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Titus 3

Titus 3:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

hupomimnesko (Greek #5279)
to remind quietly, i.e. suggest to the (middle voice, one's own) memory
KJV usage: put in mind, remember, bring to (put in) remembrance.
Pronounce: hoop-om-im-nace'-ko
Origin: from 5259 and 3403
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
in mind
hupomimnesko (Greek #5279)
to remind quietly, i.e. suggest to the (middle voice, one's own) memory
KJV usage: put in mind, remember, bring to (put in) remembrance.
Pronounce: hoop-om-im-nace'-ko
Origin: from 5259 and 3403
to be subjectz to
hupotasso (Greek #5293)
to subordinate; reflexively, to obey
KJV usage: be under obedience (obedient), put under, subdue unto, (be, make) subject (to, unto), be (put) in subjection (to, under), submit self unto.
Pronounce: hoop-ot-as'-so
Origin: from 5259 and 5021
arche (Greek #746)
(properly abstract) a commencement, or (concretely) chief (in various applications of order, time, place, or rank)
KJV usage: beginning, corner, (at the, the) first (estate), magistrate, power, principality, principle, rule.
Pronounce: ar-khay'
Origin: from 756
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
exousia (Greek #1849)
privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence
KJV usage: authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.
Pronounce: ex-oo-see'-ah
Origin: from 1832 (in the sense of ability)
, to obey magistrates
peitharcheo (Greek #3980)
to be persuaded by a ruler, i.e. (genitive case) to submit to authority; by analogy, to conform to advice
KJV usage: hearken, obey (magistrates).
Pronounce: pi-tharkh-eh'-o
Origin: from a compound of 3982 and 757
, to be
einai (Greek #1511)
to exist
KJV usage: am, was. come, is, X lust after, X please well, there is, to be, was.
Pronounce: i'-nahee
Origin: present infinitive from 1510
hetoimos (Greek #2092)
adjusted, i.e. ready
KJV usage: prepared, (made) ready(-iness, to our hand).
Pronounce: het-oy'-mos
Origin: from an old noun ἐτεός (fitness)
pros (Greek #4314)
a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. toward (with the genitive case, the side of, i.e. pertaining to; with the dative case, by the side of, i.e. near to; usually with the accusative case, the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, i.e. whither or for which it is predicated)
KJV usage: about, according to , against, among, at, because of, before, between, (where-)by, for, X at thy house, in, for intent, nigh unto, of, which pertain to, that, to (the end that), X together, to (you) -ward, unto, with(-in). In the comparative case, it denotes essentially the same applications, namely, motion towards, accession to, or nearness at.
Pronounce: pros
Origin: a strengthened form of 4253
pas (Greek #3956)
apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole
KJV usage: all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
Pronounce: pas
Origin: including all the forms of declension
agathos (Greek #18)
"good" (in any sense, often as noun)
KJV usage: benefit, good(-s, things), well. Compare 2570.
Pronounce: ag-ath-os'
Origin: a primary word
ergon (Greek #2041)
toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act
KJV usage: deed, doing, labour, work.
Pronounce: er'-gon
Origin: from a primary (but obsolete) ἔργω (to work)

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1-9:  Titus is yet further directed by Paul, both concerning the things that he should teach and not teach.
10-11:  He is to reject obstinate heretics.
12-15:  He appoints him time and place wherein he should come unto him.
to be subject.
Deut. 17:12• 12And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the Lord thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel. (Deut. 17:12)
Prov. 24:21• 21My son, fear thou the Lord and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change: (Prov. 24:21)
Eccl. 8:2‑5• 2I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.
3Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him.
4Where the word of a king is, there is power: and who may say unto him, What doest thou?
5Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.
(Eccl. 8:2‑5)
Eccl. 10:4• 4If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences. (Eccl. 10:4)
Jer. 27:17• 17Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste? (Jer. 27:17)
Matt. 22:21• 21They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's. (Matt. 22:21)
Matt. 23:2‑3• 2Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:
3All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.
(Matt. 23:2‑3)
Rom. 13:1‑7• 1Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
2Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
3For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:
4For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
5Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
6For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.
7Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
(Rom. 13:1‑7)
1 Tim. 2:2• 2For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. (1 Tim. 2:2)
1 Peter 2:13‑17• 13Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;
14Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.
15For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:
16As free, and not using your liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.
17Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.
(1 Peter 2:13‑17)
to be ready.
Titus 3:8,14• 8This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
14And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
(Titus 3:8,14)
Titus 2:14• 14Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. (Titus 2:14)
1 Cor. 15:58• 58Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord. (1 Cor. 15:58)
Gal. 6:9‑10• 9And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
10As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.
(Gal. 6:9‑10)
Eph. 2:10• 10For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. (Eph. 2:10)
Phil. 1:11• 11Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God. (Phil. 1:11)
Col. 1:10• 10That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God; (Col. 1:10)
1 Tim. 5:10• 10Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work. (1 Tim. 5:10)
2 Tim. 2:21• 21If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honor, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work. (2 Tim. 2:21)
Heb. 13:21• 21Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. (Heb. 13:21)
 It was ordered in His providence that when the apostle wrote to the saints at Rome, one of the most cruel despots reigned: even so let every soul be in subjection to the higher authorities. The worst ruler is better than anarchy. Nevertheless it is not for this reason of utility that the word of God speaks. Whoever he may be, he is the minister of God for good. (On Titus 3:1-2 by W. Kelly)
 We are neither Jews under law, nor are we lawless Gentiles. The spirit of obedience Godward, if not always of man, it is therefore of the highest moment to inculcate. (On Titus 3:1-2 by W. Kelly)
 The saint is called not only to be a righteous man practically, but a good man. So our Lord here below went about doing good. (On Titus 3:1-2 by W. Kelly)
 Grace has banished violence, and the spirit of rebellion and resistance which agitates the heart of those who believe not, and which has its source in the self-will that strives to maintain its own rights relatively to others. (Titus 3 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

Put them in mind to be subject to rulers, to authorities, to be obedient to rule, to be ready to do every good work,

W. Kelly Translation

Put them in mind to be in subjection to principalitiesa, to authorities; to obeyb, to be ready for every good work,

WK Translation Notes

The more ancient MSS. omit the copulative "and."
There is no sufficient reason to translate "to obey magistrates," as in the KJV. On the contrary this is to lose an exhortation by making it a mere repetition of the former clause. The word peitharchein is to obey, in general.