Rom. 5:14 KJV (With Strong’s)

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14
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Nevertheless
alla (Greek #235)
properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations)
KJV usage: and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
Pronounce: al-lah'
Origin: neuter plural of 243
death
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
thanatos (Greek #2288)
(properly, an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: X deadly, (be...) death.
Pronounce: than'-at-os
Origin: from 2348
reigned
basileuo (Greek #936)
to rule (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: king, reign.
Pronounce: bas-il-yoo'-o
Origin: from 935
m from
apo (Greek #575)
"off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative)
KJV usage: (X here-)after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for(-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-)on(-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.
Pronounce: apo'
Origin: a primary particle
Adam
Adam (Greek #76)
Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative)
KJV usage: Adam.
Pronounce: ad-am'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (0121)
to
mechri (Greek #3360)
as far as, i.e. up to a certain point (as a preposition, of extent (denoting the terminus, whereas 891 refers especially to the space of time or place intervening) or conjunction)
KJV usage: till, (un-)to, until.
Pronounce: mekh'-ree
Origin: or μεχρίς (mekh-ris') from 3372
Moses
Moseus (Greek #3475)
(04872); Moseus, Moses, or Mouses (i.e. Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver
KJV usage: Moses.
Pronounce: moce-yoos'
Origin: or Μωσῆς (mo-sace'), or Μωϋσῆς (mo-oo-sace') of Hebrew origin
, even
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
over
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
them that had
hamartano (Greek #264)
properly, to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), i.e. (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin
KJV usage: for your faults, offend, sin, trespass.
Pronounce: ham-ar-tan'-o
Origin: perhaps from 1 (as a negative particle) and the base of 3313
not
me (Greek #3361)
(adverb) not, (conjunction) lest; also (as an interrogative implying a negative answer (whereas 3756 expects an affirmative one)) whether
KJV usage: any but (that), X forbear, + God forbid, + lack, lest, neither, never, no (X wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without. Often used in compounds in substantially the same relations. See also 3362, 3363, 3364, 3372, 3373, 3375, 3378.
Pronounce: may
Origin: a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas 3756 expresses an absolute denial)
sinned
hamartano (Greek #264)
properly, to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), i.e. (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin
KJV usage: for your faults, offend, sin, trespass.
Pronounce: ham-ar-tan'-o
Origin: perhaps from 1 (as a negative particle) and the base of 3313
after
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
the similitude
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
homoioma (Greek #3667)
a form; abstractly, resemblance
KJV usage: made like to, likeness, shape, similitude.
Pronounce: hom-oy'-o-mah
Origin: from 3666
of
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
parabasis (Greek #3847)
violation
KJV usage: breaking, transgression.
Pronounce: par-ab'-as-is
Origin: from 3845
Adam’s
Adam (Greek #76)
Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative)
KJV usage: Adam.
Pronounce: ad-am'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (0121)
transgression
parabasis (Greek #3847)
violation
KJV usage: breaking, transgression.
Pronounce: par-ab'-as-is
Origin: from 3845
, who
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
is
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
thep figure
tupos (Greek #5179)
a die (as struck), i.e. (by implication) a stamp or scar; by analogy, a shape, i.e. a statue, (figuratively) style or resemblance; specially, a sampler ("type"), i.e. a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning)
KJV usage: en-(ex-)ample, fashion, figure, form, manner, pattern, print.
Pronounce: too'-pos
Origin: from 5180
of him that was to come
mello (Greek #3195)
to intend, i.e. be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation)
KJV usage: about, after that, be (almost), (that which is, things, + which was for) to come, intend, was to (be), mean, mind, be at the point, (be) ready, + return, shall (begin), (which, that) should (after, afterwards, hereafter) tarry, which was for, will, would, be yet.
Pronounce: mel'-lo
Origin: a strengthened form of 3199 (through the idea of expectation)
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More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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death.
Rom. 5:17,21• 17For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
21That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
(Rom. 5:17,21)
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Gen. 4:8• 8And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. (Gen. 4:8)
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Gen. 5:5‑31• 5And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
6And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:
7And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:
8And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
9And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:
10And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters:
11And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
12And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaleel:
13And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:
14And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.
15And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:
16And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:
17And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died.
18And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:
19And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
20And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.
21And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:
22And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
23And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:
24And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
25And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech:
26And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:
27And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.
28And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:
29And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord hath cursed.
30And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:
31And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.
(Gen. 5:5‑31)
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Gen. 7:22• 22All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. (Gen. 7:22)
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Gen. 19:25• 25And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. (Gen. 19:25)
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Ex. 1:6• 6And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. (Ex. 1:6)
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Heb. 9:27• 27And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: (Heb. 9:27)
even.
who is the figure.Or "type (pattern, or resemblance, [tupos ,]) of him who was to come," i.e., THE MESSIAH.
Mr. Baxter remarks, It is indeed interesting to compare, on Scripture authority, Adam as the root of sin and death to all, with CHRIST, who is to all true Christians the root of holiness and life.
 Men, between Adam and Moses, when there was no question of a law, as there was both before and after that interval, died just the same-sin reigned. (Romans 5:12-21 by J.N. Darby)
 Adam had received a direct (oral) command from God (Gen. 2:16-17), so his disobedience was a definite transgression. (The Doctrine of DeliveranceFrom Sin by B. Anstey)
 Paul's point here is that, regardless of whether there was a stated law or not, sin was in the world, and this can be proved by the fact that death held its sway over the entire race during that time. (The Doctrine of DeliveranceFrom Sin by B. Anstey)
 Paul then says that Adam is a "figure of Him that was to come" (vs. 14b). This refers to Christ. It shows that He is also an Adam-that is, the head of a race of men. (The Doctrine of DeliveranceFrom Sin by B. Anstey)

J. N. Darby Translation

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14
but death reignedd from Adam until Moses, even upon those who had not sinned ine the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him to come.

JND Translation Notes

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d
Or "has reigned," aorist.
e
Or "according to." "Sinned after" is not the sense here. It refers to Hos. 6.7, "They, like Adam, have transgressed the covenant." this of Israel. But they who had no law did not. The point here is the form or character in or with which anything happens; that which gives it its character.

W. Kelly Translation

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14
but death reigned from Adam till Moses even over those that had not sinned in the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a figure of the coming [one1].

WK Translation Notes

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1
the coming [one]: I am surprised Mr. Green should understand τοῦ μέλλοντος "of the future;" for the context points unequivocally to a person, and to one person only, Christ, not to time coming merely. (Bible Treasury 7:152, Notes on Romans, p.73)