of God," but "a mighty prince;" and see also Ex. 9:28 and 1 Sam. 14:15.
2. the Word Jehovah Is First Found in Gen. 2:4-15, but Not Alone; It Stands Here in Combination With the Title Elohim, Which We Have Been Considering. Man's Distinctive Position As the Head and Center of a System in the Presence of, and in Relationship With, Elohim Is What Introduces Jehovah-Elohim; Term by Which He Is Called on to the End of Chap. 3: 24.
Ex. 6:3 helps us, however, here, " but by my name of Jehovah was I not known to them " (the Patriarchs). To them He appeared as God Almighty (El-Shadday). I cannot doubt that the display which reveals the glory of the compound name of Jehovah-Elohim differs from that which reveals the glory of the single title Elohim, and from that which reveals Jehovah glory. Let anyone examine the three scenes-the character of man's relationship with the Most High and blessing under Him in Eden (Gen. 2:4-15), in the land as redeemed out of Egypt (Exodus), and, as hereafter, when in the land under the second covenant -and he will see how well Jehovah-Elohim, Jehovah, and Jehovah-Elohim-Shadday respectively suit the three displays.
The term Jehovah is never applied to any other than the Most High; it may be derived so as to imply essential existence-the existing one.
3. El.-Its First Occurrence Is in Gen. 14:18-20: "Melchizedek... Priest of El-Gnelion" [or of the Most High God].
Might or power is the meaning of it when used as a common noun; mighty when the adjectival use of it occurs. The spring of the Patriarch's strength was not in himself but in another; his ability to use that strength was in his own separation to that other individually and in every way. The name is one (how well known to us all) in that cry, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani." He was the power and the wisdom of God, yet was crucified through weakness. His title, too, was Immanuel (the mighty one with us, Israel). And how could He be that and hide His face from human woe, or from that which lay at the root of all man's woe-sin and guilt before God.
4. Eloah. This Is the Singular Number of the Plural Form Elohim. He It Is Who in Genesis, Chap. 1, Is Revealed As the Creator of Heaven and of Earth, the Arranger and Disposer of That Which He Creates.
The singular form occurs but fifty-seven times, the plural 2,700. In many of the occurrences of the singular form, the context presents more a contrast between the thought of one God and many gods, than between the who the one only true God is, and the what the so-called many are. And thus the abstract notion of Deity, which necessarily excludes plurality, is set in sharp contrast with the absurdity of having many "one firsts" and "one lasts"; and the eternal power and Godhead, traces of whose power and beneficence are still seen in the wreck of creation and in providence, are set in contrast with demons and demoniacal characteristics.
The first occurrence of the word will show this. Deut. 32:15-17: " Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook Eloah [God] which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. They provoked him to jealousy with strange (gods), with abominations provoked they him to anger. They sacrificed unto Devils, and not to Eloah; to gods [elohim] whom they knew not, to new (gods) that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not."
Again, Neh. 9:16-19, " Our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks... but thou art a God [Eloah] ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not. Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God [elohim] that brought thee out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness."
The three words Elohim, Eloah and El are from one root, and seem, each of them, to convey the idea of power in their meaning. Judging from their use, however, I think three shades of meaning can be traced: that He whom alone we adore has (1) creatorial power, (2) victorious power, and (3) thus, in His very being, stands in contrast with all that are called gods.
5. Adon, Adonim, Adonay.
I give these three words together,-though in use they are very distinct, as we shall see.
A. Adon (lord) first occurs in Gen. 18:12, where Sarah speaks of Abram as " her lord "; and 1 Peter 3:6, says " Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord.'" This sense-viz., that of acknowledged deference to a party addressed-whether the superiority be in position under a relationship, as of a husband addressed by a wife, or of a landholder to a foreign prince, of a servant to a master, a subject to a king, etc., etc., is the common use.
But it is used with Elohim-as in Ex. 23:17, thy males shall appear before the Lord [the Adon] Jehovah (read by the Jews here as Lord God): just so, likewise, in chap. 34: 23. In Josh. 3:11, 13, we have the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth. Psa. 97:5, at the presence of Jehovah, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. See also Psa. 110:1 and 114:7. In Isa. 1:24, thus saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts; so in chap. 3:1; so in chap. 10:33 and chap. 10:4; but in Isa. 3:16 the Lord, Adonay of hosts. In Mic. 4:13, their gain to Jehovah and their substance to the Lord of the whole earth; so Zech. 4:14; 6:5 and Mal. 3:1 the Lord... even Jehovah of hosts.
I have given what occurrences I have found of its use in the singular in connection with divine titles. From Acts 2:26, " made lord," and Phil. 2:10, 11, " every tongue shall confess to him that he is Lord," and Heb. 1:2 " appointed heir of all things," we know how the man, God manifest in flesh, Christ Jesus, has been owned on high as owner and Lord of all. Made Lord of all He has been as a man. Jehovah, no one could be made;-that He ever was and is and will be according to His essential divine being.
Adonim (Lords) is the plural of Adon (lord). In Gen. 19:2, Lot addresses two angels as " my lords," so also perhaps in ver. 18; but, here, our translators have not attended to the points, for they give " my lord": now it must, according to the points, be either " my Lords " or " Adonay." It is, however, habitually used in the plural for an individual. In the following places it is used in the plural of the Most High:-
Deut. 10:17. For Jehovah, your Elohim, is Elohim of Elohim
and Lord (Adonim) of Lords (Adonim), the
great El,
Neh. 3:5. the work of their Lord (Adonim).
8: 10. holy unto our Lord (Adonim):
10: 29. Jehovah, our Lord (Adonim),
Psa. 8: 1, 9. O Jehovah, our Lord (Adonim).
45:11. He is thy Lord (Adonim);
135:5. Jehovah is great...our Lord (Adonim) is, etc.
106:3. Give thanks to the Lord (Adonim) of Lords (Adonim):
147:5. Great is our Lord (Adonim),
Isa. 51:22. Thus saith thy Lord (Adonim) Jehovah, and thy Elohim,
Hos. 12:14. his Adonim (Lord) shall return unto him.
C. Adonay, with a long a in the last syllable, is what is called a plural of excellence. The Hebrews would consider it as a sacred name-to be used only of the Most High. The translators of the Authorized Version, in about 430 times that it occurs, render it as if it were not always a plural of excellence but sometimes as a noun and a pronoun. In twelve places they give it as a noun and a pronoun, namely:-
Gen. 18:3. My Lord, if now I have found
Ex. 4:10 ...  ... said to Jehovah, O my Lord,
13. and he said, 0 my Lord,
34: 9 O Lord, let my Lord
Num. 14:17. let my Lord be great,
Judg. 6:15. Oh my Lord,
13: 8. O my Lord,
Ezra 10:3. according to the counsel of my Lord,
Psa. 16: 2. Thou (art) my Lord:
35: 23. my God and my Lord.
Isa. 21:8. My Lord, I stand continually
49: 14. and my Lord hath forgotten me.
But, noun with a pronominal affix-this, according to the form of the word (the place in which it occurs in the sentences cited not being at the close, so as to put it in pause), it cannot be. Adonay [or Lord] it had better always be rendered; and I doubt not but that careful students of Scripture will trace a fullness and a weight in the word as used by the Spirit in Scripture which will separate it, in their minds, from Adon the lord, master, proprietor, etc., and perhaps from Adonim the possessor.
It never has a pronoun, nor the article-but is, in this respect, just as the word Jehovah-and I believe is only used of the Most High.
If the translators of the Authorized Version had not appropriated " lord, Lord, Loin" to other uses, I should have been satisfied to have used lord for Adon, in the singular; Lord for Adonim, in the plural; and LORD for Adonay. But as they have bespoken these terms, it may be better to mark the three words in question in some.other ways.
6. Jah.-This Word Occurs Forty-Three Times in the Psalms, and Only Six Times Besides, Viz., Ex. 15:2, and 17:16; and Isa. 12:2, and 26:4, and 38:11,11; in All of Which It Is Printed LORD, Just As the Word Jehovah Ordinarily Is, Though Not so in Isa. 12:2, and 26:4, Where It Stands As Jehovah.
Ex. 15:2. Jah is my strength and song,
17: 16. Jah hath sworn that Jehovah will have war [Note this expression.]
Isa. 12:2. For Jah Jehovah is my strength and song;
26: 9. Trust ye in Jehovah forever: for in Jah Jehovah is the rock of ages:
38:11. I said, I shall not see Jah, Jah, in the land of the living:
7. Shadday.-It Is Always Rendered in the Authorized Version by the Term, " the Almighty;" and I Note Also That the Hebrew Word, Shadday, Has No Synonym; so That " Shadday" Is Not Only Always the Almighty, but Also " the Almighty" Never Represents Any Hebrew Word but " Shadday." in the Psalms It Occurs but Twice, Viz., 68:14, and 91:1. of the Forty-Eight Times It Occurs, Thirty-One Are in the Book of Job. It Is Only Used of the Most High, and the Almighty Is a Sufficient Rendering; or, As Some Derive It, "Almighty in Sustaining-Resources" (As the Mother's Breast for a Babe); This I Prefer.
8. Gnelion Occurs Fifty-Three Times, of Which Twenty-Two Are in the Psalms. As an Appellative It Means High -" the High Gate" (2 Chr. 23: 20, 27: 3), " the High Pool," " the House That Is High" (1 Kings 9:8). Though I Have Referred (See Above) to the Desire of Some to Change Its Application in Daniel (in a Note Under El), Myself I See No Reason for Not Being Satisfied With the Good Old English, " the Most High," As Its Rendering for Him Who Is the High One. It May Be Well for Me to Mark Those Places in the Psalms in Which the Hebrew Word Maroom (Exalted) Is Also Anglicized "Most High," As in Ps. 56:2, and 92:8.
The order in which I have examined these names and titles is Elohim, Jehovah, El, Eloah, Adon, Adonim, Adonay, Jah, Shadday, Gnelion. I shall now, for facility of reference, re-arrange them alphabetically according to the English, putting after the word its number, as in my examination above, and its meaning.
Shadday (7), Almighty in sustaining-resources.
As a rule I do not insert the before Elohim, yet I have left it in the English, in such cases as "the Elohim-of his salvation" (24:5)-" of my salvation" (25:5).
"O" before Jehovah and Elohim, etc., I leave just as it stands in the version I have adopted.
The following verses present the word written in Hebrew (as to the letters of it) as Jehovah, but with the vowel points of Elohim:-Psa. 68:21, and 69:7, and 71:5, 16, and 73:28, and 109:21, and 140:8, and 141:8.
In our Authorized Version we find the " Anointed " in the following places in the Psalms: 2:2, and 18:50, and 20:6, and 28:8, and 84:9, and 89:38, 51, and 105:15, and 132:10, 17.
I change the word Anointed to " Messiah," as being more conventionally correct for the Psalms. Messiah and Christ both mean "the Anointed." The former is Hebrew; the latter Greek. The anointing is consecration: in His case, 1St, as Prophet, for He is the bearer of the word of the Most High; 2ndly, as Priest, the conductor of divine worship; and 3rdly, as King, the conductor of government. " God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power" (Acts 10:38).
The following remarks on the meanings of the Hebrew words in the book of Psalms, which have not, in the Authorized Version, been translated, is taken from a paper in " The Present Testimony," vol. 1, No.3, page 46:-
"1. AIJELETH- SHAHAR (Psa. 22 Title.)
"Aijeleth occurs only here and in Prov. 5:19, 'the loving hind'; and Jer. 14:5, 'the hind.' But there are many kindred words which confirm this meaning.
" Shahar occurs about twenty-three times; it means morning, e.g. Gen. 19:15, when the morning arose;' and 32:24 (25), the breaking of the day;' and 26 (27), the day breaketh,' etc.
" The marginal reading for Aijeleth- Shahar, given by the translators, is, hind of the morning.'
" Query? Was this the name of an instrument; or of a tune to which the Psalm was to be sung; or was it rather a name given to the Psalm on account of its subject?
" 2. ALAMOTH Occurs in 1 Chron. 15:20, ' With Psalteries on Alamoth '; Psa. 46 Title, ' a Song Upon Alamoth.'
" The same word Alamoth (which is only the plural of the word commonly used for Virgin, as Isa. 7:14, 'a virgin shall conceive,' etc.), is, however, found, Psa. 68:25, the damsels playing,' etc. Cant. 1:3, The virgins love thee;' Cant. 6:8, Virgins without number.'
"` For the Virgins' (i. e. virgin voices) makes good sense, and accords with modern singing: as we say, for boys' voices.'
" It may, however, be the name of an instrument, or of a tune.
3. AL-TASCHITH Occurs in the Titles of Psa. 57; 58; 59, and 75.
" AL means not, and TASCITH, destroy, as the translator's margin reads Destroy not.'
" Observation must decide whether this was connected with the subject of the Psalms, or whether it was the name of a tune.
4. DEGREES. Though Anglicized Songs of Degrees in Psa. 120-134, a Few Words May Not Be Amiss, Inasmuch As Degrees' Is Nearly As Unintelligible to Some, As Would Mangaloth Be.
" The same word is used in Ex. 20:26, for the steps of an altar, as in 1 Kings 10:19, of a throne; 2 Kings 9:13, the stairs, and 20:9, the degrees of a sundial; 1 Chron. 17:17, a man of high degree; Ezra 7:9, for a journey, began to go up; ' Ezek. 11:5, 'the things which come into your mind;' Amos 9:6, 'he that buildeth his stories in the heaven' (marg. ascensions or spheres). The word from which it is derived means simply, to go up-ascend.
"Luther renders it, in the higher choir', higher, either as to position in which placed, or, perhaps, tone of voice.
"Some have supposed these songs were sung on the steps of the temple; so the LXX., and Vulgate.
" To my own mind, there is an internal evidence in them, of their being written, in grace, for some such times of exercise as when, thrice in the year, the males were to go up from their homes and appear before the Lord. A few of them may also have reference to such goings up as Ezra's from captivity.
5. GITTITH. Psa. 8, 81, 84
"The word Gath, winepress, is by most connected with this word, as the inhabitants of Gath were called Gittites.
" Whether the vat; or Gath, the town; or an instrument of the name; or a tune is referred to; Query?
" Someone suggests that they are all joyous songs, suited to be sung on such an occasion as a harvest-home, or a vintage.
6. HIGGAION. Thus Once Rendered in Psa. 9:16. It Occurs in Three Other Places and the Meditation of My Heart,' Psa. 19:14; ' Harp With a Solemn Sound,' Psa. 92:3; ' and Their Device Against Me,' Lam. 3:62.
"The humming sound of a harp struck, is supposed to correspond to the indistinct thoughts of musing; or the device against one who is hated; for the device, in this case, tells, but indistinctly, the hatred within.
" I do not see why meditation, or solemn sound, or device might not have been put for Higgaion, and the verse anglicized with the addition of some words in italics, as (this was their) meditation, or device: or a solemn sound, (this).
"7. JONATH-ELEM-RECHOKIM Is Only Found Psa. 56 Title.
"Jonah means dove, as in Gen. 8:8, 9, 10, 11, 12; or pigeon, as in Lev. 1:14, etc.
"Elem means bound; the verb, is frequently used to mark silence;: as, I was dumb, Psa. 39:3, 10; but it is applicable to any binding: as, Gen. 37:7, binding sheaves.
"The word Elem only occurs here, where it is commonly said to mean silence, and in Psa. 58:1, where it is rendered Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation?' (i. e. mass of persons bound together).
"Rechokim, in Hebrew, is a distinct word from Elem; though, in English, sometimes printed as one with it; it is a participle of the verb translated (Psa. 22:11), Be not far from me;' see also 5:19, and 35:22, and 38:21, and 71:12, and 109:17, etc.
"' The dove of silence (among) strangers' is a common literal.
" The dove of-that which is bound-persons afar off-are its three representative terms in English.-Compare the Psalm itself.
"8. LEANNOTH, See Under 9.
" 9. MAHALATH Occurs Alone Psa. 53
" The dictionary says, meaning uncertain.' Why not, as others, sickness, or disease, taking it as the common noun of the verb (Gen. 48:1) thy father is sick;' Psa. 35:13, when they were sick,' etc.
" The 53rd Psalm is striking, concerning the diseased state of the nation, and its importance as a Psalm is seen in its being given a second time in the book, but slightly altered (see xiv).
" The word Mahalath also occurs with LEANNOTH, after it, Psa. 88, which may be the plural of the word rendered Wormwood, Deut. 29:18; Prov. 5:4; Jer. 9:15; 23:15, &c.; and Hemlock, Amos 6:12- unless Leannoth be a proper name, concerning the sickness of Leannoth; concerning the disease of wormwood (i.e. the deadly, bitter disease), which would suit the Psalm.
"The LXX divided Leannoth into le, the preposition to, and òðç sing, respond to; and consider Mahalath either a proper name, or the name of a tune, or instrument, ὑπερ μαελεθ του ἀποκριθῆναι to sing on, or to Mahalath. I prefer the other.
" 10. MASCHIL. Translated in Margin, ' or Giving Instruction.'
" There are thirteen of these Psalms, viz.,:—32, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 89, 142.
"As the translators have given a rendering here, I say no more than that their side readings (as found in King James' bible) are as authoritative as their text, and of far more value than modern 'lit.' which are often worse than nonsense. As a whole, their translation is as wonderful as is the mercy which God has shown to this land, in connection with it, as above that of other lands.
"11. the MICHTAM Psalms Are 16, 56, 58, 59, and 60.
"I know no better rendering than the common one, a golden psalm. The word Michtam occurs nowhere else; but the word rendered, in gold of Ophir, Psa. 45:9; and golden wedge (Isa. 13:12) is a kindred word, and occurs nine times, as gold, and in no other sense.
"12. MUTH-LABBEN. Psa. 9 Title..
" Muth (Psa. 48:14), our guide unto death.
" La, for the; ben, son. Concerning death for the Son.'
" The LXX. ὑπὲρ τῶν κρυθίων τοῦ υἱοῦ concerning the secret things of the Son.
"13. NEGINAH, of Which Neginoth Is the Plural. "Job 30:9, 'I Am Their Song; Psa. 69:12; 77:6, Song; so Isa. 38:20; and Lam. 3:14; 5:14, Music; Hab. 3:19, 'On My Stringed Instruments' (Margin, Neginoth) Shows the Meaning Plainly Enough. the Verb Is to Strike the Strings. Neginah Occurs on Psa. 61 Title: Neginoth, Psa. 4; 6; 54; 67; 76 Upon the Stringed Instrument, or Upon the Stringed Instruments.
"14. NEHILOTH. Psa. 5
" The pipes, or flutes, as commonly derived from the verb, to pierce.
"15. SELAH Occurs Seventy Times in the Psalms, and Three Times in Habakkuk.
"All sorts of tortures have been inflicted on this word, to make it speak. Some take its three consonants as the first letters of three words, and render it as equivalent to our da capo, in music: let the musician return, But this is very unlike old Hebrew.
"Gesenius says, it is Silence, supposing it equivalent to the words, at rest, Dan. 4:4; as if Shelah and Selah were the same. Though I desire to read with shoes off my feet (for the place is holy, and I dread conjectures), it might, according to kindred words, mean raising. And so silence, as the result of one's rising from singing; for the idea of weighing is found in ñìà Lam. 4:2, in a good sense, comparable to gold; and also, in a bad sense ñìç Psa. 119:118, trodden down.
"I observe that Selah is put often where a pause is natural, as after some peculiar statement; and thus, practically, I feel that it is pause, or silence, with Gesenius. More I cannot say.
"16. SHEMINITH Occurs 1 Chron. 15:21; Psa. 6 Title, 12 Title.
"The translator's margin gives, on the eighth. It is the common ordinal adjective for eight, and refers to strings of instruments.
" Some render it Octave, as denoting that it is to be played an octave lower than it is written: so, I think, Gesenius. I prefer the margin.
'" Observe that in 1 Chron. 20:21, Alamoth and Sheminith are in contra-position.
"17. SHIGGAION. Psa. 7, and Hab. 3:1, Upon Shigionoth in the Plural.
" The verb is, to err, as in Psa. 119:10, 21, 118; Lev. 4:13, sin through ignorance. A wandering ode-an ode of wandering.
" Variable songs-songs with variations. But I prefer either of the former.
" 18. SHOSHANNIM. the Lilies, As in Cant. 2:16, 4:5, Etc., Occurs Psa. 45; 69, and in Connection With Eduth, Psa. 80
"Shushan-EDUTH (Psa. 40) is the same word nearly, it occurs only 1 Kings 7:19, lily. Eduth is the common word for the testimony, in Exodus, etc. The lily is supposed to refer to an instrument, from its shape: so, I think, Calmet. Others connect it with the name of a song.
"The word for upon, may just as well be rendered concerning, to, etc.
AIJELETB-SHAHAR  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... The hind of the morning.
ALAMOTH  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... Virginals.
AL-TASCHITII Destroy not.
DEGREE To go up-ascend.
GITTITH ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ..The wine-vat.
HIGGAION  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... Meditation.
JONAH-ELEM-RECHOKIM The dove dumb (among) strangers.
MAHALATH  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ..Disease.
LEANNOTH ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... Bitter disease.
MASCHIL ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ...To instruct.
MICHTAM  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... .Golden (psalm).
GNAL MUTH-LABBEN
NEGINAH ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ...A stringed instrument.
NEGINOTH ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... The stringed instruments.
NEHILOTH  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... The pipes.
SELAH ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... .Pause.
SHEMINITH  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... Eight Stringed instrument.
SHIGGAION  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... Wandering ode.
SHOSHANNIM  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... The lilies.
SHUSHAN ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... .The lily.
EDUTH  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ..of the testimony.
" Psa. 1; 2; 6; 11; 12; 15; 16; 17; 19; 21; 23; 26; 28; 29; 32; 34; 39; 93; 101; 102; 103, 107, 110, 111, 112, 114, 117, 120, 121, 124, 134, 137, 139, 140, 142, 148, 149, 150 (forty-eight) have not àìçéí GOD.
" In Psa. 43; 44; 45; 49, 51, 52, 53, 57, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 73, 77, 82, 114, 150 (i.e. twenty) éäåç does not occur LORD.
" Much of the force and beauty of the Psalms hangs upon the Divine names, titles, and glories used in them."
" The titles. Each Psalm, as the general rule, has a title. Those which have none, have been called 'orphans,' in number: twenty-three, viz.: 1, 2, 10, 33, 43, 71, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 104, 105, 107, 114, 115, 116, and eleven more, making the number of orphans in all thirty-four, if the word 'Hallelujah' is not looked at as a title; viz.: 106, 111, 112, 113, 117, 135, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150."
" Acrostics are of interest in Scripture, as showing the condescension of God to man's ways, even in the style of composition. I know of none in the New Testament. In the Lamentations, each verse of the 1St, 2nd, and 4th chapters begins with the letters of the alphabet in their successional order. Chap 3 is in triplets; the first three verses have à; the next three have á, and so on.
"In the Psalms, the 119th is in octaves; the first eight verses begin with à; the eight next with á; and so on.
" Psa. 25; 34; 37; 145 also are in measure acrostic, though not perfectly so."
I may add that the same word which is rendered " hosts," e. g., Jehovah Tzebaoth [the Lord of hosts], Psa. 24:10, and 46:7, 11, and 48:8, is so rendered also of the hosts of the heaven in 33:6, and 44:9, our armies; and 68:11, "the company of those that published it." It is used of armies, angels, and created things as sun, moon, stars, etc.
In Num. 16:30, 32, 33, we read of the judgment which fell upon Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, when "the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up " (ver. 33). In chap. 26:11 we meet with this exception, which sovereign mercy made, "Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not." This is to be noticed in connection with the Psa. 1 notice this in connection with the eleven Psalms " for the sons of Korah "-the 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 84, 85, 87, 88.
A few general remarks, and I have done.
It is not a bad general notion of the Book of Psalms, which I have met with somewhere (though it be but a human notion, couched, too, in profane and not scriptural language), that the book is made up of " Fragments from the Drama of Redemption." Only, then, as redemption has its heavenly sphere and people, as well as its earthly sphere and people, I should have to add to " Fragments from the Drama of Redemption" the words, " so far as man under government upon earth is concerned."
Observe, the enigma is sometimes introduced; as in Psa. 49:4, "my dark saying," and in 78:2, "dark sayings of old." The Hebrew word is rendered dark speeches, in Num. 12:8; riddle, in Judg. 14:12-19; hard questions, 1 Kings 10:1; dark sentences, Dan. 8:23, etc.
Again, it may help some just to refer to the principles of the dialog, or of parts for different speakers, which at times is found in the Psalms. In 16:1, one prays; ver. 2, he speaks to himself; so in Psa. 32:8 and 9 are from another speaker than ver. 1-7, etc. Such parts run through the Song of Songs: a male and a female converse together, besides addressing other parties; and neither male can be confounded with female, nor can "my sister " be exchanged with " my brother."
4. Again, there is at times an oracular voice, or an oracle that speaks, as in Psa. 91:1 To which a distinct person replies in ver. 2, while ver. 3-13 are written of him who spoke in ver. 2, as indeed are 14 and 15; but here it is evidently the same person who speaks in ver. 1.
Thus it will be seen I do not accept it that a verse or portion of a Psalm quoted in the New Testament, as about the Lord Jesus, would appropriate all the rest of the Psalm to Him. Such is a very mischievous notion. The Spirit of God and of Christ is one; and it is the same Spirit as was upon Him when down here which is in His people now. Yet speech that became the Master did not become the disciple, and speech that becomes the Head of the body does not become the member; so speech that will become Messiah Himself, will not become, could not be put by His Spirit into, the mouth of the remnant; much less could language prepared beforehand by the Spirit for the Jewish remnant in the latter day be put into the mouth of Messiah. He holding one part in a Psalm may speak; His Spirit may in a remnant take up another part. The speeches cannot be interchanged and sense (not to say sound doctrine) be maintained.
The connection, too, that runs on from one Psalm to another-see, for instance, the 48, 49, 50, and 51, etc., etc.-cannot be hid from any humble student of the book; but while I just advert to these points, if haply they may meet any beginner's eye, I may not follow them out, as being outside of the proposed scope and aim of this paper.
I print the Psalms as poetry; they are so in Hebrew.
G. V. W.

