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Ephesians 1

Eph. 1:5 KJV (With Strong’s)

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5
Having predestinated
proorizo (Greek #4309)
to limit in advance, i.e. (figuratively) predetermine
KJV usage: determine before, ordain, predestinate.
Pronounce: pro-or-id'-zo
Origin: from 4253 and 3724
m us
hemas (Greek #2248)
us
KJV usage: our, us, we.
Pronounce: hay-mas'
Origin: accusative case plural of 1473
unto
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
the adoptionn of children
huiothesia (Greek #5206)
the placing as a son, i.e. adoption (figuratively, Christian sonship in respect to God)
KJV usage: adoption (of children, of sons).
Pronounce: hwee-oth-es-ee'-ah
Origin: from a presumed compound of 5207 and a derivative of 5087
by
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
Jesus
Iesous (Greek #2424)
Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites
KJV usage: Jesus.
Pronounce: ee-ay-sooce'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (03091)
Christ
Christos (Greek #5547)
anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus
KJV usage: Christ.
Pronounce: khris-tos'
Origin: from 5548
to
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
himself
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
, according
kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
to the good pleasure
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
eudokia (Greek #2107)
satisfaction, i.e. (subjectively) delight, or (objectively) kindness, wish, purpose
KJV usage: desire, good pleasure (will), X seem good.
Pronounce: yoo-dok-ee'-ah
Origin: from a presumed compound of 2095 and the base of 1380
p of his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
will
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
thelema (Greek #2307)
a determination (properly, the thing), i.e. (actively) choice (specially, purpose, decree; abstractly, volition) or (passively) inclination
KJV usage: desire, pleasure, will.
Pronounce: thel'-ay-mah
Origin: from the prolonged form of 2309
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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predestinated.
unto.
Jer. 3:4,19• 4Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My father, thou art the guide of my youth?
19But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.
(Jer. 3:4,19)
;
Hos. 1:10• 10Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. (Hos. 1:10)
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John 1:12• 12But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: (John 1:12)
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John 11:52• 52And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. (John 11:52)
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Rom. 8:14‑17,23• 14For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
15For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
16The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
17And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.
23And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
(Rom. 8:14‑17,23)
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2 Cor. 6:18• 18And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. (2 Cor. 6:18)
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Gal. 4:5‑6• 5To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
6And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
(Gal. 4:5‑6)
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Heb. 12:5‑9• 5And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him:
6For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
7If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?
8But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.
9Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
(Heb. 12:5‑9)
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1 John 3:1• 1Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. (1 John 3:1)
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Rev. 21:7• 7He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. (Rev. 21:7)
by.
according.
Eph. 1:9,11• 9Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
11In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
(Eph. 1:9,11)
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Dan. 4:35• 35And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou? (Dan. 4:35)
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Matt. 1:25• 25And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS. (Matt. 1:25)
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Matt. 11:26• 26Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight. (Matt. 11:26)
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Luke 10:21• 21In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight. (Luke 10:21)
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Luke 11:32• 32The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. (Luke 11:32)
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Rom. 9:11‑16• 11(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
12It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.
13As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
14What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
15For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
16So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy.
(Rom. 9:11‑16)
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1 Cor. 1:1,21• 1Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,
21For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
(1 Cor. 1:1,21)
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Phil. 2:13• 13For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. (Phil. 2:13)
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2 Thess. 1:11• 11Wherefore also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power: (2 Thess. 1:11)
 This verse sets before us, not the nature of God, but the intimacy, as we have said, of a positive relationship. Hence it is according to the good pleasure of His will. He may have angels before Him as servants; it was His will to have sons. (Ephesians 1 by J.N. Darby)
 He adds, “Unto himself.” One might say this is implied in the word “adoption.” But the Spirit would particularize this thought to our hearts, that the Father chooses to have us in an intimate relationship with Himself as sons. (Ephesians 1 by J.N. Darby)
 In verses 4-6 our own portion in Christ before God is developed. Verse 4 depends on the name of God; verse 5, on that of Father. (Ephesians 1 by J.N. Darby)
 This verse sets before us, not the nature of God, but the intimacy, as we have said, of a positive relationship. Hence it is according to the good pleasure of His will. He may have angels before Him as servants; it was His will to have sons. (Ephesians 1 by J.N. Darby)
 “Unto himself.” One might say this is implied in the word “adoption.” But the Spirit would particularize this thought to our hearts, that the Father chooses to have us in an intimate relationship with Himself as sons. (Ephesians 1 by J.N. Darby)
 When we hear of the good pleasure of His will, we have language suitable to sovereign special love—that which He displays in order to manifest His own favor. But when we hear of “holy and without blame,” (v.4) it is God who has chosen us for it. (Remarks on Ephesians 1:4-14 by W. Kelly)
 We might be there holy and without blame before Him in love, yet simply as servants. Her Majesty the Queen may surround herself with servants to do her will….But it is not as mere servants, but as sons we shall be there—consciously as sons: not merely standing there, like angels, as ministers of His pleasure, but there as those who take an interest in what He is interested in. We shall feel not merely for Him, but with Him. (Remarks on Ephesians 1:4-14 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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having marked us out beforehandd for adoptione through Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

JND Translation Notes

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d
The word translated "marked out beforehand" involves purpose. It is not "counsel," though it is "according to the good pleasure of his will," and, in ver. 11, "according to his purpose," and "according to the counsel of his own will." The word horizo means "mark out," "determine," as in Rom. 1.4; here pro (beforehand) is prefixed. It refers generally to persons, but is applied to things as in 1 Cor. 2.7. When applied to persons, that to which they are destined is always added.
e
Or "sonship," as Gal. 4.5.

W. Kelly Translation

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having predestinated us for adoption through Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good pleasure of his will1,

WK Translation Notes

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1
adoption ^: [See note to John 1:12.]