1 Peter 2:23 KJV (With Strong’s)

ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
, when he was reviled
loidoreo (Greek #3058)
to reproach, i.e. vilify
KJV usage: revile.
Pronounce: loy-dor-eh'-o
Origin: from 3060
, reviled
antiloidoreo (Greek #486)
to rail in reply
KJV usage: revile again.
Pronounce: an-tee-loy-dor-eh'-o
Origin: from 473 and 3058
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
antiloidoreo (Greek #486)
to rail in reply
KJV usage: revile again.
Pronounce: an-tee-loy-dor-eh'-o
Origin: from 473 and 3058
; when he suffered
pascho (Greek #3958)
to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful)
KJV usage: feel, passion, suffer, vex.
Pronounce: pas'-kho
Origin: πάθω (path'-o), and πένθω (pen'-tho), used only in certain tenses for it apparently a primary verb
, he threatened
apeileo (Greek #546)
to menace; by implication, to forbid
KJV usage: threaten.
Pronounce: ap-i-leh'-o
Origin: of uncertain derivation
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
; but
de (Greek #1161)
but, and, etc.
KJV usage: also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
Pronounce: deh
Origin: a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
paradidomi (Greek #3860)
to surrender, i.e yield up, intrust, transmit
KJV usage: betray, bring forth, cast, commit, deliver (up), give (over, up), hazard, put in prison, recommend.
Pronounce: par-ad-id'-o-mee
Origin: from 3844 and 1325
μhimself to him that judgeth
krino (Greek #2919)
by implication, to try, condemn, punish
KJV usage: avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think.
Pronounce: kree'-no
Origin: properly, to distinguish, i.e. decide (mentally or judicially)
d righteously
dikaios (Greek #1346)
KJV usage: justly, (to) righteously(-ness).
Pronounce: dik-ah'-yoce
Origin: adverb from 1342

Cross References

when he was.
Psa. 38:12‑14• 12They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.
13But I, as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a dumb man that openeth not his mouth.
14Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs.
(Psa. 38:12‑14)
Isa. 53:7• 7He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. (Isa. 53:7)
Matt. 27:39‑44• 39And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,
40And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.
41Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,
42He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.
43He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
44The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
(Matt. 27:39‑44)
Mark 14:60‑61• 60And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
61But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?
(Mark 14:60‑61)
Mark 15:29‑32• 29And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,
30Save thyself, and come down from the cross.
31Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.
32Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
(Mark 15:29‑32)
Luke 22:64‑65• 64And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
65And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.
(Luke 22:64‑65)
Luke 23:9,34‑39• 9Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing.
34Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
35And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.
36And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
37And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.
38And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
39And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
(Luke 23:9,34‑39)
John 8:48‑49• 48Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?
49Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honor my Father, and ye do dishonor me.
(John 8:48‑49)
John 19:9‑11• 9And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
10Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?
11Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
(John 19:9‑11)
Acts 8:32‑35• 32The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so opened he not his mouth:
33In his humiliation his judgment was taken away: and who shall declare his generation? for his life is taken from the earth.
34And the eunuch answered Philip, and said, I pray thee, of whom speaketh the prophet this? of himself, or of some other man?
35Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus.
(Acts 8:32‑35)
Heb. 12:3• 3For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. (Heb. 12:3)
or, his cause.
Gen. 18:25• 25That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? (Gen. 18:25)
Psa. 7:11• 11God judgeth the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every day. (Psa. 7:11)
Psa. 96:13• 13Before the Lord: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth. (Psa. 96:13)
Acts 17:31• 31Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. (Acts 17:31)
Rom. 2:5• 5But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; (Rom. 2:5)
2 Thess. 1:5• 5Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer: (2 Thess. 1:5)
2 Tim. 4:8• 8Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. (2 Tim. 4:8)
Rev. 19:11• 11And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. (Rev. 19:11)

J. N. Darby Translation

who, when reviled, reviled not again; when suffering, threatened not; but gave himself over intoi the hands of him who judges righteously;

JND Translation Notes

The Greek means to deliver up into the hands of another, not committing a wrong to another to vindicate. The sense must be "gave himself up to, suffered all, as accepting all from his hand." gave himself up to take whatever he sent who would in the end righteously judge. It has the sense of committing any one to the care of another. See Acts 14.26; 15.40. "committed." Compare John 19.30. "delivered up."

W. Kelly Translation

who when reviled did not again revile, when suffering did not threaten, but gave over to him that judgeth righteously1;

WK Translation Notes

gave over: It has not been shown as far as I am aware that the word παρεδ. admits of the reflexive sense, good as it would seem in itself, that is, of meaning "gave himself over." Hence various modes of supplying the ellipse have been proposed. But why should it not be rendered, though a little rugged, as it seems used, absolutely? So we find in Mark 4:29, where there seems no need of rendering, "is brought forth" or "provided." Why not "should permit"? See Pind. P. v.4; and Demosth. 1394.23 even for the aorist; which A. Buttmann oddly denies. The present, etc. are common as in Herod. vii.15; Xen. Anab. vi. 4,34; Isocr. 106C.; Polyb. xxii.24,9, as given by Liddell and Scott. (Epist. of Peter, p.165)
gave over ^: The Americans [correctors of the RV] rightly reject the supply "of them" (with Alford) or "things" (with Huther, etc.), and adhere with the Revisers to the Authorized Version with Wiclif and Rhemish. Tyndale gave here "the cause" (Pesh. Syr.), Cranmer "the vengeance," Geneva "the punishment." (Bible Treasury 15:63)