Fountain

Concise Bible Dictionary:

4. mayan (from ayin); translated “spring” (Psa. 87:77As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee. (Psalm 87:7); Psa. 104:1010He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills. (Psalm 104:10); “well,” Josh. 18:1515And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjath-jearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah: (Joshua 18:15); 2 Kings 3:19, 2519And ye shall smite every fenced city, and every choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all wells of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones. (2 Kings 3:19)
25And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kir-haraseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it. (2 Kings 3:25)
; Psa. 84:66Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools. (Psalm 84:6); Isa. 12:33Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation. (Isaiah 12:3); and “fountain” often, as at the flood (Gen. 7:1111In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. (Genesis 7:11); Gen. 8:22The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; (Genesis 8:2); 2 Chron. 32:44So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water? (2 Chronicles 32:4); Psa. 74:1515Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood: thou driedst up mighty rivers. (Psalm 74:15); Psa. 114:88Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters. (Psalm 114:8); Song of Sol. 4:12, 1512A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. (Song of Solomon 4:12)
15A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon. (Song of Solomon 4:15)
; Joel 3:1818And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim. (Joel 3:18)).
5. maqor, “source, perpetual spring.” This is rendered “spring” (Prov. 25:2626A righteous man falling down before the wicked is as a troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring. (Proverbs 25:26); Jer. 51:3636Therefore thus saith the Lord; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry. (Jeremiah 51:36); Hos. 13:1515Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the Lord shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels. (Hosea 13:15)). It is used for the “fountain of blood” (Mark 5:2929And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. (Mark 5:29)); the “fountain of life,” as applied to Jehovah for Israel (Psa. 36:99For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light. (Psalm 36:9)); the “fountain of tears” (Jer. 9:11Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people! (Jeremiah 9:1)); the “fountain of living waters” (Jer. 2:1313For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water. (Jeremiah 2:13); Jer. 17:1313O Lord, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living waters. (Jeremiah 17:13); Rev. 7:1717For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. (Revelation 7:17): Rev. 21:66And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. (Revelation 21:6)).
The fountains form a striking feature in Palestine, which is described as "a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills" (Deut. 8:77For the Lord thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; (Deuteronomy 8:7)).
In the modern names of localities in Palestine the prefix ain or en signifies a “well;” and bir or beer signifies a fountain or spring, often artificially enclosed. The water from such is called “living water” in distinction from the water in wells or cisterns.