A Well of Water

John 4  •  15 min. read  •  grade level: 6
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John 4
In the preceding chapter we get the quickening power of the Spirit and the contrast between the old and the new creation here we get another thing- the dwelling of the Spirit in the believer. " The water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water," &c. Of necessity a mail must be born again-born of water and of the Spirit, if he has to say to God. This is what has to be presented to the sinner: " You must be born again," while at the same time we know it must be God's work. It is not in a legal sense that it is said, "ye must," because we know a man cannot accomplish it of himself, but there is a moral necessity for it, because until born again the sinner cannot have one desire, or anything in him, suited to God. It is the requisite flowing from what God is, and what the sinner is. But there is not this moral necessity for the indwelling of the Spirit in the believer. There is no requirement in that, but it is the expression of pure grace. It is not a thing necessary to man, but one given by God, and therefore, not only the Jews, but the Gentiles might have it. "If thou knewest the gift of God," &c. For the Jews, even, it was necessary to be " born again," and that was the instruction of chap. 3. In chap. 4 it is a pure gift of which He speaks, and He would show Gentiles might have it, as well as Jews, for this was a poor Samaritan He was speaking to.
The life that is given brings in power, as well as a new nature. The new nature has certain characteristics, love, holiness, &c. " He that is born of God sinneth not." But there is another thing, viz., power; and without this the very desire for holiness will occasion distress of soul and the sense of condemnation, and there will be neither peace, joy, liberty, nor consciousness of relationship; all which are formed on the indwelling of the Spirit of God. The Spirit of God produces these effects in the soul in which He dwells, bringing forth in us what is like God. Thus we see the difference between the Holy Ghost quickening, or giving a new nature, and the Holy Ghost dwelling in us and giving us power.
The woman comes to draw. The Lord asks for drink. She is surprised at His asking her for water. Before, we have seen Him talking to a Jew, a Pharisee, a Rabbi, but here was a poor Samaritan. She was astonished at His having overleaped all bounds, and come in perfect freedom to speak to her. But here was the gift of grace come down to her as well as to the Jews.
Passing over the details of her conversation, which are most interesting, I will notice the lowliness of Jesus, in His actings towards her. His position here is founded on His entire rejection as coming in the way of promise. He is on His way, as rejected, to Galilee, the place where God visits His remnant. (Isa. 9) "The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light." He left Judea, and God leads Him through this wretched, apostate race; just a picture of the Lord's actings now in sovereign grace, gathering out Gentiles before He comes to the remnant. That which lays hold of a sinner is sovereign grace. Christ is rejected by man, and man is rejected by God. There is mutual and complete rejection. Promise is gone because Christ, coming with the promises, was rejected. " My soul abhorred them, and their souls abhorred me." It is now a rejected, humbled Christ, bestowed as the sovereign gift of God. "If thou knewest the gift of God.", God was giving freely, and He who gave was there. He who could create another heaven and earth if He pleased, came to ask drink of her! What confidence in His grace it inspired! He does not expect her to ask of Him until He has asked of her. Our pride would say, "If I accept favors of God, He will accept favors of me." Here is God Himself coming and saying, "If thou knewest the gift of God," &c. He would be dependent for a drink of the brook by the way; such was the position He took! When He could put Himself in such a place as to ask a favor of her, all the sluices of her confidence are opened. " He must needs go through Samaria." His path led through it. That was the path in which His love in coming down here put Him, and it overleaped all bounds.
There is nothing so hard for our vile hearts to understand as grace, but there is nothing so simple. If you knew the Person of Him who asks, you would know the perfectness of grace coming down to the wretchedness of man to bestow. It is not now you must be this or that, but here is God comes down to you. He is at perfect ease with the woman though she was going on with her sins; she a Samaritan, and yet there is God going on with her. The revelation of God in this way gives the consciousness that she can get what He has to give. The moment a soul apprehends what it has in Christ, IT HAS IT. "Sir, give me this water."
