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1 Timothy 4

1 Tim. 4:3 KJV (With Strong’s)

ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
koluo (Greek #2967)
to estop, i.e. prevent (by word or act)
KJV usage: forbid, hinder, keep from, let, not suffer, withstand.
Pronounce: ko-loo'-o
Origin: from the base of 2849
to marry
gameo (Greek #1060)
to wed (of either sex)
KJV usage: marry (a wife).
Pronounce: gam-eh'-o
Origin: from 1062
, and commanding to abstain from
apechomai (Greek #567)
to hold oneself off, i.e. refrain
KJV usage: abstain.
Pronounce: ap-ekh'-om-ahee
Origin: middle voice (reflexively) of 568
broma (Greek #1033)
food (literally or figuratively), especially (ceremonially) articles allowed or forbidden by the Jewish law
KJV usage: meat, victuals.
Pronounce: bro'-mah
Origin: from the base of 977
, which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
hath created
ktizo (Greek #2936)
to fabricate, i.e. found (form originally)
KJV usage: create, Creator, make.
Pronounce: ktid'-zo
Origin: probably akin to 2932 (through the idea of proprietorship of the manufacturer)
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
be received
metalepsis (Greek #3336)
KJV usage: taking.
Pronounce: met-al'-ape-sis
Origin: from 3335
k with
meta (Greek #3326)
properly, denoting accompaniment; "amid" (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive association, or accusative succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between 575 or 1537 and 1519 or 4314; less intimate than 1722 and less close than 4862)
KJV usage: after(-ward), X that he again, against, among, X and, + follow, hence, hereafter, in, of, (up-)on, + our, X and setting, since, (un-)to, + together, when, with (+ -out). Often used in composition, in substantially the same relations of participation or proximity, and transfer or sequence.
Pronounce: met-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition (often used adverbially)
eucharistia (Greek #2169)
gratitude; actively, grateful language (to God, as an act of worship)
KJV usage: thankfulness, (giving of) thanks(-giving).
Pronounce: yoo-khar-is-tee'-ah
Origin: from 2170
of them which believe
pistos (Greek #4103)
objectively, trustworthy; subjectively, trustful
KJV usage: believe(-ing, -r), faithful(-ly), sure, true.
Pronounce: pis-tos'
Origin: from 3982
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
epiginosko (Greek #1921)
to know upon some mark, i.e. recognize; by implication, to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge
KJV usage: (ac-, have, take)know(-ledge, well), perceive.
Pronounce: ep-ig-in-oce'-ko
Origin: from 1909 and 1097
the truth
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
aletheia (Greek #225)
KJV usage: true, X truly, truth, verity.
Pronounce: al-ay'-thi-a
Origin: from 227

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

to abstain.
1 Tim. 4:4• 4For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: (1 Tim. 4:4)
1 Sam. 9:13• 13As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him. (1 Sam. 9:13)
Matt. 14:19• 19And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. (Matt. 14:19)
Matt. 15:36• 36And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. (Matt. 15:36)
Luke 24:30• 30And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. (Luke 24:30)
John 6:23• 23(Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:) (John 6:23)
Acts 27:35• 35And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat. (Acts 27:35)
Rom. 14:6• 6He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. (Rom. 14:6)
1 Cor. 10:30‑31• 30For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?
31Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
(1 Cor. 10:30‑31)
Col. 3:17• 17And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. (Col. 3:17)
 Here the liberty which characterizes those who have the Spirit is supplanted by a systematic bondage of man's will,' setting up to be holier than God (On 1 Timothy 4:1-5 by W. Kelly)
 Error lays hold of the exception (for even error cannot subsist without a scrap or show of truth) and converts the exception into a human rule. (On 1 Timothy 4:1-5 by W. Kelly)
 Satan exalts some to such a height of philosophic folly as to deny that they came from His hand who reconciled them to Himself by the death of His Son; then to imagine them to be the temptations of an evil being; finally to conceive that there is no such thing as creation or consequently a Creator. So that the error if a little beginning becomes the beginning of a very great evil. (On 1 Timothy 4:1-5 by W. Kelly)
 Having turned from the faith, they deny God as our Savior, and in refusing marriage and meats, they deny God as the Creator. (Warnings Against Religious Flesh and Instruction in Piety: 1 Timothy 4 by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

forbidding to marry, bidding to abstain from meats, which God has created for receiving with thanksgiving for them who are faithful and knowc the truth.

JND Translation Notes

Or "acknowledge." from the same root as "knowledge" in ch. 2.4.

W. Kelly Translation

forbidding to marry, [biddinga] to abstain from meats which God created for reception with thanksgiving by those faithful and fully acquainted with the truth.

WK Translation Notes

This is a case of what the grammarians call zeugma, where another verb is implied by the context, as in chapter 2:12 of this Epistle.