Luke 4:18 KJV (With Strong’s)

Theb Spirit
pneuma (Greek #4151)
a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit
KJV usage: ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.
Pronounce: pnyoo'-mah
Origin: from 4154
of the Lord
kurios (Greek #2962)
supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title)
KJV usage: God, Lord, master, Sir.
Pronounce: koo'-ree-os
Origin: from κῦρος (supremacy)
is upon
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
eme (Greek #1691)
KJV usage: I, me, my(-self).
Pronounce: em-eh'
Origin: a prolonged form of 3165
, because
heneka (Greek #1752)
on account of
KJV usage: because, for (cause, sake), (where-)fore, by reason of, that.
Pronounce: hen'-ek-ah
Origin: or ἕνεκεν (hen'-ek-en) or εἵνεκεν (hi'-nek-en) of uncertain affinity
he hath anointed
chrio (Greek #5548)
to smear or rub with oil, i.e. (by implication) to consecrate to an office or religious service
KJV usage: anoint.
Pronounce: khree'-o
Origin: probably akin to 5530 through the idea of contact
me (Greek #3165)
KJV usage: I, me, my.
Pronounce: meh
Origin: a shorter (and probably originally) form of 1691
to preach the gospel
euaggelizo (Greek #2097)
to announce good news ("evangelize") especially the gospel
KJV usage: declare, bring (declare, show) glad (good) tidings, preach (the gospel).
Pronounce: yoo-ang-ghel-id'-zo
Origin: from 2095 and 32
to the poor
ptochos (Greek #4434)
akin to 4422 and the alternate of 4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas 3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed)
KJV usage: beggar(-ly), poor.
Pronounce: pto-khos'
Origin: from πτώσσω (to crouch)
; he hath sent
apostello (Greek #649)
set apart, i.e. (by implication) to send out (properly, on a mission) literally or figuratively
KJV usage: put in, send (away, forth, out), set (at liberty).
Pronounce: ap-os-tel'-lo
Origin: from 575 and 4724
me (Greek #3165)
KJV usage: I, me, my.
Pronounce: meh
Origin: a shorter (and probably originally) form of 1691
to heal
iaomai (Greek #2390)
to cure (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: heal, make whole.
Pronounce: ee-ah'-om-ahee
Origin: middle voice of apparently a primary verb
the brokenhearted
suntribo (Greek #4937)
to crush completely, i.e. to shatter (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: break (in pieces), broken to shivers (+ -hearted), bruise.
Pronounce: soon-tree'-bo
Origin: from 4862 and the base of 5147
a, *
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kardia (Greek #2588)
the heart, i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle
KJV usage: (+ broken-)heart(-ed).
Pronounce: kar-dee'-ah
Origin: prolonged from a primary κάρ (Latin cor, "heart")
to preach
kerusso (Greek #2784)
to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel)
KJV usage: preacher(-er), proclaim, publish.
Pronounce: kay-roos'-so
Origin: of uncertain affinity
aphesis (Greek #859)
freedom; (figuratively) pardon
KJV usage: deliverance, forgiveness, liberty, remission.
Pronounce: af'-es-is
Origin: from 863
to the captives
aichmalotos (Greek #164)
properly, a prisoner of war, i.e. (genitive case) a captive
KJV usage: captive.
Pronounce: aheekh-mal-o-tos'
Origin: from αἰχμή (a spear) and a derivative of the same as 259
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
recoveringb of sight
anablepsis (Greek #309)
restoration of sight
KJV usage: recovery of sight.
Pronounce: an-ab'-lep-sis
Origin: from 308
to the blind
tuphlos (Greek #5185)
opaque (as if smoky), i.e. (by analogy) blind (physically or mentally)
KJV usage: blind.
Pronounce: toof-los'
Origin: from, 5187
, to set
apostello (Greek #649)
set apart, i.e. (by implication) to send out (properly, on a mission) literally or figuratively
KJV usage: put in, send (away, forth, out), set (at liberty).
Pronounce: ap-os-tel'-lo
Origin: from 575 and 4724
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
aphesis (Greek #859)
freedom; (figuratively) pardon
KJV usage: deliverance, forgiveness, liberty, remission.
Pronounce: af'-es-is
Origin: from 863
them that are bruised
thrauo (Greek #2352)
to crush
KJV usage: bruise. Compare 4486.
Pronounce: throw'-o
Origin: a primary verb
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections

