Boyd’s Bible Dictionary:

Concise Bible Dictionary:

1. The Philistine king of Gath with whom David twice took shelter from Saul. The first time the servants of Achish reminded him that of David it had been said that he had slain his ten thousands. When David heard this he was afraid and feigned himself mad, and Achish sent him away (1 Sam. 21:10-1510And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. 11And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands? 12And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13And he changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 14Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me? 15Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house? (1 Samuel 21:10‑15)). Psalm 34 was composed on this occasion, as we learn from its heading, in which Achish is called Abimelech. This has given occasion for critics to doubt its authenticity. But “Abimelech” was used as a title rather than a proper name of the kings of the Philistines, as Pharaoh was of the kings of Egypt. The second occasion was when David’s heart failed him, and he said, “I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul.” Achish dealt well with David, gave him Ziklag to dwell in, and would have had him go to war with him against Israel, saying, “I will make thee keeper of my head forever” (1 Sam. 27; 1 Sam. 28:22And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever. (1 Samuel 28:2)). The lords of the Philistines however objected, and Achish begged David to return. See DAVID.

Strong’s Dictionary of Hebrew Words:

of uncertain derivation; Akish, a Philistine king
KJV Usage:

Jackson’s Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names:

I will blacken (or terrify), or "only a man"

Potts’ Bible Proper Names:

Of awe and reverence:―a Philistine king of Gath, son of Maoch, 1 Sam. 21:10. {Venerationis et reverentiae}

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