Psalm 1

(*First Book (1-41) " The faithful are looked at as not yet driven out from Jerusalem; hence covenant mercies and the name of Jehovah are referred to."
Observe: The first seven chapters in Acts-as containing the Spirit's view, given in Jerusalem by such as Peter, James, and John, of Messiah's having been on earth and now on high-cast much light on this book as historic and also as to its prophetic bearing on the Jews hereafter.)
The Book of Psalms BOOK 1* No. 1. Psa. 1
Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
But his delight is in the law of Jehovah; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.
For Jehovah knoweth the way of the righteous: but
the way of the ungodly shall perish.
1:1-3 The perfect man; 4, 5 the ungodly ones; 6 Jehovah's judgment of both.

Psalm 2

Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Jehovah, and against his Messiah, saying,
Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.
He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: Adonay shall have them in derision.
Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.
Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
I will declare the decree: Jehovah hath said unto me,
Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine
inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.
Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye to judges of the earth.
Serve Jehovah with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little.
Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
2:1-3 Challenge to the earth in rebellion against Jehovah and his Messiah; 4, 5 he that dwells in heaven laughs, Adonay derides, &c.; 6 he dwelling in heaven announces: I have set my king on Zion; 7-9 one replies in subjection, as to himself; Jehovah has said to me, Thou art my Son, &c.; and 10-12 sets himself as a fear and a shelter for man.
NOTE.-" The Son" (bar), ver. 12, is the same person as is called "Son" (ben), ver. 7.

Psalm 3

A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.
JEHOVAH, how are they increased that trouble me I many are they that rise up against me.
Many there be which say of my soul, There is no help for him in Elohim: Selah.
But thou, O Jehovah, art a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of mine head.
I cried unto Jehovah with my voice, and he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah.
I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for Jehovah sustained me.
I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.
Arise, O Jehovah; save me, O my Elohim: for thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the cheek bone; thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly.
Salvation belongeth unto Jehovah: thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah.
3.-A morning anticipation; 1, 2 many troubles, but 3 Jehovah is for me, 4, 5 he was, so, 6, 7 he will be; 8 deliverance is of him.;
3-8. Faith in individuals (or in a company of such) here below-a standard of walk having been raised before them (Psa. 1), and (Psa. 2) Messiah known as exalted, though earth-rejected-is learning what its own place is amid failure and trials down here but in dependence upon Jehovah.

Psalm 4

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments, see Hab. 3:19], A Psalm of David.
Hear me when I call, O Elohim of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.
But know that Jehovah hath set apart him that is godly for himself: Jehovah will hear when I call unto him.
Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in Jehovah.
There be many that say, Who will show us any good? Jehovah, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us,.
Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.
I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, Jehovah, only makest me dwell in safety.
4:1 Evening cry to Elohim, hope sustained by past favor; 2-5 warning; 6, 7 hope and joy in Jehovah; 8 repose for might.

Psalm 5

To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth [flutes or any pierced instruments], A Psalm of David.
Give ear to my words, O Jehovah, consider my meditation.
Hearken unto the voice of my cry, my King, and my Elohim: for unto thee will I pray.
My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O Jehovah; in the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up.
For thou art not an El that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee.
The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity.
Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: Jehovah will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.
But as for me, I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy; and in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple.
Lead me, O Jehovah, in thy righteousness because of mine enemies; make thy way straight before my
face.
For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part- is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulcher; they flatter with their tongue.
Destroy thou them, O Elohim; let them fall by their own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions; for they have rebelled against thee.
But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.
For thou, Jehovah, wilt bless the righteous; with favor wilt thou compass him as with a shield.
Amid sorrow and weakness and the wicked around.
5:1-3 Cry to Jehovah, my King and my Elohim; 4-6 in way and character, against the evildoer; 7-9 for me a shelter in mercy; 10 imprecation against the wicked; 11 for the faithful; 12 confidence in Jehovah,

Psalm 6

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments] upon Sheminith [or, the eighth], A Psalm of David.
O Jehovah, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
Have mercy upon me, O Jehovah; for I am weak: O Jehovah, heal me; for my bones are vexed.
My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O Jehovah, how long?
Return, O Jehovah, deliver my soul: oh save me for thy mercies' sake.
For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?
I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears. Mine eye is consumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies.
Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for Jehovah hath heard the voice of my weeping.
Jehovah hath heard my supplication; Jehovah will receive my prayer.
Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let is them return and be ashamed suddenly.
6:1-7 Cry for pity to Jehovah; 8 away you wicked! 9 Jehovah has heard me; 10 let my enemies pass.

Psalm 7

Shiggaion [a wandering ode, or, an ode of. wandering-see Habakkuk 3:1.] of David, which he sang unto Jehovah. concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite.
O JEHOVAH my Elohim, in thee do I put my trust: save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me:
Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there is none to deliver.
Jehovah my Elohim, if I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands.;
If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)
Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take it; yea, let 3 him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honor in the dust. Selah,
Arise, O Jehovah, in thine anger, lift up thyself because of the rage of mine enemies: and awake for me to the judgment that thou hast commanded.
So shall the congregation of the people compass thee about: for their sakes therefore return thou on high.
Jehovah shall judge the people: judge me, O Jehovah, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity that is in me.
Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous Elohim trieth the hearts and reins.
My defense is of Elohim, which saveth the upright in heart.
Elohim judgeth the righteous, and El is angry with the wicked every day.
If he turn not, he will whet his sword; he bath bent his bow, and made it ready.
He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.
Behold, he travaileth with iniquity, and hath conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood.
He made a pit, and Jigged it, and is fallen into the 15 ditch which he made.
His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate.
I will praise Jehovah according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of Jehovah Gnelion.
In an extreme of sorrow and evil around, conscious integrity looks up for the judgment appointed, and for Jehovah to vindicate himself before men against the wicked.
7.Jehovah my Elohim, in thee do I trust; save me and him that is righteous from the enemy and the wicked.

Psalm 8

To the chief Musician upon Gittith [qy. the wine-vat],
A Psalm of David.
O Jehovah our Lord [Adonim], how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.
Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels [elohim], and hast crowned him with glory and honor.
Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.
O Jehovah our Lord [Adonim], how excellent is thy
name in all the earth!
Messiah rejected here below, owned as Son of Man on high.
8:1 Jehovah our Lord [Adonim], thy name in the earth, thy glory above the heavens thou hast set; thy ways; 3-9 among thy works what is man [Enosh, man in weakness; not Adam nor Ish], or the son of Adam [man].
NOTE.-Ver. 9 gives but half of ver. 1.

Psalm 9

To the chief Musician upon Muth-labben [or, concerning death for the son], A Psalm of David.
I will praise thee, O Jehovah, with my whole heart; I will show forth all thy marvelous works.
I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou Gnelion.
When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence.
For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right.
Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name forever
and ever.
O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them.
But Jehovah shall endure forever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.
And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness. Jehovah also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.
And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, Jehovah, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Sing praises to Jehovah, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.
When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.
Have mercy upon me, O Jehovah; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:
That I may show forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in thy salvation. The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.
Jehovah is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget Elohim.
For the needy shall not always be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish forever. Arise, O Jehovah; let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight.
Put them in fear, O Jehovah: that the nations may know themselves to be but men. Selah.
9:1, 2 I will praise Jehovah and sing the name of Gnelion; 3-20 my enemies fall before him maintaining my right: he is on the throne of judgment, all evil shall perish, O thou enemy; and the poor and needy shall be delivered.
9 and 10. give a view of the last days and of the faithful then, and show how judgments will become the deliverance of those that believe.

Psalm 10

Why standest thou afar off, 0 Jehovah? why hidest thou thyself in times of trouble?
The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, whom Jehovah abhorreth.
The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: Elohim is not in all his thoughts.
His ways are always grievous; thy judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffeth at them.
He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for I shall never be in adversity.
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.
He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that the poor is may fall by his strong ones.
He hath said in his heart, El hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see it.
Arise, O Jehovah; O El, lift up thine hand: forget not the humble.
Wherefore doth the wicked contemn Elohim? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require it.
Thou hast seen it; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil man: seek out his wickedness till thou find none.
Jehovah is King forever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
Jehovah, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear:
To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
10:1 Cry to Jehovah, 2 against the man of the earth; 3-11 his character, ways, doings; 12-18 appeal to Jehovah El Elohim, King, against the wicked man and the heathen, and for the poor.

Psalm 11

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
In Jehovah put I my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee as a bird to your mountain?
For, lo, the wicked bend their bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.
If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?
Jehovah is in his holy temple, Jehovah's throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.
Jehovah trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth.
Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup.
For the righteous Jehovah loveth righteousness; his countenance cloth behold the upright.
11:1-3 Trust in spite of the wicked in Jehovah, 4-7 who in heaven, on his throne, deals with man down here.
11-15. Words of faith, suited to those that believe in those days.

Psalm 12

To the chief Musician upon Sheminith [or, the eighth], A Psalm of David.
Help, Jehovah; for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.
They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.
Jehovah shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things:
Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail; our lips are our own: who is lord [adon] over us?
For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith Jehovah; I will see him in safety from him that puffeth at him.
The words of Jehovah are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
Thou shalt keep them, O Jehovah, thou shalt preserve them from this generation forever.
The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted.
12:1 Cry to Jehovah for the pious, 2 as before the double-hearted.; 3-5 faith in him against the boaster; He will undertake; 6 His words are pure, and kept from that race and the wicked around.

Psalm 13

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
How long wilt thou forget me, O Jehovah? forever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me?
How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?
Consider and hear me, O Jehovah my Elohim: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;
Lest mine enemy say, I have prevailed against him; and those that trouble me rejoice when I am moved. But I have trusted in thy mercy; my heart shall rejoice in thy salvation.
I will sing unto Jehovah, because he hath dealt bountifully with me.
13:1, 2 Exercise in faith; 3-5 cry to Jehovah my Elohim as of one trusting to mercy; 6 hope.

Psalm 14

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no Elohim. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good.
Jehovah looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek Elohim.
They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon Jehovah.
There were they in great fear: for Elohim is- in the generation of the righteous.
Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because Jehovah is his refuge.
Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! when Jehovah bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.
14:1 The fool and the apostate people; 2-4 Jehovah looked down from heaven-his estimate of them, and, 5, 6 faith; 7 hope.

Psalm 15

A Psalm of David.
Jehovah, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?
He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.
He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbor, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor.
In whose eyes a vile person is condemned; but he honoureth them that fear Jehovah. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.
He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.
15:1. Jehovah, who shall dwell with thee? 2- 5 eleven excellencies, such as do these, shall never be moved.

Psalm 16

Michtam [A Golden Psalm] of David.
Preserve me, O El: for in thee do I put my trust.
O my soul, thou hast said unto Jehovah, Thou art Adonay: my goodness extendeth not to thee;
But to the saints that are in the earth, and to the excellent, in whom is all my delight.
Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another god: their drink offerings of blood will I
not offer, nor take up their names into my lips. Jehovah is the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.
The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; yea, I have a goodly heritage.
I will bless Jehovah, who hath given me counsel: my reins also instruct me in the night seasons.
I have set Jehovah always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.
For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
Thou wilt show me the path of life: in thy presence is fullness of joy; at thy right hand there are
pleasures for evermore.
16:1 Preserve me, El, for I trust in thee. 2, 3 Thou hast said to Jehovah, " Thou art Adonay: my goodness extends not to thee;" [Thou hast said to saints on earth and to the excellent, "In them is all my delight;" 4, woe to those who seek after another; 5-11 what Jehovah is to me [the speaker].
16.-Messiah first brought in as a man down here,-pleads his trust, ver. 1; the end of it fullness of joy in heaven, ver. 11; and,
17.- He pleads his righteousness, ver. 1; the end, ver. 15, satisfied when I awake with thy likeness.

Psalm 17

A Prayer of David.
Hear the right, O Jehovah, attend unto my cry, give ear unto my prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips.
Let my sentence come forth from thy presence; let thine eyes behold the things that are equal.
Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.
Concerning the works of men, by the word of thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.
Hold up my goings in thy paths, that my footsteps, slip not.
I have called upon thee, for thou wilt hear me, O El: incline thine ear unto me, and hear my speech.
Show thy marvelous lovingkindness, O thou that savest by thy right hand them which put their trust in thee from those that rise up against them.
Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings,
From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me about.
They are enclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.
They have now compassed us in our steps: they have set their eyes bowing down to the earth;
Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places.
Arise, O Jehovah, disappoint him, cast him down: deliver my soul from the wicked, which is thy sword:
From men which are thy hand, O Jehovah, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid treasure: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their substance to their babes.
As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
17:1-2 Cry on the ground of "the right;" 3 his integrity was proven; 4 his use of the word; 5—-7 dependence; 8-12 El his refuge from the wicked, &c.; 13 faith an Jehovah; 14 estimate of man; 15 I shall be satisfied when I awake with thy likeness.

Psalm 18

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of Jehovah, who spake unto Jehovah the words of this song in the day that Jehovah delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said,
I will love thee, O Jehovah, my strength.
Jehovah is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my El, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
I will call upon Jehovah, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
The sorrows of hell compassed me about: the snares of death prevented me.
In my distress I called upon Jehovah, and cried unto my Elohim: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet.
And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.
He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.
At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail stones and coals of fire.
Jehovah also thundered in the heavens, and Gnelion gave his voice; hail stones and coals of fire.
Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.
Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke O Jehovah, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.
He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me.
They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but Jehovah was my stay.
He brought me forth also into a large place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
Jehovah rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
For I have kept the ways of Jehovah, and have not wickedly departed from my Elohim.
For all his judgments were before me, and I did not put away his statutes from me.
I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine iniquity.
Therefore hath Jehovah recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.
With the merciful thou wilt show thyself merciful; with an upright man thou wilt show thyself upright; With the pure thou wilt show thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt show thyself froward.
For thou wilt save the afflicted people; but wilt bring down high looks.
For thou wilt light my candle: Jehovah my Elohim will enlighten my darkness.
For by thee I have run through a troop; and by my Elohim have I leaped over a wall.
As for El, his way is perfect: the word of Jehovah is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him. For who is Eloah save Jehovah? or who is a rock save our Elohim?
It is El that girdeth me with strength, and maketh my way perfect.
He maketh my feet like hinds' feet, and setteth me upon my high places.
He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
Thou hast also given me thy salvation: and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy gentleness hath made me great.
Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.
I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them: neither did I turn again till they were consumed.
I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they are fallen under my feet.
For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle: thou hast subdued under me those that rose up against me.
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.
They cried, but there was none to save them: even unto Jehovah, but he answered them not.
Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the streets.
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.
As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.
The strangers shall fade away, and be afraid out of their close places.
Jehovah liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the Elohim of my salvation be exalted.
It is El that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me.
He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me: thou
hast delivered me from the violent man.
Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O Jehovah, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.
Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and showeth so mercy to his Messiah, to David, and to his seed for evermore.
From Egypt till the display of the Royalty of Messiah-the suffering Messiah alone the counsel and way of God. Compare Gen. 3:15.
18:1-3 Praise and trust; 4-35 depths of suffering; 36-48 his taking the kingdom; 49, 50 praise.
The king: his retrospect of triumph over every difficulty of circumstance; whether as to the kingdom itself in principle and formation, or as to his getting up into the throne. 2 Sam. 22, but before he got to 2 Sam. 23, note how faith can use Elohim for victory over circumstances; but we have to learn that He is above us and uses circumstances for us, that he may use us for Himself.

Psalm 19

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
The heavens declare the glory of El; and the firmament showeth his handywork.
Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night showeth knowledge.
There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.
Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
The law of Jehovah is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of Jehovah is sure, making wise the simple.
The statutes of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of Jehovah is pure, enlightening the eyes.
The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring forever: the judgments of Jehovah are true and righteous altogether.
More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much ]o fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O Jehovah, my strength, and my redeemer.
19.-Creation and law; 1-6 El's works in creation his witness; 7-14 Jehovah's law [query " doctrine," in the larger sense, for the word means that too] his, in saving.
19-21.-Testimonies.

Psalm 20

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
Jehovah hear thee in the day of trouble; the name of the Elohim of Jacob defend thee;
Send thee help from the sanctuary, and strengthen thee out of Zion;
Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Selah.
Grant thee according to thine own heart, and fulfill all thy counsel.
We will rejoice in thy salvation, and in the name of our Elohim we will set up our banners: Jehovah fulfill all thy petitions.
Now know I that Jehovah saveth his Messiah; he will hear him from his holy heaven with the saving strength of his right hand.
Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of Jehovah our Elohim. They are brought down and fallen: but we are risen, and stand upright.
Save, Jehovah: let the king hear us when we call.
Messiah seen in His trouble.
20:1-4 Faith's appeal to Jehovah Elohim, of Jacob for One, in, whom (v. 5) is salvation and headship,,and 6-8 power, from Jehovah, over all-the Messiah; 9 Save, Jehovah; let the king hear us.

Psalm 21

To the chief Musician, A Psalm. of David.
The king shall joy in thy strength, O Jehovah; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!
Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips; Selah.
For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.
He asked life of thee, and thou gavest it him, even length of days forever and ever.
His glory is great in thy salvation: honor and majesty hast thou laid upon him.
For thou hast made him most blessed forever: thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy countenance.
For the king trusteth in Jehovah, and through the mercy of Gnelion he shall not be moved.
Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee.
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: Jehovah shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men.
For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform.
Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, when thou shalt make ready thine arrows upon thy strings against the face of them.
Be thou exalted, Jehovah, in thine own strength: so will we sing and praise thy power.
21.-The heavenly side, as 45. the side for earth: both about the king.
21.-Answer to 20. (Part 1 addressed to Jehovah.) 1-7 joy of the faithful in what the king is, and (Part 2) 8-12 in what thou, the king, wilt do in judgment on men thy enemies; 13 our joy.

Psalm 22

To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar [or, hind of the morning], A Psalm of David.
My El, my El, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?
O my Elohim, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
He trusted on Jehovah that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.
I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my El from my mother's belly.
Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my Jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
But be not thou far from me, O Jehovah: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.
Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
Ye that fear Jehovah, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise Jehovah that seek him: your heart shall live forever.
All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto Jehovah: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
For the kingdom is Jehovah's: and he is the governor among the nations.
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to Adonay as for a generation.
They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
His sufferings as forsaken of El: the result being grace and glory to man.
This is a portion to be much mused and fed upon.
22:1-21 humiliation; 22-31 the fruit of it in resurrection going on into the Millennial Kingdom.
Note.-On his lip, El, El, ver. 1 and 10; on the adversaries, Jehovah, ver. 8 and once on his (ver. 19): that in suffering; it glory Jehovah ver. 23 and 26 and 27 and 28, Adonay, ver. 30.
Some would divide this Psalm in the middle of ver. 21, though the stress was laid upon " thou hast heard me"; and not rather, upon "from the horns of the unicorns."

