Matt. 16:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

+
1
The Pharisees
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Pharisaios (Greek #5330)
a separatist, i.e. exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary
KJV usage: Pharisee.
Pronounce: far-is-ah'-yos
Origin: of Hebrew origin (compare 06567)
also
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
with
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the Sadducees
Saddoukaios (Greek #4523)
a Sadducaean (i.e. Tsadokian), or follower of a certain heretical Israelite
KJV usage: Sadducee.
Pronounce: sad-doo-kah'-yos
Origin: probably from 4524
came
proserchomai (Greek #4334)
to approach, i.e. (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to
KJV usage: (as soon as he) come (unto), come thereunto, consent, draw near, go (near, to, unto).
Pronounce: pros-er'-khom-ahee
Origin: from 4314 and 2064 (including its alternate)
, and tempting
peirazo (Greek #3985)
to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline
KJV usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
Pronounce: pi-rad'-zo
Origin: from 3984
desired
eperotao (Greek #1905)
to ask for, i.e. inquire, seek
KJV usage: ask (after, questions), demand, desire, question.
Pronounce: ep-er-o-tah'-o
Origin: from 1909 and 2065
him
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
that he would show
epideiknumi (Greek #1925)
to exhibit (physically or mentally)
KJV usage: shew.
Pronounce: ep-ee-dike'-noo-mee
Origin: from 1909 and 1166
them
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
a sign
semeion (Greek #4592)
an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally
KJV usage: miracle, sign, token, wonder.
Pronounce: say-mi'-on
Origin: neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of 4591
h from
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
heaven
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
ouranos (Greek #3772)
the sky; by extension, heaven (as the abode of God); by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel (Christianity)
KJV usage: air, heaven(-ly), sky.
Pronounce: oo-ran-os'
Origin: perhaps from the same as 3735 (through the idea of elevation)
.

More on:

+

Cross References

+

Ministry on This Verse

+
1-4:  The Pharisees require a sign.
5-12:  Jesus warns his disciples of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
13-15:  The people's opinion of Christ,
16-20:  and Peter's confession of him.
21-22:  Jesus foretells his death;
23:  reproves Peter for dissuading him from it;
24-28:  and admonishes those that will follow him, to bear the cross.
Pharisees.
Sadducees.
Matt. 16:6,11• 6Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
11How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?
(Matt. 16:6,11)
;
Matt. 3:7‑8• 7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
8Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:
(Matt. 3:7‑8)
;
Matt. 22:23• 23The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, (Matt. 22:23)
;
Mark 12:18• 18Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, (Mark 12:18)
;
Luke 20:27• 27Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, (Luke 20:27)
;
Acts 4:1• 1And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, (Acts 4:1)
;
Acts 5:17• 17Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, (Acts 5:17)
;
Acts 23:6‑8• 6But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.
7And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was divided.
8For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.
(Acts 23:6‑8)
tempting.
a sign.
Matt. 12:38‑39• 38Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
39But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
(Matt. 12:38‑39)
;
Mark 8:11‑13• 11And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him.
12And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation.
13And he left them, and entering into the ship again departed to the other side.
(Mark 8:11‑13)
;
Luke 11:16,29‑30• 16And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.
29And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.
(Luke 11:16,29‑30)
;
Luke 12:54‑56• 54And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
55And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.
56Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
(Luke 12:54‑56)
;
John 6:30‑31• 30They said therefore unto him, What sign showest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
(John 6:30‑31)
;
1 Cor. 1:22• 22For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: (1 Cor. 1:22)
 In the language employed by the Holy Ghost, there is only a shade of difference between the words unbelief and disobedience. The former is the root of which the latter is the fruit. Having shown us the gross systematic violation of God's law, even by those who were religious leaders in Israel, and having convicted them of it, a deeper principle is now brought out, All that disobedience Godward flowed from unbelief of Himself, and, consequently, misapprehension of their own moral condition. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 a wide chasm separated the Sadducees and Pharisees. Those were the freethinkers of the day; these the champions who stood up for ordinances and the authority of the law. But both joined to tempt Jesus. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 But such is unbelief, that it can go into the presence of the full manifestation of God, can gaze at a light brighter than the sun at noonday, and there and then ask God to give a farthing candle. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

+
1
And the Pharisees and Sadducees, coming to him, asked him, tempting him, to shew them a sign out of heaven.

W. Kelly Translation

+
1
And the Pharisees and Sadducees, coming to [him], asked him, tempting [him], to show them a sign out of heavena .

WK Translation Notes

+
a
heaven: (sky) The inspired writers use the two phrases "heaven," and "the heavens" with distinctness of purpose. Thus it is always in Matthew "the kingdom of the heavens," Yet the evangelist uses the singular form in chapter 5:18, 34; 6:10, 20, 26; 8:20; 11:23, 25; 13:32; 14:19; 16:1, 2, 3 (if 2,3 be genuine); 18:18 twice (19:21 being doubtful perhaps); 21:25 twice; 22:30; 23:22; 24:29, 30 twice, 35; 26:64; 28:2, 18.

WK Verse Note

+
(Note: Words in italics have been inserted from the J. N. Darby translation where the W. Kelly translation doesn’t exist.)