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Cross References

Psa. 45:7• 7Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy companions. (Psa. 45:7)
Isa. 11:2‑5• 2and the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah.
3And his delight will be in the fear of Jehovah; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears;
4but with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
5And righteousness shall be the girdle of his reins, and faithfulness the girdle of his loins.
(Isa. 11:2‑5)
Isa. 42:1‑4• 1Behold my servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth! I will put my Spirit upon him; he shall bring forth judgment to the nations.
2He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
3A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment according to truth.
4He shall not faint nor be in haste, till he have set justice in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
(Isa. 42:1‑4)
Isa. 50:4• 4The Lord Jehovah hath given me the tongue of the instructed, that I should know how to succour by a word him that is weary. He wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the instructed. (Isa. 50:4)
Isa. 59:21• 21And as for me, this is my covenant with them, saith Jehovah: My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith Jehovah, from henceforth and for ever. (Isa. 59:21)
to preach.
to heal.
to preach deliverance.
Psa. 102:20• 20To hear the groaning of the prisoner, to loose those that are appointed to die; (Psa. 102:20)
Psa. 107:10‑16• 10Such as inhabit darkness and the shadow of death, bound in affliction and iron,
11Because they had rebelled against the words of *God, and had despised the counsel of the Most High; …
12And he bowed down their heart with labour; they stumbled, and there was none to help:
13Then they cried unto Jehovah in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses;
14He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and broke their bands in sunder.
15Let them give thanks unto Jehovah for his loving-kindness, and for his wondrous works to the children of men;
16For he hath broken the gates of bronze, and cut asunder the bars of iron.
(Psa. 107:10‑16)
Psa. 146:7• 7Who executeth judgment for the oppressed, who giveth bread to the hungry. Jehovah looseth the prisoners; (Psa. 146:7)
Isa. 42:7• 7to open the blind eyes, to bring forth the prisoner from the prison, them that sit in darkness out of the house of restraint. (Isa. 42:7)
Isa. 45:13• 13It is I that have raised him up in righteousness, and I will make all his ways straight: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith Jehovah of hosts. (Isa. 45:13)
Isa. 49:9,24‑25• 9saying to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pasture shall be on all bare hills.
24Shall the prey be taken from the mighty? and shall he that is rightfully captive be delivered?
25For thus saith Jehovah: Even the captive of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered; and I will strive with him that striveth with thee, and I will save thy children.
(Isa. 49:9,24‑25)
Isa. 52:2‑3• 2Shake thyself from the dust; arise, sit down, Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, captive daughter of Zion.
3For thus saith Jehovah: Ye have sold yourselves for nought, and ye shall be redeemed without money.
(Isa. 52:2‑3)
Zech. 9:11‑12• 11As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant, I will send forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.
12Turn again to the stronghold, prisoners of hope! even to-day do I declare I will render double unto thee.
(Zech. 9:11‑12)
Col. 1:13• 13who has delivered us from the authority of darkness, and translated us into the kingdom of the Son of his love: (Col. 1:13)
Psa. 146:8• 8Jehovah openeth the eyes of the blind; Jehovah raiseth up them that are bowed down; Jehovah loveth the righteous; (Psa. 146:8)
Isa. 29:18‑19• 18And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and, out of obscurity and out of darkness, the eyes of the blind shall see;
19and the meek shall increase their joy in Jehovah, and the needy among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
(Isa. 29:18‑19)
Isa. 32:3• 3And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken; (Isa. 32:3)
Isa. 35:5• 5Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf be unstopped; (Isa. 35:5)
Isa. 42:16‑18• 16And I will bring the blind by a way that they know not, in paths that they know not will I lead them; I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
