1 Peter 1:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

Petros (Greek #4074)
a (piece of) rock (larger than 3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle
KJV usage: Peter, rock. Compare 2786.
Pronounce: pet'-ros
Origin: apparently a primary word
, an apostle
apostolos (Greek #652)
a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ("apostle") (with miraculous powers)
KJV usage: apostle, messenger, he that is sent.
Pronounce: ap-os'-tol-os
Origin: from 649
of Jesus
Iesous (Greek #2424)
Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites
KJV usage: Jesus.
Pronounce: ee-ay-sooce'
Origin: of Hebrew origin (03091)
Christos (Greek #5547)
anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus
KJV usage: Christ.
Pronounce: khris-tos'
Origin: from 5548
, to the strangers
parepidemos (Greek #3927)
an alien alongside, i.e. a resident foreigner
KJV usage: pilgrim, stranger.
Pronounce: par-ep-id'-ay-mos
Origin: from 3844 and the base of 1927
scatteredb throughout
diaspora (Greek #1290)
dispersion, i.e. (specially and concretely) the (converted) Israelite resident in Gentile countries
KJV usage: (which are) scattered (abroad).
Pronounce: dee-as-por-ah'
Origin: from 1289
Pontos (Greek #4195)
Pontus, a region of Asia Minor
KJV usage: Pontus.
Pronounce: pon'-tos
Origin: a sea
, Galatia
Galatia (Greek #1053)
Galatia, a region of Asia
KJV usage: Galatia.
Pronounce: gal-at-ee'-ah
Origin: of foreign origin
, Cappadocia
Kappadokia (Greek #2587)
Cappadocia, a region of Asia Minor
KJV usage: Cappadocia.
Pronounce: kap-pad-ok-ee'-ah
Origin: of foreign origin
, Asia
Asia (Greek #773)
Asia, i.e. Asia Minor, or (usually) only its western shore
KJV usage: Asia.
Pronounce: as-ee'-ah
Origin: of uncertain derivation
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
Bithunia (Greek #978)
Bithynia, a region of Asia
KJV usage: Bithynia.
Pronounce: bee-thoo-nee'-ah
Origin: of uncertain derivation
eklektos (Greek #1588)
select; by implication, favorite
KJV usage: chosen, elect.
Pronounce: ek-lek-tos'
Origin: from 1586

