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Isaiah 63

Isa. 63:3 KJV (With Strong’s)

I have trodden
darak (Hebrew #1869)
to tread; by implication, to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending)
KJV usage: archer, bend, come, draw, go (over), guide, lead (forth), thresh, tread (down), walk.
Pronounce: daw-rak'
Origin: a primitive root
the winepress
puwrah (Hebrew #6333)
a wine-press (as crushing the grapes)
KJV usage: winepress.
Pronounce: poo-raw'
Origin: from 6331
alone; and of the people
`am (Hebrew #5971)
a people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock
KJV usage: folk, men, nation, people.
Pronounce: am
Origin: from 6004
there was none
'iysh (Hebrew #376)
a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation)
KJV usage: also, another, any (man), a certain, + champion, consent, each, every (one), fellow, (foot-, husband-)man, (good-, great, mighty) man, he, high (degree), him (that is), husband, man(-kind), + none, one, people, person, + steward, what (man) soever, whoso(-ever), worthy. Compare 802.
Pronounce: eesh
Origin: contracted for 582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant)
with me: for I will tread
darak (Hebrew #1869)
to tread; by implication, to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending)
KJV usage: archer, bend, come, draw, go (over), guide, lead (forth), thresh, tread (down), walk.
Pronounce: daw-rak'
Origin: a primitive root
them in mine anger
'aph (Hebrew #639)
properly, the nose or nostril; hence, the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire
KJV usage: anger(-gry), + before, countenance, face, + forebearing, forehead, + (long-)suffering, nose, nostril, snout, X worthy, wrath.
Pronounce: af
Origin: from 599
, and trample
ramac (Hebrew #7429)
to tread upon (as a potter, in walking or abusively)
KJV usage: oppressor, stamp upon, trample (under feet), tread (down, upon).
Pronounce: raw-mas'
Origin: a primitive root
them in my fury
chemah (Hebrew #2534)
from 3179; heat; figuratively, anger, poison (from its fever)
KJV usage: anger, bottles, hot displeasure, furious(-ly, -ry), heat, indignation, poison, rage, wrath(- ful). See 2529.
Pronounce: khay-maw'
Origin: or (Dan. 11:44) chemaC {khay-maw'}
; and their blood
Netsach (Hebrew #5332)
juice of the grape (as blood red)
KJV usage: blood, strength.
Pronounce: nay'-tsakh
Origin: probably identical with 5331, through the idea of brilliancy of color
shall be sprinkled
nazah (Hebrew #5137)
to spirt, i.e. besprinkle (especially in expiation)
KJV usage: sprinkle.
Pronounce: naw-zaw'
Origin: a primitive root
upon my garments
beged (Hebrew #899)
a covering, i.e. clothing; also treachery or pillage
KJV usage: apparel, cloth(-es, ing), garment, lap, rag, raiment, robe, X very (treacherously), vesture, wardrobe.
Pronounce: behg'-ed
Origin: from 898
, and I will stain
ga'al (Hebrew #1351)
to soil or (figuratively) desecrate
KJV usage: defile, pollute, stain.
Pronounce: gaw-al'
Origin: a primitive root, (rather identified with 1350, through the idea of freeing, i.e. repudiating)
all my raiment
malbuwsh (Hebrew #4403)
from 3847; a garment, or (collectively) clothing
KJV usage: apparel, raiment, vestment.
Pronounce: mal-boosh'
Origin: or malbush {mal-boosh'}

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

and of the people.The very remarkable passage contained in the first six verses of this chapter seems in a manner detached from the rest, and to stand by itself; containing a prophetical representation of the victories of the Messiah over the enemies of his church, here designated by the names of Edom and Bozrah.
Though, as Bp. Lowth observes, this prophecy must have its accomplishment, there is no necessity for supposing that it has been already accomplished.
There are prophecies which intimate a great slaughter of the enemies of God and his people, which remain to be fulfilled:
those in Eze ch. 38, and Re ch. 20 are called Gog and Magog.
This prophecy of Isaiah may possibly refer to the same, or the like event.and trample.
Isa. 63:6• 6And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth. (Isa. 63:6)
Isa. 34:2‑5• 2For the indignation of the Lord is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter.
3Their slain also shall be cast out, and their stink shall come up out of their carcases, and the mountains shall be melted with their blood.
4And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.
5For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.
(Isa. 34:2‑5)
2 Kings 9:33• 33And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her under foot. (2 Kings 9:33)
Ezek. 38:18‑22• 18And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord God, that my fury shall come up in my face.
19For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;
20So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.
21And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord God: every man's sword shall be against his brother.
22And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
(Ezek. 38:18‑22)
Mic. 7:10• 10Then she that is mine enemy shall see it, and shame shall cover her which said unto me, Where is the Lord thy God? mine eyes shall behold her: now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets. (Mic. 7:10)
Zech. 10:5• 5And they shall be as mighty men, which tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the Lord is with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded. (Zech. 10:5)
 The harvest is discriminating judgment, there are tares and wheat. The winepress is the destructive judgment of vengeance. In the former there will be two in one bed, one taken and another left, but the winepress is simple wrath, as Isaiah 63. So in Revelation 14. (John 7 by J.N. Darby)
 The figure of treading “the winepress” is employed in verse 3, and the same figure is used in the closing verses of Revelation 14. It evidently indicates judgment of a wholesale and unsparing kind. (Isaiah 63 by F.B. Hole)

J. N. Darby Translation

I have trodden the winepress alone, and of the peoples not a man was with me; and I have trodden them in mine anger, and trampled them in my furyd; and their bloode is sprinkled upon my garments, and I have stained all mine apparel.

JND Translation Notes

As "hot displeasure," Ps. 38.1.
Lit. "juice," alluding to the winepress.