Acts 18:12 KJV (With Strong’s)

ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
de (Greek #1161)
but, and, etc.
KJV usage: also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
Pronounce: deh
Origin: a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
when Gallio
Gallion (Greek #1058)
Gallion (i.e. Gallio), a Roman officer
KJV usage: Gallio.
Pronounce: gal-lee'-own
Origin: of Latin origin
was the deputy
anthupateuo (Greek #445)
to act as proconsul
KJV usage: be the deputy.
Pronounce: anth-oo-pat-yoo'-o
Origin: from 446
of Achaia
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Achaia (Greek #882)
Achaia (i.e. Greece), a country of Europe
KJV usage: Achaia.
Pronounce: ach-ah-ee'-ah
Origin: of uncertain derivation
, the Jews
Ioudaios (Greek #2453)
Judaean, i.e. belonging to Jehudah
KJV usage: Jew(-ess), of Judaea.
Pronounce: ee-oo-dah'-yos
Origin: from 2448 (in the sense of 2455 as a country)
made insurrection
katephistemi (Greek #2721)
to stand over against, i.e. rush upon (assault)
KJV usage: make insurrection against.
Pronounce: kat-ef-is'-tay-mee
Origin: from 2596 and 2186
with one accord
homothumadon (Greek #3661)
KJV usage: with one accord (mind).
Pronounce: hom-oth-oo-mad-on'
Origin: adverb from a compound of the base of 3674 and 2372
against Paul
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Paulos (Greek #3972)
(little; but remotely from a derivative of 3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle
KJV usage: Paul, Paulus.
Pronounce: pow'-los
Origin: of Latin origin
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
ago (Greek #71)
properly, to lead; by implication, to bring, drive, (reflexively) go, (specially) pass (time), or (figuratively) induce
KJV usage: be, bring (forth), carry, (let) go, keep, lead away, be open.
Pronounce: ag'-o
Origin: a primary verb
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
the judgment seat
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
bema (Greek #968)
a step, i.e. foot-breath; by implication, a rostrum, i.e. a tribunal
KJV usage: judgment-seat, set (foot) on, throne.
Pronounce: bay'-ma
Origin: from the base of 939

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Cross References

Cir. A.M. 4059.
A.D. 55.
the deputy.
Acts 18:27• 27And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace: (Acts 18:27)
Rom. 15:26• 26For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. (Rom. 15:26)
Rom. 16:5• 5Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ. (Rom. 16:5)
1 Cor. 16:15• 15I beseech you, brethren, (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that they have addicted themselves to the ministry of the saints,) (1 Cor. 16:15)
2 Cor. 1:1• 1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia: (2 Cor. 1:1)
2 Cor. 9:2• 2For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many. (2 Cor. 9:2)
2 Cor. 11:10• 10As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this boasting in the regions of Achaia. (2 Cor. 11:10)
1 Thess. 1:7‑8• 7So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.
8For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing.
(1 Thess. 1:7‑8)
the Jews.
Acts 13:50• 50But the Jews stirred up the devout and honorable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts. (Acts 13:50)
Acts 14:2,19• 2But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected against the brethren.
19And there came thither certain Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, supposing he had been dead.
(Acts 14:2,19)
Acts 17:5,13• 5But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
13But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.
(Acts 17:5,13)
Acts 21:27‑36• 27And when the seven days were almost ended, the Jews which were of Asia, when they saw him in the temple, stirred up all the people, and laid hands on him,
28Crying out, Men of Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all men every where against the people, and the law, and this place: and further brought Greeks also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place.
29(For they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had brought into the temple.)
30And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and forthwith the doors were shut.
31And as they went about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uproar.
32Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and the soldiers, they left beating of Paul.
33Then the chief captain came near, and took him, and commanded him to be bound with two chains; and demanded who he was, and what he had done.
34And some cried one thing, some another, among the multitude: and when he could not know the certainty for the tumult, he commanded him to be carried into the castle.
35And when he came upon the stairs, so it was, that he was borne of the soldiers for the violence of the people.
36For the multitude of the people followed after, crying, Away with him.
(Acts 21:27‑36)
the judgment.

J. N. Darby Translation

But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews with one consent rose against Paul and led him to the judgment-seat,

W. Kelly Translation

But when Gallio was pro-consul of Achaia, the Jews with one accord rose up against Paul, and brought him before the judgment seat1,

WK Translation Notes

pro-consul: (ἀνθυπατεῦοντος is the Text. Rec. supported by most cursives; but א A B D with several good juniors give the two words ἀνθυπάτου ὄντος. The additions of Codex Bezae are numerous here as elsewhere, but hardly call for remark) ... It may be well to notice again the precise position of Gallio. He was ’pro-consul’ of Achaia. It is the more striking, because the province under both Tiberius and Caligula had been imperial, and hence under the authority then of a pro-praetor. Claudius, the reigning emperor, had restored Achaia to the senate, which involved the change of its former government to that of a pro-consul. Accordingly at this time Luke speaks accurately not of a pro-praetor, but of a pro-consul. We saw a similar instance in Sergius Paulus the proconsul of Cyprus, which, like Achaia, had been under imperial authority, but was afterward transferred to the senate, and thus became proconsular. The inspired historian made no mistake in these details, where it was exceedingly easy to do so if he had not been under divine guidance; and the more so, as the early Christians notoriously kept aloof from all meddling with political administration. But in scripture we are entitled to look for the truth in things small and great; and this should be recognized by giving as exactly as possible the reproduction of its meaning.
In fact Luke had been supposed in one at least of these instances to have erred by applying the term erroneously according to the state of things which had existed before the transfer to the senate, till a passage was found in an historian not read generally which confirmed the change, and coins with the new title made it still more evident. Had there been no coins, no statement in Dio Cassius, extraneous evidence would have failed, yet the truth would have remained all the same in scripture: only even Christians would have trembled because history did not speak in support of scripture. It is such incredulity which is so deplorable, and this among not heathen and Jews only but the baptized. But how sad that men bearing the Christian name should be swayed in a moment by human testimonies, after showing their readiness to doubt even when they had the inspired word for it! Can anything evince more clearly that men naturally distrust God and His word? These things ought not so to be. (Exp. of Acts, p.265-7)