There is a thought added now (ver. 16) her sins have to be made known. There is no understanding of what He has to give until the conscience is reached, and she has the conscience of sin. If the things of God could be reached by the natural understanding, man would in a sense be a match for God. But man is not in that position with God now, whatever his position was in innocence. Now when the conscience is opened it brings the sense of need. Then the sinner sees nothing but sins, and sees also that nothing but God's grace can meet them. A man never gets spiritual understanding until God has dealt with his conscience ... Until the flesh is in a measure judged the Christian has no power to understand God. " If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is," &c. When I know the person of the Lord Jesus Christ, I know that I have everything I can need, because everything is in Him-love, power, holiness, everything is in Him. " He that drinketh of the water that I shall give him," &c. A detected sinner is in a different case to being in possession of the well, and yet the detection was on the way to it. The way to bring this well into the heart was to convict of sin. She was in the presence of God! DO you think of that?-That we are in the presence of God. We should never sin if we did. The woman follows the natural course of her own thoughts in talking about the water from the well (verses 11, 12). But Christ says, " the water that I shall give him, shall be in him a well of water." In using what sin gives in this world it is soon spent. The strength is gone in the spending-the spring becomes dry. But with spiritual things it is just the reverse, the more I spend the more I've got. The water becomes a well "springing up," spiritual capacity increases. "To him that hath shall be given." Besides, it leaves no desires for anything else, no hankering after that I have not got. He shall never thirst, never thirst after anything else, whilst there will be the increasing sense of need of the living water continually. I cannot say this practically of one whose soul is hankering after earthly things. When there is this hard crust over the soul there is need of humbling; but the natural state of a Christian is to go on, and have more given. A Christian sunk down into the flesh is thirsting. If I hunt down to the bottom of his soul I may find the well; but there ought to be rather the sense of possession than of need in the soul. Here is rest and power. We have not only everlasting life in Him, from whom we shall never be separated, but the man has a well of water in himself " It shall be in him a well of water." This is power coming down from God; heaven is brought down into my heart. It is the power of divine life bringing me into fellowship with the Father and the Son. It is nothing short of all that is in God dwelling in me. I have got something that lays hold of that life, the gift of God. Mark, it is here the well of water in the individual. There is an eternal spring in my own soul. There's a power in the person associating him with all that is in God. The man drinks it in, receives it as a thirsty person, and then it becomes in him a well which makes him partaker of what is in God. It brings into intercourse with, and to feeding, in spiritual apprehension, on the things of God. It has not reference to outward gift, but to living power in the soul embracing all that the Father and the Son have, and it has its character and stamp in the person of the eternal life to which it springs. These everlasting things belong to the person who enjoys them. It springs up to everlasting life.
I now turn to Rom. viii. to trace the way in which the Spirit is brought out there as life and power. As the breath of life was given to the first Adam, and he became a living soul, so we have the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus. After life there is power also. This is the consequence of the sentence passed upon sin in its whole nature, not on sins only. In Christ on the cross, God condemned sin in the flesh. God has dealt with it, and judged it in the person of Christ. As soon as I am quickened, there is the inquiry, How am I to get rid of this sense of sin in the flesh? It is already condemned. Not only are the sins condemned, but the principle of sin is condemned. " They that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh-they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit." There is power, not only desire. " That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh but after the Spirit." The Spirit is not only the source of the new nature, but the power that puts this new nature into living connection with its object. It is not only the flesh on one side and the new nature on the other, but I have the Holy Ghost in the new nature. God has condemned sin in the flesh by the death and resurrection of Christ. There is the revelation of the Father and the Son, received by the soul, in which the Holy Ghost dwells.
