Teman; Temani; Temanites

Boyd’s Bible Dictionary:

Concise Bible Dictionary:

Son of Eliphaz, a son of Esau, and a duke of Edom; also his descendants and the district inhabited by them. It is four times connected with Edom, and twice with Dedan: this associates it with the south. Its wisdom is spoken of, and God’s judgments are pronounced upon it. One of Job’s friends was Eliphaz the Temanite (Gen. 36:11,15,34,4211And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. (Genesis 36:11)
15These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, (Genesis 36:15)
34And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his stead. (Genesis 36:34)
42Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, (Genesis 36:42)
; 1 Chron. 1:36,45,5336The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. (1 Chronicles 1:36)
45And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. (1 Chronicles 1:45)
53Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, (1 Chronicles 1:53)
; Job 2:1111Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him. (Job 2:11); Jer. 49:7, 207Concerning Edom, thus saith the Lord of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished? (Jeremiah 49:7)
20Therefore hear the counsel of the Lord, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them. (Jeremiah 49:20)
; Ezek. 25:1313Therefore thus saith the Lord God; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword. (Ezekiel 25:13); Amos 1:1212But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah. (Amos 1:12); Obad. 99And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter. (Obadiah 9); Hab. 3, in the margin “south”). Not identified.

Jackson’s Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names: