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Hebrews 5

Heb. 5:7 KJV (With Strong’s)

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7
Who
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the days
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
hemera (Greek #2250)
day, i.e. (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively, a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context)
KJV usage: age, + alway, (mid-)day (by day, (-ly)), + for ever, judgment, (day) time, while, years.
Pronounce: hay-mer'-ah
Origin: feminine (with 5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι (to sit; akin to the base of 1476) meaning tame, i.e. gentle
of
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
sarx (Greek #4561)
flesh (as stripped of the skin), i.e. (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred), or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such)
KJV usage: carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly).
Pronounce: sarx
Origin: probably from the base of 4563
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
flesh
sarx (Greek #4561)
flesh (as stripped of the skin), i.e. (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred), or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such)
KJV usage: carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly).
Pronounce: sarx
Origin: probably from the base of 4563
, when he had offered up
prosphero (Greek #4374)
to bear towards, i.e. lead to, tender (especially to God), treat
KJV usage: bring (to, unto), deal with, do, offer (unto, up), present unto, put to.
Pronounce: pros-fer'-o
Origin: from 4314 and 5342 (including its alternate)
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te (Greek #5037)
both or also (properly, as correlation of 2532)
KJV usage: also, and, both, even, then, whether. Often used in composition, usually as the latter participle.
Pronounce: teh
Origin: a primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition
prayers
deesis (Greek #1162)
a petition
KJV usage: prayer, request, supplication.
Pronounce: deh'-ay-sis
Origin: from 1189
m and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
supplications
hiketeria (Greek #2428)
intreaty
KJV usage: supplication.
Pronounce: hik-et-ay-ree'-ah
Origin: from a derivative of the base of 2425 (through the idea of approaching for a favor)
with
meta (Greek #3326)
properly, denoting accompaniment; "amid" (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive association, or accusative succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between 575 or 1537 and 1519 or 4314; less intimate than 1722 and less close than 4862)
KJV usage: after(-ward), X that he again, against, among, X and, + follow, hence, hereafter, in, of, (up-)on, + our, X and setting, since, (un-)to, + together, when, with (+ -out). Often used in composition, in substantially the same relations of participation or proximity, and transfer or sequence.
Pronounce: met-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition (often used adverbially)
strong
ischuros (Greek #2478)
forcible (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: boisterous, mighty(-ier), powerful, strong(-er, man), valiant.
Pronounce: is-khoo-ros'
Origin: from 2479
crying
krauge (Greek #2906)
an outcry (in notification, tumult or grief)
KJV usage: clamour, cry(-ing).
Pronounce: krow-gay'
Origin: from 2896
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
tears
dakru (Greek #1144)
a tear
KJV usage: tear.
Pronounce: dak'-roo
Origin: or δάκρυον (dak'-roo-on) of uncertain affinity
unto
pros (Greek #4314)
a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. toward (with the genitive case, the side of, i.e. pertaining to; with the dative case, by the side of, i.e. near to; usually with the accusative case, the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, i.e. whither or for which it is predicated)
KJV usage: about, according to , against, among, at, because of, before, between, (where-)by, for, X at thy house, in, for intent, nigh unto, of, which pertain to, that, to (the end that), X together, to (you) -ward, unto, with(-in). In the comparative case, it denotes essentially the same applications, namely, motion towards, accession to, or nearness at.
Pronounce: pros
Origin: a strengthened form of 4253
him that was able
dunamai (Greek #1410)
to be able or possible
KJV usage: be able, can (do, + -not), could, may, might, be possible, be of power.
Pronounce: doo'-nam-ahee
Origin: of uncertain affinity
n to save
sozo (Greek #4982)
to save, i.e. deliver or protect (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: heal, preserve, save (self), do well, be (make) whole.
Pronounce: sode'-zo
Origin: from a primary σῶς (contraction for obsolete σάος, "safe")
him
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
from
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
death
thanatos (Greek #2288)
(properly, an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: X deadly, (be...) death.
Pronounce: than'-at-os
Origin: from 2348
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
was heard
eisakouo (Greek #1522)
to listen to
KJV usage: hear.
Pronounce: ice-ak-oo'-o
Origin: from 1519 and 191
ηin
apo (Greek #575)
"off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative)
KJV usage: (X here-)after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for(-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-)on(-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.
Pronounce: apo'
Origin: a primary particle
that he feared
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
eulabeia (Greek #2124)
properly, caution, i.e. (religiously) reverence (piety); by implication, dread (concretely)
KJV usage: fear(-ed).
Pronounce: yoo-lab'-i-ah
Origin: from 2126
;*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections

