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2 Corinthians 7

2 Cor. 7:10 KJV (With Strong’s)

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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
For
gar (Greek #1063)
properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles)
KJV usage: and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.
Pronounce: gar
Origin: a primary particle
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kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
godly
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
sorrow
lupe (Greek #3077)
sadness
KJV usage: grief, grievous, + grudgingly, heaviness, sorrow.
Pronounce: loo'-pay
Origin: apparently a primary word
z worketh
katergazomai (Greek #2716)
to work fully, i.e. accomplish; by implication, to finish, fashion
KJV usage: cause, to (deed), perform, work (out).
Pronounce: kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee
Origin: from 2596 and 2038
repentance
metanoia (Greek #3341)
(subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication, reversal (of (another's) decision)
KJV usage: repentance.
Pronounce: met-an'-oy-ah
Origin: from 3340
to
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
salvation
soteria (Greek #4991)
rescue or safety (physically or morally)
KJV usage: deliver, health, salvation, save, saving.
Pronounce: so-tay-ree'-ah
Origin: feminine of a derivative of 4990 as (properly, abstract) noun
not to be repented of
ametameletos (Greek #278)
irrevocable
KJV usage: without repentance, not to be repented of.
Pronounce: am-et-am-el'-ay-tos
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of 3338
: but
de (Greek #1161)
but, and, etc.
KJV usage: also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
Pronounce: deh
Origin: a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
the sorrow
lupe (Greek #3077)
sadness
KJV usage: grief, grievous, + grudgingly, heaviness, sorrow.
Pronounce: loo'-pay
Origin: apparently a primary word
of the world
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
a worketh
katergazomai (Greek #2716)
to work fully, i.e. accomplish; by implication, to finish, fashion
KJV usage: cause, to (deed), perform, work (out).
Pronounce: kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee
Origin: from 2596 and 2038
death
thanatos (Greek #2288)
(properly, an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: X deadly, (be...) death.
Pronounce: than'-at-os
Origin: from 2348
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More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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repentance.
2 Cor. 12:21• 21And lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed. (2 Cor. 12:21)
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2 Sam. 12:13• 13And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord. And Nathan said unto David, The Lord also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. (2 Sam. 12:13)
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1 Kings 8:47‑50• 47Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness;
48And so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name:
49Then hear thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven thy dwelling place, and maintain their cause,
50And forgive thy people that have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them:
(1 Kings 8:47‑50)
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Job 33:27‑28• 27He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;
28He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
(Job 33:27‑28)
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Jer. 31:9• 9They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn. (Jer. 31:9)
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Ezek. 7:16• 16But they that escape of them shall escape, and shall be on the mountains like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning, every one for his iniquity. (Ezek. 7:16)
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Ezek. 18:27‑30• 27Again, when the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.
28Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
29Yet saith the house of Israel, The way of the Lord is not equal. O house of Israel, are not my ways equal? are not your ways unequal?
30Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord God. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.
(Ezek. 18:27‑30)
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Jonah 3:8,10• 8But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.
10And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.
(Jonah 3:8,10)
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Matt. 21:28‑32• 28But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.
29He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.
30And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.
31Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
32For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.
(Matt. 21:28‑32)
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Matt. 26:75• 75And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. (Matt. 26:75)
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Luke 15:10• 10Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth. (Luke 15:10)
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Luke 18:13• 13And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. (Luke 18:13)
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Acts 3:19• 19Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord; (Acts 3:19)
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Acts 11:18• 18When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. (Acts 11:18)
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2 Tim. 2:25‑26• 25In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
26And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
(2 Tim. 2:25‑26)
the sorrow.The sorrow of carnal men about worldly objects, loss of fortune, fame, or friends; which, being separated from the fear and love of God, and faith in his providence and mercy, frequently drinks up their spirits, breaks their proud, rebellious hearts, or drives them to lay desperate hands on themselves.
Gen. 4:13‑15• 13And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear.
14Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
15And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
(Gen. 4:13‑15)
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Gen. 30:1• 1And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto Jacob, Give me children, or else I die. (Gen. 30:1)
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1 Sam. 30:6• 6And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the Lord his God. (1 Sam. 30:6)
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2 Sam. 13:4• 4And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister. (2 Sam. 13:4)
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2 Sam. 17:23• 23And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father. (2 Sam. 17:23)
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1 Kings 21:4• 4And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread. (1 Kings 21:4)
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Prov. 15:13,15• 13A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
15All the days of the afflicted are evil: but he that is of a merry heart hath a continual feast.
(Prov. 15:13,15)
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Prov. 17:22• 22A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones. (Prov. 17:22)
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Prov. 18:14• 14The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear? (Prov. 18:14)
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Jonah 4:9• 9And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, even unto death. (Jonah 4:9)
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Matt. 27:4‑5• 4Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
5And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
(Matt. 27:4‑5)
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Heb. 12:17• 17For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. (Heb. 12:17)
 Repentance is the soul as born of God sitting in judgment of the old man and its acts, its words and its ways. And as repentance for remission of sins was to be preached in Christ's name, so He was exalted to give both. It is not a changed mind however great about God in Christ, which is rather what faith is and gives; it is the renewed mind taking account of the man and his course according to God's word and nature. Hence it is said to be not about God, but “toward God” or Godward; for the conscience then takes His side in self-judgment before Him, and all is weighed as in His sight. It is of course of the Spirit, not intellectual but moral. (Notes on 2 Corinthians 7:1-16 by W. Kelly)
 As an assembly, they “sorrowed to repentance” (vs. 10). This was a collective sorrow and a collective repentance. This shows that sorrow and repentance are two different things. Godly sorrow is grief over sin allowed or committed. Repentance is to have a changed mind about a course of sin that we have pursued and to pass judgment on it. (The Grounds on Which Paul Could Now Come to Them: 2 Corinthians 7:6-16 by B. Anstey)
 onfession is an act, but repentance is a process. This does not mean that we are to go around beating ourselves up in sorrow for the rest of our lives, because repentance and sorrow are two different things. What is to be on-going in our lives is a changed mind toward all sin that we once pursued. (The Grounds on Which Paul Could Now Come to Them: 2 Corinthians 7:6-16 by B. Anstey)

J. N. Darby Translation

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For grief according to God works repentance to salvation, never to be regretted; but the grief of the world works death.

W. Kelly Translation

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For grief according to God worketh repentance to salvation not to be regretted: but the grief of the world worketh out death1.

WK Translation Notes

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[whole verse]: [See note to 2 Cor. 7:8]
worketh: ἐργάζεται אpm B C D E P, etc. κατ- Text.Rec. with אcorr. F G K L, and most cursives, etc. (Notes on 2 Cor., p.146)