Concise Bible Dictionary:

The Roman title given to the chief ruler of a district. Judaea was governed by a procurator, ἠγεμών, who held his authority directly from the emperor, and was invested with powers of life and death. Roman citizens, however, were privileged to appeal from his authority to the emperor. The procurators were to some extent responsible to the Presidents of Syria. Those mentioned in the New Testament are Pontius Pilate, Felix, and Festus. In the AV they are called “governors.”