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1-9:  He blesses God for his manifold spiritual graces;
10-12:  shewing that the salvation in Christ is no news, but a thing prophesied of old;
13-25:  and exhorts them accordingly to a godly conversation, forasmuch as they are now born anew by the word of God.
1 Peter 2:11• 11Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul; (1 Peter 2:11)
Acts 2:5‑11• 5And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
6Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
7And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galileans?
8And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
9Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
10Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
11Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
(Acts 2:5‑11)
Eph. 2:12,19• 12That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
19Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
(Eph. 2:12,19)
Heb. 11:13• 13These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. (Heb. 11:13)
Lev. 26:33• 33And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. (Lev. 26:33)
Deut. 4:27• 27And the Lord shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither the Lord shall lead you. (Deut. 4:27)
Deut. 28:64• 64And the Lord shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. (Deut. 28:64)
Deut. 32:26• 26I said, I would scatter them into corners, I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men: (Deut. 32:26)
Esther 3:8• 8And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them. (Esther 3:8)
Psa. 44:11• 11Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen. (Psa. 44:11)
Ezek. 6:8• 8Yet will I leave a remnant, that ye may have some that shall escape the sword among the nations, when ye shall be scattered through the countries. (Ezek. 6:8)
John 7:35• 35Then said the Jews among themselves, Whither will he go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles? (John 7:35)
John 11:52• 52And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. (John 11:52)
Acts 8:4• 4Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word. (Acts 8:4)
James 1:1• 1James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. (James 1:1)
Acts 6:9• 9Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. (Acts 6:9)
Acts 16:6• 6Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, (Acts 16:6)
Acts 19:10• 10And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks. (Acts 19:10)
Acts 20:16‑18• 16For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
17And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.
18And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons,
(Acts 20:16‑18)
1 Cor. 16:19• 19The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house. (1 Cor. 16:19)
2 Cor. 1:8• 8For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life: (2 Cor. 1:8)
2 Tim. 1:15• 15This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes. (2 Tim. 1:15)
Rev. 1:11• 11Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. (Rev. 1:11)
 "The dispersion" is a phrase evidently familiar to the Jews, which first occurs in John 7:35, and clearly means the Jews dispersed among the Greeks or Gentiles. (1 Peter 1:1 by W. Kelly)
 Out of the Jewish people, when the apostle wrote, God is choosing to a heavenly calling by the faith of Him Whom the nation rejected and God has glorified on high. They are His present election while the heavens receive the Lord Jesus. To these only does Peter here write (1 Peter 1:1 by W. Kelly)
 It is the more remarkable, because, as we know, the churches throughout Asia Minor had been founded by the Apostle Paul and consisted largely of those who had been Gentiles. The delicate consideration of Peter is the more striking, because he directs his appeals throughout a part of that land to those Christian Jews who fell under his administration. Needless to say, his instruction in no way clashed with that which Paul had preached, taught, and written to them, whether Jews or Gentiles. (1 Peter 1:1 by W. Kelly)
 were elect pilgrims. The world of man's home was not theirs, nor yet was Canaan, but heaven, yea the Father's house above. (1 Peter 1:1 by W. Kelly)
 It presents Christians, and in particular Christians among the Jews, as pilgrims and strangers on earth. The conduct suited to such is more largely developed than the doctrine. The Lord Jesus, who was Himself a pilgrim and a stranger here, is presented as a pattern in more than one aspect. (1 Peter 1 by J.N. Darby)
 The first {epistle} gives the government of God in favor of believers, the second in the judgment of the wicked. (1 Peter 1 by J.N. Darby)
 It was Paul who traversed these lands and evangelized the Jews while carrying the Gospel to the Gentiles; so Peter exercised his ministry towards them by pen and ink. (1 Peter: Introduction by F.B. Hole)
 It is a definitely pastoral epistle. Peter manifests throughout it his shepherd care for the spiritual well-being of those to whom he wrote. (1 Peter: Introduction by F.B. Hole)
 He quotes plentifully from the Old Testament; but beyond this, almost every sentence contains an allusion to the ancient Scriptures, and it is the catching of these allusions that so greatly helps in the understanding of the Epistle. (1 Peter: Introduction by F.B. Hole)
  “sojourners of the dispersion,” to people who were a standing witness to the fact that the Jew had forfeited his ancient privileges (1 Peter 1 by F.B. Hole)

J. N. Darby Translation

Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ, to the sojournerse of the dispersion of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

JND Translation Notes

As ch. 2.11; Heb. 11.13.

W. Kelly Translation

Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ to elect sojourners scattered through Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia1,

WK Translation Notes

[whole verse]: 1:1,2 in the Revised Version, may be given in a form that suits English readers; but the strict force is, "Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ, to pilgrims (or sojourners) of dispersion, of (or in) Pontus etc. elect according to foreknowledge of God [the] Father, by sanctification of [the] Spirit, unto obedience and blood-sprinkling of Jesus Christ." The absence of the article is intended, though no doubt our tongue does not admit of the omission so uniformly as the Greek. These are the Israel of God, not Gentiles (to correct a frequently perverted scripture), however truly the latter may partake in the same blessing; but Gentiles are not addressed in the greeting only the christian remnant of Jews in the designated quarter of Asia Minor. (Bible Treasury 15:62)
^ apostle: Our language is not so lacking in power to characterize that it should be necessary to introduce "a" or "the" where Greek does not. Thus Peter, "apostle of Jesus Christ" is really more expressive and correct than "an" apostle. Of course a similar remark applies to 2 Cor. 1:1, Gal. 1:1, Eph. 1:1, Col. 1:1, 1 and 2 Tim. 1:1, Tit. 1:1, Phil. 1:1, Jas. 1:1, if not to Rom. 1:1, and 1 Cor. 1:1, where the context modifies. 2 Peter 1:1 and Jude 1 have nothing to render the indefinite article needful. (Bible Treasury 14:78)
^ elect ^: "to the elect who are sojourners" is surely to go beyond the text which speaks only of "elect sojourners" dispersed in Pontus, etc. (Bible Treasury 14:78)