The Holy Ghost now works in power on the new nature, because Christ has dealt with the old. This is not like the Spirit as given to Balaam; but it is showing how the believer receives the Spirit after he is quickened. " Ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit." This puts me on the ground of what God is to me, and not what I am to God. As to our standing, this is our position. The Father loves me as He loves Jesus. I own no life but what the Spirit gives, and because of the Spirit dwelling thus in me as the grand link with the Father and the Son, there is not one bit of the believer which belongs to sin or to the devil; but spirit, soul, and body, we belong to God. " The Spirit is life because of righteousness."
Another thing is, that He will quicken these mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in us. In the burial of a Christian, I cannot say we commit the body to the earth, but to Him who redeemed it. There is also relationship. " Sons of God." If led of the Spirit I am a child, I have the spirit of adoption. I am thrown into entire association with Christ. I am a child of God and have the consciousness of the Spirit of adoption. " The Spirit beareth witness with our spirit," &c. We are set there by sovereign grace. It is not what we think about it, but what we are-" the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus." The Holy Ghost cannot say, " I do not know whether I am saved," " I doubt," " I hope to be saved." The Holy Ghost brings it into the heart, and gives the blessed sense of the relationship.
When the high priest went into the presence of God, the light shone upon all the names engraven on the breastplate, and that was an inferior relationship, but it is true that the same delight which the Father finds in Jesus, He finds in us. There is the shedding abroad in the heart of Divine love, by the Spirit, just as a candle sheds abroad its light in the place where it is.
So if the Holy Ghost really dwells in my heart God's love is there, for God the Holy Ghost is there. Though it is my heart, it is God's love that is there.
The Spirit sheds it abroad by being there. Just as Christ being in the heart draws down his own love into it.
Again, if the Spirit thus dwells in us there will be the consciousness of groaning with the creation around. If we walk through the world with Christ's love filling the heart, there is not a single thing but will awaken sorrow-the sorrow not of irritability, but of love. Christ did ever the work of love, but with what a sense of the way in which death had conic in. He was always sorrowing because all love. The Son of Man was " acquainted with grief," not only trouble, but grief. It went into his heart. We see Jesus groaning at the grave of Lazarus, although He knew what deliverance He could effect. If we had been going to do it we should have gone gaily in, because going to bring comfort to the family, but Jesus had such a sense of the groaning of creation that he groaned.
The Spirit also helpeth our infirmities by putting us in communion. With God's love. The Spirit by dwelling in me makes me to realize love in the midst of sorrow. Instead of selfishness it produces prostration of spirit in the sense of what is around. The Spirit takes up the sorrow which nature sinks under, but helps my infirmities by putting -Me into communion with the perfect love of God shown in Christ's humiliation. The Holy Ghost being given to us in Christ, and God having come down to us in all our necessities, we are carried back into the midst of the sorrow and the sin in the sense of that in which believers groan. This woman at the well (John 4) was conscious of the creation she belonged to. She had no power to overcome sin, but perhaps was well wearied with it; coming as she did in the heat of the day to draw water, not at the hour that others came, for shame. She did not know what she was coming for then, and when she had got the living water, she went back to the city to tell the Samaritans. Thus should we carry back the love which has delivered us into the world from which we have been delivered. The Spirit helpeth our infirmities. Our understandings are not fully informed of what we want, but the " Spirit Himself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. And He that searcheth the heart knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit." If God searches our hearts what does he see there? A quantity of sin to be sure, but He sees desires there. The Spirit maketh intercession according to God, and yet from poor creatures who do not know what to ask for. The use the Holy Ghost makes of it is to take up the groaning. Every groan I utter is the positive witness of blessing in the midst of sorrow because of the intercession of the Spirit according to God, What a well of water! it is not crying out for self, but so realizing the blessedness of God's presence in the midst of it that selfishness is gone, and a means opened while in the body of being the vessel of the intercession of the whole creation; all our own sufferings lost in the thought of its being the, path to glory. Christ's heart was moved when He saw sorrow. He would not have us cold and indifferent to it, yet not selfishly affected by it, but full of tenderness and compassion towards those who are suffering. He hath set us an example that we should follow in his steps.