1 Peter 5:2 KJV (With Strong’s)

ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
poimaino (Greek #4165)
to tend as a shepherd of (figuratively, superviser)
KJV usage: feed (cattle), rule.
Pronounce: poy-mah'-ee-no
Origin: from 4166
f the flock
poimnion (Greek #4168)
a flock, i.e. (figuratively) group (of believers)
KJV usage: flock.
Pronounce: poym'-nee-on
Origin: neuter of a presumed derivative of 4167
of God
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
βwhich is among
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
humin (Greek #5213)
to (with or by) you
KJV usage: ye, you, your(-selves).
Pronounce: hoo-min'
Origin: irregular dative case of 5210
, taking the oversight
episkopeo (Greek #1983)
to oversee; by implication, to beware
KJV usage: look diligently, take the oversight.
Pronounce: ep-ee-skop-eh'-o
Origin: from 1909 and 4648
thereof, not
me (Greek #3361)
(adverb) not, (conjunction) lest; also (as an interrogative implying a negative answer (whereas 3756 expects an affirmative one)) whether
KJV usage: any but (that), X forbear, + God forbid, + lack, lest, neither, never, no (X wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without. Often used in compounds in substantially the same relations. See also 3362, 3363, 3364, 3372, 3373, 3375, 3378.
Pronounce: may
Origin: a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas 3756 expresses an absolute denial)
by constraint
anagkastos (Greek #317)
KJV usage: by constraint.
Pronounce: an-ang-kas-toce'
Origin: adverb from a derivative of 315
, but
alla (Greek #235)
properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations)
KJV usage: and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
Pronounce: al-lah'
Origin: neuter plural of 243
hekousios (Greek #1596)
KJV usage: wilfully, willingly.
Pronounce: hek-oo-see'-ose
Origin: adverb from the same as 1595
h; not
mede (Greek #3366)
but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor
KJV usage: neither, nor (yet), (no) not (once, so much as).
Pronounce: may-deh'
Origin: from 3361 and 1161
for filthy lucre
aischrokerdos (Greek #147)
KJV usage: for filthy lucre's sake.
Pronounce: ahee-skhrok-er-doce'
Origin: adverb from 146
i, but
alla (Greek #235)
properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations)
KJV usage: and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
Pronounce: al-lah'
Origin: neuter plural of 243
of a ready mind
prothumos (Greek #4290)
with alacrity
KJV usage: willingly.
Pronounce: proth-oo'-moce
Origin: adverb from 4289

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

Song of Sol. 1:8• 8If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents. (Song of Sol. 1:8)
Isa. 40:11• 11He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young. (Isa. 40:11)
Ezek. 34:2‑3,23• 2Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds; Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks?
3Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the flock.
23And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
(Ezek. 34:2‑3,23)
Mic. 5:4• 4And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth. (Mic. 5:4)
Mic. 7:14• 14Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old. (Mic. 7:14)
John 21:15‑17• 15So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.
16He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
17He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
(John 21:15‑17)
Acts 20:28• 28Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. (Acts 20:28)
the flock.
which is among you.
or, as much as in you is.
not by.
not for.
Isa. 56:11• 11Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter. (Isa. 56:11)
Jer. 6:13• 13For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. (Jer. 6:13)
Jer. 8:10• 10Therefore will I give their wives unto others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. (Jer. 8:10)
Mic. 3:11• 11The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the Lord, and say, Is not the Lord among us? none evil can come upon us. (Mic. 3:11)
Mal. 1:10• 10Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. (Mal. 1:10)
Acts 20:33‑34• 33I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.
34Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with me.
(Acts 20:33‑34)
2 Cor. 12:14‑15• 14Behold, the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be burdensome to you: for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children.
15And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.
(2 Cor. 12:14‑15)
1 Tim. 3:3,8• 3Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
8Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
(1 Tim. 3:3,8)
Titus 1:7,11• 7For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
11Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
(Titus 1:7,11)
2 Peter 2:3• 3And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. (2 Peter 2:3)
Rev. 18:12‑13• 12The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,
13And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.
(Rev. 18:12‑13)
 How impossible for anyone to entertain the notion of its being his flock, if he has laid hold of the thought that it is the flock of God, and that God allows us to feed it!....At the moment that He convinced him of his utter nothingness, He entrusted to him that which was dearest to Himself. (1 Peter 5 by J.N. Darby)
 {v.2-3} He is to take up his service willingly, readily, and as himself a model to the flock. The Holy Ghost who inspired these words foresaw what a tendency there would be to take up such work, either from compulsion, or for love of gain, or for desire for power and influence. (1 Peter 5 by F.B. Hole)
 Take the common misuse of Hebrews 13:17, implying that those that guide, or have the rule, have to give account of the souls who are exhorted to obey them. The truth is, that the guides are called to watch in their behalf as having to give account, not of the sheep, but of their own conduct toward them before the Lord. (1 Peter 5:1-4 by W. Kelly)
 It is not under law but grace, and the zeal of love brightened and cheered and strengthened by the crown of rejoicing in those tended, in the presence of the Lord Jesus at His coming, the contrast of base gain in this life. (1 Peter 5:1-4 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

shepherdg the flock of God which is among you, exercising oversight, not by necessity, but willingly; not for base gain, but readily;

JND Translation Notes

The aorist and characteristic. the whole conduct in this character being looked at together as constituting it. They are to act in this character, or have it by acting. It is not simply an exhortation to do it, but to acquire that character by doing it; to be so characterized; "Be shepherders."

W. Kelly Translation

Tend the flock of God that [is] among you, exercising oversight, not by necessity but willingly, not for base gain, but readily1,

WK Translation Notes

Tend [or, shepherd]: "Tend" is better, as being more comprehensive, than "feed," cf. John 21.—never to be forgotten by Peter any more than by John. (Bible Treasury 14:80)
exercising oversight... willingly ^: א B here as remarkably omit ἐπισκοποῦντες as א A P add after "willingly" κατὰ θεόν. The Revisers follow the latter in their text, the former in the margin. (Epist. of Peter, p.235)
willingly ^: the weight of authorities is rather equally divided for and against the words "according to God," in the Revised Version but not in the Authorized Version. The Rhemish has the phrase following the Vulgate, and so Wiclif ("bi God") and Cranmer "(after a Godly sorte)" in a parenthesis of italics. The Complutensian editors have it not, any more than the Vatican MS. and others; the Sin., Alex., and Porph. uncials give it. But there need be no hesitation in rejecting the American (correctors of the RV) preference of the error of the Authorized Version in Rom. 8:27, which our translators never ventured to repeat as to the same phrase in 2 Cor. 7:9,10,11, Eph. 4:24, or 1 Pet. 4:6, which is in contrast with κατ’ἅνθρωπον and really is a far different idea from and far larger than κατὰ τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ with which they would identify it. Beza influenced the Authorized Version, and Wetstein sought vainly to defend it; but the heathen, who are so unwisely quoted in that defense, could hardly be expected to understand "after a divine sort" or "character," in contrast with what suits a man. It is nature and mind rather than "will." (Bible Treasury 15:64)