More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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the.
when.
Psa. 22:1‑21• 1To the chief Musician. Upon Aijeleth-Shahar. A Psalm of David. My *God, my *God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou far from my salvation, from the words of my groaning?
2My God, I cry by day, and thou answerest not; and by night, and there is no rest for me:
3And thou art holy, thou that dwellest amid the praises of Israel.
4Our fathers confided in thee: they confided, and thou didst deliver them.
5They cried unto thee, and were delivered; they confided in thee, and were not confounded.
6But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and the despised of the people.
7All they that see me laugh me to scorn; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying:
8Commit it to Jehovah--let him rescue him; let him deliver him, because he delighteth in him!
9But thou art he that took me out of the womb; thou didst make me trust, upon my mother's breasts.
10I was cast upon thee from the womb; thou art my *God from my mother's belly.
11Be not far from me, for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
12Many bulls have encompassed me; Bashan's strong ones have beset me round.
13They gape upon me with their mouth, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
14I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is become like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
15My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to my palate; and thou hast laid me in the dust of death.
16For dogs have encompassed me; an assembly of evil-doers have surrounded me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
17I may count all my bones. They look, they stare upon me;
18They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
19But thou, Jehovah, be not far from me; O my strength, haste thee to help me.
20Deliver my soul from the sword; my only one from the power of the dog;
21Save me from the lion's mouth. Yea, from the horns of the buffaloes hast thou answered me.
(Psa. 22:1‑21)
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Psa. 69:1• 1To the chief Musician. Upon Shoshannim. A Psalm of David. Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto my soul. (Psa. 69:1)
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Psa. 88:1• 1A Song, a Psalm for the sons of Korah. To the chief Musician. Upon Mahalath Leannoth. An instruction. Of Heman the Ezrahite. Jehovah, God of my salvation, I have cried by day and in the night before thee. (Psa. 88:1)
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Matt. 26:28‑44• 28For this is my blood, that of the new covenant, that shed for many for remission of sins.
29But I say to you, that I will not at all drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in the kingdom of my Father.
30And having sung a hymn, they went out to the mount of Olives.
31Then saith Jesus to them, All *ye* shall be offended in me during this night. For it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.
32But after that I shall be risen, I will go before you to Galilee.
33And Peter answering said to him, If all shall be offended in thee, *I* will never be offended.
34Jesus said to him, Verily I say to thee, that during this night, before the cock shall crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
35Peter says to him, If I should needs die with thee, I will in no wise deny thee. Likewise said all the disciples also.
36Then Jesus comes with them to a place called Gethsemane, and says to the disciples, Sit here until I go away and pray yonder.
37And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and deeply depressed.
38Then he says to them, My soul is very sorrowful even unto death; remain here and watch with me.
39And going forward a little he fell upon his face, praying and saying, My Father, if it be possible let this cup pass from me; but not as *I* will, but as *thou* wilt.
40And he comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping, and says to Peter, Thus ye have not been able to watch one hour with me?
41Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is ready, but the flesh weak.
42Again going away a second time he prayed saying, My Father, if this cannot pass from me unless I drink it, thy will be done.
43And coming he found them again sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.
44And leaving them, he went away again and prayed the third time, saying the same thing.
(Matt. 26:28‑44)
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Mark 14:32‑39• 32And they come to a place of which the name is Gethsemane, and he says to his disciples, Sit here while I shall pray.
33And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and he began to be amazed and oppressed in spirit.
34And he says to them, My soul is full of grief even unto death; abide here and watch.
35And, going forward a little, he fell upon the earth; and he prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass away from him.
36And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee: take away this cup from me; but not what *I* will, but what *thou* wilt.
37And he comes and finds them sleeping. And he says to Peter, Simon, dost thou sleep? Hast thou not been able to watch one hour?
38Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh weak.
39And going away, he prayed again, saying the same thing.
(Mark 14:32‑39)
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Lev. 2:2• 2And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons, the priests; and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial thereof on the altar, an offering by fire to Jehovah of a sweet odour. (Lev. 2:2)
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Lev. 4:4‑14• 4And he shall bring the bullock to the entrance of the tent of meeting before Jehovah; and shall lay his hand on the bullock's head, and slaughter the bullock before Jehovah.
5And the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock's blood, and bring it into the tent of meeting;
6and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before Jehovah before the veil of the sanctuary;
7and the priest shall put of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense, which is in the tent of meeting, before Jehovah; and he shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of burnt-offering, which is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
8And all the fat of the bullock of the sin-offering shall he take off from it; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is on the inwards,
9and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the net above the liver which he shall take away as far as the kidneys,
10as it is taken off from the ox of the sacrifice of peace-offering; and the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt-offering.
11And the skin of the bullock, and all its flesh, with its head, and with its legs, and its inwards, and its dung,
12even the whole bullock shall he carry forth outside the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire; where the ashes are poured out shall it be burnt.