Psalm 23

A Psalm of David.
Jehovah is my shepherd; I shall not want.
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.
Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of Jehovah forever.
23-Messiah's path as a man on earth; but also faith's in the last day, after atonement is known. ("Restore," ver. 3, means refresh, revive in spirit.)

Psalm 24

A Psalm of David.
The earth is Jehovah's, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.
Who shall ascend into the hill of Jehovah? or who shall stand in his holy place?
He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.
He shall receive the blessing from Jehovah, and righteousness from the Elohim of his salvation.
This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.
Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.
Who is this King of glory? Jehovah strong and mighty, Jehovah mighty in battle.
Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.
Who is this King of glory? Jehovah of hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah.
24.-Messiah (he is Jehovah) and a remnant entering glory hereafter.

Psalm 25

A Psalm of David.
Unto thee, O Jehovah, do I lift up my soul.
O my Elohim, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Yea, let none that wait on thee be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.
Show me thy ways, 0 Jehovah; teach me thy paths. Lead me in thy truth, and teach me: for thou art the
Elohim of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day.
Remember, O Jehovah, thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses; for they have been ever of old.
Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mercy remember thou me for thy goodness' sake, O Jehovah.
Good and upright is Jehovah: therefore will he teach sinners in the way.
The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way.
All the paths of Jehovah are mercy and truth unto to such as keep his covenant and his testimonies.
For thy name's sake, O Jehovah, pardon mine iniquity; for it is great.
What man is he that feareth Jehovah? him shall he teach in the way that he shall choose.
His soul shall dwell at ease; and his seed shall inherit the earth.
The secret of Jehovah is with them that fear him; and he will show them his covenant.
Mine eyes are ever toward Jehovah; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.
Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I am desolate and afflicted.
The troubles of my heart are enlarged: O bring thou me out of my distresses.
Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins.
Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.
O keep my soul, and deliver me: let me not be ashamed; for I put my trust in thee.
Let integrity and uprightness preserve me; for I wait on thee.
Redeem Israel, O Elohim, out of all his troubles.
25:4-10 Full confession of sin by the faithful; faith's cry to Jehovah in thought of him and his ways and covenant; 1 Conscious of integrity and trust in him, it acts in spite of, 2 enemies, 3 of transgressors; 7, 8, 11,18, &c., transgression confessed; 22. Elohim to redeem Israel out of all his troubles.
25 to39. thoughts and feelings of the faithful, relationship known.

Psalm 26

A Psalm of David.
Judge me, O Jehovah; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in Jehovah; therefore I shall not slide.
Examine me, O Jehovah, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.
For thy lovingkindness is before mine eyes: and I have walked in thy truth.
I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers.
I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.
I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O Jehovah:
That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works.
Jehovah, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honor dwelleth.
Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:
In whose hands is mischief, and their right hand is full of bribes.
But as for me, I will walk in mine integrity: redeem me, and be merciful unto me.
My foot standeth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless Jehovah.
26:1 All is open to Jehovah, 6 righteous integrity is the pathway to the altar, 7, 8 to praise; and 9-12 to strength in hope.

Psalm 27

A Psalm of David.
Jehovah is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? Jehovah is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.
One thing have I desired of Jehovah, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of Jehovah all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of Jehovah, and to inquire in his temple.
For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his a pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.
And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto Jehovah.
Hear, O Jehovah, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, Jehovah, will I seek.
Hide not thy face far from me; put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O Elohim of my salvation.
When my father and my mother forsake me, then Jehovah will take me up.
Teach me thy way, O Jehovah, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.
Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.
I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of Jehovah in the land of the living.
Wait on Jehovah: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on Jehovah.
27:1 Fear excluded from the soul by joy in Jehovah as light, salvation, and strength; 2, 3 a past deliverance the basis of hope. He was desired and sought, and 4 his house as beautiful, 5 himself a refuge and 6 an exalter and joy; 7-9 appeal of faith in communion; 10,11, in hope; 12 before enemies near; 13What if I had not had him! 14 Girding up.

Psalm 28

A Psalm of David.
Unto thee will I cry, O Jehovah my rock; be not silent to me: lest, if thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.
Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry unto thee, when I lift up my hands toward thy holy oracle.
Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbors, but mischief is in their hearts.
Give them according to their deeds; and according to the wickedness of their endeavors: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert.
Because they regard not the works of Jehovah, nor the operation of his hands, he shall destroy them, and not build them up.
Blessed be Jehovah, because he hath heard the voice of my supplications.
Jehovah is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.
Jehovah is their strength, and he is the saving strength of his Messiah.
Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up forever.
28:1, 2 Cry-for manifest recognition, and 3-5 for exemption from the judgment on the "wicked; 6-9 joy in Jehovah as hearing and saving his people.

Psalm 29

A Psalm of David.
Give unto Jehovah, O ye mighty, give unto Jehovah glory and strength.
Give unto Jehovah the glory due unto his name; worship Jehovah in the beauty of holiness.
The voice of Jehovah is upon the waters: the El of glory thundereth: Jehovah is upon many waters. The voice of Jehovah is powerful; the voice of Jehovah is full of majesty.
The voice of Jehovah breaketh the cedars; yea, Jehovah breaketh the cedars of Lebanon.
He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn.
The voice of Jehovah divideth the flames of fire.
The voice of Jehovah shaketh the wilderness; Jehovah shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh.
The voice of Jehovah maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in his temple doth every one speak of his glory.
Jehovah sitteth upon the flood; yea, Jehovah sitteth King forever.
Jehovah will give strength unto his people; Jehovah will bless his people with peace.
29:1, 2 Call to praise Jehovah; 3-9 his voice working in providence, and 9 in his people in his temple, 10 on the flood King; 11 he is theirs.

Psalm 30

A Psalm and Song at the dedication of the house of David.
I will extol thee, O Jehovah; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.
O Jehovah my Elohim, I cried unto thee, and thou hast healed me.
O Jehovah, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.
Sing unto Jehovah, O ye saints of his, and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.
For his anger endureth but a moment; in his favor is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.
And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved.
Jehovah, by thy favor thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled.
I cried to thee, O Jehovah; and unto Jehovah I made supplication.
What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth?
Hear, O Jehovah, and have mercy upon me: Jehovah, be thou my helper.
Thou hast, turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;
To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O Jehovah my Elohim, I will give thanks unto thee forever.
30:1-3 I praise Jehovah for deliverance; 4, 5 saints to praise; 6-11 a deliverance, to the end that 12 I might praise him.

Psalm 31

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
In thee, O Jehovah, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.
Bow down thine ear to me; deliver me speedily: be thou my strong rock, for an house of defense to save me.
For thou art my rock and my fortress; therefore for thy name's sake lead me, and guide me.
Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me: for thou art my strength.
Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Jehovah El of truth.
I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in Jehovah.
I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy: for thou hast considered my trouble; thou hast known my soul in adversities;
And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy; thou hast set my feet in a large room.
Have mercy upon me, O Jehovah, for I am in trouble: mine eye is consumed with grief, yea, my soul and my belly.
For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing: my strength faileth because of mine iniquity, and my bones are consumed.
I was a reproach among all mine enemies, but especially among my neighbors, and a fear to mine acquaintance: they that did see me without fled from me.
I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind: I am like a broken vessel.
For I have heard the slander of many: fear was on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
But I trusted in thee, O Jehovah: I said, Thou art my Elohim.
My times are in thy hand: deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them that persecute me.
Make thy face to shine upon thy servant: save me for thy mercies' sake.
Let me not be ashamed, 0 Jehovah; for I have called upon thee: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave.
Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous.
Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; which thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!
Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.
Blessed be Jehovah: for he bath skewed me his marvelous kindness in a strong city.
For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee.
O love Jehovah, all ye his saints for Jehovah preserveth the faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the proud doer.
Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in Jehovah.
31:1-3 Cry to Jehovah for help; 4 from the net; 5 into thine hand I commit my spirit, &c.; 6-13 conflict; 14-16 trust; 17-22 Jehovah for me and the faithful, against the wicked; 23, 24 comfort for his people.

Psalm 32

A Psalm of David, Maschil [or, giving instruction].
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.
Blessed is the man unto whom Jehovah imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.
I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto Jehovah; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin.
For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him.
Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance.
I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.
Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusteth in Jehovah, mercy shall compass him about.
Be glad in Jehovah, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.
32 (Part 1) 1, 2 forgiveness; (Part 2) 3, 4 conflict till self is given up; 5 confession, 6 to Jehovah's praise. 7 Thou my joy and blesser. (Part 3) 8, 9 He teaches; 10, 11 faith's words.

Psalm 33

Rejoice in Jehovah, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright.
Praise Jehovah with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.
Sing unto him a new song; play skillfully with a loud noise.
For the word of Jehovah is right; and all his works are done in truth.
He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of Jehovah.
By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. He gathereth the waters of the sea together as an heap: he layeth up the depth in storehouses.
Let all the earth fear Jehovah: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.
For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.
Jehovah bringeth the counsel of the heathen to naught: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.
The counsel of Jehovah standeth forever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
Blessed is the nation whose Elohim is Jehovah; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance
Jehovah looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men.
From the place of his habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth.
He fashioneth their hearts alike; he considereth all to their works.
There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength. An horse is a vain thing for safety: neither shall he deliver any by his great strength.
Behold, the eye of Jehovah is upon them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy;
To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.
Our soul waiteth for Jehovah: he is our help and our Sc shield.
For our heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in his holy name.
Let thy mercy, O Jehovah, be upon us, according as we hope in thee.
33:1-3 Be glad in Jehovah, ye upright and righteous; 4-7 his word, works, acts; 8, 9 earth and inhabitants to join; 10 goim (peoples) and ammim (nations) fall before him; 11 his counsels stand; 12 blessed that (goi) people and that (amm) nation which he has chosen for himself; 13-15 from heaven he sees all men, &e.; 16-19 no deliverer but he; 20-22 on him we wait.

Psalm 34

A Psalm of David, when he changed his behavior before Abimelech; who drove him away, and he departed.
I will bless Jehovah at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
My soul shall make her boast in Jehovah: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad.
O magnify Jehovah with me, and let us exalt his name together.
I sought Jehovah, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.
They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.
This poor man cried, and Jehovah heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
The angel of Jehovah encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
O taste and see that Jehovah is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.
O fear Jehovah, ye his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.
The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek Jehovah shall not want any good thing. Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of Jehovah.
What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see good?
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.
Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
The eyes of Jehovah are upon the righteous, and his is ears are open unto their cry.
The face of Jehovah is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth. The righteous cry, and Jehovah heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles.
Jehovah is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.
Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but Jehovah delivereth him out of them all.
He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.
Evil shall slay the wicked: and they that hate the righteous shall be desolate.
Jehovah redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.
34:1, 2 I joy in Jehovah to the joy of the humble; 3, call to join; (v. 4) 1, (v. 5) they, (v. 6) this one, they called and (v. 7) were helped; 8, calls saints (v. 9) to fear and learn about him, 10-22, as being for the believer and against the wicked.

Psalm 35

A Psalm of David.
Plead my cause, O Jehovah, with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me. Take hold of shield and buckler, and stand up for mine help.
Draw out also the spear, and stop the way against them that persecute me: say unto my soul, I am thy salvation.
Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of Jehovah chase them.
Let their way be dark and slippery: and let the angel of Jehovah persecute them.
For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.
Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.
And my soul shall be joyful in Jehovah: it shall rejoice in his salvation.
All my bones shall say, Jehovah, who is like unto thee, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth him?
False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.
They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul.
But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.
But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:
With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
Adonay, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people.
Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land.
Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it.
This thou hast seen, 0 Jehovah: keep not silence: 0 Adonay, be not far from me.
Stir up thyself, and awake to my judgment, even unto my cause, my Elohim and Adonay.
Judge me, O Jehovah my Elohim, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me.
Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.
Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at mine hurt: let them be clothed with shame and dishonor that magnify themselves against me.
Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favor my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let Jehovah be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant.
And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness and of thy praise all the day long.
35:1-3 Cry for help against adversaries; 3½-8 for a word of comfort and for confusion on those causelessly against me; 9, 10 so shall I be glad; 11-16 false witnesses and requiting evil for good with hypocritical workers. 17, 18 Cry for help, and 19-26 righteous judgment, 27 and 28 let friends rejoice with me and praise.

Psalm 36

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David the servant of Jehovah.
The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that there is no fear of Elohim before his eyes.
For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.
The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good.
He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth not evil. Thy mercy, O Jehovah, is in the heavens; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds.
Thy righteousness is like the great mountains; thy judgments are a great deep: O Jehovah, thou preservest man and beast.
How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O Elohim! Therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.
They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.
For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
O continue thy lovingkindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart.
Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.
There are the workers of iniquity fallen: they are cast down, and shall not be able to rise.
36:1 -4 Faith's estimate of the transgression of the wicked, 5-9 of that which is in Jehovah; 10 prayer.

Psalm 37

A Psalm of David.
Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.
For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb.
Trust in Jehovah, and do good; so shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.
Delight thyself also in Jehovah; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart.
Commit thy way unto Jehovah; trust also in him; and he shall bring it to pass..
And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.
Rest in Jehovah, and wait patiently for him: fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass.
Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil.
For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon Jehovah, they shall inherit the earth.
For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: lo yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be.
But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.
The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
Adonay shall laugh at him; for he seeth that his day is coming.
The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, and to slay such as be of upright conversation.
Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken.
A little that a righteous man hath is better than the riches of many wicked.
For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but Jehovah upholdeth the righteous.
Jehovah knoweth the days of the upright: and their inheritance shall be forever.
They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: and in the days of famine they shall be satisfied.
But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of Jehovah shall be as the fat of lambs: they shall consume; into smoke shall they consume away.
The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again: but the righteous showeth mercy, and giveth.
For such as be blessed of him shall inherit the earth; and they that be cursed of him shall be cut off.
The steps of a good man are ordered by Jehovah: and he delighteth in his way.
Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for Jehovah upholdeth him with his hand.
I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.
He is ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed is blessed.
Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.
For Jehovah loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved forever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein forever.
The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment.
The law of his Elohim is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide.
The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him.
Jehovah will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged.
Wait on Jehovah, and keep his way, and he shall exalt thee to inherit the land: when the wicked are cut off, thou shalt see it.
I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.
Yet he passed away, and, lo, he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright: for the end of that man is peace.
But the transgressors shall be destroyed together: the end of the wicked shall be cut off.
But the salvation of the righteous is of Jehovah: he is their strength in the time of trouble.
And Jehovah shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him.
37:1, 2 Heading. Faith knows the way of peace in an evil day, 3-40 Jehovah's knowing his own and his hatred of evil are rest and blessing to those that walk near him. Them will he uphold.
37,38 and 39. Sore chastening under the dealings of Jehovah has to be passed through.

Psalm 38

A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance.
O Jehovah, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore.
There is no soundness in my flesh because of thine anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.
For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.
My wounds stink and are corrupt because of my foolishness.
I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long.
For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and there is no soundness in my flesh.
I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart.
Adonay, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee.
My heart panteth, my strength faileth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me.
My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off.
They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.
But I, as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a dumb man that openeth not his mouth.
Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs.
For in thee, 0 Jehovah, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Adonay my Elohim.
For I said, Hear me, lest otherwise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me.
For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me.
For I will declare mine iniquity; I will be sorry for my sin.
But mine enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
They also that render evil for good are mine adversaries; because I follow the thing that good is.
Forsake me not, O Jehovah: O my Elohim, be not far from me.
Make haste to help me, O Adonay my salvation.
38:1-8 Groans under the flood of judgment from Jehovah; 9, 10 his inward parts open to Adonay; 11-22 hear and help or I am lost.

Psalm 39

To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David.
I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.
I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred.
My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue,
Jehovah, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am.
Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity.
Surely every man walketh in a vain skew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.
And now, Adonay, what wait I for? my hope is in thee.
Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish.
I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it.
Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by lo the blow of thine hand.
When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a
moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
Hear my prayer, O Jehovah, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were.
O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.
39:1-6 Writhes but seeks instruction from Jehovah; 7-13 seeks aid from Adonay and Jehovah.

Psalm 40

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
I waited patiently for Jehovah; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry.
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.
And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our Elohim: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in Jehovah.
Blessed is that man that maketh Jehovah his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
Many, O Jehovah my Elohim, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.
Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.
Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,
I delight to do thy will, O my Elohim: yea, thy law is within my heart.
I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O Jehovah,
thou knowest.
I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.
Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O Jehovah: let thy lovingkindness and thy truth continually preserve me.
For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.
Be pleased, O Jehovah, to deliver me: O Jehovah, make haste to help me.
Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven
backward and put to shame that wish me evil.
Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.
Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: let such as love thy salvation say continually, Jehovah be magnified.
But I am poor and needy; yet Adonay thinketh upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my Elohim.
The foundation: Messiah has undertaken to do the will of God; He goes patiently through it.
40:1 I waited on Jehovah. He gave me to praise, to (v. 3) his honor among men; 4 blessed is he that trusts and keeps himself from evil, 5 wonderful the works and thoughts of Jehovah toward us; 6-10 Messiah's work and mark, 11-13 prayers, 14, 15 imprecation on enemies; 16 Jehovah's people prayed for, 17 poor, yet he is my stay.

Psalm 41

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
Blessed is he that considereth the poor: Jehovah will deliver him in time of trouble.
Jehovah will preserve him, and keep him alive; and he shall be blessed upon the earth: and thou wilt not deliver him unto the will of his enemies.
Jehovah will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.
I said, Jehovah, be merciful unto me: heal my soul; for I have sinned against thee.
Mine enemies speak evil of me, When shall he die, and his name perish?
And if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; when he goeth abroad, he telleth it.
All that hate me whisper together against me: against me do they devise my hurt.
An evil disease, say they, cleaveth fast unto him: and now that he lieth he shall rise up no more.
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, bath lifted up his heel
against me.
But thou, O Jehovah, be merciful unto me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.
By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me..
And as for me, thou upholdest me in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face forever.
Blessed be Jehovah Elohim of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
The blessedness of him who understands the poor and needy (sheep).
41.-The poor man's place; 1-3 He that acts according to the mind and way of Jehovah to the weak, Jehovah will do likewise to him; 4 Cry for mercy for sin; 5-9 the adversary's taunts, etc. 10 Mercy! that I may requite; 11, 12 joy for help from Jehovah. 13 Praise.

Psalm 42

(*Second Book (Ps. 42-72) The faithful are seen as driven out; and, unless viewed as in their future, God, not Jehovah (his covenant name) is referred to. (Comp. Ps. 53 and 14).
Peter's position with a remnant, both outcast for the Lord's sake and having to solace themselves with the future, may help us here. 2 Peter.)
BOOK II.* No. 1. Psa. 42 To the chief Musician, Maschil for, giving instruction], for the sons of Korab.
As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O Elohim.
My soul thirsteth for Elohim, for the living El: when shall I come and appear before Elohim.
My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy Elohim?
When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of Elohim, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in Elohim: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.
0 my Elohim, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Yet Jehovah will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the El of my life.
I will say unto El my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy Elohim?
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in Elohim for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my Elohim.
42:1, 2 Yearns for Elohim amid 3 taunters, 4 anguish, 5-7, 8, 11 hope in him; 6 in the land of Jordan and the Hermonites, and amid depths of judgment and taunts 9, 10.

Psalm 43

Judge me, O Elohim, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
For thou art the Elohim of my strength: why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
O send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me; let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles.
Then will I go unto the altar of Elohim, unto El my exceeding joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O Elohim my Elohim.
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in Elohim: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my Elohim.
43:1 Cry to Elohim for judgment against a nation not in grace (the Jews), and the wicked man; 2-4 Thou and thy places are my all, 5 I hope in thee.

Psalm 44

To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil [or, giving-instruction].
We have heard with our ears, O Elohim, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.
For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but, thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favor unto them.
Thou art my King, O Elohim: command deliverances for Jacob.
Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us.
For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword save me.
But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.
In Elohim we boast all the day long, and praise thy name forever.
But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.
Thou makest us to turn back from the enemy: and they which hate us spoil for themselves.
Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
Thou sellest thy people for naught, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.
Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. Thou makest us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.
My confusion is continually before me, and the shame of my face hath covered me,
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant. Our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined from thy way;
Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
If we have forgotten the name of our Elohim, or stretched out our hands to a strange El;
Shall not Elohim search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
Awake, why sleepest thou, O Adonay? arise, cast us not off forever.
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and forgettest our affliction and our oppression?
For our soul is bowed down to the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth.
Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy mercies' sake.
44:1-3 All our blessing was from thee, 4-8 my King, Elohim, I take thee so to be to me; 9-16 but thou hast cast us off and givest us up; 17-22 yet are we faithful; 23-26 appeal for help.
44-48. Extend from their first appeal to Elohim, to their being again in Zion, and 49 is a meditation thereon.

Psalm 45

To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim [or, the lilies], for the sons of Borah, Maschil [or, giving instruction], A Song of loves.
My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore Elohim hath blessed thee forever.
Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
Thy throne, 0 Elohim, is forever and ever: the scepter of thy kingdom is a right scepter.
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore Elohim, thy Elohim, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Kings' daughters were among thy honorable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord [Adonim]; and worship thou him.
And the daughter of Tire shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall entreat thy favor.
The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.
She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
I will make-thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee forever and ever.
Messiah is in the scene as king for the earth.
45:1 Faith tastes, through the Spirit, and 2-9 estimates the King now present; 10-16 address to the queen; 17 Who is it speaks here?

Psalm 46

To the chief Musician for the sons of Borah, A Song upon Alamoth [or, the Virginals].
ELOHIM is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;
Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.
There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of Elohim, the holy place of the tabernacles of Gnelion.
Elohim is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: Elohim shall help her, and that right early.
The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted.
Jehovah of hosts is with us; Elohim of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
Come, behold the works of Jehovah, what desolations he hath made in the earth.
He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.
Be still, and know that I am Elohim: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.
Jehovah of hosts is with us; the Elohim of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
Is the relationship of Jehovah with Israel re-established here?
46:1-3 Elohim our present help; 4, 5 a river gladdens the city of Elohim, the holy place, &c.; 6, 7 enemies destroyed; 8, 9 what Jehovah, has done. 10, 11 Be still! he is for us.

