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1 Samuel 22

1 Sam. 22:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

David (Hebrew #1732)
Daviyd {daw-veed'}; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse
KJV usage: David.
Pronounce: daw-veed'
Origin: rarely (fully)
therefore departed
yalak (Hebrew #3212)
to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively, to carry (in various senses)
KJV usage: X again, away, bear, bring, carry (away), come (away), depart, flow, + follow(-ing), get (away, hence, him), (cause to, made) go (away, -ing, -ne, one's way, out), grow, lead (forth), let down, march, prosper, + pursue, cause to run, spread, take away ((-journey)), vanish, (cause to) walk(-ing), wax, X be weak.
Pronounce: yaw-lak'
Origin: a primitive root (compare 1980)
thence, and escaped
malat (Hebrew #4422)
properly, to be smooth, i.e. (by implication) to escape (as if by slipperiness); causatively, to release or rescue; specifically, to bring forth young, emit sparks
KJV usage: deliver (self), escape, lay, leap out, let alone, let go, preserve, save, X speedily, X surely.
Pronounce: maw-lat'
Origin: a primitive root
n to the cave
m`arah (Hebrew #4631)
a cavern (as dark)
KJV usage: cave, den, hole.
Pronounce: meh-aw-raw'
Origin: from 5783
`Adullam (Hebrew #5725)
Adullam, a place in Palestine
KJV usage: Adullam.
Pronounce: ad-ool-lawm'
Origin: probably from the passive participle of the same as 5724
o: and when his brethren
'ach (Hebrew #251)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1))
KJV usage: another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other. Compare also the proper names beginning with "Ah-" or "Ahi-".
Pronounce: awkh
Origin: a primitive word
and all his father’s
'ab (Hebrew #1)
father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application)
KJV usage: chief, (fore-)father(-less), X patrimony, principal. Compare names in "Abi-".
Pronounce: awb
Origin: a primitive word
bayith (Hebrew #1004)
a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.)
KJV usage: court, daughter, door, + dungeon, family, + forth of, X great as would contain, hangings, home(born), (winter)house(-hold), inside(-ward), palace, place, + prison, + steward, + tablet, temple, web, + within(-out).
Pronounce: bah'-yith
Origin: probably from 1129 abbreviated
shama` (Hebrew #8085)
to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.)
KJV usage: X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear(-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim(-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever (heareth), witness.
Pronounce: shaw-mah'
Origin: a primitive root
it, they went down
yarad (Hebrew #3381)
a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications): --X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come(-ing) down, fall (down), get down, go(-ing) down(-ward), hang down, X indeed, let down, light (down), put down (off), (cause to, let) run down, sink, subdue, take down.
Pronounce: yaw-rad'
thither to him.

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1-2:  Companies resort unto David at Adullam.
3-4:  At Mizpeh he commends his parents unto the king of Moab.
5:  Admonished by Gad, he comes to Hareth.
6-8:  Saul going to pursue him, complains of his servants' unfaithfulness.
9-10:  Doeg accuses Ahimelech.
11-16:  Saul commands to kill the priests.
17-19:  The footmen refusing, Doeg executes it.
20-23:  Abiathar escaping, brings David the news.
the cave.
Adullam.Adullam was a city of Judah; and, according to Eusebius, ten miles (Jerome says eleven) eastward from Eleutheropolis.
 That is where he composed the beautiful Psalm 142, which expresses the feelings filling his soul in his solitude. (1 Samuel 22 by H.L. Rossier)
 David, a type of the rejected Christ, becomes a center of attraction for his brothers. His family, all his relatives, gather themselves around him. (1 Samuel 22 by H.L. Rossier)

J. N. Darby Translation

And David departed thence, and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And his brethren and all his father’s house heard it, and they went down thither to him.