Jude 12 KJV (With Strong’s)

houtos (Greek #3778)
the he (she or it), i.e. this or that (often with article repeated)
KJV usage: he (it was that), hereof, it, she, such as, the same, these, they, this (man, same, woman), which, who.
Pronounce: hoo'-tos
Origin: οὗτοι (hoo'-toy), nominative feminine singular αὕτη (how'-tay), and nominative feminine plural αὕται (how'-tahee) from the article 3588 and 846
eisi (Greek #1526)
they are
KJV usage: agree, are, be, dure, X is, were.
Pronounce: i-see'
Origin: 3d person plural present indicative of 1510
spilas (Greek #4694)
a ledge or reef of rock in the sea
KJV usage: spot (by confusion with 4696).
Pronounce: spee-las'
Origin: of uncertain derivation
w in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
humon (Greek #5216)
of (from or concerning) you
KJV usage: ye, you, your (own, -selves).
Pronounce: hoo-mone'
Origin: genitive case of 5210
feasts of charity
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
agape (Greek #26)
love, i.e. affection or benevolence; specially (plural) a love-feast
KJV usage: (feast of) charity(-ably), dear, love.
Pronounce: ag-ah'-pay
Origin: from 25
, when they feast with
suneuocheo (Greek #4910)
to entertain sumptuously in company with, i.e. (middle voice or passive) to revel together
KJV usage: feast with.
Pronounce: soon-yoo-o-kheh'-o
Origin: from 4862 and a derivative of a presumed compound of 2095 and a derivative of 2192 (meaning to be in good condition, i.e. (by implication) to fare well, or feast)
humin (Greek #5213)
to (with or by) you
KJV usage: ye, you, your(-selves).
Pronounce: hoo-min'
Origin: irregular dative case of 5210
, feeding
poimaino (Greek #4165)
to tend as a shepherd of (figuratively, superviser)
KJV usage: feed (cattle), rule.
Pronounce: poy-mah'-ee-no
Origin: from 4166
b themselves
heautou (Greek #1438)
him- (her-, it-, them-, also (in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons) my-, thy-, our-, your-) self (selves), etc.
KJV usage: alone, her (own, -self), (he) himself, his (own), itself, one (to) another, our (thine) own(-selves), + that she had, their (own, own selves), (of) them(-selves), they, thyself, you, your (own, own conceits, own selves, -selves).
Pronounce: heh-ow-too'
Origin: from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive case (dative case or accusative case) of 846
without fear
aphobos (Greek #870)
KJV usage: without fear.
Pronounce: af-ob'-oce
Origin: adverb from a compound of 1 (as a negative particle) and 5401
: clouds
nephele (Greek #3507)
properly, cloudiness, i.e. (concretely) a cloud
KJV usage: cloud.
Pronounce: nef-el'-ay
Origin: from 3509
c they are without water
anudros (Greek #504)
waterless, i.e. dry
KJV usage: dry, without water.
Pronounce: an'-oo-dros
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 5204
, carriedd about
periphero (Greek #4064)
to convey around, i.e. transport hither and thither
KJV usage: bear (carry) about.
Pronounce: per-ee-fer'-o
Origin: from 4012 and 5342
hupo (Greek #5259)
under, i.e. (with the genitive case) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative case) of place (whither (underneath) or where (below) or time (when (at))
KJV usage: among, by, from, in, of, under, with. In the comparative, it retains the same general applications, especially of inferior position or condition, and specially, covertly or moderately.
Pronounce: hoop-o'
Origin: a primary preposition
anemos (Greek #417)
wind; (plural) by implication, (the four) quarters (of the earth)
KJV usage: wind.
Pronounce: an'-em-os
Origin: from the base of 109
; trees
dendron (Greek #1186)
a tree
KJV usage: tree.
Pronounce: den'-dron
Origin: probably from δρύς (an oak)
whose fruitf withereth
phthinoporinos (Greek #5352)
autumnal (as stripped of leaves)
KJV usage: whose fruit withereth.
Pronounce: fthin-op-o-ree-nos'
Origin: from derivative of φθίνω (to wane; akin to the base of 5351) and 3703 (meaning late autumn)
, without fruit
akarpos (Greek #175)
barren (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: without fruit, unfruitful.
Pronounce: ak'-ar-pos
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 2590
, twice
dis (Greek #1364)
KJV usage: again, twice.
Pronounce: dece
Origin: adverb from 1417
apothnesko (Greek #599)
to die off (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: be dead, death, die, lie a-dying, be slain (X with).
Pronounce: ap-oth-nace'-ko
Origin: from 575 and 2348
i, pluckedk up by the roots
ekrizoo (Greek #1610)
to uproot
KJV usage: pluck up by the root, root up.
Pronounce: ek-rid-zo'-o
Origin: from 1537 and 4492