Psalm 47

To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.
O clap your hands, all ye people; shout unto Elohim with the voice of triumph.
For Jehovah Gnelion is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth.
He shall subdue the people under us, and the nations under our feet.
He shall choose our inheritance for us, the excellency of Jacob whom he loved.
Elohim is gone up with a shout, Jehovah with the sound of a trumpet
Sing praises to Elohim, sing praises: sing praises unto our King, sing praises.
For Elohim is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding.
Elohim reigneth over the heathen: Elohim sitteth upon the throne of his holiness.
The princes of the people are gathered together, even the people of the Elohim of Abraham: for the shields of the earth belong unto Elohim: he is greatly exalted.
47:1-4 The land (or earth) called to own (truth of Psa. 45; 46); 5-9 Elohim come in, the shields of the earth are his [the governmental power on earth has been transferred from the Gentiles, with a beast's heart, to Israel].

Psalm 48

A Song and Psalm for the sons of Korah.
Great is Jehovah, and greatly to be praised in the city of our Elohim, in the mountain of his holiness.
Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.
Elohim is known in her palaces for a refuge.
For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.
They saw it, and so they marveled; they were troubled, and hasted away.
Fear took hold upon them there, and pain, as of a woman in travail.
Thou breakest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind.
As we have heard, so have we seen in the city of Jehovah of hosts, in the city of our Elohim: Elohim will establish it forever. Selah.
We have thought of thy lovingkindness, O Elohim, in the midst of thy temple.
According to thy name, O Elohim, so is thy praise unto the ends of the earth: thy right hand is full of righteousness.
Let mount Zion rejoice, let the daughters of Judah be glad, because of thy judgments.
Walk about Zion, and go round about her: tell the towers thereof.
Mark ye well her bulwarks, consider her palaces; that ye may tell it to the generation following.
For this Elohim is our Elohim forever and ever: he will be our guide even unto death.
48:1-3 The faithful are in Zion ( through), 4-8a deliverance just seen; 9-14 joyous exhortation to consistency therewith.

Psalm 49

To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.
Hear this, all ye people; give ear, all ye inhabitants of the world:
Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of understanding.
I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, when the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?
They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;
None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to Elohim a ransom for him:
(For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth forever:)
That he should still live forever, and not see corruption.
For he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Their inward thought is, that their houses shall continue forever, and their dwelling places to all generations; they call their lands after their own names.
Nevertheless man being in honor abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish.
This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.
Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
But Elohim will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, when the glory of his house is increased;
For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away: his glory shall not descend after him.
Though while he lived he blessed his soul: and men will praise thee, when thou doest well to thyself.
He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
Man that is in honor, and understandeth not, is like so the beasts that perish.
49:1-4 A musing thereupon; 5-14 the folly of the men. of this world; 15 but Elohim redeems from the grave; 16-20 exhortations based thereon.
NOTE-Ver. 4 "a parable "-" a dark saying."

Psalm 50

A Psalm of Asaph.
EL, Elohim, Jehovah, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going
down thereof.
Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, Elohim hath shined.
Our Elohim shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him.
He shall call to the heavens from above, and to the earth, that he may judge his people.
Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.
And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for Elohim is judge himself. Selah.
Hear, O my people, and I will speak; O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I am Elohim, even thy Elohim.
I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, to have been continually before me.
I will take no bullock out of thy house, nor he goats out of thy folds.
For every beast of the forest is mine, and the cattle upon a thousand hills.
I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.
If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world is mine, and the fullness thereof.
Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?
Offer unto Elohim thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto Gnelion:
And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver is thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
But unto the wicked Elohim saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth?
Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.
When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers.
Thou givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue frameth deceit.
Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother; thou so slanderest thine own mother's son.
These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.
Now consider this, ye that forget Eloah, lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.
Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation aright will I skew the salvation of Elohim.
This arraignment of Israel contains the grand principles of Elohim's judgments towards them.
50.-A judgment as to the living, in the land; 1-4 apprehended by faith; 5, 6 announced by the Judge; 7-15 Elohim’s address in court; 16-21 to the wicked; 22 exhortation to such; 23 to his own.

Psalm 51

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.
Have mercy upon me, O Elohim, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.
Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.
Create in me a clean heart, O Elohim; and renew a right spirit within me.
Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.
Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.
Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.
Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O Elohim, thou Elohim of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
0 Adonay, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall is show forth thy praise.
For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
The sacrifices of Elohim are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O Elohim, thou wilt not despise.
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.
"Israel's confession of sin, looking for mercy and cleansing, and owning it in its root in nature and its results in the rejection of Messiah."
51:1-4 The arraigned one's confession when broken down; 5-17 pleading for a cure in his desperate case; 18, 19 Elohim working in Zion will be pleased with his people and their ways.

Psalm 52

To the chief Musician, Maschil [or, giving instruction], A Psalm of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Ahimelech.
Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, 0 mighty man? the goodness of El endureth continually.
Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.
Thou lovest evil more than good; and lying rather than to speak righteousness.
Thou lovest all devouring words, 0 thou deceitful tongue.
El shall likewise destroy thee forever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of thy dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living.
The righteous also shall see, and fear, and shall laugh at him:
Lo, this is the man that made not Elohim his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.
But I am like a green olive tree in the house of Elohim: I trust in the mercy of Elohim forever and ever.
I will praise thee forever, because thou hast done it: and I will wait on thy name; for it is good before thy saints.
Faith's challenge 1St of the tyrant.
52:1-5 Faith's judgment of him who counts his lips his own, while El's goodness continues; 6, 7 the righteous shall judge him; 8 faith trusts in mercy and has 9 joy and patience in Elohim.
52-67-The faithfuls' exercises of soul, in which Israel becomes the blessing of the nations.

Psalm 53

To the chief Musician upon Mahalath [or, sickness], Maschil [or, giving instruction], A Psalm of David.
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no Elohim. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity there is none that doeth good.
Elohim looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, that did seek Elohim.
Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread: they have not called upon Elohim.
There were they in great fear, where no fear was: for Elohim hath scattered the bones of-him that encampeth against thee: thou hast put them to shame, because Elohim hath despised them.
Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! When Elohim bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.
And 2ndly of his faction.
53:1 The fool's desire and doings; 2 Elohim seeks seekers; 3, 4 his thoughts of that generation; 5 faith sees Elohim for thee and against all such; 6 its hope.

Psalm 54

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments], Maschil [or, giving instruction], A Psalm of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us?
Save me, O Elohim, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.
Hear my prayer, O Elohim; give ear to the words of my mouth.
For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set Elohim before them. Selah.
Behold, Elohim is mine helper: Adonay is with them that uphold my soul.
He shall reward evil unto mine enemies: cut them off in thy truth.
I will freely sacrifice unto thee: I will praise thy name, O Jehovah; for it is good.
For he hath delivered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.
A believer then and there.
54:1, 2 Cry to Elohim, 3 against oppressors who know him not; 4-7 trust in and devotedness to him who has saved.

Psalm 55

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments],
Maschil [or, giving instruction], A Psalm of David.
Give ear to my prayer, O Elohim; and hide not thyself from my supplication.
Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;
Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.
Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.
And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove for then would I fly away, and be at rest.
Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Selah.
I would hasten my escape from the windy storm and tempest.
Destroy, O Adonay, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.
Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it.
Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.
For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him:
But it was thou, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance.
We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of Elohim in company.
Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.
As for me, I will call upon Elohim; and Jehovah shall save me.
Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
He hath delivered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.
El shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not Elohim.
He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.
Cast thy burden upon Jehovah, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
But thou, O Elohim, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
By one strong in faith, in that day.
55:1, 2 Cry to Elohim, against 3 the enemy; 4-8 anguish, 9-11 the enemy's voice and goings on in the city, 12-14 treachery of the traitor; 15 imprecation. 16-18 My resource, and 19-21 their judge; 22 cast all on him; 23 he will destroy them. I trust.

Psalm 56

To the chief Musician upon Jonath-elem-rechokim [qy., the dove of silence (among) strangers], Michtam [a golden Psalm] of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath.
Be merciful unto me, O Elohim: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me. Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight against me, O thou most High.
What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee.
In Elohim I will praise his word, in Elohim I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.
Every day they wrest my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil. They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul.
Shall they escape by iniquity? in thine anger cast down the people, O Elohim.
Thou tellest my wanderings: put thou my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?
When I cry unto thee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for Elohim is for me.
In Elohim will I praise his word: in Jehovah will I praise his word.
In Elohim have I put my trust: I will not be afraid what man can do unto me.
Thy vows are upon me, O Elohim: I will render praises unto thee.
For thou hast delivered my soul from death: wilt not thou deliver my feet from falling, that I may walk before Elohim in the light of the living?
56:1-3 Against the all-destroying enemy-man, faith trusts Elohim, 4 and his word; 5-7 the doings of man; 8-11 grieved I trust Elohim and his word. 12, 13 I will praise; delivered.

Psalm 57

To the chief Musician, Al-taschith [or, destroy not], Michtam [or, a golden Psalm] of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.
Be merciful unto me, O Elohim, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until these calamities be overpast.
I will cry unto Elohim Gnelion; unto El that performeth all things for me.
He shall send from heaven, and save me from the reproach of him that would swallow me up. Selah. Elohim shall send forth his mercy and his truth.
My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Be thou exalted, O Elohim, above the heavens; let thy glory be above all the earth.
They have prepared a net for my steps; my soul is bowed down: they have digged a pit before me, into the midst whereof they are fallen themselves. Selah.
My heart is fixed, O Elohim, my heart is fixed: I will sing and give praise.
Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp myself will awake early.
I will praise thee, O Adonay, among the people: I will sing unto thee among the nations.
For thy mercy is great unto the heavens, and thy truth is unto the clouds.
Be thou exalted, O Elohim, above the heavens: let thy glory be above all the earth.
57:1, 2 Cry to and trust and hope in Elohim, 3—6 for deliverance from man and his doings. 7-11 praise.

Psalm 58

To the chief Musician, Al-taschith [or, destroy not], Michtam [or, a golden Psalm] of David.
Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men?
Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.
The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.
Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear;
Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely.
Break their teeth, O Elohim, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Jehovah. Let them melt away as waters which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let
them be as cut in pieces.
As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away: like the untimely birth of a woman, that they may not see the sun.
Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in his wrath.
The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked.
So that a man shall say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is an Elohim that judgeth in the earth.
58:1 Faith's challenge to a congregated mass. 2-5 its wickedness; 6-9 judgment invoked; 10, 11 the righteous shall rejoice.

Psalm 59

To the chief Musician, Al-taschith [or, destroy not], Michtam [or, a golden Psalm] of David; when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him.
Deliver me from mine enemies, O my Elohim: defend me from them that rise up against me.
Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Jehovah.
They run and prepare themselves without my fault: awake to help me, and behold.
Thou therefore, O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, the Elohim of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.
They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, doth hear?
But thou, O Jehovah, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision.
Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for Elohim is my defense.
The Elohim of my mercy shall prevent me: Elohim shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies.
Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Adonay our shield.
For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak.
Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be: and let them know that Elohim ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.
And at evening let them return; and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.
But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my
defense and refuge in the day of my trouble.
Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing: for Elohim is my defense, and the Elohim of my mercy.
59:1-4 Deliver me from my enemies; 5 wake against the heathen and the wicked; 6, 7 their ways; 8-10 my trust Jehovah, Elohim. 11-15 regulated judgment invoked on them; 16, 17 Praise-Elohim is for me.

Psalm 60

To the chief Musician, upon Shushan-eduth [or, the lily of testimony], Michtam [or, a golden Psalm], of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand.
O Elohim, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.
Thou hast made the earth to tremble; thou hast broken it: heal the breaches thereof; for it shaketh.
Thou hast showed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.
That thy beloved may be delivered; save with thy right hand, and hear me.
Elohim bath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.
Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;
Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me.
Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
Wilt not thou, O Elohim, which hadst cast us off? and thou, O Elohim, which didst not go out with our armies?
Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.
Through Elohim we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.
60:1-3 Bowing under Elohim; 4 he has given them a token; 5 Cry for deliverance; 6-8 joyful anticipation of faith; 9-12 he will help.

Psalm 61

To the chief Musician upon Neginah [or, a stringed instrument] A Psalm of David.
Hear my cry, O Elohim; attend unto my prayer.
From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I.
For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy.
I will abide in thy tabernacle forever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah.
For thou, O Elohim, hast heard my vows: thou hast given me the heritage of those that fear thy name. Thou wilt prolong the king's life: and his years as many generations.
He shall abide before Elohim forever: O prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him.
So will I sing praise unto thy name forever, that I may daily perform my vows.
61:1-5 Cry to and faith in Elohim; 6,7 Thou wilt bless the king, 8 so shall I praise forever.

Psalm 62

To the chief Musician, to Jeduthun, a Psalm of David.
Truly my soul waiteth upon Elohim: from him cometh my salvation.
He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved.
How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? ye shall be slain all of you: as a bowing wall shall ye be, and as a tottering fence.
They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly. Selah.
My. soul, wait thou only upon Elohim; for my expectation is from him.
He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defense; I shall not be moved.
In Elohim is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in Elohim.
Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: Elohim is a refuge for us. Selah.
Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity.
Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.
Elohim bath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto Elohim.
Also unto thee, O Adonay, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work.
62:1, 2 Faith and hope in Elohim; 3, 4 warns the wicked; 5-7 as 1,2; 8-10 exhorts, 11 power belongs to Elohim, 12 also mercy is of Adonay. He will render to every man according to his work.

Psalm 63

A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.
O Elohim, thou art my El; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary.
Because thy lovingkindness is better than life, my lips shall praise thee.
Thus will I bless thee while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy name.
My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips:
When I remember thee upon my, bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches.
Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice.
My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.
But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower parts of the earth.
They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion is for foxes.
But the king shall rejoice in Elohim; every one that sweareth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.
63:1-8 Yearns after Elohim El, in a dry and thirsty land, for the sake of what he is; 9, 10 my enemies shall fall; 11 the king shall rejoice, the liar be silenced.

Psalm 64

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
Hear my voice, O Elohim, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemy.
Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity:
Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:
That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not.
They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them?
They search out iniquities; they accomplish a diligent search: both the inward thought of every one of them, and the heart, is deep.
But Elohim shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded.
So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all that see them shall flee away.
And all men shall fear, and shall declare the work of Elohim; for they shall wisely consider of his doing.
The righteous shall be glad in Jehovah, and shall is, trust in him; and all the upright in heart shall glory.
64:1-6 Appeals to Elohim and counts on him, amid the very wicked; 7, 8 he shall judge them, 9 his judgment be owned; 10 the righteous shall be glad in Jehovah.

Psalm 65

To the chief Musician, A Psalm and Song of David,
Praise waiteth for thee, O Elohim, in Sion: and unto thee shall the vow be performed.
O thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come.
Iniquities prevail against me: as for our transgressions, thou shalt purge them away.
Blessed is the man whom thou choosest, and causest to approach unto thee, that he may dwell in thy courts: we shall be satisfied with the goodness of thy house, even of thy holy temple.
By terrible things in righteousness wilt thou answer us, O Elohim of our salvation; who art the confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afar off upon the sea:
Which by his strength setteth fast the mountains; being girded with power:
Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.
They also that dwell in the uttermost parts ale afraid at thy tokens: thou makest the outgoings of the morning and evening to rejoice.
Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of Elohim, which is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it.
Thou waterest the ridges thereof abundantly: thou is settlest the furrows thereof: thou makest it soft with showers: thou blessest the springing thereof.
Thou crownest the year with thy goodness; and thy paths drop fatness.
They drop upon the pastures of the wilderness: and the little hills rejoice on every side.
The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
65:1 Praise to thee Elohim is silent in Zion; 2 all flesh shall come to thee; 3 sins prevail against me; 4 blessed whom thou choosest; 5 judgment at the door; 6-13 thy power in creation and providence.

Psalm 66

To the chief Musician, A Song or Psalm.
Make a joyful noise unto Elohim, all ye lands:
Sing forth the honor of his name: make his praise glorious.
Say unto Elohim, How terrible art thou in thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee.
All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee; they shall sing to thy name. Selah.
Come and see the works of Elohim: he is terrible in his doing toward the children of men.
He turned the sea into dry land: they went through the flood on foot: there did we rejoice in him.
He ruleth by his power forever; his eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah.
O bless our Elohim, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard:
Which holdeth our soul in life, and suffereth not our feet to be moved.
For thou, O Elohim, hast proved us: thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.
Thou broughtest us into the net; thou laidst affliction upon our loins.
Thou hast caused men to ride over our heads; we went through fire and through water: but thou broughtest us out into a wealthy place.
I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows,
Which my lips have uttered, and my mouth -hath spoken, when I was in trouble.
I will offer unto thee burnt sacrifices of fatlings, with the incense of rams; I will offer bullocks with goats. Selah.
Come and hear, all ye that fear Elohim, and I will declare what he hath done for my soul.
I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue.
If I regard iniquity in my heart, Adonay will not hear me:
But verily Elohim hath heard me; he hath attended to the voice of my prayer.
Blessed be Elohim, which hath not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me.
66:1-4 All lands to praise Elohim, and own his power to bow down his enemies; 5-7 his power works; 8-12 his dealings with us; 13-15 I will pay my vows in his house; 16-20 my experience, for the fearer of Elohim.

Psalm 67

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments].
A Psalm or Song.
Elohim be merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.
That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations.
Let the people praise thee, O Elohim; let all the people praise thee.
O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth.
Let the people praise thee, O Elohim; let all the people praise thee.
Then shall the earth yield her increase; and Elohim, even our own Elohim, shall bless us.
Elohim shall bless us; and all the ends of the earth shall fear him.
67:1 May Elohim shine out on us that, 2 in the land and among tine Gentiles his way may be known; 3-5 praise from all invoked; 6, 7 that earth may yield her increase, and all the earth fear him.

Psalm 68

To the chief Musician, A Psalm or Song of David.
Let Elohim arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him.
As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of Elohim.
But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before Elohim: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice.
Sing unto Elohim, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.
A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is Elohim in his holy habitation.
Elohim setteth the solitary in families: he bringeth out those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry land.
O Elohim, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah.
The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of Elohim: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of Elohim, the Elohim of Israel.
Thou, O Elohim, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary.
Thy congregation hath dwelt therein: thou, O Elohim, to hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor.
Adonay, gave the word: great was the company of those that published it.
Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil.
Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold.
When Shadday scattered kings in it, it was white as snow in Salmon.
The hill of Elohim is as the hill of Bashan; an high hill as the hill of Bashan.
Why leap ye, ye high hills? this is the hill which Elohim desireth to dwell in; yea, Jehovah will dwell in it forever.
The chariots of Elohim are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: Adonay is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place.
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men—yea, for
the rebellious also, that Jah Elohim might dwell among them.
Blessed be Adonay, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the El of our salvation. Selah.
He that is our El is the El of salvation; and unto Elohim Adonay belong the issues from death.
But Elohim shall wound the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of such an one as goeth on still in his trespasses.
Adonay said, I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring my people again from the depths of the sea:
That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of thine enemies, and the tongue of thy dogs in the same.
They have seen thy goings, O Elohim; even the goings of my El, my King, in the sanctuary.
The singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; among them were the damsels playing with timbrels.
Bless ye Elohim in the congregations, even Adonay, from the fountain of Israel.
There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah and their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali.
Thy Elohim hath commanded thy strength: strengthen, O Elohim, that which thou hast wrought for us.
Because of thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto thee.
Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people that delight in war.
Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto Elohim.
Sing unto Elohim, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto Adonay; Selah
To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mighty voice.
Ascribe ye strength unto Elohim: his excellency is over Israel, and his strength is in the clouds.
O Elohim, thou art terrible out of thy holy places: the El of Israel is he that giveth strength and power unto his people. Blessed be Elohim.
Messiah ascended and exalted, is known to faith as the security of blessing.
68:1, 2 Elohim invoked to slay the wicked; 3-6 the righteous to praise him and his ways; 7-10, 11 and 12 his doings; 13 hope, affliction will turn to glory; 14-16 his hill among the hills; 17 his chariots; 18 salvation's basis; 19-23 the issue salvation and judgment; 24-27 the goings of my king in the sanctuary, 28-30, 31, 32-34 results in blessing; 35 worship.

Psalm 69

To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim [or, the lilies], A Psalm of David.
Save me, O Elohim; for the waters are come in unto my soul.
I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.
I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my Elohim.
They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away.
O Elohim, thou knowest my foolishness; and my sins are not hid from thee.
Let not them that wait on thee, O Adonay Elohim* of hosts, be ashamed for my sake: let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake, O Elohim of Israel.
(Ver. 6. In Hebrew written Jehovah but read Elohim, see also 71:5)
Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face.
I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.
For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that is was to my reproach.
I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.
But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O Jehovah, in an acceptable time: O Elohim, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.
Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.
Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Hear me, O Jehovah; for thy lovingkindness is good: turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies.
And hide not thy face from thy servant; for I am in trouble: hear me speedily.
Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies.
Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonor: mine adversaries are all before thee.
Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none.
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.
Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.
Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them.
Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents.
For they persecute him whom thou hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded.
Add iniquity unto their iniquity: and let them not come into thy righteousness.
Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous.
But I am poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O Elohim, set me up on high.
I will praise the name of Elohim with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving.
This also shall please Jehovah better than an ox or bullock that hath horns and hoofs.
The humble shall see this, and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek Elohim.
For Jehovah heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners.
Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and everything that moveth therein.
For Elohim will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.
The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein.
"The full depth of Messiah's sufferings in connection with the Remnant." "The cross and judgment; as Psa. 22 The cross and mercy."
69:1-5 Appeal to Elohim in sorrows described here (compare ver. 3 with 22:1; 4 is from the wicked outside, and 5 sorrow's cause within the range of my responsibility, comp. Psa. 40); 6-12 sorrows from man; 13-18 appeal to Jehovah Elohim,18-21 under sorrow from enemies; 22-28 retributive justice invoked; 29-31 poor, I count on Elohim; 32, 33 the humble shall be glad; 34-36 all Joy! he will save Zion and those that love him shall dwell there.