13And if the whole assembly of Israel sin inadvertently, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the congregation, and they do somewhat against any of all the commandments of Jehovah in things which should not be done, and are guilty;
14and the sin wherewith they have sinned against it have become known; then the congregation shall present a young bullock for the sin-offering, and shall bring it before the tent of meeting;
(Lev. 4:4‑14)
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John 17:1• 1These things Jesus spoke, and lifted up his eyes to heaven and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son may glorify thee; (John 17:1)
with.
tears.
unto.
and.
Heb. 13:20• 20But the God of peace, who brought again from among the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, in the power of the blood of the eternal covenant, (Heb. 13:20)
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Psa. 18:19‑20• 19And he brought me forth into a large place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
20Jehovah hath rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
(Psa. 18:19‑20)
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Psa. 22:21,24• 21Save me from the lion's mouth. Yea, from the horns of the buffaloes hast thou answered me.
24For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him: but when he cried unto him, he heard.
(Psa. 22:21,24)
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Psa. 40:1‑3• 1To the chief Musician. Of David. A Psalm. I waited patiently for Jehovah; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry.
2And he brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock; he hath established my goings:
3And he hath put a new song in my mouth, praise unto our God. Many shall see it, and fear, and shall confide in Jehovah.
(Psa. 40:1‑3)
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Psa. 69:13‑16• 13But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, Jehovah, in an acceptable time: O God, in the abundance of thy loving-kindness answer me, according to the truth of thy salvation:
14Deliver me out of the mire, let me not sink; let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the depths of waters.
15Let not the flood of waters overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up; and let not the pit shut its mouth upon me.
16Answer me, O Jehovah; for thy loving-kindness is good: according to the abundance of thy tender mercies, turn toward me;
(Psa. 69:13‑16)
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Isa. 49:8• 8Thus saith Jehovah: In a time of acceptance have I answered thee, and in the day of salvation have I helped thee; and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the land, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages; (Isa. 49:8)
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John 11:42• 42but I knew that thou always hearest me; but on account of the crowd who stand around I have said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me. (John 11:42)
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John 17:4‑5• 4I have glorified *thee* on the earth, I have completed the work which thou gavest me that I should do it;
5and now glorify *me*, *thou* Father, along with thyself, with the glory which I had along with thee before the world was.
(John 17:4‑5)
in that he feared.
or, for his piety.
 Gethsemane, and the cross, or the first part of Psalm 22, are the best comment on verse 7. (Hebrews 5:7-10 by W. Kelly)
 And if ever prayers and supplications, if ever strong crying and tears, were realities for the heart before God, His were. For His divine nature screened Him from no pain, grief, or humiliation, or suffering, but rather gave competency of person to endure perfectly, while all was accepted in absolute dependence on, and subjection to, His Father. There was not a particle of hardness or insensibility in Christ. (Hebrews 5:7-10 by W. Kelly)
 Christ therefore, besides that which fell exclusively on Him as the propitiation for our sins in vindicating God at all cost sacrificially, knew as no saint ever did all that can befall holiness and love in a world and in the midst of a people alienated from God. As at the beginning Satan sought to attract Him from the path of lowly, suffering, and absolute obedience, by temptations subtly suited to the circumstances, so he assailed Him at the end with the terrors of death, and of such a death! But all was in vain. He suffered, but did not succumb. (Hebrews 5:7-10 by W. Kelly)
 Whatever His inward and unwavering confidence, He could have no public answer till resurrection when He was saved and out of death. (Hebrews 5:7-10 by W. Kelly)
 But His glory ... does not bring Him near to the miseries of men. It is His history on earth which makes us feel how truly able He is to take part in them. (Hebrews 5 by J.N. Darby)
 His piety, the right estimation of the position in which sinful man was found, and what must come from God because of it. (Hebrews 5 by J.N. Darby)
 If He is to succor and support His people through their wilderness journey, He Himself must enter into the sorrows and difficulties of the way. (Christ's Sufferings and Call to Priesthood by H. Smith)
 In Gethsemane the enemy sought to turn the Lord from the path of obedience by pressing upon Him the terror of death….Nevertheless, His very perfection as Man led Him to feel the terror of all that was before Him and to express His feelings in strong crying and tears. (Christ's Sufferings and Call to Priesthood by H. Smith)
 In all this sore trial He was heard because of His piety, which brought God into every circumstance by dependence and confidence in Him. (Christ's Sufferings and Call to Priesthood by H. Smith)
 The sufferings to which the apostle refers were in “the days of His flesh,” not the day of His death. At the cross He suffered under the wrath of God, and there He must be alone. (Christ's Sufferings and Call to Priesthood by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

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7
Who in the days of his flesh, having offered up both supplications and entreaties to him who was able to save him out ofd death, with strong crying and tears; (and having been heard because of his pietye;)

JND Translation Notes

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d
Ek, "out of," not "from."
e
Or "fear," as some translate; and then well rendered, as in A.V., "in that he feared."

W. Kelly Translation

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7
who in the days of his flesh having offered up both supplications and entreaties to him that was able to save him out of death, with strong crying and tears, and having been heard because of his godly fear1,

WK Translation Notes

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1
having offered up: In 7, as in 11:17, προσφέρω is confounded [in the RV] with ἀναφέρω, which does mean offer up as well as bear. (Bible Treasury 14:46)
because of his godly fear: Not only Calvin and Beza of the Reformed, but the old Latin versions, followed by Ambrose, and by moderns, especially Lutherans, strangely render this "delivered from fear," or the like. (Exp. of Heb., p.93)