17They shall be turned back, they shall be covered with shame, that confide in graven images, that say to the molten images, Ye are our gods.
18--Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, that ye may see.
(Isa. 42:16‑18)
Isa. 60:1‑2• 1Arise, shine! for thy light is come, and the glory of Jehovah is risen upon thee.
2For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples; but Jehovah will arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen on thee.
(Isa. 60:1‑2)
Mal. 4:2• 2And unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth and leap like fatted calves. (Mal. 4:2)
Matt. 4:16• 16--the people sitting in darkness has seen a great light, and to those sitting in the country and shadow of death, to them has light sprung up. (Matt. 4:16)
Matt. 9:27‑30• 27And as Jesus passed on thence, two blind men followed him, crying and saying, Have mercy on us, Son of David.
28And when he was come to the house, the blind men came to him. And Jesus says to them, Do ye believe that I am able to do this? They say to him, Yea, Lord.
29Then he touched their eyes, saying, According to your faith, be it unto you.
30And their eyes were opened; and Jesus charged them sharply, saying, See, let no man know it.
(Matt. 9:27‑30)
Matt. 11:5• 5Blind men see and lame walk; lepers are cleansed, and deaf hear; and dead are raised, and poor have glad tidings preached to them: (Matt. 11:5)
John 9:39‑41• 39And Jesus said, For judgment am I come into this world, that they which see not may see, and they which see may become blind.
40And some of the Pharisees who were with him heard these things, and they said to him, Are we blind also?
41Jesus said to them, If ye were blind ye would not have sin; but now ye say, We see, your sin remains.
(John 9:39‑41)
John 12:46• 46I am come into the world as light, that every one that believes on me may not abide in darkness; (John 12:46)
Acts 26:18• 18to open their eyes, that they may turn from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive remission of sins and inheritance among them that are sanctified by faith in me. (Acts 26:18)
Eph. 5:8‑14• 8for ye were once darkness, but now light in the Lord; walk as children of light,
9(for the fruit of the light is in all goodness and righteousness and truth,)
10proving what is agreeable to the Lord;
11and do not have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather also reprove them,
12for the things that are done by them in secret it is shameful even to say.
13But all things having their true character exposed by the light are made manifest; for that which makes everything manifest is light.
14Wherefore he says, Wake up, thou that sleepest, and arise up from among the dead, and the Christ shall shine upon thee.
(Eph. 5:8‑14)
1 Thess. 5:5‑6• 5for all *ye* are sons of light and sons of day; we are not of night nor of darkness.
6So then do not let us sleep as the rest do, but let us watch and be sober;
(1 Thess. 5:5‑6)
1 Peter 2:9• 9But *ye* are a chosen race, a kingly priesthood, a holy nation, a people for a possession, that ye might set forth the excellencies of him who has called you out of darkness to his wonderful light; (1 Peter 2:9)
1 John 2:8‑10• 8Again, I write a new commandment to you, which thing is true in him and in you, because the darkness is passing and the true light already shines.
9He who says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in the darkness until now.
10He that loves his brother abides in light, and there is no occasion of stumbling in him.
(1 John 2:8‑10)

J. N. Darby Translation

The Spirit of the Lordd is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach glad tidings to the poor; he has sent me to preach to captives deliverance, and to the blind sight, to send forth the crushed delivered,

JND Translation Notes


W. Kelly Translation

[The] Spirit of [the] Lorda is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach glad tidings to [the] poor; he hath sent me [to heal the brokenheartedb], to preach to captives deliverance, and to [the] blind sight, to send forth [the] crushed delivered1,

WK Translation Notes

Some MSS. insert "to heal the brokenhearted."{sup} {/sup}The Edd. reject these words.

Full Notes

[to heal the brokenhearted]: Before "to preach deliverance," A, with all later uncials and most cursives, Goth. Syrrpesch hcl hier has the words bracketed, which Edd. reject, after אBDLXΞ:, 33, 69, Syrsin Old Lat. and Amiat., Origen, etc. (EEW’s Notes, Exp. of Luke, p.65)