Psa. 78:9 KJV (With Strong’s)

+
9
The children
ben (Hebrew #1121)
a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like 1, 251, etc.))
KJV usage: + afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-)ite, (anoint-)ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-)ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.
Pronounce: bane
Origin: from {SI 11129}1129{/SI}
of Ephraim
'Ephrayim (Hebrew #669)
double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory
KJV usage: Ephraim, Ephraimites.
Pronounce: ef-rah'-yim
Origin: dual of masculine form of 672
, being armed
nashaq (Hebrew #5401)
to kiss, literally or figuratively (touch); also (as a mode of attachment), to equip with weapons
KJV usage: armed (men), rule, kiss, that touched.
Pronounce: naw-shak'
Origin: a primitive root (identical with 5400, through the idea of fastening up; compare 2388, 2836)
, and γcarrying
ramah (Hebrew #7411)
to hurl; specifically, to shoot; figuratively, to delude or betray (as if causing to fall)
KJV usage: beguile, betray, (bow-)man, carry, deceive, throw.
Pronounce: raw-maw'
Origin: a primitive root
bows
qesheth (Hebrew #7198)
from 7185 in the original sense (of 6983) of bending: a bow, for shooting (hence, figuratively, strength) or the iris
KJV usage: X arch(-er), + arrow, bow((-man, -shot)).
Pronounce: keh'-sheth
, turned back
haphak (Hebrew #2015)
to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, return, pervert
KJV usage: X become, change, come, be converted, give, make (a bed), overthrow (-turn), perverse, retire, tumble, turn (again, aside, back, to the contrary, every way).
Pronounce: haw-fak'
Origin: a primitive root
n in the day
yowm (Hebrew #3117)
a day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb)
KJV usage: age, + always, + chronicals, continually(-ance), daily, ((birth-), each, to) day, (now a, two) days (agone), + elder, X end, + evening, + (for) ever(-lasting, -more), X full, life, as (so) long as (... live), (even) now, + old, + outlived, + perpetually, presently, + remaineth, X required, season, X since, space, then, (process of) time, + as at other times, + in trouble, weather, (as) when, (a, the, within a) while (that), X whole (+ age), (full) year(-ly), + younger.
Pronounce: yome
Origin: from an unused root meaning to be hot
of battle
qrab (Hebrew #7128)
hostile encounter
KJV usage: battle, war.
Pronounce: ker-awb'
Origin: from 7126
.

Cross References

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The children.Some think this refers to a defeat of the Ephraimites mentioned in 1 Ch 7:20-22; but it probably refers to the conduct and defeat of the ten tribes of which Ephraim was the head.
Nothing is recorded in the history of Israel concerning the cowardice of the Ephraimites, as distinct from that of the other tribes:
some therefore think, "that the children of Ephraim" is put by a figure of speech for the nation in general.
Deut. 1:41‑44• 41Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the Lord, we will go up and fight, according to all that the Lord our God commanded us. And when ye had girded on every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up into the hill.
42And the Lord said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.
43So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord, and went presumptuously up into the hill.
44And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah.
(Deut. 1:41‑44)
;
Josh. 17:16‑18• 16And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Beth-shean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.
17And Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, and hast great power: thou shalt not have one lot only:
18But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.
(Josh. 17:16‑18)
;
1 Sam. 4:10• 10And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen. (1 Sam. 4:10)
;
1 Sam. 31:1• 1Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. (1 Sam. 31:1)
carrying.
Heb. throwing forth.
turned.

J. N. Darby Translation

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9
The sons of Ephraim, armed bowmen, turned back in the day of battle.