Psalm 70

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance.
Make haste, 0 Elohim, to deliver me; make haste to help me, O Jehovah.
Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion, that desire my hurt.
Let them be turned back for a reward of their shame that say, Aha, aha.
Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: and let such as love thy salvation say continually, Let Elohim be magnified.
But I am poor and needy: make haste unto me, O Elohim: thou art my help and my deliverer; Jehovah, make no tarrying.
From amid deep sufferings.
70:1 Cry for help; 2, 3 for retributive vengeance on enemies; 4 for favor to those that seek thee; 5 I am poor! help!

Psalm 71

In thee, O Jehovah, do I put my trust: let me never be put to confusion.
Deliver me in thy righteousness, and cause me to escape: incline thine ear unto me, and save me.
Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou art my rock and my fortress.
Deliver me, O my Elohim, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.
For thou art my hope, O Adonay Elohim: thou art my trust from my youth.
By thee have I been holden up from the womb: thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels: my praise shall be continually of thee.
I am as a wonder unto many; but thou art my strong refuge.
Let my mouth be filled with thy praise and with thy honor all the day.
Cast me not off in the time of old age; forsake me not when my strength faileth.
For mine enemies speak against me; and they that is lay wait for my soul take counsel together,
Saying, Elohim hath forsaken him: persecute and take him; for there is none to deliver him.
O Elohim, be not far from me: O my Elohim, make haste for my help.
Let them be confounded and consumed that are adversaries to my soul; let them be covered with reproach and dishonor that seek my hurt.
But I will hope continually, and will yet praise thee more and more.
My mouth shalt show forth thy righteousness and thy salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers thereof.
I will go in the strength of Adonay Elohim*: I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only.
O Elohim, thou hast taught me from my youth: and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
Now also when I am old and greyheaded, O Elohim, forsake me not; until I have showed thy strength unto this generation, and thy power to everyone that is to come.
Thy righteousness also, O Elohim, is very high, who host done great things: O Elohim, who is like unto thee!
Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.
Thou shalt increase my greatness; and comfort me on every side.
I will also praise thee with the psaltery, even thy truth, O my Elohim: unto thee will I sing with the harp, O thou Holy One of Israel.
My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee; and my soul, which thou hast redeemed.
My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long: for they are confounded, for they are brought unto shame, that seek my hurt.
Onward until their strength is all but gone.
71:1-5 Faith in Jehovah and hope, amid the wicked; 6 from infancy, through youth (7), in the infirmity of old age (9, 18), be with me, before (10, 11) enemies; 12 appeal; 13 retributive imprecation; 14-24 hope-motive thereunto, that the ways of Jehovah intertwine the lives of his people here below.

Psalm 72

A Psalm for Solomon.
Give the king thy judgments, O Elohim, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.
He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment.
The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness.
He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations.
He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers that water the earth.
In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.
The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.
Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.
For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.
He shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the needy.
He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised.
There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon: and they of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth.
His name shall endure forever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed.
Blessed be Jehovah Elohim, the Elohim of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things.
And blessed be his glorious name forever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen.
The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.
Messiah recognized as Son of David.
72:1-17 Faith's prayer for the king, and expectations as to the king's son; 18, 19 Praise.
.."NOTE—Vers. 6-8 “sea to sea" is of wider scope than 1-5 “thy people"; 9-11 again, gives the tribute paid by all kings; 12-14 his doings characteristic of his ways; 15-17 what he is made from on high.

Psalm 73

(*Third Book (Psalms 73-89) Messiah as occupied with the faithful in Israel, as lying beyond Judah; and not only, as heretofore, with the 2½ tribes.
The general expectation of Israel referred to by James "To the twelve tribes scattered abroad, greeting" (James 1:1); and by Paul "Now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers; unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving [God] day and night, hope to come," (Acts 26:6, 7),—is not without interest, here, as to the position of those who are looked at in this book.
BOOK III. No. 1. Psa. 73 A Psalm of Asaph.
Truly Elohim is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.
But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped.
For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
For there are no bands in their death: but their strength is firm.
They are not in trouble as other men; neither are they plagued like other men.
Therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth them as a garment.
Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily.
They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
Therefore his people return hither: and waters of a full cup are wrung out to them.
And they say, How doth El know? and is there knowledge in Gnelion?
Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase in riches.
Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency.
For all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning.
If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend against the generation of thy children.
When I thought to know this, it was too painful for me;
Until I went into the sanctuary of El; then understood I their end.
Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction.
How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment they are utterly consumed with terrors.
As a dream when one awaketh; so, O Adonay, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
Thus my heart was grieved, and I was pricked in my reins.
So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee.
Nevertheless I am continually with thee: thou hest holden me by my right hand.
Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory.
Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.
My flesh and my heart faileth: but Elohim is the strength of my heart, and my portion forever.
For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a-whoring from thee.
But it is good for me to draw near to Elohim: I have put my trust in Adonay Elohim that I may declare all thy works.
73.-1 Elohim good to Israel, to those of a clean heart; 2-12 effects of my envy at the foolish and their prosperity; 13-15 discouragement therefrom and evil; till 16-20 I went into the sanctuary of El and saw their end; 21-26 then I judged self and trusted; 27, 28, resumé.

Psalm 74

Maschil [or, giving instruction] of Asaph.
O Elohim, why hast thou cast us off forever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?
Remember thy congregation, which thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.
Thine enemies roar in the midst of thy congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs.
A man was famous according as he had lifted up axes upon the thick trees.
But now they break down the carved work thereof at once with axes and hammers.
They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of El in the land.
We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that knoweth how long.
O Elohim, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name forever?
Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom.
For Elohim is my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.
Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers.
The day is thine, the night also is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.
Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached, O Jehovah, and that the foolish people have blasphemed thy name.
O deliver not the soul of thy turtledove unto the multitude of the wicked: forget not the congregation of thy poor forever.
Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.
O let not the oppressed return ashamed: let the poor and needy praise thy name.
Arise, O Elohim, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily.
Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
Faith in presence of the triumph of the wicked.
74:1-3 Appeal to Elohim for his own redeemed ones and sanctuary; for 4-8 an infidel faction is in power, 9-23 to the deep trial of our faith.
NOTE-Vers. 12, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, my king of old, creation, blasphemy, thy poor, covenant, thy cause.

Psalm 75

To the chief Musician, Al-taschith [or, destroy not], A Psalm or Song of Asaph.
Unto thee, O Elohim, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give thanks: for that thy name is near thy wondrous works declare.
When I shall receive the congregation I will judge uprightly.
The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.
I said unto the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn:
Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.
For promotion comes neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.
But Elohim is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
For in the hand of Jehovah there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth
out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.
But I will declare forever; I will sing praises to the Elohim of Jacob.
All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.
75:1 Our thanks to Elohim for his proved nearness; 2 when I (Messiah) take the congregation I will judge rightly; 3 my power; 4-8 warning to the wicked. 9, 10 Resumé of what I will do.

Psalm 76

To the chief Musician on Neginoth [or, stringed instruments],
A Psalm or Song of Asaph.
In Judah is Elohim known: his name is great in Israel.
In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
There brake he the arrows of the bow, the shield, and the sword, and the battle. Selah.
Thou art more glorious and excellent than the mountains of prey.
The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands.
At thy rebuke, O Elohim of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep.
Thou, even thou, art to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?
Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from heaven; the earth feared, and was still,
When Elohim arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah.
Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
Vow, and pay unto Jehovah your Elohim: let all that be round about him bring presents unto him that ought to be feared.
He shall cut off the spirit of princes: he is terrible to the kings of the earth.
76:1-3 Judah and Israel; Salem and Zion now seen to be under Elohim. 4 He the trust and hope, through 5-10 all opposition below; 11 worship the Judge from heaven (8,9), 12 cutter off of princes and kings.

Psalm 77

To the chief Musician, to Jeduthun, A Psalm of Asaph.
I cried unto Elohim with my voice, even unto Elohim with my voice; and he gave ear unto me.
In the day of my trouble I sought Adonay: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted.
I remembered Elohim, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.
Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
I have considered the days of old, the years of ancient times.
I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
Will Adonay cast off forever? and will he be favorable no more?
Is his mercy clean gone forever? doth his promise fail for evermore?
Hath El forgotten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah.
And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of Gnelion.
I will remember the works of Jah: surely I will remember thy wonders of old.
I will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy doings.
Thy way, O Elohim, is in the sanctuary: who is so great an El as our Elohim?
Thou art the El that doest wonders: thou hast declared thy strength among the people.
Thou hast with thine arm redeemed thy people, the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Selah.
The waters saw thee, O Elohim, the waters saw thee; they were afraid: the depths also were troubled.
The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.
The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.
Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.
Thou leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
77:1-10 My exercises in retrospect of past appeal to Elohim; weakness, but I cling to 10½—20 the duration of thy power, works, wonders of old, doings, way in the sanctuary, in the redemption of thy people, Jacob and Joseph, &c., by Moses and Aaron.

Psalm 78

Maschil [or, giving instruction] of Asaph.
Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:
Which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us.
We will not hide them from their children, showing to the generation to come the praises of Jehovah, and his strength, and his wonderful works that he hath done.
For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children:
That the generation to come might know them, even the children which should be born; who should arise and declare them to their children:
That they might set their hope in Elohim, and not forget the works of El, but keep his commandments:
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with El.
The children of Ephraim, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle.
They kept not the covenant of Elohim, and refused to walk in his law;
And forgat his works, and his wonders that he had showed them.
Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and he made the waters to stand as an heap.
In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.
He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.
He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers.
And they sinned yet more against him by provoking Gneliōn in the wilderness.
And they tempted El in their heart by asking meat for their lust.
Yea, they spake against Elohim; they said, Can El furnish a table in the wilderness?
Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?
Therefore Jehovah heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;
Because they believed not in Elohim, and trusted not in his salvation:
Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven,
And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of. the corn of heaven.
Man did eat angels' food: he sent them meat to the full. He caused an east wind to blow in the heaven: and by his power he brought in the south wind.
He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea:
And he let it fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations.
So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire;
They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths,
The wrath of Elohim came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.
For all this they sinned still, and believed not for his wondrous works.
Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.
When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned and inquired early after EL
And they remembered that Elohim was their rock, and Gneliōn El their redeemer.
Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues.
For their heart was not right with him, neither were they steadfast in his covenant.
But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.
For he remembered that they were but flesh; a wind that passeth away, and cometh not again.
How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert
Yea, they turned back and tempted El, and limited the Holy One of Israel.
They remembered not his hand, nor the day when he delivered them from the enemy.
How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan:
And had turned their rivers into blood; and their floods that they could not drink.
He sent divers sorts of flies among them, which devoured them; and frogs, which destroyed them.
He gave also their increase unto the caterpillar, and their labor unto the locust.
He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore trees with frost.
He gave up their cattle also to the hail, and their flocks to hot thunderbolts.
He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.
He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence;
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:
But made his own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
And he led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
And he brought them to the border of his sanctuary, even to this mountain, which his right hand had purchased.
He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.
Yet they tempted and provoked Gneliōn Elohim, and kept not his testimonies:
But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow.
For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.
When Elohim heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel:
So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men;
And delivered his strength into captivity, and his glory into the enemy's hand.
He gave his people over also unto the sword; and was wroth with his inheritance.
The fire consumed their young men; and their maidens were not given to marriage.
Their priests fell by the sword; and their widows made no lamentation.
Then Adonay awaked as one out of sleep, and like a mighty man that shouteth by reason of wine.
And he smote his enemies in the hinder parts: he put them to a perpetual reproach.
Moreover he refused the tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim:
But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved.
And he built his sanctuary like high palaces, like the earth which he hath established forever.
He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds:
From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.
So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.
An historic enigma. He that can blend 2 Sam. 22 and 23, an absolute promise and covenant secured to man in the Messiah—alone can read it. Israel blessed under the law fails;—its blessing secured by electing love under Messiah.
78:1, 2 Appeal to my people in a similitude in dark sayings of old; 3 we heard it, our fathers told us, 4 we will tell their children of Jehovah, and 5-8 his doings for Israel that they might live to El. Yet they failed him (9) in battle, 12 in Egypt, 13 in the Exodus, 15-30 in the wilderness as to water, manna, flesh; 31 judgment upon them for unbelief; 36, 37 their hypocrisy, 40 they provoked, 42 they forgat Egypt smitten and 52 themselves brought forth; 54 in the land, 55 heathen cast out and they planted, &c. All failed in them and he judged them. But if, 67-73 Joseph and Ephraim were refused—Judah, Zion and David were chosen.

Psalm 79

A Psalm of Asaph.
O Elohim, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.
The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowls of the heaven, the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth.
Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem; and there was none to bury them.
We are become a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
How long, Jehovah? wilt thou be angry forever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire?
Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place.
O remember not against us former iniquities: let thy tender mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low.
Help us, O Elohim of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.
Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is their Elohim? let him be known among the heathen in our sight by the revenging of the blood of thy servants which is shed.
Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness of thy power preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
And render unto our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, wherewith they have reproached thee, O Adonay.
So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks forever: we will show forth thy praise to all generations.
79:1-4 Thy inheritance occupied by the goïm (heathen), temple defiled, city in heaps, they servants slain, a scorn to all around. 5-13 How long! judgment invoked on the goïm; favor, for thy name's sake on thy people, and so, Praise.

Psalm 80

To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim-Eduth [or, lilies of
testimony], A Psalm of Asaph.
Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.
Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength, and come and save us.
Turn us again, O Elohim, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?
Thou feedest them with the bread of tears; and givest them tears to drink in great measure.
Thou makest us a strife unto our neighbors: and our enemies laugh among themselves.
Turn us again, O Elohim of hosts, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.
Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land.
The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.
She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river.
Why hast thou then broken down her hedges, so that all they which pass by the way do pluck her?
The boar out of the wood doth waste it, and the wild beast of the field doth devour it.
Return, we beseech thee, O Elohim of hosts: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine;
And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the branch that thou madest strong for thyself.
It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man whom thou madest strong for thyself.
So will not we go back from thee: quicken us, and we will call upon thy name.
Turn us again, O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Does piety seek here to replace historic Israel in its former blessing (ver. 1 and 2 Compared with Psa. 78:67) and faith then come in, in ver. 17?
80.-The vine, historically, desolate. 1 Titles, 2, 3 Save! 4-7 Nothing but discipline! 8-16 its history; 17-19 the man of thy right hand is alone root of blessing for us.

Psalm 81

To the chief Musician upon Gittith [qy., the wine-vat], A Psalm of Asaph.
Sing aloud unto Elohim our strength: make a joyful noise unto the Elohim of Jacob.
Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbre, the pleasant harp with the psaltery.
Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the Elohim of Jacob.
This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard
a language that I understood not.
I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots.
Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah.
Hear, O my people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me;
There shall no strange el be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange el.
I am Jehovah thy Elohim, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.
But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.
So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways!
I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries.
The haters of Jehovah should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured forever.
He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
81:1-5 We invoke to praise Elohim upon the former basis of blessing; 6-10 Jehovah recites his dealings with them; 11-16 they would not hear, and were judged.

Psalm 82

A Psalm of Asaph.
Elohim standeth in the congregation of the mighty [or, of El]; he judgeth among the gods [elohim].
How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.
Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.
Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.
They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the
earth are out of course.
I have said, Ye are gods [or, elohim]; and all of you are children of Gneliōn.
But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.
Arise, O Elohim, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.
82:1Elohim judges in the assembly of El and among the elohim (comp. ver. 6 and John 10:34, 35, and supra); his judgment of them and 3, 4 of their duty; 5-7 their state and that of the earth (qy., land); 8 he must judge to possess it and the goim.

Psalm 83

A Song or Psalm of Asaph.
Keep not thou silence, O Elohim: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O El.
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.
They have said, Come, and let us cut them of from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
For they have consulted together with one consent: a they are confederate against thee:
The tabernacles of' Edoui, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;
Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tire;
Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.
Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.
Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zeba, and as Zalmunna:
Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of Elohim in possession.
O my Elohim, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.
As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;
So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O Jehovah.
Let them be confounded and troubled forever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
That men may know that thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art Gneliōn over all the earth.
83.-Faith and the Spirit, amid a general confederacy (ver. 1-8) against Israel (4) and the houses of Elohim (12), counts (9-17) on Elohim, El (1) against his enemies (2), the wicked (3), that (18) Jehovah may be known as alone Gneliōn on the earth.

Psalm 84

To the chief Musician upon Gittith [qy., the wine-vat], A Psalm
for the sons of Korah.
How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Jehovah of Hosts!
My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of Jehovah: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living El.
Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O Jehovah of hosts, my King, and my Elohim.
Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah.
Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them.
Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools.
They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appeareth before Elohim.
O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear, O Elohim of Jacob. Selah.
Behold, O Elohim our shield, and look upon the face of thy Messiah.
For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my Elohim, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
For Jehovah Elohim is a sun and shield: Jehovah will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
O Jehovah of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.
84:1-3 Faith and the Spirit long after the dwelling places, &c., of Jehovah of hosts, my King and my Elohim [Qy.—Should it not be v. 2 "El, (yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young,") even thine altars, &c.; 4—7 the blessings en route to Zion. 8—9 Elokim of Jacob., look on the face of thy Messiah; 10—12 I long after him who is the blessing of those that trust in him.

Psalm 85

To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.
Jehovah, thou hast been favorable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.
Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah.
Thou hast taken away all thy wrath: thou hast turned thyself from the fierceness of thine anger.
Turn us, O Jehovah of our salvation, and cause thine anger toward us to cease.
Wilt thou be angry with us forever? wilt thou draw out thine anger to all generations?
Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee?
Show us thy mercy, O Jehovah, and grant us thy salvation.
I will hear what El Jehovah will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.
Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.
Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and lo peace have kissed each other.
Truth shall spring out of the earth; and righteousness shall look down from heaven.
Yea, Jehovah shall give that which is good; and our land shall yield her increase.
Righteousness shall go before him; and shall set us in the way of his steps.
85:1-3 Brought to the land and pardoned, 4-7 we want our souls restored; 8-13 according to the fullness of blessing of his salvation.

Psalm 86

A Prayer of David.
Bow down thine ear, O Jehovah, hear me: for I am poor and needy.
Preserve my soul; for I am holy: O thou my Elohim, save thy servant that trusteth in thee.
Be merciful unto me, O Adonay: for I cry unto thee daily.
Rejoice the soul of thy servant: for unto thee, O Adonay, do I lift up my soul.
For thou, Adonay, art good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Give ear, O Jehovah, unto my prayer; and attend to the voice of my supplications.
In the day of my trouble I will call upon thee: for thou wilt answer me.
Among the gods [or, elohim] there is none like unto thee, O Adonay; neither are there any works like unto thy works.
All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Adonay; and shall glorify thy name.
For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art Elohim alone.
Teach me thy way, O Jehovah; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.
I will praise thee, O Adonay my Elohim, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.
For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from-the lowest hell.
O Elohim, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.
But thou, O Adonay, art an El full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid.
Show me a token for good; that they which hate me may see it, and be ashamed: because thou, Jehovah, hast holpen me, and comforted me.
86:1-7 Weak, and amid trouble, I call on thee; 8-10 all nations must come and worship; 11-13 teach thou me, my deliverer; 14 the proud are against me, 15-17 yet I hope in thyself.

Psalm 87

A Psalm or Song for the sons of Korah.
My foundation is in the holy mountains.
Jehovah loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob.
Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of Elohim. Selah.
I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tire, with Ethiopia; this man was born there.
And of Zion it shall be said, This and that man was born in her: and Gneliōn himself shall establish her.
Jehovah shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this man was born there. Selah.
As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee.
None like Zion.
87:1-3 Jehovah loves Zion, which, he has founded; 4-6 Faith reckons its citizenship an honor, so does Jehovah; 7 praise around, and my heart within concurs.

Psalm 88

A Song or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath [or, sickness of] Leannoth [or, wormwood], Maschil [or, giving instruction] of Heman the Ezrahite.
O Jehovah Elohim of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:
Let my prayer come before thee: incline thine ear unto my cry;
For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave.
I am counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength:
Free among the dead, like the slain that lie in the grave, whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.
Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.
Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah.
Thou hast put away mine acquaintance far from me; thou hast made me an abomination unto them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth.
Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: Jehovah, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee.
Wilt thou show wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah.
Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?
Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
But unto thee have I cried, O Jehovah; and in the morning shall my prayer prevent thee.
Jehovah, why castest thou off my soul? why hidest thou thy face from me?
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.
Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
They came round about me daily like water; they compassed me about together.
Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness.
88:1 Cry to Jehovah Elohim of my salvation; 2 sense of exclusion; 3 of inward trouble; 4 and of outward; 5-7 thou against me; 8 thy hand against me, and so 9-18 faintness and affliction and desolateness.

Psalm 89

Maschil [or, giving instruction] of Ethan, the Ezrahite.
I will sing of the mercies of Jehovah forever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
For I have said, Mercy shall be -built up forever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.
I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,
Thy seed will I establish forever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Jehovah: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.
For who in the heaven can be compared unto Jehovah? who among the sons of the mighty [or, of the elim] can be likened unto Jehovah?
El is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.
O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, who is a strong Jah like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee?
Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.
Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm.
The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fullness thereof, thou hast founded them.
The north and south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.
Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they is shall walk, O Jehovah, in the light of thy countenance.
In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.
For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favor our horn shall be exalted.
For Jehovah is our defense; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.
Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.
I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.
The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.
But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand so in the rivers.
He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my El, and the rock of my salvation.
Also I will make him my firstborn, Gneliōn to [or, higher than] the kings of the earth.
My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
His seed also will I make to endure forever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments;
If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments;
Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.
Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.
His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before me.
It shall be established forever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thy Messiah.
Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou host profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.
Thou host broken down all his hedges; thou host brought his strongholds to ruin.
All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbors.
Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.
Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and lust not made him to stand in the battle.
Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.
The days of his youth host thou shortened: thou host covered him with shame. Selah.
How long, Jehovah? wilt thou hide thyself forever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
Remember how short my time is: wherefore host thou made all men in vain?
What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Adonay, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth
Remember, Adonay, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people;
Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Jehovah; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thy Messiah.
Blessed be Jehovah for evermore. Amen, and Amen.
89:1, Joy in mercies of Jehovah and 2 in mercy; 3 and 4 (Jehovah speaks) "I have made a covenant with mine elect one; my oath is to my servant David: thy seed will I establish,"&c.; 5-14 (faith in the remnant replies) joy in him and his works; 15-18 thine a blessed people; 19-37 the covenant, its unalterableness and certainty in thee; 38-45 but experience and fact seem to say thou hast abhorred Messiah and made void the covenant and all seems lost. 46 How long, Jehovah, have thine enemies reproached the footsteps of thy Messiah,. 52 Praise.

