Heb. 1:9 KJV (With Strong’s)

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9
Thou hast loved
agapao (Greek #25)
to love (in a social or moral sense)
KJV usage: (be-)love(-ed). Compare 5368.
Pronounce: ag-ap-ah'-o
Origin: perhaps from ἄγαν (much) (or compare 5689)
righteousness
dikaiosune (Greek #1343)
equity (of character or act); specially (Christian) justification
KJV usage: righteousness.
Pronounce: dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay
Origin: from 1342
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
hated
miseo (Greek #3404)
to detest (especially to persecute); by extension, to love less
KJV usage: hate(-ful).
Pronounce: mis-eh'-o
Origin: from a primary μῖσος (hatred)
iniquity
anomia (Greek #458)
illegality, i.e. violation of law or (genitive case) wickedness
KJV usage: iniquity, X transgress(-ion of) the law, unrighteousness.
Pronounce: an-om-ee'-ah
Origin: from 459
; therefore
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
*
touto (Greek #5124)
that thing
KJV usage: here (-unto), it, partly, self(-same), so, that (intent), the same, there(-fore, -unto), this, thus, where(-fore).
Pronounce: too'-to
Origin: neuter singular nominative or accusative case of 3778
God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
, even thy
sou (Greek #4675)
of thee, thy
KJV usage: X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.
Pronounce: soo
Origin: genitive case of 4771
God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
, hath anointed
chrio (Greek #5548)
to smear or rub with oil, i.e. (by implication) to consecrate to an office or religious service
KJV usage: anoint.
Pronounce: khree'-o
Origin: probably akin to 5530 through the idea of contact
thee
se (Greek #4571)
thee
KJV usage: thee, thou, X thy house.
Pronounce: seh
Origin: accusative case singular of 4771
with the oil
elaion (Greek #1637)
olive oil
KJV usage: oil.
Pronounce: el'-ah-yon
Origin: neuter of the same as 1636
of gladness
agalliasis (Greek #20)
exultation; specially, welcome
KJV usage: gladness, (exceeding) joy.
Pronounce: ag-al-lee'-as-is
Origin: from 21
above
para (Greek #3844)
properly, near; i.e. (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local (especially beyond or opposed to) or causal (on account of)
KJV usage: above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, X friend, from, + give (such things as they), + that (she) had, X his, in, more than, nigh unto, (out) of, past, save, side...by, in the sight of, than, (there-)fore, with. In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
Pronounce: par-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition
thy
sou (Greek #4675)
of thee, thy
KJV usage: X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.
Pronounce: soo
Origin: genitive case of 4771
fellows
metochos (Greek #3353)
participant, i.e. (as noun) a sharer; by implication, an associate
KJV usage: fellow, partaker, partner.
Pronounce: met'-okh-os
Origin: from 3348
.*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections

More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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loved.
hated.
thy God.
anointed.
Psa. 2:2,6• 2The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes plot together, against Jehovah and against his anointed:
6And *I* have anointed my king upon Zion, the hill of my holiness.
(Psa. 2:2,6)
;
Psa. 2•  (Psa. 2)
:*marg:;
Psa. 89:20• 20I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: (Psa. 89:20)
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Isa. 61:1• 1The Spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me, because Jehovah hath anointed me to announce glad tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and opening of the prison to them that are bound; (Isa. 61:1)
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Luke 4:18• 18The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach glad tidings to the poor; he has sent me to preach to captives deliverance, and to the blind sight, to send forth the crushed delivered, (Luke 4:18)
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John 1:41• 41He first finds his own brother Simon, and says to him, We have found the Messias (which being interpreted is Christ). (John 1:41)
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John 3:34• 34for he whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God gives not the Spirit by measure. (John 3:34)
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Acts 4:27• 27For in truth against thy holy servant Jesus, whom thou hadst anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the nations, and peoples of Israel, have been gathered together in this city (Acts 4:27)
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Acts 10:38• 38Jesus who was of Nazareth: how God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power; who went through all quarters doing good, and healing all that were under the power of the devil, because God was with him. (Acts 10:38)
oil.
thy fellows.
 After this lofty owning of Messiah as God by God comes the fullest acknowledgment of others. He Himself is no more ashamed to own us His companions or fellows than God is to own Him God. He that sanctifieth and they that are sanctified are all of one. Yet He is God no less than the Father, Who will have all men honor the Son even as Himself. (Hebrews 1:5-9 by W. Kelly)
 {fellows} These companions are the believing remnant of Israel, whom He has made by grace His fellows. (Hebrews 1 by J.N. Darby)
 By reason of His moral perfection—His love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity—He is exalted above all whom, in grace, He associates with Himself. (The Glory of the Son by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

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9
Thou hast loved righteousness and hast hated lawlessness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with oil of gladness above thy companionsm.

JND Translation Notes

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m
Metochos. see Note q, ch. 2.14. and Ps. 45.6,7.

W. Kelly Translation

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9
Thou lovedst righteousness and hatedst lawlessness: for this reason, God, thy God, anointed thee with oil of gladness above thy companions1.

WK Translation Notes

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1
lovedst: [The RV has] not adhered to the preterite rendering of the aorist, though there seems no reason why they might not have said, "Thou didst love righteousness and hate iniquity (or lawlessness). Therefore God, thy God, anointed," etc. And so in 10 "didst say," etc. (Bible Treasury 14:44)
God, thy God: [Ought not the 9th verse to end thus: -
Therefore, O God, thy God has anointed thee, etc.
It is almost impossible for the Greek to bear the present meaning of "even thy God." Such a meaning would require ὀ σός θεός. While in the present text we find ὀ θεός σου. Σου here being merely enclitical, and the emphasis on God, not on thy. C.H.W.] (Christian Annotator 1:272)
It is evident from his punctuation, that Tischendorf must have taken the clause as C.H.W. proposes; for he has ἕχρισέν σε, ὀ θεός, ὀ θ. σου, κ. τ. λ., as also Kunivel, Rosenmuller, and Stuart, not to speak of translators such as Beza, Osterveld, etc. It is, however, too strong to say that the Greek will not bear "God, (even) thy God," etc. The fact is, that either construction is allowable grammatically: the question is really one of the sense best suiting the context. (Christian Annotator 2:352)
God, thy God: "or, O God." Certainly many have so supposed, though Psa. 50:7 proves the analogy to the A.V., and the context (to my mind) is consistent with this alone. It is as man, not as God, that the Lord could be said with any propriety to be anointed.... The Authorized and Revised Versions were right as they are. (Bible Treasury 15:30)
companions: In the aspect of divine glory we should not hear of "Thy fellows." The Authorized and Revised Versions, were right as they are. (Bible Treasury 15:30)