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The inhabitants of Babylon or its districts (Ezra 4:99Then wrote Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions; the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the Susanchites, the Dehavites, and the Elamites, (Ezra 4:9); Ezek. 23:15, 17, 2315Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity: (Ezekiel 23:15)
17And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them. (Ezekiel 23:17)
23The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses. (Ezekiel 23:23)
). Thousands of tablets have been discovered which throw great light upon the social life and character of the Babylonians. They were an educated people. Some tablets appear to be geological, geographical, and mathematical; and many others are records of contracts, loans, marriages, dowries, purchase of slaves, and so forth. Their astronomy was mixed up with astrology. Many tablets show that they held that the stars and signs of the heavens foretold events, agreeing with God’s message to Babylon: “Let now the astrologers, the star-gazers, the monthly prognosticators stand up and save thee” (Isa. 47:1313Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. (Isaiah 47:13)). Many magical and incantation tablets show that they were in great fear of evil spirits: they called upon “the spirit of heaven”‘ and “the spirit of earth” to deliver them. Their religion has been described as the worst possible form of nature worship, and their gods seem to have been countless. These tablets, made thousands of years ago, now reveal how Satan succeeded in keeping the Babylonians completely under his dominion.