Matt. 16:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

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The Pharisees
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Pharisaios (Greek #5330)
a separatist, i.e. exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary
KJV usage: Pharisee.
Pronounce: far-is-ah'-yos
Origin: of Hebrew origin (compare 06567)
also
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
with
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the Sadducees
Saddoukaios (Greek #4523)
a Sadducaean (i.e. Tsadokian), or follower of a certain heretical Israelite
KJV usage: Sadducee.
Pronounce: sad-doo-kah'-yos
Origin: probably from 4524
came
proserchomai (Greek #4334)
to approach, i.e. (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to
KJV usage: (as soon as he) come (unto), come thereunto, consent, draw near, go (near, to, unto).
Pronounce: pros-er'-khom-ahee
Origin: from 4314 and 2064 (including its alternate)
, and tempting
peirazo (Greek #3985)
to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline
KJV usage: assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
Pronounce: pi-rad'-zo
Origin: from 3984
desired
eperotao (Greek #1905)
to ask for, i.e. inquire, seek
KJV usage: ask (after, questions), demand, desire, question.
Pronounce: ep-er-o-tah'-o
Origin: from 1909 and 2065
him
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
that he would show
epideiknumi (Greek #1925)
to exhibit (physically or mentally)
KJV usage: shew.
Pronounce: ep-ee-dike'-noo-mee
Origin: from 1909 and 1166
them
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
a sign
semeion (Greek #4592)
an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally
KJV usage: miracle, sign, token, wonder.
Pronounce: say-mi'-on
Origin: neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of 4591
h from
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
heaven
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
ouranos (Greek #3772)
the sky; by extension, heaven (as the abode of God); by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel (Christianity)
KJV usage: air, heaven(-ly), sky.
Pronounce: oo-ran-os'
Origin: perhaps from the same as 3735 (through the idea of elevation)
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Cross References

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1-4:  The Pharisees require a sign.
5-12:  Jesus warns his disciples of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
13-15:  The people's opinion of Christ,
16-20:  and Peter's confession of him.
21-22:  Jesus foretells his death;
23:  reproves Peter for dissuading him from it;
24-28:  and admonishes those that will follow him, to bear the cross.
Pharisees.
Sadducees.
Matt. 16:6,11• 6Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
11How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?
(Matt. 16:6,11)
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Matt. 3:7‑8• 7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
8Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:
(Matt. 3:7‑8)
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Matt. 22:23• 23The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, (Matt. 22:23)
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Mark 12:18• 18Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, (Mark 12:18)
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Luke 20:27• 27Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, (Luke 20:27)
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Acts 4:1• 1And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, (Acts 4:1)
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Acts 5:17• 17Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, (Acts 5:17)
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Acts 23:6‑8• 6But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.
7And when he had so said, there arose a dissension between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the multitude was divided.
8For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.
(Acts 23:6‑8)
tempting.
a sign.
Matt. 12:38‑39• 38Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
39But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
(Matt. 12:38‑39)
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Mark 8:11‑13• 11And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him.
12And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation.
13And he left them, and entering into the ship again departed to the other side.
(Mark 8:11‑13)
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Luke 11:16,29‑30• 16And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.
29And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.
(Luke 11:16,29‑30)
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Luke 12:54‑56• 54And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
55And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.
56Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
(Luke 12:54‑56)
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John 6:30‑31• 30They said therefore unto him, What sign showest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
(John 6:30‑31)
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1 Cor. 1:22• 22For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: (1 Cor. 1:22)

J. N. Darby Translation

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And the Pharisees and Sadducees, coming to him, asked him, tempting him, to shew them a sign out of heaven.