Eph. 4:8 KJV (With Strong’s)

dio (Greek #1352)
through which thing, i.e. consequently
KJV usage: for which cause, therefore, wherefore.
Pronounce: dee-o'
Origin: from 1223 and 3739
he saith
lego (Greek #3004)
properly, to "lay" forth, i.e. (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas 2036 and 5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while 4483 is properly to break silence merely, and 2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean
KJV usage: ask, bid, boast, call, describe, give out, name, put forth, say(-ing, on), shew, speak, tell, utter.
Pronounce: leg'-o
Origin: a primary verb
b, When he ascended
anabaino (Greek #305)
to go up (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: arise, ascend (up), climb (go, grow, rise, spring) up, come (up).
Pronounce: an-ab-ah'-ee-no
Origin: from 303 and the base of 939
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
on high
hupsos (Greek #5311)
elevation, i.e. (abstractly) altitude, (specially), the sky, or (figuratively) dignity
KJV usage: be exalted, height, (on) high.
Pronounce: hoop'-sos
Origin: from a derivative of 5228
, he led
aichmaloteuo (Greek #162)
to capture (like 163)
KJV usage: lead captive.
Pronounce: aheekh-mal-o-tew'-o
Origin: from 164
aichmalosia (Greek #161)
KJV usage: captivity.
Pronounce: aheekh-mal-o-see'-ah
Origin: from 164
aichmaloteuo (Greek #162)
to capture (like 163)
KJV usage: lead captive.
Pronounce: aheekh-mal-o-tew'-o
Origin: from 164
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
didomi (Greek #1325)
to give (used in a very wide application, properly, or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection)
KJV usage: adventure, bestow, bring forth, commit, deliver (up), give, grant, hinder, make, minister, number, offer, have power, put, receive, set, shew, smite (+ with the hand), strike (+ with the palm of the hand), suffer, take, utter, yield.
Pronounce: did'-o-mee
Origin: a prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternative in most of the tenses)
doma (Greek #1390)
a present
KJV usage: gift.
Pronounce: dom'-ah
Origin: from the base of 1325
unto men
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
anthropos (Greek #444)
man-faced, i.e. a human being
KJV usage: certain, man.
Pronounce: anth'-ro-pos
Origin: from 435 and ὤψ (the countenance; from 3700)

Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

 In ascending to heaven He has placed victorious man above all things, and has led captive all the power that previously had dominion over man….Now before manifesting in person the power He had gained as man by binding Satan, before displaying it in the blessing of man on earth, He exhibits it in the assembly, His body, by imparting, as He had promised, to men delivered from the enemy’s dominion gifts which are the proof of that power. (Ephesians 4-5 by J.N. Darby)
 It was not the apostles, but Christ who gave gifts. And has He ceased to give them? Is He at the right hand of God still? (Remarks on Ephesians 4:7-11 by W. Kelly)
 He led those captive who had led the Church captive. We were led captive of the devil, and Christ going up on high passed triumphantly above the power of Satan. The fallen spirits were completely defeated, and by Christ as man. (Remarks on Ephesians 4:7-11 by W. Kelly)
 He to whom we belong has gotten Him the victory by death and has given it to us. (Remarks on Ephesians 4:7-11 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

Wherefore he sayse, Having ascended up on high, he has led captivity captive, and has given gifts to men.

JND Translation Notes

See Ps. 68.18.

W. Kelly Translation

aWherefore he saith, Having ascended on high, he led captivity captive and gave gifts to men.

WK Translation Notes

captivity: Some have gone so far as to suppose an active force in the word αἰχμαλωσία. But there is no need to go beyond the ordinary usage, and the Hebraistic emphasis. That they had been captors before being thus emphatically led captive is no doubt true; but it is not expressed in the phrase itself, which simply but intensely expresses the completeness with which they were vanquished.... Possibly the marginal alternative of "a multitude of captives" captivates persons of an imaginative turn of mind, who are under the delusion that such alternatives are more faithful than the text. Here it appears that it is not mere "multitude" which is the point, but the completeness of His victory over the enemy. Yet in any case there was a multitude. (Bible Treasury N2:335)