Matt. 16:18 KJV (With Strong’s)

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18
And
de (Greek #1161)
but, and, etc.
KJV usage: also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
Pronounce: deh
Origin: a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
I
kago (Greek #2504)
so also the dative case κἀμοί (kam-oy'), and accusative case κἀμέ (kam-eh') and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me
KJV usage: (and, even, even so, so) I (also, in like wise), both me, me also.
Pronounce: kag-o'
Origin: from 2532 and 1473
say
lego (Greek #3004)
properly, to "lay" forth, i.e. (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas 2036 and 5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while 4483 is properly to break silence merely, and 2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean
KJV usage: ask, bid, boast, call, describe, give out, name, put forth, say(-ing, on), shew, speak, tell, utter.
Pronounce: leg'-o
Origin: a primary verb
also
kago (Greek #2504)
so also the dative case κἀμοί (kam-oy'), and accusative case κἀμέ (kam-eh') and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me
KJV usage: (and, even, even so, so) I (also, in like wise), both me, me also.
Pronounce: kag-o'
Origin: from 2532 and 1473
unto thee
soi (Greek #4671)
to thee
KJV usage: thee, thine own, thou, thy.
Pronounce: soy
Origin: dative case of 4771
, That
hoti (Greek #3754)
demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because
KJV usage: as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.
Pronounce: hot'-ee
Origin: neuter of 3748 as conjunction
thou
su (Greek #4771)
thou
KJV usage: thou. See also 4571, 4671, 4675; and for the plural 5209, 5210, 5213, 5216.
Pronounce: soo
Origin: the person pronoun of the second person singular
art
ei (Greek #1488)
thou art
KJV usage: art, be.
Pronounce: i
Origin: second person singular present of 1510
Peter
Petros (Greek #4074)
a (piece of) rock (larger than 3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle
KJV usage: Peter, rock. Compare 2786.
Pronounce: pet'-ros
Origin: apparently a primary word
u, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
v upon
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
this
houtos (Greek #3778)
the he (she or it), i.e. this or that (often with article repeated)
KJV usage: he (it was that), hereof, it, she, such as, the same, these, they, this (man, same, woman), which, who.
Pronounce: hoo'-tos
Origin: οὗτοι (hoo'-toy), nominative feminine singular αὕτη (how'-tay), and nominative feminine plural αὕται (how'-tahee) from the article 3588 and 846
rock
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
petra (Greek #4073)
a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: rock.
Pronounce: pet'-ra
Origin: feminine of the same as 4074
I will build
oikodomeo (Greek #3618)
to be a house-builder, i.e. construct or (figuratively) confirm
KJV usage: (be in) build(-er, -ing, up), edify, embolden.
Pronounce: oy-kod-om-eh'-o
Origin: from the same as 3619
my
mou (Greek #3450)
of me
KJV usage: I, me, mine (own), my.
Pronounce: moo
Origin: the simpler form of 1700
church
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
ekklesia (Greek #1577)
a calling out, i.e. (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both)
KJV usage: assembly, church.
Pronounce: ek-klay-see'-ah
Origin: from a compound of 1537 and a derivative of 2564
; and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the gates
pule (Greek #4439)
a gate, i.e. the leaf or wing of a folding entrance (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: gate.
Pronounce: poo'-lay
Origin: apparently a primary word
x of hell
haides (Greek #86)
properly, unseen, i.e. "Hades" or the place (state) of departed souls
KJV usage: grave, hell.
Pronounce: hah'-dace
Origin: from 1 (as negative particle) and 1492
shall
katischuo (Greek #2729)
to overpower
KJV usage: prevail (against).
Pronounce: kat-is-khoo'-o
Origin: from 2596 and 2480
not
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
prevaily against
katischuo (Greek #2729)
to overpower
KJV usage: prevail (against).
Pronounce: kat-is-khoo'-o
Origin: from 2596 and 2480
it
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
.

Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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thou.
upon.
I will.
my.
Matt. 18:17• 17And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. (Matt. 18:17)
;
Acts 2:47• 47Praising God, and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. (Acts 2:47)
;
Acts 8:1• 1And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. (Acts 8:1)
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Eph. 3:10• 10To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, (Eph. 3:10)
;
Eph. 5:25‑27,32• 25Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
26That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
27That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
32This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
(Eph. 5:25‑27,32)
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Col. 1:18• 18And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. (Col. 1:18)
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1 Tim. 3:5,15• 5(For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)
15But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
(1 Tim. 3:5,15)
and the.
Gen. 22:17• 17That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; (Gen. 22:17)
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2 Sam. 18:4• 4And the king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by thousands. (2 Sam. 18:4)
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Job 38:17• 17Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death? (Job 38:17)
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Psa. 9:13• 13Have mercy upon me, O Lord; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death: (Psa. 9:13)
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Psa. 69:12• 12They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards. (Psa. 69:12)
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Psa. 107:18• 18Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death. (Psa. 107:18)
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Psa. 127:5• 5Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate. (Psa. 127:5)
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Prov. 24:7• 7Wisdom is too high for a fool: he openeth not his mouth in the gate. (Prov. 24:7)
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Isa. 28:6• 6And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate. (Isa. 28:6)
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Isa. 38:10• 10I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years. (Isa. 38:10)
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1 Cor. 15:55• 55O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? (1 Cor. 15:55)
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1 Cor. 15•  (1 Cor. 15)
:*marg:
shall not.
Psa. 125:1‑2• 1<<A Song of degrees.>> They that trust in the Lord shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth for ever.
2As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his people from henceforth even for ever.
(Psa. 125:1‑2)
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Isa. 54:17• 17No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord. (Isa. 54:17)
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John 10:27‑30• 27My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
28And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
29My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
30I and my Father are one.
(John 10:27‑30)
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Rom. 8:33‑39• 33Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth.
34Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
35Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
37Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
38For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
39Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
(Rom. 8:33‑39)
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Heb. 12:28• 28Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: (Heb. 12:28)
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Rev. 11:15• 15And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. (Rev. 11:15)
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Rev. 21:1‑4• 1And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
2And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
3And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
4And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
(Rev. 21:1‑4)
 He gives Simon a new name. As God had given to Abraham, Sarah, etc., because of some fresh manifestation of Himself, so does the Son of God. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 What rock? The confession Peter had made that Jesus was the Son of the living God. On this the Church is built. Israel was governed by a law; the Church is raised on a solid and imperishable and divine foundation — on the person of the Son of the living God. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 Thou art Peter — thou art a stone: a man that derivest thy name from this Rock on which the Church is built. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 It is not, I have been building; but I will build My Church. He had not built it yet, nor begun to build it: it was altogether new. (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)
 Clearly something that He was going to erect upon the confession that He was the Son of the living God, whom death could not conquer, but only give occasion to the shining forth of His glory by resurrection. "Upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hades" — the power of death — "shall not prevail against it." (Remarks on Matthew 16:1-19 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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18
And *I* also, I say unto thee that *thou* art Peterh, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and hades’ gatesi shall not prevail against it.

JND Translation Notes

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h
"A stone."
i
Or "gates of hades." These words are rather in a remarkable manner without the article, giving the character of the power rather than a particular object before the mind.