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

are spots.
Psa. 78:29‑31• 29So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire;
30They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths,
31The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.
(Psa. 78:29‑31)
Isa. 56:10‑12• 10His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.
11Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
12Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, and much more abundant.
(Isa. 56:10‑12)
Ezek. 34:8,18• 8As I live, saith the Lord God, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
18Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet?
(Ezek. 34:8,18)
Luke 12:19‑20,45• 19And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.
20But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
45But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
(Luke 12:19‑20,45)
Luke 16:19• 19There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: (Luke 16:19)
Luke 21:34• 34And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares. (Luke 21:34)
Phil. 3:19• 19Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.) (Phil. 3:19)
1 Thess. 5:6‑7• 6Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.
7For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.
(1 Thess. 5:6‑7)
James 5:5• 5Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. (James 5:5)
Psa. 1:3• 3And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. (Psa. 1:3)
Psa. 37:2• 2For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb. (Psa. 37:2)
Matt. 13:6• 6And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. (Matt. 13:6)
Matt. 21:19‑20• 19And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.
20And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!
(Matt. 21:19‑20)
Mark 4:6• 6But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. (Mark 4:6)
Mark 11:21• 21And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away. (Mark 11:21)
Luke 8:6• 6And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. (Luke 8:6)
John 15:4‑6• 4Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
5I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
6If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.
(John 15:4‑6)
 They were doubly dead, by nature and by their apostasy; (JUDE by J.N. Darby)
 It was the practice of the early saints, in the fervor of their first love, to gather together in happy fellowship at what was termed love-feasts; … these "dreamers" were found-having no title whatsoever to be present. They were therefore "spots," or, as some prefer to render, "sunken rocks," rocks which are peculiarly the danger of the unwary mariner. (The Epistle of Jude 7-16)
 "clouds without water"—clouds which as they rose upon the horizon promised fertilizing showers for the weary earth, but as they advanced were discovered to be "without water," (The Epistle of Jude 7-16)
 "autumnal trees without fruit." The season had come for fruits, but these trees, when discerned by the Spirit of God, were discovered to be fruitless (The Epistle of Jude 7-16)
 There is nothing more dangerous than a departure from the faith, the Christian faith; it is not only what man is and has done, but also what grace has made known, for which we are responsible, most of all if we turn from it in unbelief. What is so evil as apostasy? (Jude 10-13 by W. Kelly)
 They were present in their feasts of charity-the agape or love-feasts of the early Christians. It was with no godly purpose, however, of cultivating feelings of holy fellowship; for they were only feeding themselves without fear in the pastures of the faithful. (The Epistle of Jude)
 Another thing which characterizes them was the absence of all conscience, "feeding themselves without fear." (Jude by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

These are spotsb in your love-feasts, feasting together with you without fear, pasturing themselves; clouds without water, carried along by the winds; autumnalc trees, without fruit, twice dead, rooted up;

JND Translation Notes

This word ordinarily means "a rock," and may allude to a sunken rock with the sea over it. This may be the meaning here.
Some take it for trees whose fruit withers as in autumn.

W. Kelly Translation

These are spots in your love-feasts, feasting together, fearlessly pasturing themselves; clouds without water carried along by winds; autumnal trees without fruit, twice dead, rooted up1;

WK Translation Notes

^ spots [or, hidden rocks]: I think there cannot be a doubt of the article as the genuine reading, which gives vividness and objectivity to the σπιλἀδες, whether sunken rocks or blots be meant. (Bible Treasury 14:127)
fearlessly pasturing themselves: But it is not correct to impute to Beza simply the Authorized Version which construes ἀφ. with ἐαυ. τ., inasmuch as the Syriac and ancient versions in general so take it, except perhaps the Vulgate followed by the Rhemish alone of English versions, which takes it with εὐωχού. (Bible Treasury 14:127)
fearlessly pasturing themselves: And had they [The American correctors of the RV] no question about the rendering of ἐα υτ ποι. in 12, even if ἀφ. be severed from the preceding and connected with the following, as the Revisers prefer, with the Authorized Translation after Erasmus and Beza? "Shepherds that... feed" is a fertile if legitimate rendering of ποι., if "deluding" is a wild suggestion of Wakefield, though he sends us for confirmation to a lengthy note on Luke 17:7,8, in his Silva Crit. ii. 85-90. (Bible Treasury 15:144)