Psalm 90

(* Fourth Book (Psalms 90-106). In connection with the bringing of the Only-begotten into the world.)
BOOK IV No. 1. Psa. 90 A Prayer of Moses the man of Elohim.
Adonay, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art El.
Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.
In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.
Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.
For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told.
The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, so is thy wrath.
So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.
Return, O Jehovah, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
O satisfy us early with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.
Make us glad according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years wherein we have seen evil.
Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children.
And let the beauty of Jehovah our Elohim be upon us: and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.
For any among the twelve tribes, near before Psa. 91
90:1, 2 A meditation on Adonay always our dwelling place; from before all worlds, from everlasting to everlasting, El; 3-6 turning off and turning back man, 7-9 thy wrath for our sins, 10 the nothingness of our days! 12-17 Prayer.
Does "them" (ver. 5) refer to " children of men" (ver. 3), or to "years" (ver. 4). Ver. 11, "even according to thy fear, thy wrath" qy., "the fear we have of thee, so thy wrath appears," or, " as terror now so wrath to come."

Psalm 91

HE that dwelleth in the secret place of Gneliōn shall abide under the shadow of Shadday.
I will say of Jehovah, He is my refuge and my fortress: my Elohim in him will I trust.
Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence.
He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler.
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day;
Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday.
A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee.
Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked.
Because thou hast made Jehovah, which is my refuge, even Gneliōn, thy habitation;
There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling.
For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name.
He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honor him.
With long life will I satisfy him, and show him my salvation.
Messiah owns the Elohim of Israel as His; therefore the promises are made His.
91:1 Oracular enigma," The dweller, in the secret of Gneliōn, shall abide under the shadow of Shadday." 2 Messiah replies, "I will say to Jehovah, My refuge, and my rock; my Elohim; in him will I trust." 3-13 The Spirit through a seer, or a remnant. 14-16 Shadday speaks.
Psa. 101 and 102 and 103 are in continuation of this Psalm.
Ver. 9 (compare with ver. 2) said to Messiah "for that thou [sayest] to Jehovah, 'My refuge,' thou hast set Gneliōn [as] thy defense."

Psalm 92

A Psalm or Song for the Sabbath day.
It is a good thing to give thanks unto Jehovah, and to sing praises unto thy name, O Gneliōn:
To show forth thy lovingkindness in the morning, and thy faithfulness every night,
Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound.
For thou, Jehovah, hast made me glad through thy work: I will triumph in the works of thy hands.
O Jehovah, how great are thy works! and thy thoughts are very deep.
A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.
When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed forever:
But thou, Jehovah, art most high for evermore.
For, lo, thine enemies, O Jehovah, for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.
But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me.
The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.
Those that be planted in the house of Jehovah shall flourish in the courts of our Elohim.
They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
To show that Jehovah is upright: he is my rock, and there is no unrighteousness in him.
92:1-3 Praise to Jehovah Gneliōn, 4, 5 through grace and Jehovah's working; 6-15 unknown to the fool, who grows up for destruction, while the righteous grows up for Jehovah.

Psalm 93

Jehovah reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; Jehovah is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.
Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting.
The floods have lifted up, O Jehovah, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
Jehovah on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea.
Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O Jehovah, forever.
93:1 Jehovah reigns in glory: the world is established, 2 thy throne established of old—thou from everlasting, 3 the foods have risen and been heard, 4 Jehovah is mightier than they, 5 his testimonies are sure: holiness becomes his house.

Psalm 94

Jehovah El, to whom vengeance belongeth; O El, to whom vengeance belongeth, show thyself.
Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth: render a reward to the proud.
Jehovah, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?
How long shall they utter and speak hard things? And all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?
They break in pieces thy people, O Jehovah, and afflict thine heritage.
They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.
Yet they say, Jah shall not see, neither shall the Elohim of Jacob regard it.
Understand, ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise?
He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see?
He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know?
Jehovah knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.
Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O Jah, and teachest him out of thy law;
That thou mayest give him rest from the days of adversity, until the pit be digged for the wicked.
For Jehovah will not cast off his people, neither will he forsake his inheritance.
But judgment shall return unto righteousness: and all the upright in heart shall follow it.
Who will rise up for me against the evildoers? or who will stand up for me against the workers of iniquity?
Unless Jehovah had been my help, my soul had almost dwelt in silence.
When I said, My foot slippeth; thy mercy, O Jehovah, held me up.
In the multitude of my thoughts within me thy comforts delight my soul.
Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law?
They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.
But Jehovah is my defense; and my Elohim is the rock of my refuge.
And he shall bring upon them their own iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness; yea, Jehovah our Elohim shall cut them off.
Invocation based upon ver. 20, the throne of iniquity cannot have fellowship with thee.
94:1 El of revenge [? requitals], Jehovah El of requitals, show thyself, 2 judge of the land, rewarder of the proud; 3-7 how long endure the wicked against thee and thine; 8-11 appeal to the wicked, 12-15 comfort for the upright, 16-23 Jehovah our Elohim is the deliverer and the judge.

Psalm 95

Come, let us sing unto Jehovah: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.
Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms.
For Jehovah is a great El, and a great King above all gods [or, elohim].
In his hand are the deep places of the earth: the strength of the hills is his also.
The sea is his, and he made it: and his hands formed the dry land.
O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before Jehovah our maker.
For he is our Elohim; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. Today if ye will hear his voice,
Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.
Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:
Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
95:1-3 Praise and worship invoked to Jehovah El, great as a king above all elohim, 4-7 possessor and creator of heaven and earth our Elohim and we the sheep of his hand. 7-11 Appeal to those still not practically thus, to remember those who provoked him in the wilderness.

Psalm 96

O sing unto Jehovah a new song: sing unto Jehovah, all the earth.
Sing unto Jehovah, bless his name; show forth his salvation from day to day.
Declare his glory among the heathen, his wonders among all people.
For Jehovah is great, and greatly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods [or, elohim].
For all the gods [or, elohim] of the nations are idols: but Jehovah made the heavens.
Honor and majesty are before him: strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.
Give unto Jehovah, O ye kindreds of the people, give unto Jehovah glory and strength.
Give unto Jehovah the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come into his courts.
O worship Jehovah in the beauty of holiness: fear before him, all the earth..
Say among the heathen that Jehovah reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously.
Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fullness thereof.
Let the field be joyful, and all that is therein: then shall all the trees of the wood rejoice
Before Jehovah: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.
96:1, 2 All called to rejoice and worship Jehovah; 3 and 10 tell his glory among the heathen, 13 he comes to judge the earth.

Psalm 97

Jehovah reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof.
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.
A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about.
His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and trembled.
The hills melted like wax at the presence of' Jehovah, at the presence of the lord [adon] of the whole earth.
The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.
Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all ye gods [or, elohim].
Zion heard, and was glad; and the daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy judgments, El Jehovah.
For thou, Jehovah, art high [or, Gneliōn] above all the earth: thou art exalted far above all gods [or, elohim].
Ye that love Jehovah, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.
Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.
Rejoice in Jehovah, ye righteous; and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.
97:1-6 Jehovah comes in all the glory of the Adon of the whole earth; 7 idolatry judged. 8 Zion and Judah rejoice; 9 his glory; 10-12 exhortation to Nazariteship.

Psalm 98

O sing unto Jehovah a new song; for he hath done marvelous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory.
Jehovah hath made known his salvation: his righteousness hath he openly showed in the sight of the heathen.
He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our Elohim.
Make a joyful noise unto Jehovah, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.
Sing unto Jehovah with the harp; with the harp, and the voice of a psalm.
With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before Jehovah, the King.
Let the sea roar, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
Let the floods clap their hands: let the hills be joyful together
Before Jehovah; for he cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.
98:1-3 Jehovah's victory and salvation before the heathen and world, for Israel, 4-9 to be owned before all as Jehovah the king and joyed in; he comes as Judge.

Psalm 99

Jehovah reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth between the cherubims; let the earth be moved.
Jehovah is great in Zion; and he is high above all the people.
Let them praise thy great and terrible name; for it is holy.
The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Exalt ye Jehovah our Elohim, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy.
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon Jehovah, and he answered them.
He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar: they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.
Thou answeredst them, O Jehovah our Elohim: thou wast an El that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions.
Exalt Jehovah our Elohim, and worship at his holy hill; for Jehovah our Elohim is holy.
99:1-4 Jehovah reigns, sitting between the cherubim, in Zion; the king; 5-9 call to exalt him, historic tokens.

Psalm 100

A Psalm of Praise.
Make a joyful noise unto Jehovah, all ye lands. Serve Jehovah with gladness: come before his presence with singing.
Know ye that Jehovah he is Elohim: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name.
For Jehovah is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations.
100:1 Shout to Jehovah, all the land! 2 Serve with joy; 3 relationship to him, 4 duties, 5 his character.
Ver. 1, for "all ye lands" Hebrew has "all the land."

Psalm 101

A Psalm of David.
I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O Jehovah, will I sing.
I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within my house with a perfect heart.
I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to me.
A froward heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person.
Whoso privily slandereth his neighbor, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
Mine eyes shall be upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall serve me.
He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight.
I will early destroy all the wicked of the land; that I may cut off all wicked doers from the city of Jehovah.
The principles of rule.
101:1 Mercy and judgment shall be my song; 2 Jehovah, come to me, in my house; I will walk, with a perfect heart, 3-8 evil banished, the faithful upheld in the land and city.
[Read this also, after 91 and then 102 and 108.]

Psalm 102

A Prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed, and poureth
out his complaint before Jehovah.
Hear my prayer, O Jehovah, and let my cry come unto thee.
Hide not thy face from me in the day when I am in trouble; incline thine ear unto me: in the day when I call answer me speedily.
For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth.
My heart is smitten, and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread.
By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.
I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert.
I watch, and am as a sparrow- alone upon the house top.
Mine enemies reproach me all the day; and they that are mad against me are sworn against me.
For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping,
Because of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou is halt lifted me up, and cast me down.
My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.
But thou, O Jehovah, shalt endure forever; and thy remembrance unto all generations.
Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favor her, yea, the set time, is come.
For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favor the dust thereof.
So the heathen shall fear the name of Jehovah, and all the kings of the earth thy glory.
When Jehovah shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.
He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise Jah.
For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did Jehovah behold the
earth;
To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death;
To declare the name of Jehovah in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem
When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve Jehovah.
He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days.
I said, O my El, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations.
Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.
They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.
The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.
102:1-8 Cry to Jehovah in trouble, weakness, among enemies; 9, 10 under wrath; 11 I pass, but 12 thou, Jehovah, endurest. 13-16 Zion's mercies and hope are in thee, 17-22 This is known to faith on the earth; 23, 24 the weakened one's speech; 25-28 oracular reply thereto.
If Zion's mercies are in Jehovah and known to faith on earth to be there-" what of Him
whose strength was weakened and days shortened, and he taken away in the midst thereof—though Jehovah endures forever?" The answer is "He is of old, the Creator, the unchanging one, etc., and the children of His servants shall continue, and their seed be established forever."

Psalm 103

A Psalm of David.
Bless Jehovah, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name.
Bless Jehovah, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits:
Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;
Who redeemed' thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies;
Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things; so that thy youth is renewed like the eagle's.
Jehovah executeth righteousness and judgment for all that are oppressed.
He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel.
Jehovah is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.
He will not always chide: neither will he keep his anger forever.
He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.
For as the heaven is high above the earth, so great is his mercy toward them that fear him.
As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us.
Like as a father pitieth his children, so Jehovah pitieth them that fear him.
For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we are dust.
As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.
For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.
But the mercy of Jehovah is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;
To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them.
Jehovah hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all.
Bless Jehovah, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.
Bless ye Jehovah, all ye his hosts; ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Bless Jehovah, all his works in all places of his dominion: bless Jehovah, O my soul.
Grace, forgiveness and healing reaches the faithful.
103:1-5 My soul, bless Jehovah—forget not his benefits; 6, 7 his ways, 8-10 character, 11-13 mercy measured to us, 14—22 we in presence of him (17) and his glory.
103. Compare this as uttered by David, under law, and as the song for the Millennial saints on earth; and notice the contrast as to magnitude between ver. 11 and Heb. 10 and Rev. 4; 5 to us now, and between ver. 13 and our sonship Eph. 1 and 2.
103. Redemption, 104. Creation, 105. Patriarchs, 106. The Nation.

Psalm 104

Bless Jehovah, O my soul. O Jehovah my Elohim, thou art very great thou art clothed with honor and majesty.
Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed forever.
Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.
Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.
He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.
They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst.
By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.
He watered the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.
He caused the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.
The trees of Jehovah are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he had planted;
Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.
The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.
The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from El.
The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.
Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labor until the evening.
O Jehovah, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.
These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them. their meat in due season.
That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
The glory of Jehovah shall endure forever: Jehovah shall rejoice in his works.
He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
I will sing unto Jehovah as long as I live: I will sing praise to my Elohim while I have my being.
My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in Jehovah.
Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more. Bless thou Jehovah, O my soul. Hallelu-Jah.
104:1 The glory of Jehovah, my Elohim, 2-4 in creating and using the heavens, 5-24 the earth, 25-30 the sea, &c; all things made, upheld, sustained, nurtured by him and used; 31, 32 his glorious majesty endures and his pleasure in his works; 33, 34 I will praise him, 35 let sinners be consumed out of the earth and the wicked be no more.

Psalm 105

Give thanks unto Jehovah; call upon his name: make known his deeds among the people.
Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous works.
Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek Jehovah.
Seek Jehovah, and his strength: seek his face evermore.
Remember his marvelous works that he hath done; his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;
O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen.
He is Jehovah our Elohim: his judgments are in all the earth.
He hath remembered his covenant forever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.
Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;
And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant:
Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance:
When they were but a few men in number; yea, very few, and strangers in it.
When they went from one nation to another, from one kingdom to another people;
He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes;
Saying, Touch not my Messiah, and do my prophets no harm.
Moreover he called for a famine upon the land: he brake the whole staff of bread.
He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:
Whose feet they hurt with fetters: lie was laid in iron:
Until the time that his word came: the word of Jehovah tried him.
The king sent and loosed him; even the ruler of the people, and let him go free.
He made him lord [adon] of his house, and ruler of all his substance:
To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom.
Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
And he increased his people greatly; and made them stronger than their enemies.
He turned their heart to hate his people, to deal subtilly with his servants.
He sent Moses his servant; and Aaron whom he had chosen.
They showed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham.
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.
He turned their waters into blood, and slew their fish.
Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings.
He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, and lice in all their coasts.
He gave them hail for rain, and flaming fire in their land.
He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts.
He spake, and the locusts came, and caterpillars, and that without number,
And did eat up all the herbs in their land, and devoured the fruit of their ground.
He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength.
He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes.
Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them fell upon them.
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.
The people asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.
He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river.
For he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham his servant.
And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with gladness:
And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labor of the people;
That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Hallelu-Jah.
The good side. He using individuals.
105:1-4 Call to thank Jehovah and extol him before the peoples, 5-15 remember his works, ye seed of Abraham, to whom unconditional promise and covenant, everlasting for Israel, and oath to Isaac individually, &c. were given; 17 Joseph, 26 Moses and Aaron, 27 and all that he did in Egypt, 37 in the Exodus, 40 in the wilderness, 44 in the land.
Acts 7 throws light on Psa. 105 and 106. 105 gives the line of covenant (ver. 8) and promise (ver. 42) to Abraham running through the individuals chosen of Him as heads—mercy and grace distinguishing; judgment going before and on and with them. 106 gives the works of the mass—judged (in contrast with Acts 7) to get them into blessing.

Psalm 107

*Fifth Book: Psalms 107-150. Working up to the full blessing, but not in it.
O give thanks unto Jehovah, for he is good: for his mercy endureth forever.
Let the redeemed of Jehovah say so, whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy;
And gathered them out of the lands, from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south.
They wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in.
Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them.
Then they cried unto Jehovah in their trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses.
And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.
Oh that men would praise Jehovah for his goodness; and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.
Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron;
Because they rebelled against the words of El, and contemned the counsel of Gneliōn:
Therefore he brought down their heart with labor; they fell down, and there was none to help.
Then they cried unto Jehovah in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses.
He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.
Oh that men would praise Jehovah for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.
Fools because of their transgression, and because of iniquities, are afflicted.
Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.
Then they cry unto Jehovah in their trouble, and he saveth them out of their distresses.
He sent his word, and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions.
Oh that men would praise Jehovah for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;
These see the works of Jehovah, and his wonders in the deep.
For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof.
They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.
They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wit's end.
Then they cry unto Jehovah in their trouble, and he bringeth them out of their distresses.
He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still.
Then are they glad because they be quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.
Oh that men would praise Jehovah for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders.
He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the water-springs into dry ground;
A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings.
And there he maketh the hungry to dwell; that they may prepare a city for habitation;
And sow the fields, and plant vineyards, which may yield fruits of increase.
He blesseth them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.
Again, they are diminished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.
He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, where there is no way.
Yet setteth he the poor on high f'rom affliction, and maketh him families like a flock.
The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.
Whoso is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of Jehovah.
107:1—3 Thank Jehovah, for he is good and his mercy forever, ye redeemed of him from all lands, from the east, west, north, and south. 4-9* and 10-16** and 17-22*** and 23-32**** four different classes. His acting upon lands, for sin:33, 34; for mercy 35-38; 39-41 his after dealings; 42, 43 the moral of it all—the lovingkindness of Jehovah known to the righteous and the wise in the end (to the silence of iniquity), in changes upon the twelve tribes and their places of abode.
(*Wandering, need, simple fallen humanity;)
(**prisoners, pressure, daring wilfulness;)
(***fools (in plenty), death, folly;)
(****seafarers, at wits' end, human wisdom and energy, seem to be the four characteristic marks.)

Psalm 108

A Song or Psalm of David.
O Elohim, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.
Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early.
I will praise thee, O Jehovah, among, the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.
For thy mercy is great above the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds.
Be thou exalted, O Elohim, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth;
That thy beloved may be delivered: save with thy right hand, and answer me.
Elohim hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.
Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;
Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph.
Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
Wilt not thou, O Elohim, who hast cast us off? And wilt not thou, O Elohim, go forth with our hosts?
Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.
Through Elohim we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.
Faith seeks to triumph in Jehovah among the peoples and the nations. 7-9 the answer.
108:1 Purpose to praise, 2, 3 attendant circumstances; 4 why? Mercy; 5,6 may he exalt himself that his beloved may be delivered; 7-9 answer and triumph; 10, 11 new needs how met; 12, 13 faith in him.

Psalm 109

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
Hold not thy peace, O Elohim of my praise;
For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me: they have spoken
against me with a lying tongue.
They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause.
For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer.
And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.
When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become sin.
Let his days be few; and let another take his office.
Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.
Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places.
Let the extortioner catch all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labor.
Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: neither let there be any to favor his fatherless children.
Let his posterity be cut off; and in the generation following let their name be blotted out.
Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with Jehovah; and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.
Let them be before Jehovah continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth.
Because that he remembered not to show mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.
As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him.
As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones.
Let it be unto him as the garment which covereth him, and for a girdle wherewith he is girded continually.
Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from Jehovah, and of them that speak evil against my soul.
But do thou for me, O Elohim Adonay, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me.
For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.
I am gone like the shadow when it declineth: I am tossed up and down as the locust.
My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.
I became also a reproach unto them: when they looked upon me they shaked their heads.
Help me, O Jehovah my Elohim: O save me according to thy mercy:
That they may know that this is thy hand; that thou, Jehovah, hast done it.
Let them curse, but bless thou: when they arise, let them be ashamed; but let thy servant rejoice.
Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle.
I will greatly praise Jehovah with my mouth; yea, I will praise him among the multitude.
For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.
The wicked one—Judas—apostate Israel—Antichrist.
109:1 Cry to Elohim of my praise; 2-5 and 16 from the slandering hater; 6-15 and 17-19 and 28, 29 imprecation on him, and 20 on all my enemies. 21-27 Hear me in my weakness and reproach; 30 and 31 I will praise, the poor is cared for.

Psalm 110

A Psalm of David.
Jehovah said unto my lord [adon], Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Jehovah shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.'
Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.
Adonay at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.
110:1-4 Faith's report of Jehovah's thoughts and intentions about my Adon; seated at the right hand on high, he will send him out of Zion over all enemies; his people made willing—himself a priest after the order of Melchizedek.; 5-7 what he Adonay at thy right hand, will do.

Psalm 111

Hallelujah. I will praise Jehovah with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.
The works of Jehovah are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein.
His work is honorable and glorious: and his righteousness endureth forever.
He hath made his wonderful works to be remembered: Jehovah is gracious and full of compassion.
He hath given meat unto them that fear him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant.
He hath showed his people the power of his works, that he may give them the heritage of the heathen. The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.
They stand fast forever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness.
He sent redemption unto his people: he hath commanded his covenant forever: holy and reverend is his name.
The fear of Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his cornmandments: his praise endureth forever.
111:1 Hallelu-Jah. I will praise Jehovah, wholly, in the assembly of the upright and congregation, 2 his works, and 3 work, his righteousness, 4-9 gifts, covenant, power over the heathen, also redemption; 10 his fear is the beginning of wisdom, &c.

Psalm 112

Hallelu-Jah. Blessed is the man that feareth Jehovah, that delighteth greatly in his commandments.
His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.
Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endureth forever.
Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.
A good man showeth favor, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
Surely he shall not be moved forever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.
He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in Jehovah.
His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies.
He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth forever; his horn shall be exalted with honor.
The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.
112:1-9 Hallelu-Jah. Blessedness of him that fears Jehovah; 10 grief and melting away of the wicked.

Psalm 113

Hallelu-Jah. Praise, O ye servants of Jehovah, praise the name of Jehovah.
Blessed be the name of Jehovah from this time forth and for evermore.
From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same Jehovah's name is to be praised.
Jehovah is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens.
Who is like unto Jehovah our Elohim, who dwelleth s on high,
Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth!
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill;
That he may set him with princes, even with the princes of his people.
He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Hallelu-Jah.
113:1-3 Hallelu-Jah, servants of Jehovah praise his name, from now onward forever: over the whole earth;4 his glory above all the goïm and the heavens; 5-9 who is like him; high, he stoops down and cares for the poor and needy and the barren.

