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Isaiah 44

Isa. 44:18 KJV (With Strong’s)

Theyg have not known
yada` (Hebrew #3045)
to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) (as follow)
KJV usage: acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, (un-)awares, can(-not), certainly, comprehend, consider, X could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be (ig-)norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have (knowledge), (be, make, make to be, make self) known, + be learned, + lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, X prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have (understanding), X will be, wist, wit, wot.
Pronounce: yaw-dah'
Origin: a primitive root
nor understood
biyn (Hebrew #995)
to separate mentally (or distinguish), i.e.(generally) understand
KJV usage: attend, consider, be cunning, diligently, direct, discern, eloquent, feel, inform, instruct, have intelligence, know, look well to, mark, perceive, be prudent, regard, (can) skill(-full), teach, think, (cause, make to, get, give, have) understand(-ing), view, (deal) wise(-ly, man).
Pronounce: bene
Origin: a primitive root
: forh he hath ηshut
tuwach (Hebrew #2902)
to smear, especially with lime
KJV usage: daub, overlay, plaister, smut.
Pronounce: too'-akh
Origin: a primitive root
their eyes
`ayin (Hebrew #5869)
an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape)
KJV usage: affliction, outward appearance, + before, + think best, colour, conceit, + be content, countenance, + displease, eye((-brow), (-d), -sight), face, + favour, fountain, furrow (from the margin), X him, + humble, knowledge, look, (+ well), X me, open(-ly), + (not) please, presence, + regard, resemblance, sight, X thee, X them, + think, X us, well, X you(-rselves).
Pronounce: ah'-yin
Origin: probably a primitive word
, that they cannot see
ra'ah (Hebrew #7200)
to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative)
KJV usage: advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions.
Pronounce: raw-aw'
Origin: a primitive root
; and their hearts
libbah (Hebrew #3826)
the heart
KJV usage: heart.
Pronounce: lib-baw'
Origin: feminine of 3820
, that they cannot understand
sakal (Hebrew #7919)
to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent
KJV usage: consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(- ly), guide wittingly.
Pronounce: saw-kal'
Origin: a primitive root

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Cross References

have not.
Isa. 44:9,20• 9They that form a graven image are all of them vanity, and their delectable things are of no profit; and they are their own witnesses: they see not, nor know;--that they may be ashamed.
20He feedeth on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
(Isa. 44:9,20)
Isa. 45:20• 20Gather yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations. They have no knowledge that carry the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a *god that cannot save. (Isa. 45:20)
Isa. 46:7‑8• 7They bear him on the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place; there he standeth, he doth not remove from his place: yea, one crieth unto him, and he answereth not; he saveth him not out of his trouble.
8Remember this, and shew yourselves men; call it to mind, ye transgressors.
(Isa. 46:7‑8)
Jer. 10:8,14• 8But they are one and all senseless and foolish; the teaching of vanities is a stock.
14Every man is become brutish, bereft of knowledge; every founder is put to shame by the graven image, for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
(Jer. 10:8,14)
Rom. 1:21‑23• 21Because, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but fell into folly in their thoughts, and their heart without understanding was darkened:
22professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
23and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.
(Rom. 1:21‑23)
for he hath.
Isa. 6:10• 10Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted, and healed. (Isa. 6:10)
Isa. 29:10• 10For Jehovah hath poured out upon you a spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes; the prophets and your chiefs, the seers, hath he covered. (Isa. 29:10)
Psa. 81:12• 12So I gave them up unto their own hearts' stubbornness: they walked after their own counsels. (Psa. 81:12)
Matt. 13:14‑15• 14and in them is filled up the prophecy of Esaias, which says, Hearing ye shall hear and shall not understand, and beholding ye shall behold and not see;
15for the heart of this people has grown fat, and they have heard heavily with their ears, and they have closed their eyes as asleep, lest they should see with the eyes, and hear with the ears, and understand with the heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
(Matt. 13:14‑15)
Acts 14:16• 16who in the past generations suffered all the nations to go in their own ways, (Acts 14:16)
Rom. 1:28• 28And according as they did not think good to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind to practise unseemly things; (Rom. 1:28)
Rom. 11:8‑10• 8according as it is written, God has given to them a spirit of slumber, eyes not to see, and ears not to hear, unto this day.
9And David says, Let their table be for a snare, and for a gin, and for a fall-trap, and for a recompense to them:
10let their eyes be darkened not to see, and bow down their back alway.
(Rom. 11:8‑10)
2 Cor. 4:3‑4• 3But if also our gospel is veiled, it is veiled in those that are lost;
4in whom the god of this world has blinded the thoughts of the unbelieving, so that the radiancy of the glad tidings of the glory of the Christ, who is the image of God, should not shine forth for them.
(2 Cor. 4:3‑4)
2 Thess. 2:9‑12• 9whose coming is according to the working of Satan in all power and signs and wonders of falsehood,
10and in all deceit of unrighteousness to them that perish, because they have not received the love of the truth that they might be saved.
11And for this reason God sends to them a working of error, that they should believe what is false,
12that all might be judged who have not believed the truth, but have found pleasure in unrighteousness.
(2 Thess. 2:9‑12)
Heb. daubed.
Isa. 56:11• 11and the dogs are greedy, they know not to be satisfied, and these are shepherds that know not how to discern: they all turn to their own way, every one for his gain, even to the last of them: (Isa. 56:11)
Psa. 92:6• 6A brutish man knoweth not, neither doth a fool understand it. (Psa. 92:6)
Prov. 2:5‑9• 5then shalt thou understand the fear of Jehovah, and find the knowledge of God.
6For Jehovah giveth wisdom; out of his mouth come knowledge and understanding.
7He layeth up sound wisdom for the upright; he is a shield to them that walk in integrity;
8guarding the paths of just judgment and keeping the way of his godly ones.
9Then shalt thou understand righteousness and judgment and equity: every good path.
(Prov. 2:5‑9)
Prov. 28:5• 5Evil men understand not judgment; but they that seek Jehovah understand everything. (Prov. 28:5)
Jer. 5:21• 21Hear now this, O foolish and heartless people, who have eyes and see not; who have ears, and hear not. (Jer. 5:21)
Dan. 12:10• 10Many shall be purified, and be made white, and be refined; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand. (Dan. 12:10)
Hos. 14:9• 9Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? intelligent, and he shall know them? For the ways of Jehovah are right, and the just shall walk in them; but the transgressors shall fall therein. (Hos. 14:9)
Matt. 12:34• 34Offspring of vipers! how can ye speak good things, being wicked? For of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. (Matt. 12:34)
John 5:44• 44How can ye believe, who receive glory one of another, and seek not the glory which comes from God alone? (John 5:44)
John 8:43• 43Why do ye not know my speech? Because ye cannot hear my word. (John 8:43)
John 12:39‑40• 39On this account they could not believe, because Esaias said again,
40He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that they may not see with their eyes, and understand with their heart and be converted, and I should heal them.
(John 12:39‑40)
2 Peter 2:14• 14having eyes full of adultery, and that cease not from sin, alluring unestablished souls; having a heart practised in covetousness, children of curse; (2 Peter 2:14)

J. N. Darby Translation

They have no knowledge, and understand not; for he hath plastered their eyes, that they may not see; and their hearts, that they may not understand.