1 Sam. 22:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

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1
David
David (Hebrew #1732)
Daviyd {daw-veed'}; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse
KJV usage: David.
Pronounce: daw-veed'
Origin: rarely (fully)
therefore departed
yalak (Hebrew #3212)
to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively, to carry (in various senses)
KJV usage: X again, away, bear, bring, carry (away), come (away), depart, flow, + follow(-ing), get (away, hence, him), (cause to, made) go (away, -ing, -ne, one's way, out), grow, lead (forth), let down, march, prosper, + pursue, cause to run, spread, take away ((-journey)), vanish, (cause to) walk(-ing), wax, X be weak.
Pronounce: yaw-lak'
Origin: a primitive root (compare 1980)
thence, and escaped
malat (Hebrew #4422)
properly, to be smooth, i.e. (by implication) to escape (as if by slipperiness); causatively, to release or rescue; specifically, to bring forth young, emit sparks
KJV usage: deliver (self), escape, lay, leap out, let alone, let go, preserve, save, X speedily, X surely.
Pronounce: maw-lat'
Origin: a primitive root
n to the cave
m`arah (Hebrew #4631)
a cavern (as dark)
KJV usage: cave, den, hole.
Pronounce: meh-aw-raw'
Origin: from 5783
Adullam
`Adullam (Hebrew #5725)
Adullam, a place in Palestine
KJV usage: Adullam.
Pronounce: ad-ool-lawm'
Origin: probably from the passive participle of the same as 5724
o: and when his brethren
'ach (Hebrew #251)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1))
KJV usage: another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other. Compare also the proper names beginning with "Ah-" or "Ahi-".
Pronounce: awkh
Origin: a primitive word
and all his father’s
'ab (Hebrew #1)
father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application)
KJV usage: chief, (fore-)father(-less), X patrimony, principal. Compare names in "Abi-".
Pronounce: awb
Origin: a primitive word
house
bayith (Hebrew #1004)
a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.)
KJV usage: court, daughter, door, + dungeon, family, + forth of, X great as would contain, hangings, home(born), (winter)house(-hold), inside(-ward), palace, place, + prison, + steward, + tablet, temple, web, + within(-out).
Pronounce: bah'-yith
Origin: probably from 1129 abbreviated
heard
shama` (Hebrew #8085)
to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.)
KJV usage: X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear(-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim(-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever (heareth), witness.
Pronounce: shaw-mah'
Origin: a primitive root
it, they went down
yarad (Hebrew #3381)
a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications): --X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come(-ing) down, fall (down), get down, go(-ing) down(-ward), hang down, X indeed, let down, light (down), put down (off), (cause to, let) run down, sink, subdue, take down.
Pronounce: yaw-rad'
thither to him.

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Cross References

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1-2:  Companies resort unto David at Adullam.
3-4:  At Mizpeh he commends his parents unto the king of Moab.
5:  Admonished by Gad, he comes to Hareth.
6-8:  Saul going to pursue him, complains of his servants' unfaithfulness.
9-10:  Doeg accuses Ahimelech.
11-16:  Saul commands to kill the priests.
17-19:  The footmen refusing, Doeg executes it.
20-23:  Abiathar escaping, brings David the news.
David.
the cave.
Adullam.Adullam was a city of Judah; and, according to Eusebius, ten miles (Jerome says eleven) eastward from Eleutheropolis.

J. N. Darby Translation

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And David departed thence, and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And his brethren and all his father’s house heard it, and they went down thither to him.