1 Co. 4:13 KJV (With Strong’s)

Being defamed
blasphemeo (Greek #987)
to vilify; specially, to speak impiously
KJV usage: (speak) blaspheme(-er, -mously, -my), defame, rail on, revile, speak evil.
Pronounce: blas-fay-meh'-o
Origin: from 989
, we entreat
parakaleo (Greek #3870)
to call near, i.e. invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation)
KJV usage: beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort(-ation), intreat, pray.
Pronounce: par-ak-al-eh'-o
Origin: from 3844 and 2564
: we are made
ginomai (Greek #1096)
to cause to be ("gen"-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.)
KJV usage: arise, be assembled, be(-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.
Pronounce: ghin'-om-ahee
Origin: a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb
hos (Greek #5613)
which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows)
KJV usage: about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.
Pronounce: hoce
Origin: probably adverb of comparative from 3739
the filth
perikatharma (Greek #4027)
something cleaned off all around, i.e. refuse (figuratively)
KJV usage: filth.
Pronounce: per-ee-kath'-ar-mah
Origin: from a compound of 4012 and 2508
of the world
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
, and are the offscouring
peripsoma (Greek #4067)
something brushed all around, i.e. off-scrapings (figuratively, scum)
KJV usage: offscouring.
Pronounce: per-ip'-so-mah
Origin: from a comparative of 4012 and ψάω (to rub)
m of all things
pas (Greek #3956)
apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole
KJV usage: all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
Pronounce: pas
Origin: including all the forms of declension
heos (Greek #2193)
a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place)
KJV usage: even (until, unto), (as) far (as), how long, (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to, while(-s).
Pronounce: heh'-oce
Origin: of uncertain affinity
this day
arti (Greek #737)
just now
KJV usage: this day (hour), hence(-forth), here(-after), hither(-to), (even) now, (this) present.
Pronounce: ar'-tee
Origin: adverb from a derivative of 142 (compare 740) through the idea of suspension

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Cross References


J. N. Darby Translation

insulteda, we entreatb: we are become as the offscouring of the worldc, the refuse of all, until now.

JND Translation Notes

Or "spoken to injuriously."
Parakaleo. The word has to be rendered very differently in English in different places, and is hard to render, though simple and easy to understand. It means "to call upon a person so as to stimulate him to anything"; hence "to exhort, comfort or encourage." see Note to 2 Cor. 1.4. It has a fuller force here than a mere apostolic or pastoral exhortation.
Kosmos. as chs. 1.20; 7.31,34.

W. Kelly Translation

slandered, we beseech. We became as the world’s scum, off-scouring of all, until now1.

WK Translation Notes

slandered: For βλασφ. (אcorr.BDEFGL, most cursives, and perhaps It.Vulg. etc., as in T.R.), Np.m.ACP 17,46, etc. give δυσφημούμενοι, "defamed." (Notes on 1 Cor., p.78)