Psalm 114

When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;
Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion.
The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.
The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.
What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back?
Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs?
Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the lord [adon], at the presence of the Eloăh of Jacob;
Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.
114:7, 8 Earth called to tremble before Adon, the Eloah of Jacob, who turned rock into pool of water and flint to fountain; 1, 2 whose display when Israel came out of Egypt, as owned by him, is given 3-6.

Psalm 115

Not unto us, O Jehovah, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth's sake.
Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is now their Elohim?
But our Elohim is in the heavens: he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased.
Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.
They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not:
They have ears, but they hear not: noses have they, but they smell not:
They have hands, but they handle not: feet have they, but they walk not: neither speak they through their throat.
They that make them are like unto them; so is every one that trusteth in them.
O Israel, trust thou in Jehovah: he is their help and their shield.
O house of Aaron, trust in Jehovah: he is their help and their shield.
Ye that fear Jehovah, trust in Jehovah: he is their help and their shield.
Jehovah hath been mindful of us: he will bless us; he will bless the house of Israel; he will bless the house of Aaron.
He will bless them that fear Jehovah, both small and great.
Jehovah shall increase you more and more, you and your children.
Ye are blessed of Jehovah which made heaven and earth.
The heaven, even the heavens, are Jehovah's: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.
The dead praise not Jah, neither any that go down into silence.
But we will bless Jah from this time forth and for evermore. Hallelu-Jah.
115:1 Not to us, O Jehovah, but to thee glory,—mercy and truth are thine; 2 why should the heathen say, Where now their Elohim? 3 He is in heaven and has done his pleasure; 4-7 the idols! 8 and their makers! 9-11 Israel, house of Aaron, fearers of Jehovah, trust in him, 12, 13 he thinks of us and will bless you, 14, 15 you are the blessed of him the Creator; 16, 17 larger still; 18 we will ever bless Jah.

Psalm 116

I love Jehovah, because he hath heard my voice and my supplications.
Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, therefore will I call upon him as long as I live.
The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.
Then called I upon the name of Jehovah; O Jehovah, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.
Gracious is Jehovah, and righteous; yea, our Elohim is merciful.
Jehovah preserveth the simple: I was brought low, and he helped me.
Return unto thy rest, O my soul; for Jehovah hath dealt bountifully with thee.
For thou hast delivered my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling.
I will walk before Jehovah in the land of the living.
I believed, therefore have I spoken: I was greatly afflicted:
I said in my haste, All men are liars.
What shall I render unto Jehovah for all his benefits toward me?
I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of Jehovah.
I will pay my vows unto Jehovah now in the presence of all his people.
Precious in the sight of Jehovah is the death of his saints.
O Jehovah, truly I am thy servant; I am thy servant, and the son of thine handmaid: thou hast loosed my bonds.
I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of Jehovah.
I will pay my vows unto Jehovah now in the presence of all his people,
In the courts of Jehovah's house, in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem. Hallelu-Jah.
116:1-5 I love Jehovah, he has heard me; 6-11 he delivered my soul from death; 12-17 I own the debt, 18, 19 before his people and in the midst of the courts of his house in Jerusalem.

Psalm 117

O praise Jehovah, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.
For his merciful kindness is great toward us: and the truth of Jehovah endureth forever. Hallelu-Jah.
117:1 All the goïm:, and all nations praise Jehovah. 2 His mercy is great to us and his truth, forever.

Psalm 118

O give thanks unto Jehovah; for he is good: because his mercy endureth forever.
Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth forever.
Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy endureth forever.
Let them now that fear Jehovah say, that his mercy endureth forever.
I called upon Jah in distress: Jah answered me, and set me in a large place.
Jehovah is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
Jehovah taketh my part with them that help me: therefore shall I see my desire upon them that hate me. It is better to trust in Jehovah than to put confidence in man.
It is better to trust in Jehovah than to put confidence in princes.
All nations compassed me about: but in the name of Jehovah will I destroy them.
They compassed me about; yea, they compassed me about: but in the name of Jehovah I will destroy them.
They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of Jehovah I will destroy them.
Thou hast thrust sore at me that I might fall: but Jehovah helped me.
Jah is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.
The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tabernacles of the righteous: the right hand of Jehovah doeth valiantly.
The right hand of Jehovah is exalted: the right hand of Jehovah doeth valiantly.
I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of Jah.
Jah hath chastened me sore: but he hath not given me over unto death.
Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise Jah:
This gate of Jehovah, into which the righteous shall enter.
I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation.
The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.
This is Jehovah's doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.
This is the day which Jehovah hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.
Save now, I beseech thee, O Jehovah: O Jehovah, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.
Blessed be he that cometh in the name of Jehovah: we have blessed you out of the house of Jehovah.
El is Jehovah, which hath showed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.
Thou art my El, and I will praise thee: thou art my Elohim, I will exalt thee.
O give thanks unto Jehovah; for he is good: for his mercy endureth forever.
118:1-4 Let Israel, the house of Aaron, all that fear Jehovah say now, his mercy is forever. 5 I called in distress; Jah answered me, and 6-9 Jehovah will care for me; 10-12 all the goïm were against me, in his name will I destroy them: 13 Thou hast thrust sore at me, but he helped: 14 Jah is my strength and joy and song, and 15, 16 of the righteous too. 17 Not death but to declare his works is mine; 18 chastened but not given over to death: 19 open to me the gates of righteousness—I will praise Jah. Answer, 20, 22, 24 this is the gate of Jehovah,—the stone; 23 wonderful! 24 it is the day; 25 save and prosper! 26 Messiah owned; the blessing from the house of Jehovah; 27 he owned as the giver of light and self sacrifice; 28 I own him. 29 (as 1) Give thanks to Jehovah for he is good: for his mercy forever.

Psalm 119

(Author’s Notes Psalm 119.- The written Word the only recognized index to divine thoughts—but subjection to Jehovah must be acted upon in order to use it aright.
I give what may seem the distinctive thought dominant in each eight verses. But I fear, though it is not a first, or a second, attempt on my part, that it is not a success.
Each line, in each of the eight verses, begins with a letter of the Alphabet—the letters taken in succession as A, B, C.)
Book V. No. 13. Psa. 119
Aleph. Vs. 1-8
Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of Jehovah.
Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and that seek him with the whole heart.
They also do no iniquity: they walk in his ways.
Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts diligently.
O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes!
Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments.
I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments.
I will keep thy statutes: O forsake me not utterly.
à 1-8 Integrity and self-surrender to Jehovah's word the pathway into the obedience of faith.
Beth. Vs. 9-16
Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word.
With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me so not wander from thy commandments.
Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
Blessed art thou, O Jehovah: teach me thy statutes.
With my lips have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth.
I have rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies, as much as in all riches.
I will meditate in thy precepts, and have respect unto is thy ways.
I will delight myself in thy statutes: I will not forget thy word.
á 9- 16 Cleansing power of the word for a young man's ways.
Gimel. Vs. 17-24
Deal bountifully with thy servant, that I may live, and keep thy word.
Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.
I am a stranger in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.
My soul breaketh for the longing that it bath unto thy so judgments at all times.
Thou hast rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from thy commandments.
Remove from me reproach and contempt; for I have kept thy testimonies.
Princes also did sit and speak against me: but thy servant did meditate in thy statutes.
Thy testimonies also are my delight and my counselors.
ð 17-24 Thou wilt surely stand by thy word;
Daleth. Vs. 25-32
My soul cleaveth unto the dust: quicken thou me according to thy word.
I have declared my ways, and thou heardest me: teach me thy statutes.
Make me to understand the way of thy precepts: so shall I talk of thy wondrous works.
My soul melteth for heaviness: strengthen thou me according unto thy word.
Remove from me the way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.
I have chosen the way of truth: thy judgments have I laid before me.
I have stuck unto thy testimonies: O Jehovah, put me not to shame.
I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.
ã 25- 32 for the soul needs quickening and enlargement,
He. Vs. 33-40
Teach me, O Jehovah, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it unto the end.
Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart.
Make me to go in the path of thy commandments; for therein do I delight.
Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness.
Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken thou me in thy way.
Stablish thy word unto thy servant, who is devoted to thy fear.
Turn away my reproach which I fear: for thy judgments are good.
Behold, I have longed after thy precepts: quicken me in thy righteousness.
ä 33- 40 and teaching and whiting and quickening, in order for the word to be established in it;
Vau. Vs. 41-48
Let thy mercies come also unto me, O Jehovah, even thy salvation, according to thy word.
So shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me: for I trust in thy word.
And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth; for I have hoped in thy judgments.
So shall I keep thy law continually forever and ever.
And I will walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts.
I will speak of thy testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed.
And I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved.
My hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have loved; and I will meditate in thy statutes.
å 41- 48 and then mercies—so as to be strong from it.
Zain. Vs. 49-56
Remember the word unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope.
This is my comfort in my affliction: for thy word hath so quickened me.
The proud have had me greatly in derision: yet have I not declined from thy law.
I remembered thy judgments of old, O Jehovah;, and have comforted myself.
Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage,
I have remembered thy name, O Jehovah, in the night, and have kept thy law.
This I had; because I kept thy precepts.
æ 49- 56 The truster in the word has comfort.
Cheth. Vs. 57-64
Thou art my portion, O Jehovah: I have said that I would keep thy words.
I entreated thy favor with my whole heart: be merciful unto me according to thy word.
I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies.
I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy commandments.
The bands of the wicked have robbed me: but I have not forgotten thy law.
At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee because of thy righteous judgments.
I am a companion of all them that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.
The earth, O Jehovah, is full of thy mercy: teach me thy statutes.
ç 57-64 As Sting such, Jehovah is my portion.
Teth. Vs. 65-72
Thou hest dealt well with thy servant, O Jehovah, according unto thy word.
Teach me good judgment and knowledge: for I have believed thy commandments.
Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word.
Thou art good, and doest good; teach me thy statutes.
The proud have forged a lie against me: but I will keep thy precepts with my whole heart.
Their heart is as fat as grease; but I delight in thy law.
It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes.
The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.
ñ 65-72 Retrospect. Dealt with of Jehovah, according to the word in affliction, I am profited.
Jod. Vs. 73-80
Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments.
They that fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word.
I know, O Jehovah, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.
Let, I pray thee, thy merciful kindness be for my comfort, according to thy word unto thy servant.
Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may live: for thy law is my delight.
Let the proud be ashamed; for they dealt perversely with me without a cause: but I will meditate in thy precepts.
Let those that fear thee turn unto me, and those that have known thy testimonies.
Let my heart be sound in thy statutes; that I be not ashamed.
é 73-80 My Maker! thy word guides me to understand thee.
Caph. Vs. 81- 88
My soul fainteth for thy salvation: but I hope in thy word.
Mine eyes fail for thy word, saying, When wilt thou comfort me?
For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; yet do I not forget thy statutes.
How many are the days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute judgment on them that persecute me?
The proud have digged pits for me, which are not after thy law.
All thy commandments are faithful: they persecute me wrongfully; help thou me.
They had almost consumed me upon earth; but I forsook not thy precepts.
Quicken me after thy lovingkindness; so shall I keep the testimony of thy mouth.
ë 81- 88 Thy word fails not, though I may; I wait for it, amid depths and trial.
Lamed. Vs. 89- 96
Forever, O Jehovah, thy word is settled in heaven.
Thy faithfulness is unto all generations: thou hast established the earth, and it abideth.
They continue this day according to thine ordinances: for all are thy servants.
Unless thy law had been my delights, I should then have perished in mine affliction.
I will never forget thy precepts: for with them thou hast quickened me.
I am thine, save me; for I have sought thy precepts.
The wicked have waited for me to destroy me: but I will consider thy testimonies.
I have seen an end of all perfection: but thy commandment is exceeding broad.
ì 89- 96 Forever, Jehovah, thy word is settled in heaven,-thy law keeps the soul down here;
Mem. Vs. 97-104
O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day.
Thou through thy commandments hast made me wiser than mine enemies: for they are ever with me.
I have more understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation.
I understand more than the ancients, because I keep too thy precepts.
I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word.
I have not departed from thy judgments: for thou hast taught me.
How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth
Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.
î 97-104 how blessedly, here, does it humble and exalt me;
Nun. Vs. 105-112
Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.
I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep thy righteous judgments.
I am afflicted very much: quicken me, O Jehovah, according unto thy word.
Accept, I beseech thee, the freewill offerings of my mouth, O Jehovah, and teach me thy judgments.
My soul is continually in my hand: yet do I not forget thy law.
The wicked have laid a snare for me: yet I erred not from thy precepts.
Thy testimonies have I taken as an heritage forever: for they are the rejoicing of my heart.
I have inclined mine heart to perform thy statutes alway, even unto the end.
ð 105-112 it is light to the energetic life it has given,;
Samech. Vs. 113-120
I hate vain thoughts: but thy law do I love.
Thou art my hiding place and my shield: I hope in thy word.
Depart from me, ye evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my Elohim.
Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope.
Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.
Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit is falsehood.
Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.
My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
í 113-120 and forms the soul in awe of thee, amid the wicked around.
Ain. Vs. 121-128
I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors.
Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.
Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of thy righteousness.
Deal with thy servant according unto thy mercy, and teach me thy statutes.
I am thy servant; give me understanding, that I may know thy testimonies.
It is time for thee, Jehovah, to work: for they have made void thy law.
Therefore I love thy commandments above gold; yea, above fine gold.
Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.
ò 121-128 It teaches to lean on thee, in the sense of this Nazarite ship and of thy thoughts.
Pe. Vs. 129-136
Thy testimonies are wonderful: therefore doth my soul keep them.
The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
I opened my mouth, and panted: for I longed for thy commandments.
Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name.
Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.
Deliver me from the oppression of man: so will I keep thy precepts.
Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; and teach me thy statutes.
Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.
ô 129-136 Admiration of the word, in result leading still to dependance.
Tzaddi. Vs. 137-144
Righteous art thou, O Jehovah, and upright are thy judgments.
Thy testimonies that thou hast commanded are righteous and very faithful.
My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten thy words.
Thy word is very pure: therefore thy servant loveth it.
I am small and despised: yet do not I forget thy precepts.
Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is the truth.
Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: yet thy commandments are my delights.
The righteousness of thy testimonies is everlasting: give me understanding, and I shall live.
ö 137-144 The righteous character of Jehovah, and his word.
Koph. Vs. 145-152
I cried with my whole heart; hear me, O Jehovah: I will keep thy statutes.
I cried unto thee; save me, and I shall keep thy testimonies.
I prevented the dawning of the morning, and cried: I hoped in thy word.
Mine eyes prevent the night watches, that I might meditate in thy word.
Hear my voice according unto thy lovingkindness: O Jehovah, quicken me according to thy judgment.
They draw nigh that follow after mischief: they are far from thy law.
Thou art near, O Jehovah; and all thy commandments are truth.
Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old that thou hast founded them forever.
÷ 145-152 In the depths,-confidence of faith is in the word known of old to be forever.
Ersh. Vs. 153-160
Consider mine affliction, and deliver me: for I do not forget thy law.
Plead my cause, and deliver me: quicken me according to thy word.
Salvation is far from the wicked: for they seek not m thy statutes.
Great are thy tender mercies, O Jehovah: quicken me according to thy judgments.
Many are my persecutors and mine enemies; yet do I not decline from thy testimonies.
I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word.
Consider how I love thy precepts: quicken me, O Jehovah, according to thy lovingkindness.
Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth forever.
ø 153-160 In affliction and persecution., it stays me, that thy word is from the beginning and forever.
Schin. Vs. 161-168
Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
I rejoice at thy word, as one that findeth great spoil.
I hate and abhor lying: but thy law do I love.
Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments.
Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them.
Jehovah, I have hoped for thy salvation, and done thy commandments.
My soul hath kept thy testimonies; and I love them exceedingly.
I have kept thy precepts and thy testimonies: for all my ways are before thee.
ù 161-168 (2 ù, 3 ù, 1 ù, 2 ù) increasing preciousness of the word from its suitableness to circumstances.
Tau. Vs. 169-176
Let my cry come near before thee, O Jehovah: give me understanding according to thy word.
Let my supplication come before thee: deliver me according to thy word.
My lips shall utter praise, when thou hast taught me thy statutes.
My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness.
Let thine hand help me; for I have chosen thy precepts.
I have longed for thy salvation, O Jehovah; and thy law is my delight.
Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy judgments help me.
I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy commandments.
ú 169-176 It suffices as a stay even in the discovery of inward depravity. It is my all.
Their hearts tasting and feeling after Him.
119.- The written Word the only recognized index to divine thoughts—but subjection to Jehovah must be acted upon in order to use it aright.
I give what may seem the distinctive thought dominant in each eight verses. But I fear, though it is not a first, or a second, attempt on my part, that it is not a success.
Each line, in each of the eight verses, begins with a letter of the Alphabet-the letters taken in succession as A, B, C.
à 1-8 Integrity and self-surrender to Jehovah's word the pathway into the obedience of faith.
á 9-16 Cleansing power of the word for a young man's ways.
ð 17-24 Thou wilt surely stand by thy word;
ã 25-32 for the soul needs quickening and enlargement,
ä 33-40 and teaching and whiting and quickening, in order for the word to be established in it;
å 41-48 and then mercies-so as to be strong from it.
æ 49-56 The truster in the word has comfort.
ç 57-64 As Sting such, Jehovah is my portion.
ñ 65-72 Retrospect. Dealt with of Jehovah, according to the word in affliction, I am profited.
é 73-80 My Maker! thy word guides me to understand thee.
ë 81-88 Thy word fails not, though I may; I wait for it, amid depths and trial.
ì 89-96 Forever, Jehovah, thy word is settled in heaven,-thy law keeps the soul down here;
î 97-104 how blessedly, here, does it humble and exalt me;
ð 105-112 it is light to the energetic life it has given,;
í 113-120 and forms the soul in awe of thee, amid the wicked around.
ò 121-128 It teaches to lean on thee, in the sense of this Nazarite ship and of thy thoughts.
ô 129-136 Admiration of the word, in result leading still to dependance.
ö 137-144 The righteous character of Jehovah, and his word.
÷ 145-152 In the depths,-confidence of faith is in the word known of old to be forever.
ø 153-160 In affliction and persecution., it stays me, that thy word is from the beginning and forever.
ù 161-168 (2 ù, 3 ù, 1 ù, 2 ù) increasing preciousness of the word from its suitableness to circumstances.
ú 169-176 It suffices as a stay even in the discovery of inward depravity. It is my all.
The above Psalm seems to be a sort of song illustrative of the properties of the word—in grace—in an evil world—to those that have wandered but are returning to Jehovah.

Psalms 120-134: Fifteen Songs of Degrees

Fifteen songs of degrees, giving the process and way of their being brought back in peace into the presence of Jehovah.

Psalm 120

In my distress I cried unto Jehovah, and he heard me.
Deliver my soul, O Jehovah, from lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue.
What shall be given unto thee? or what shall be done unto thee, thou false tongue?
Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Woe is me, that I sojourn in Mesech, that I dwell in the tents of Kedar!
My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace.
I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.
120:1, 2 In distress I cried to Jehovah, Save me from lying lips and a deceitful tongue; 3, 4 its judgment; 5-7 lament.

Psalm 121

A Song of degrees.
I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help.
My help cometh from Jehovah, which made heaven and earth.
He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.
Behold, he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.
Jehovah is thy keeper: Jehovah is thy shade upon thy a right hand.
The sun shall not smite thee by day, nor the moon by night.
Jehovah shall preserve thee from all evil: he shall preserve thy soul.
Jehovah shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.
121:1, 2 I look up; my help is from Jehovah, maker of heaven and earth. 3-8 (oracular voice) Jehovah is thy keeper—keeper of Israel, &c.

Psalm 122

A Song of degrees of David.
I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of Jehovah.
Our feet shall stand within thy gates, O Jerusalem.
Jerusalem is builded as a city that is compact together:
Whither the tribes go up, the tribes of Jah, unto the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the name of Jehovah.
For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David.
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.
Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces.
For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will now say, Peace be within thee.
Because of the house of Jehovah our Elohim I will seek thy good.
122:1, 2 Heart in Jerusalem; 3-5 its praises; 6 pray for its peace and prosper; 7, 8 I pray for and bless it! 9 for the sake of the house of Jehovah our Elohim.

Psalm 123

A Song of degrees.
Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens.
Behold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of their masters [lords, adonim], and as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon Jehovah our Elohim, until that he have mercy upon us.
Have mercy upon us, O Jehovah, have mercy upon us: for we are exceedingly filled with contempt.
Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud.
123:1 I look up, 2 as a servant—for mercy; 3, 4 still among the wicked.

Psalm 124

A Song of degrees of David.
If it had not been Jehovah who was on our side, now may Israel say;
If it had not been Jehovah who was on our side, when men rose up against us:
Then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us:
Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul:
Then the proud waters had gone over our soul.
Blessed be Jehovah, who hath not given us as a prey to their teeth.
Our soul is escaped as a bird out of the snare of the fowlers: the snare is broken, and we are escaped. Our help is in the name of Jehovah, who made heaven and earth.
124:1-5 Jehovah has been Israel's savior from man, or all had been lost. 6-8 Blessed be he, maker of heaven and of earth.

Psalm 125

A Song of Degrees.
They that trust in Jehovah shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth forever.
As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so Jehovah is round about his people from henceforth even forever.
For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.
Do good, O Jehovah, unto those that be good, and to them that are upright in their hearts.
As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, Jehovah shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: but peace shall be upon Israel.
125:1 They that trust in Jehovah are as mount Zion. 2 He is around his people (amm, Israel) forever, 3 to save them from wickedness; 4, 5 to reward man according to his doings. Peace on Israel.

Psalm 126

A Song of degrees.
When Jehovah turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.
Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the
heathen, Jehovah hath done great things for them.
Jehovah hath done great things for us; whereof we are glad.
Turn again our captivity, O Jehovah, as the streams in the south.
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.
He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.
126:1, 2 Zion's captivity turned—we joyed, the goïm owned it; 3 our owning of it; 4 prayer; 5, 6 sorrow owned as his way to bless.

