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Isaiah 48

Isa. 48:4 KJV (With Strong’s)

Because I knew
da`ath (Hebrew #1847)
KJV usage: cunning, (ig-)norantly, know(-ledge), (un-)awares (wittingly).
Pronounce: dah'-ath
Origin: from 3045
that thou art βobstinate
qasheh (Hebrew #7186)
severe (in various applications)
KJV usage: churlish, cruel, grievous, hard((-hearted), thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough(-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff((necked)), stubborn, + in trouble.
Pronounce: kaw-sheh'
Origin: from 7185
, and thy neck
`oreph (Hebrew #6203)
the nape or back of the neck (as declining); hence, the back generally (whether literal or figurative)
KJV usage: back ((stiff-)neck((-ed).
Pronounce: o-ref'
Origin: from 6202
i is an iron
barzel (Hebrew #1270)
iron (as cutting); by extension, an iron implement
KJV usage: (ax) head, iron.
Pronounce: bar-zel'
Origin: perhaps from the root of 1269
giyd (Hebrew #1517)
a thong (as compressing); by analogy, a tendon
KJV usage: sinew.
Pronounce: gheed
Origin: probably from 1464
, and thy brow
metsach (Hebrew #4696)
the forehead (as open and prominent)
KJV usage: brow, forehead, + impudent.
Pronounce: may'-tsakh
Origin: from an unused root meaning to be clear, i.e. conspicuous
nchuwshah (Hebrew #5154)
feminine of 5153; copper
KJV usage: brass, steel. Compare 5176.
Pronounce: nekh-oo-shaw'
Origin: or nchushah {nekh-oo-shaw'}

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Cross References

I knew.
Heb. hard.
and they.
Ex. 32:9• 9And the Lord said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: (Ex. 32:9)
Ex. 33:3,5• 3Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.
5For the Lord had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
(Ex. 33:3,5)
Deut. 10:16• 16Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked. (Deut. 10:16)
Deut. 31:27• 27For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the Lord; and how much more after my death? (Deut. 31:27)
2 Kings 17:14• 14Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the Lord their God. (2 Kings 17:14)
2 Chron. 30:8• 8Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the Lord, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the Lord your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you. (2 Chron. 30:8)
2 Chron. 36:13• 13And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel. (2 Chron. 36:13)
Neh. 9:16‑17,28• 16But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments,
17And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not.
28But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
(Neh. 9:16‑17,28)
Psa. 75:5• 5Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck. (Psa. 75:5)
Prov. 29:1• 1He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy. (Prov. 29:1)
Jer. 7:26• 26Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers. (Jer. 7:26)
Jer. 19:15• 15Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their necks, that they might not hear my words. (Jer. 19:15)
Zech. 7:12• 12Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the Lord of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the Lord of hosts. (Zech. 7:12)
Acts 7:51• 51Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. (Acts 7:51)
thy brow.

J. N. Darby Translation

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brassh,

JND Translation Notes

Or "bronze."