1 Cor. 10:16 KJV (With Strong’s)

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16
The cup
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
poterion (Greek #4221)
a drinking-vessel; by extension, the contents thereof, i.e. a cupful (draught); figuratively, a lot or fate
KJV usage: cup.
Pronounce: pot-ay'-ree-on
Origin: neuter of a derivative of the alternate of 4095
of blessing
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
eulogia (Greek #2129)
fine speaking, i.e. elegance of language; commendation ("eulogy"), i.e. (reverentially) adoration; religiously, benediction; by implication, consecration; by extension, benefit or largess
KJV usage: blessing (a matter of) bounty (X -tifully), fair speech.
Pronounce: yoo-log-ee'-ah
Origin: from the same as 2127
which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
we bless
eulogeo (Greek #2127)
to speak well of, i.e. (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper)
KJV usage: bless, praise.
Pronounce: yoo-log-eh'-o
Origin: from a compound of 2095 and 3056
, is it
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
not
ouchi (Greek #3780)
not indeed
KJV usage: nay, not.
Pronounce: oo-khee'
Origin: intensive of 3756
the communion
koinonia (Greek #2842)
partnership, i.e. (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction
KJV usage: (to) communicate(-ation), communion, (contri-)distribution, fellowship.
Pronounce: koy-nohn-ee'-ah
Origin: from 2844
of the blood
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
haima (Greek #129)
blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed, also kindred
KJV usage: blood.
Pronounce: hah'-ee-mah
Origin: of uncertain derivation
of Christ
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Christos (Greek #5547)
anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus
KJV usage: Christ.
Pronounce: khris-tos'
Origin: from 5548
? The bread
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
artos (Greek #740)
bread (as raised) or a loaf
KJV usage: (shew-)bread, loaf.
Pronounce: ar'-tos
Origin: from 142
which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
we break
klao (Greek #2806)
to break (specially, of bread)
KJV usage: break.
Pronounce: klah'-o
Origin: a primary verb
, is it
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
not
ouchi (Greek #3780)
not indeed
KJV usage: nay, not.
Pronounce: oo-khee'
Origin: intensive of 3756
the communion
koinonia (Greek #2842)
partnership, i.e. (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction
KJV usage: (to) communicate(-ation), communion, (contri-)distribution, fellowship.
Pronounce: koy-nohn-ee'-ah
Origin: from 2844
of the body
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
soma (Greek #4983)
the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively
KJV usage: bodily, body, slave.
Pronounce: so'-mah
Origin: from 4982
of Christ
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Christos (Greek #5547)
anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus
KJV usage: Christ.
Pronounce: khris-tos'
Origin: from 5548
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More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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cup.
1 Cor. 10:21• 21Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. (1 Cor. 10:21)
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1 Cor. 11:23‑29• 23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
24And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
25After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
26For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.
27Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
28But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
29For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
(1 Cor. 11:23‑29)
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Matt. 26:26‑28• 26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
27And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
(Matt. 26:26‑28)
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Mark 14:22‑25• 22And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
23And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it.
24And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.
25Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.
(Mark 14:22‑25)
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Luke 22:19‑20• 19And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
20Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
(Luke 22:19‑20)
the communion of the blood.
1 Cor. 10:20• 20But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. (1 Cor. 10:20)
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1 Cor. 1:9• 9God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. (1 Cor. 1:9)
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1 Cor. 12:13• 13For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. (1 Cor. 12:13)
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John 6:53‑58• 53Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
54Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
55For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
56He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
57As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
58This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
(John 6:53‑58)
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Heb. 3:14• 14For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end; (Heb. 3:14)
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1 John 1:3,7• 3That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
7But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
(1 John 1:3,7)
The bread.
 There is association and communion through the table of which we partake with that which is on it. (1 Corinthians 10 by J.N. Darby)
 In speaking of blessing the cup, there is no thought of an individual consecrating the elements according to the ideas of corrupt Christendom. The apostle says, "we" bless, "we" break, and "we" partake. It is an act of thanksgiving in which all who partake have their part. (1 Corinthians 10 by H. Smith)
 By our taking "the cup of blessing" we express our communion one with another in the efficacy of the blood of Christ, and at the same time avow our identification with all the value of that blood before God. (1 Corinthians 10:16)
 When we partake of the one loaf, we express our communion one with another, as members of the one body, in the sacrifice of the body of Christ (for it is the actual body of Christ, offered through the Eternal Spirit without spot to God, to which reference is here made); and we also avow our identification, as known by faith, with all the sweet savor of that sacrifice before God. (1 Corinthians 10:16)
 The apostle ... maintains the principle of partaking in an evil which you may not yourself do, and especially in things sacred….It is in vain to plead that the heart is not in what one allows outwardly, not only on moral grounds but because it slights Christ and ignores Satan's wiles. (Notes on 1 Corinthians 10:12-22 by W. Kelly)
 He begins his appeal with that which had the deepest meaning as to Christ; he leaves for the next place what most impressively conveys the fellowship of the saints with Christ as one body. It is so viewed as to compare it best with the peace offerings of Israel and the sacrifices of the heathen. Fellowship there is in each. The worshippers share in common what distinguishes them from all others. In the church's case it is the blood and body of Christ. (Notes on 1 Corinthians 10:12-22 by W. Kelly)
 Together we bless the cup, together we break the bread in thanksgiving before Him who has blessed us beyond all thought; and herein is communion. (Notes on 1 Corinthians 10:12-22 by W. Kelly)
 For this cup we can bless, or give thanks. In speaking of blessing the cup, there is no thought of an individual consecrating the elements according to the ideas of corrupt Christendom. The apostle says, "we" bless, "we" break, and "we" partake. It is an act of thanksgiving in which all who partake have their part. (1 Corinthians 10 by H. Smith)
 In partaking of the loaf we express two great truths. First, in the broken loaf—"the bread which we break"—we set forth the great truth that we have part in Christ's death, His body given for us. Secondly, in the unbroken loaf we have a symbol of the mystical body of Christ, which includes every true believer, and, in partaking of the "one bread", we set forth our identification with the one body of which Christ is the Head and all believers members. (1 Corinthians 10 by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

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16
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communionf of the blood of the Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communiona of the body of the Christ?

JND Translation Notes

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f
Or "fellowship," koinonia, as ch. 1.9; Acts 2.42.
a
Or "fellowship," koinonia, as ch. 1.9; Acts 2.42.

W. Kelly Translation

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16
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not fellowship with the blood of the Christ? The loaf which we break, is it not fellowship with the body of the Christ1?

WK Translation Notes

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1
blessing: It is not that εὐλογέω is exactly equivalent to εὐχαριστέω, but clearly they can be used to a certain extent interchangeably; they express with a shade of difference the self-same act, neither prayer for a miracle nor the form of effecting one, but very simply a benediction or thanksgiving. If our ordinary food be sanctified by the word of God and prayer, who could think of the supper of the Lord without blessing and thanksgiving? (Notes on 1 Cor, p.163)
is it: ἐστίν, stands before τοῦ αἴμ. in ABP, etc., and before τοῦ σ. A, etc., contrary to all the rest. (Notes on 1 Cor., p.160)