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Hebrews 11

Heb. 11:17 KJV (With Strong’s)

By faith
pistis (Greek #4102)
persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself
KJV usage: assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.
Pronounce: pis'-tis
Origin: from 3982
Abraam (Greek #11)
Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch
KJV usage: Abraham. (In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.)
Pronounce: ab-rah-am'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (085)
, when hed was tried
peirazo (Greek #3985)
to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline
KJV usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
Pronounce: pi-rad'-zo
Origin: from 3984
, offered up
prosphero (Greek #4374)
to bear towards, i.e. lead to, tender (especially to God), treat
KJV usage: bring (to, unto), deal with, do, offer (unto, up), present unto, put to.
Pronounce: pros-fer'-o
Origin: from 4314 and 5342 (including its alternate)
Isaak (Greek #2464)
Isaac (i.e. Jitschak), the son of Abraham
KJV usage: Isaac.
Pronounce: ee-sah-ak'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (03327)
: and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
he that had received
anadechomai (Greek #324)
to entertain (as a guest)
KJV usage: receive.
Pronounce: an-ad-ekh'-om-ahee
Origin: from 303 and 1209
the promises
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
epaggelia (Greek #1860)
an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good)
KJV usage: message, promise.
Pronounce: ep-ang-el-ee'-ah
Origin: from 1861
offered up
prosphero (Greek #4374)
to bear towards, i.e. lead to, tender (especially to God), treat
KJV usage: bring (to, unto), deal with, do, offer (unto, up), present unto, put to.
Pronounce: pros-fer'-o
Origin: from 4314 and 5342 (including its alternate)
his only begotten
monogenes (Greek #3439)
only-born, i.e. sole
KJV usage: only (begotten, child).
Pronounce: mon-og-en-ace'
Origin: from 3441 and 1096
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

Gen. 22:1‑12• 1And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am.
2And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
3And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
4Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.
5And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.
6And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
7And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?
8And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.
9And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
10And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
11And the angel of the Lord called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.
12And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.
(Gen. 22:1‑12)
James 2:21‑24• 21Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
22Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
23And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
24Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
(James 2:21‑24)
Deut. 8:2• 2And thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. (Deut. 8:2)
2 Chron. 32:31• 31Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart. (2 Chron. 32:31)
Job 1:11‑12• 11But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face.
12And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord.
(Job 1:11‑12)
Job 2:3‑6• 3And the Lord said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.
4And Satan answered the Lord, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
5But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.
6And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life.
(Job 2:3‑6)
Prov. 17:3• 3The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the Lord trieth the hearts. (Prov. 17:3)
Dan. 11:35• 35And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed. (Dan. 11:35)
Zech. 13:9• 9And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The Lord is my God. (Zech. 13:9)
Mal. 3:2‑3• 2But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
3And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness.
(Mal. 3:2‑3)
James 1:2‑4• 2My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
3Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
4But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
(James 1:2‑4)
James 5:11• 11Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. (James 5:11)
1 Peter 1:6‑7• 6Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:
7That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honor and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
(1 Peter 1:6‑7)
1 Peter 4:12• 12Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: (1 Peter 4:12)
Rev. 3:10• 10Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. (Rev. 3:10)
 It was indeed putting the father of the faithful to the severest test conceivable, not only abandoning to the altar his only son and heir, and sacrificing him with his own hand, but jeopardizing to all appearance the promises both for his seed and in it blessing for all families of the earth. Alike natural affection, and religious hope when raised to high degree and wide extent by God's word in Isaac, seemed to reason by such a command arbitrarily, distressingly, and irrevocably lost. (Hebrews 11:17-19 by W. Kelly)
 He gives up Isaac, in whom were the promises: he learns resurrection, for God is infallibly faithful. The promises were in Isaac: therefore, God must restore him to Abraham, and by resurrection, if he offered him in sacrifice. (Hebrews 11 by J.N. Darby)
 If the life of faith is tried by the opportunities to turn back which are presented by the devil, it will also be tested to prove its worth by trials sent from God. So we learn that Abraham “was tried” when he was told to offer up Isaac. (Faith Laying Hold of the World to Come: Hebrews 11:8-22 by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

By faith Abraham, when tried, offered up Isaac, and he who had received to himselff the promises offered up his only begotten son,

JND Translation Notes

The Greek implies the will or action of the person receiving. It is used only here and in Acts 28.7. Publius received, "took," Paul and his company into his house. It has the sense of taking on oneself physically, or as a debt or responsibility. Abraham's own mind had taken up and appropriated the promises, and yet he gave up Isaac. It was not merely they were given and taken away, with which he had nothing to do; but he had adopted them by faith in his heart, and trusted God enough to give them up according to flesh.

W. Kelly Translation

By faith Abraham when tried offered upa Isaac, and he that received to himself the promises was offeringb his only-begotten

WK Translation Notes

"[Hath] offered up" here is not really admissible in our tongue; yet it may be in a bracket to enforce the truth. It is difficult to express in English the force of the Greek perfect and imperfect. The one gives the result of the act as if accomplished, the other the historical fact that it did not actually take place.
The imperfect tense. See previous footnote.