Psalm 127

A Song of degrees for Solomon.
Except Jehovah build the house, they labor in vain that build it: except Jehovah keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.
It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep.
Lo, children are an heritage of Jehovah: and the fruit of the womb is his reward.
As arrows are in the hand of a mighty man; so are children of the youth.
Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate.
127:1 house built and city kept in vain without Jehovah; so 2 as to food, 3-5 so as to children,—their praise is from Jehovah.

Psalm 128

A Song of degrees.
Blessed is every one that feareth Jehovah; that walketh in his ways.
For thou shalt eat the labor of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, and it shall be well with thee.
Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine by the sides of thine house: thy children like olive plants round about thy table.
Behold, that thus shall the man be blessed that feareth Jehovah.
Jehovah shall bless thee out of Zion: and thou shalt see the good of Jerusalem all the days of thy life.
Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon Israel.
128:1 Blessed is he that fears Jehovah and walks in his ways; 2-6 blessed in time and on earth—as to Zion, Jerusalem and Israel.

Psalm 129

A Song of degrees.
Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth, may Israel now say:
Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth: yet they have not prevailed against me.
The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.
Jehovah is righteous: he hath cut asunder the cords of the wicked.
Let them all be confounded and turned back that hate Zion.
Let them be as the grass upon the housetops, which withereth afore it groweth up:
Wherewith the mower filleth not his hand; nor he that bindeth sheaves his bosom.
Neither do they which go by say, The blessing of Jehovah be upon you: we bless you in the name of Jehovah.
129:1-3 Depths of sorrows from man have been mine; 4 Jehovah is righteous, he has cut asunder the cords of the wicked; 5-8 imprecation on all haters of Zion.

Psalm 130

A Song of degrees.
Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Jehovah.
Adonay, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
If thou, Jah, shouldest mark iniquities, O Adonay, who shall stand?
But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.
I wait for Jehovah, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.
My soul waiteth for Adonay more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.
Let Israel hope in Jehovah: for with Jehovah there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption. And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.
130:1 Out of the depths I cried to Jehovah, 2 hear; 3,4 sin! but there is forgiveness with thee that thou mayest be feared; 5.1 wait and hope, 6 intensely; 7 let Israel hope in him and his redemption; 8 he will redeem.

Psalm 131

A Song of degrees of David.
Jehovah, my heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes lofty: neither do I exercise myself in great matters, or in things too high for me.
Surely I have behaved and quieted myself, as a child that is weaned of his mother: my soul is even as a weaned child.
Let Israel hope in Jehovah from henceforth and forever.
131:1, 2 I am lowly; 3 let Israel hope in Jehovah henceforth and forever.

Psalm 132

A Song of degrees.
Jehovah, remember David, and all his afflictions:
How he sware unto Jehovah, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob;
Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed;
I will not give sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids,
Until I find out a place for Jehovah, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob.
Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah: we found it in the fields of the wood.
We will go into his tabernacles: we will worship at his footstool.
Arise, O Jehovah, into thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength.
Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy saints shout for joy.
For thy servant David's sake turn not away the face of thy Messiah.
Jehovah hath sworn in truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne.
If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall teach them, their children shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore.
For Jehovah hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation.
This is my rest forever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
I will abundantly bless her provision: I will satisfy is her poor with bread.
I will also clothe her priests with salvation: and her saints shall shout aloud for joy.
There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for my Messiah.
His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.
132:1 Jehovah, remember David and his afflictions, 2-5 his purpose to find a place for Jehovah, 6 we heard of it in Ephratah and found it; 7-9 we will go into his tabernacles; worship at his footstool. Rise Jehovah to thy rest and the ark of thy strength,,—thy priests, thy saints; 10 David and the Messiah; 11-18 Jehovah's oath to David—and rich promises.

Psalm 133

A Song of degrees of David.
Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!
It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there Jehovah commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.
133:1 Brotherly unity, 2 its beauty, 3 its blessedness.

Psalm 134

A Song of degrees.
Behold, bless ye Jehovah, all ye servants of Jehovah, which by night stand in the house of Jehovah.
Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless Jehovah.
Jehovah that made heaven and earth bless thee out of Zion.
134:1, 2 Bless Jehovah ye who stand by night in his house; 3 be thou blessed out of Zion by him, Maker of heaven and earth.

Psalm 135

Hallelu-Jah. Praise ye the name of Jehovah; praise him, O ye servants of Jehovah.
Ye that stand in the house of Jehovah, in the courts of the house of our Elohim,
Hallelu-Jah; for Jehovah is good: sing praises unto his name; for it is pleasant.
For Jah hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.
For I know that Jehovah is great, and that our Lord [Adonim] is above all gods [or, elohim].
Whatsoever Jehovah pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places.
He causeth the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain; he bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.
Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast.
Who sent tokens and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants.
Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings;
Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan:
And gave their land for an heritage, an heritage unto Israel his people.
Thy name, O Jehovah, endureth forever; and thy memorial, O Jehovah, throughout all generations.
For Jehovah will judge his people, and he will repent himself concerning his servants.
The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.
They have mouths, but they speak not; eyes have they, but they see not;
They have ears, but they hear not; neither is there any breath in their mouths.
They that make them are like unto them: so is every one that trusteth in them.
Bless Jehovah, O house of Israel: bless Jehovah, O house of Aaron:
Bless Jehovah, O house of Levi: ye that fear Jehovah, bless Jehovah.
Blessed be Jehovah out of Zion, which dwelleth at Jerusalem. Hallelu-Jah.
Jehovah in contrast with Idols.
135:1 Hallelu-Jah. Praise Jehovah's name, ye his servants, 2 in the house, in the courts of the house-3, as good, 4 chooser for himself of Jacob and Israel; as 5 great, 6 doer everywhere of his will, 7 in the air, 8, 9 in judging Egypt, 10-12 and great nations (goïm); 13 enduring in name and memorial, 14 judge of his own people; 15-18 the vanity of idols and their makers; 19, 20 house of Israel, of Aaron, of Levi, ye fearers of Jehovah bless him, 21 out of Zion, dweller in Jerusalem, may he be praised.

Psalm 136

O give thanks unto Jehovah; for he is good: for his mercy endureth forever.
O give thanks unto the Elohim of gods [or, elohim]: for his mercy endureth forever.
O give thanks to the Lord of lords [Adonim of adonim] for his mercy endureth forever.
To him who alone doeth great wonders: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him that by wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him that made great lights: for his mercy endureth forever:
The sun to rule by day: for his mercy endureth forever:
The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him that smote Egypt in their first-born: for his mercy endureth forever:
And brought out Israel from among them: for his mercy endureth forever:
With a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him which divided the Red sea into parts: for his mercy endureth forever:
And made Israel to pass through the midst of it: for his mercy endureth forever:
But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea for his mercy endureth forever.
To him which led his people through the wilderness: for his mercy endureth forever.
To him which smote great kings: for his mercy endureth forever:
And slew famous kings: for his mercy endureth forever:
Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy endureth forever:
And Og the king of Bashan: for his mercy endureth forever:
And gave their land for an heritage: for his mercy endureth forever:
Even an heritage unto Israel his servant: for his mercy endureth forever.
Who remembered us in our low estate: for his mercy endureth forever:
And hath redeemed us from our enemies: for his mercy endureth forever.
Who giveth food to all flesh: for his mercy endureth forever.
O give thanks unto the El of heaven: for his mercy endureth forever.
136:1 Thanks to Jehovah, 2 and to Elohim, for his mercy forever,3 to the Lord of lords, 4 doer of wonders, 5-9 wise and powerful in creation, 10-15 and in redemption out of Egypt, 16 through the wilderness; 17-22 into the land; 23, 24 raiser up of the weak, 25 sustainer, 26 the El of heaven for his mercy forever.

Psalm 137

By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.
We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.
For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion.
How shall we sing Jehovah's song in a strange land?
If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.
If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.
Remember, O Jehovah, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase it, rase it,even to the foundation thereof.
O daughter of Babylon, who art to be destroyed; happy shall he be, that rewardeth thee as thou hast served us.
Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones.
137:1-4 By the rivers of Babylon we wept for Zion, 5, 6 Jerusalem our chief joy; 7 Jehovah, remember Edom's desire to rase it; 8, 9 happy the instrument of Jehovah's judgment on Babylon.

Psalm 138

A Psalm of David.
I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods [or, Elohim] will I sing praise unto thee.
I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.
In the day when I cried thou answeredst me, and strengthenedst me with strength in my soul.
All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, 0 Jehovah, when they hear the words of thy mouth.
Yea, they shall sing in the ways of Jehovah: for great is the glory of Jehovah.
Though Jehovah be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off.
Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save me.
Jehovah will perfect that which concerneth me: thy mercy, O Jehovah, endureth forever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.
138:1, 2 I will praise thee, before the gods, toward thy temple for kindness and truth and thy word, magnified above all thy name; 3 I was heard; 4, 5 all kings shall praise thee, 6 Jehovah is high, yet he respects the lowly and looks at the proud afar off; 7 he delivers me and will perfect all for me.

Psalm 139

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
O Jehovah, thou hast searched me, and known me.
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.
Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.
For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O Jehovah, thou knowest it altogether.
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.
Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain unto it.
Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?
If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there.
If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea;
Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand lo shall hold me.
If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me
Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
For thou hast possessed my reins thou hast covered me in my mother's womb.
I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvelous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.
My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made is in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth.
Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them.
How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O El! how great is the sum of them!
If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee. Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O Eloah: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men.
For they speak against thee wickedly, and thine enemies take thy name in vain.
Do not I hate them, O Jehovah, that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee?
I hate them with perfect hatred: I count them mine enemies.
Search me, O El, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts:
And see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.
Man put into God's presence, unable to stand before or to avoid himp-good and evil known—the soul cast on him.
139:1 Thou hast searched and known me, 2-12 the process in detail, 13-16 how wondrous my frame! 17, 18 precious thy thoughts! 19, 20 thou wilt slay the wicked, 21, 22 I hate them; 23, 24 search one, try me, lead me.

Psalm 140

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.
Deliver me, O Jehovah, from the evil man: preserve me from the violent man;
Which imagine mischiefs in their heart; continually are they gathered together for war.
They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.
Keep me, O Jehovah, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man;
who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
The proud have hid a snare for me, and cords; they have spread a net by the wayside;
they have set gins for me. Selah.
I said unto Jehovah, Thou art my El: hear the voice of my supplications, O Jehovah.
O Elohim Adonay, the strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.
Grant not, O Jehovah, the desires of the wicked: further not his wicked device; lest they exalt themselves. Selah.
As for the head of those that compass me about; let the mischief of their own lips cover them.
Let burning coals fall upon them: let them be cast to into the fire; into deep pits, that they rise not up again.
Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him.
I know that Jehovah will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.
Surely the righteous shall give thanks unto thy name: the upright shall dwell in thy presence.
140:1 Save me, from the evil man, &c., 2-5 described; 6, 7 thou art my hearer and shelter; 8-11 imprecation; 12, 13 Jehovah is for the poor and the upright.

Psalm 141

A Psalm of David.
Jehovah, I cry unto thee: make haste unto me; give ear unto my voice, when I cry unto thee.
Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.
Set a watch, O Jehovah, before my mouth; keep the door of my lips.
Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.
Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me; it shall be an excellent oil, which shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also shall be in their calamities.
When their judges are overthrown in stony places, they shall hear my words; for they are sweet.
Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth, as when one cutteth and cleaveth wood upon the earth.
But mine eyes are unto thee, O Elohim Adonay: in thee is my trust; leave not my soul destitute.
Keep me from the snares which they have laid for me, and the gins of the workers of iniquity.
Let the wicked fall into their own nets, whilst that I withal escape.
141:1, 2 Hear, Jehovah, my cry, 3 keep my lips, 4 my heart from the wicked; 5, 6 let the righteous smite me, I pray for them, in their trouble; 7 we are broken to pieces, 8 I trust in thee, 9 keep me from the wicked, 10 judge them whilst I escape.

Psalm 142

Maschil [or, giving instruction] of David; A Prayer when he was in the cave.
I cried unto Jehovah with my voice; with my voice unto Jehovah did I make my supplication.
I poured out my complaint before him; I showed before him my trouble.
When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a snare for me.
I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but there was no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.
I cried unto thee, O Jehovah: I said, Thou art my refuge and my portion in the land of the living.
Attend unto my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I.
Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name: the righteous shall compass me about; for thou shalt deal bountifully with me.
142:1-5 Retrospect; when all failed me I looked to Jehovah, 6, 7 and I count upon him.

Psalm 143

A Psalm of David.
Hear my prayer, O Jehovah, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, and in thy righteousness.
And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.
Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
I remember the days of old; I meditate on all thy works; I muse on the work of thy hands.
I stretch forth my hands unto thee: my soul thirsteth after thee, as a thirsty land. Selah.
Hear me speedily, O Jehovah: my spirit faileth: hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.
Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.
Deliver me, O Jehovah, from mine enemies: I flee unto thee to hide me.
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my Elohim: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
Quicken me, O Jehovah, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble.
And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I am thy servant.
143:1 Hear and answer me, 2 bring me not into judgment, 3-11 amid sorrows, needs, fears, my heart is on thee, who art about my path; 12 imprecation.

Psalm 144

A Psalm of David.
Blessed be Jehovah my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, and my fingers to fight:
My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and he in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me.
Jehovah, what is man, that thou takest knowledge of him! or the son of man, that thou makest account of him!
Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passeth away.
Bow thy heavens, O Jehovah, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.
Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out thine arrows, and destroy them.
Send thine hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children;
Whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
I will sing a new song unto thee, O Elohim: upon a psaltery and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee.
It is he that giveth salvation unto kings: who delivereth David his servant from the hurtful sword.
Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood:
That our sons may be as plants grown up in their youth; that our daughters may be as corner stones, polished after the similitude of a palace:
That our garners may be full, affording all manner of store: that our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets:
That our oxen may be strong to labor; that there be no breaking in, nor going out; that there be no complaining in our streets.
Happy is that people, that is in such a case: yea, is happy is that people, whose Elohim is Jehovah.
144:1, 2 Blessed be Jehovah my strength and refuge; 3, 4 the littleness of man! 5-8 Come down and save me from the stranger and the wicked. 9, 10 I will sing a new song, he is the deliverer of David from the sword; 11 rid me, &c., that, 12-14 we may have earthly blessings, 15 and blessedness.

Psalm 145

David's Psalm of praise.
I will extol thee, my Elohim, 0 king; and I will bless thy name forever and ever.
Every day will I bless thee; and I will praise thy name forever and ever.
Great is Jehovah, and greatly to be praised; and his greatness is unsearchable.
One generation shall praise thy works to another, and shall declare thy mighty acts.
I will speak of the glorious honor of thy majesty, and of thy wondrous works.
And men shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts: and I will declare thy greatness.
They shall abundantly utter the memory of thy great goodness, and shall sing of thy righteousness. Jehovah is gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy.
Jehovah is good to all: and his tender mercies are over all his works.
All thy works shall praise thee, O Jehovah; and thy to saints shall bless thee.
They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of thy power;
To make known to the sons of men his mighty acts, and the glorious majesty of his kingdom.
Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion endureth throughout all generations. Jehovah upholdeth all that fall, and raiseth up all those that be bowed down.
The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givest them their meat in due season.
Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing.
Jehovah is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.
Jehovah is nigh unto all them that call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth.
Ile will fulfill the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Jehovah preserveth all them that love him: but all the wicked will he destroy.
My mouth shall speak the praise of Jehovah: and let all flesh bless his holy name forever and ever.
" A dialog between Messiah and those blessed for the Millennial earth." (If so, vers. 3, 8 and 9, 14, 17-20, may be announcements through Messiah, and the responses from the mouths of his people in that day).
145:1, 2 I will extol thee, O Elohim, King; I will bless thee forever; 3 the excellency of Jehovah; 4 thy works and acts, One generation to another shall set forth, 5 thy majesty and wonders I, 6, 7, they, &c.; 8, 9, Jehovah's character, 10 his works and saints, 11-13 his kingdom. 14 He is the upholder of the weak, the restorer, 15, 16 provider for all; 17-20 righteous in all his ways, he hears and answers prayer: preserves those that love him, but destroys the wicked. 21 My mouth and all flesh to praise him.

Psalm 146

146-150 are Hallelujah Psalms.
Book V. No. 40. Psa. 146
Hallelu-Jah. Praise, Jehovah, O my soul.
While I live will I praise Jehovah: I will sing praises unto my Elohim while I have any being.
Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help.
His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
Happy is he that hath the El of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in Jehovah his Elohim:
Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keepeth truth forever:
Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. Jehovah looseth the prisoners:
Jehovah openeth the eyes of the blind: Jehovah raiseth them that are bowed down: Jehovah loveth the righteous:
Jehovah preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down.
Jehovah shall reign forever, even thy Elohim, O Zion, unto all generations. Hallelu-Jah.
Description of the character in which he will deal with Israel.
146: Praise ye Jah. My soul praise Jehovah; 2 Yea, while I have being; 3, 4 caution against trust in man; 5-10 happy he whose help and hope is in the Elohim of Jacob. His excellencies. He will reign forever.

Psalm 147

Hallelu-Jah: for it is good to sing praises unto our Elohim; for it is pleasant; and praise is comely. Jehovah doth build up Jerusalem: he gathereth together the outcasts of Israel.
He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.
Great is our Lord [Adonim], and of great power: his understanding is infinite.
Jehovah lifteth up the meek: he casteth the wicked down to the ground.
Sing unto Jehovah with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the harp unto our Elohim:
Who covereth the heaven with clouds, who prepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.
He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.
He delighteth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man.
Jehovah taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Praise Jehovah, O Jerusalem; praise thy Elohim, O Zion.
For he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates; he bath blessed thy children within thee.
He maketh peace in thy borders, and filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.
He sendeth forth his commandment upon earth: his is word runneth very swiftly.
He giveth snow like wool: he scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.
He casteth forth his ice like morsels: who can stand before his cold?
He sendeth out his word, and melteth them: he causeth his wind to blow, and the waters flow.
He showeth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.
He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Hallelujah.
Praise for blessings distinctive of Israel.
147:1 Praise ye Jah our Elohim; it is pleasant; 2 Jehovah builds Jerusalem, gathers the outcasts of Israel, 3 heals the broken hearted and their wounds, 4 counts the stars; 5 great is our Adonim; 6 Jehovah lifts up the meek, casts down the wicked, 7 praise him; 8, 9 his work in providence, 10, 11 taking pleasure (not in brute force but) in those that fear him; 12-14 Jerusalem and Zion, praise him for what he hath done for thee; 15-18 his acts abroad, 19, 20 those distinctive to Jacob and Israel,—to whom alone he has shown his word, statutes and judgments.

Psalm 148

Hallelu-Jah. Praise ye Jehovah from the heavens: praise him in the heights.
Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts.
Praise ye him, sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars of light.
Praise him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens.
Let them praise the name of Jehovah: for he commanded, and they were created.
He hath also stablished them forever and ever: he hath made a decree which shall not pass.
Praise Jehovah from the earth, ye dragons, and all deeps:
Fire, and hail; snow, and vapors; stormy wind fulfilling his word:
Mountains, and all hills; fruitful trees, and all cedars:
Beasts, and all cattle; creeping things, and flying fowl:
Kings of the earth, and all people; princes, and all judges of the earth:
Both young men, and maidens; old men, and children:
Let them praise the name of Jehovah: for his name alone is excellent; his glory is above the earth and heaven..
He also exalteth the horn of his people, the praise of all his saints; even of the children of Israel, a people near unto him. Hallelu-Jah.
148:1, 2 Praise ye Jah. Praise Jehovah from and in the heavens, all ye various companies of his; 3-6 Praise him, ye sun, &c., 7-10 all things from the earth, 11 powers on earth, 12 all men; 13 the alone excellent, also 14 the exalter of Israel.

Psalm 149

Hallelu-Jah. Sing unto Jehovah a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints.
Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King.
Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp.
For Jehovah taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.
Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud s upon their beds.
Let the high praises of El be in their mouth, and a two-edged sword in their hand;
To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people;
To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron;
To execute upon them the judgment written: this honor have all his saints. Hallelu-Jah.
149:1 Praise ye Jah. Praise Jehovah in the congregation of Israel; 2 let Israel rejoice in his maker, Zion in their king, 3 with dance and music, 4 for Jehovah takes pleasure in them; 5, 6 let them joy; 6½-9 invested with retributive power against the heathen. Praise ye Jah.

Psalm 150

Hallelu-Jah. Praise El in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power.
Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness.
Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp.
Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals.
Let everything that hath breath praise Jah. Hallelu-Jah.
Everything that has breath to praise.
150:1, Praise ye Jah and El in his sanctuary; 2 what for, 3-5 how, 6 who to praise Jehovah. Hallelu-Jah.
END OF THE BOOK OF PSALMS.

Postscript

Just as the printing was commenced, I was asked by a friend to review a book " On the use of Jehovah and Elohim in the Pentateuch," etc. It is one of the many pitiful expressions of the ignorant stupidity of German neology, now so plentiful. My present article is the best answer I could have given, containing, as it does, the explanation of the real meaning of the two names, Elohim and Jehovah, and their connections with different displays of divine glory; and, at the same time, putting into the hands of these that fear God the means of examining for themselves the use of these two terms in the Book of the Psalms, and so of judging of the folly which hides itself under the display of knowledge about Elohistic and Jehovistic Scriptures.
The effect of restoring the original names and titles sometimes is to make a failure in the translation apparent; e.g., Book III., No. 17, ver. 8, "O Jehovah Elohim of hosts, who is a strong Jah like unto thee?" "A strong Jah," I trow, would never have dropped from a Hebrew's pen.
In conclusion, until the difference of the titles-" Son of God " and " Son of Man "-is learned, and that too of the heavenly glory from the earthly glory of the Lord is seen, the Psalms never will be understood.
The Incarnation, Life, Service, rejection by man, crucifixion, death, burial and resurrection of the blessed Jesus, all took place in time and on earth. But they were the expressions of counsels long before the earth existed, and not for earth only and a people on it, but for heaven also, and God who is there. And if the land is to be married to Jehovah, so likewise is the Church to be the Bride, the Lamb's wife. Israel and the earthly saints will be subjects to the King in righteousness upon the earth; the Church and the heavenly saints are members of that body of which He is the glorified head; they to have all blessings in time on the earth, under Him, we to have all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Him.
G.V.W.