2 Peter 1:19 KJV (With Strong’s)

+
19
*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
We have
echo (Greek #2192)
(used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition)
KJV usage: be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.
Pronounce: ekh'-o
Origin: σχέω (skheh'-o)
also
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
a
logos (Greek #3056)
something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ)
KJV usage: account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say(-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work.
Pronounce: log'-os
Origin: from 3004
more sure
bebaios (Greek #949)
stable (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: firm, of force, stedfast, sure.
Pronounce: beb'-ah-yos
Origin: from the base of 939 (through the idea of basality)
word
logos (Greek #3056)
something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ)
KJV usage: account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say(-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work.
Pronounce: log'-os
Origin: from 3004
of prophecy
prophetikos (Greek #4397)
pertaining to a foreteller ("prophetic")
KJV usage: of prophecy, of the prophets.
Pronounce: prof-ay-tik-os'
Origin: from 4396
; whereunto
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
ye do
poieo (Greek #4160)
to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct)
KJV usage: abide, + agree, appoint, X avenge, + band together, be, bear, + bewray, bring (forth), cast out, cause, commit, + content, continue, deal, + without any delay, (would) do(-ing), execute, exercise, fulfil, gain, give, have, hold, X journeying, keep, + lay wait, + lighten the ship, make, X mean, + none of these things move me, observe, ordain, perform, provide, + have purged, purpose, put, + raising up, X secure, shew, X shoot out, spend, take, tarry, + transgress the law, work, yield. Compare 4238.
Pronounce: poy-eh'-o
Origin: apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary
well
kalos (Greek #2573)
well (usually morally)
KJV usage: (in a) good (place), honestly, + recover, (full) well.
Pronounce: kal-oce'
Origin: adverb from 2570
that ye take heed
prosecho (Greek #4337)
(figuratively) to hold the mind (3563 implied) towards, i.e. pay attention to, be cautious about, apply oneself to, adhere to
KJV usage: (give) attend(-ance, -ance at, -ance to, unto), beware, be given to, give (take) heed (to unto); have regard.
Pronounce: pros-ekh'-o
Origin: from 4314 and 2192
, as unto
hos (Greek #5613)
which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows)
KJV usage: about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.
Pronounce: hoce
Origin: probably adverb of comparative from 3739
a light
luchnos (Greek #3088)
a portable lamp or other illuminator (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: candle, light.
Pronounce: lookh'-nos
Origin: from the base of 3022
b that shineth
phaino (Greek #5316)
to lighten (shine), i.e. show (transitive or intransitive, literal or figurative)
KJV usage: appear, seem, be seen, shine, X think.
Pronounce: fah'-ee-no
Origin: prolongation for the base of 5457
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
a
topos (Greek #5117)
a spot (general in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas 5561 is a large but participle locality), i.e. location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively, condition, opportunity; specially, a scabbard
KJV usage: coast, licence, place, X plain, quarter, + rock, room, where.
Pronounce: top'-os
Origin: apparently a primary word
dark
auchmeros (Greek #850)
properly, dirty, i.e. (by implication) obscure
KJV usage: dark.
Pronounce: owkh-may-ros'
Origin: from αὐχμός (probably from a base akin to that of 109) (dust, as dried by wind)
place
topos (Greek #5117)
a spot (general in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas 5561 is a large but participle locality), i.e. location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively, condition, opportunity; specially, a scabbard
KJV usage: coast, licence, place, X plain, quarter, + rock, room, where.
Pronounce: top'-os
Origin: apparently a primary word
, until
heos (Greek #2193)
a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place)
KJV usage: even (until, unto), (as) far (as), how long, (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to, while(-s).
Pronounce: heh'-oce
Origin: of uncertain affinity
*
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
the day
hemera (Greek #2250)
day, i.e. (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively, a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context)
KJV usage: age, + alway, (mid-)day (by day, (-ly)), + for ever, judgment, (day) time, while, years.
Pronounce: hay-mer'-ah
Origin: feminine (with 5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι (to sit; akin to the base of 1476) meaning tame, i.e. gentle
dawn
diaugazo (Greek #1306)
to glimmer through, i.e. break (as day)
KJV usage: dawn.
Pronounce: dee-ow-gad'-zo
Origin: from 1223 and 826
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
the day star
phosphoros (Greek #5459)
light-bearing ("phosphorus"), i.e. (specially), the morning-star (figuratively)
KJV usage: day star.
Pronounce: foce-for'-os
Origin: from 5457 and 5342
d arise
anatello (Greek #393)
to (cause to) arise
KJV usage: (a-, make to) rise, at the rising of, spring (up), be up.
Pronounce: an-at-el'-lo
Origin: from 303 and the base of 5056
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
your
humon (Greek #5216)
of (from or concerning) you
KJV usage: ye, you, your (own, -selves).
Pronounce: hoo-mone'
Origin: genitive case of 5210
hearts
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kardia (Greek #2588)
the heart, i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle
KJV usage: (+ broken-)heart(-ed).
Pronounce: kar-dee'-ah
Origin: prolonged from a primary κάρ (Latin cor, "heart")
:

Cross References

+

Ministry on This Verse

+
a more.
Psa. 19:7‑9• 7The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.
8The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes.
9The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
(Psa. 19:7‑9)
;
Isa. 8:20• 20To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. (Isa. 8:20)
;
Isa. 41:21‑23,26• 21Produce your cause, saith the Lord; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.
22Let them bring them forth, and show us what shall happen: let them show the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.
23Show the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold it together.
26Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous? yea, there is none that showeth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.
(Isa. 41:21‑23,26)
;
Luke 16:29‑31• 29Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.
30And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.
31And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
(Luke 16:29‑31)
;
John 5:39• 39Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. (John 5:39)
;
Acts 17:11• 11These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. (Acts 17:11)
ye do.
a light.
Psa. 119:105• 105NUN. Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. (Psa. 119:105)
;
Prov. 6:23• 23For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life: (Prov. 6:23)
;
Isa. 9:2• 2The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. (Isa. 9:2)
;
Isa. 60:1‑2• 1Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.
2For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
(Isa. 60:1‑2)
;
Matt. 4:16• 16The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. (Matt. 4:16)
;
Luke 1:78‑79• 78Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
79To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
(Luke 1:78‑79)
;
John 1:7‑9• 7The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
8He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
9That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
(John 1:7‑9)
;
John 5:35• 35He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light. (John 5:35)
;
John 8:12• 12Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. (John 8:12)
;
Eph. 5:7‑8• 7Be not ye therefore partakers with them.
8For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
(Eph. 5:7‑8)
the day.
 "daylight" such as the gospel of grace sheds when clearly apprehended, chasing away all legal dimness and anxieties. Still less is "day-star's arising in your hearts" to be confounded with its actual manifestation, any more than the order suits either matter of fact or prophecy. Its import is spiritual. (2 Peter 1:19 by W. Kelly)
 It is now an unseen victory which faith beholds in Christ raised from among the dead and seated on His Father's throne, and in Christians united to Him on high by the Spirit sent here below, whilst they suffer on the earth as their Master did (His atoning death excepted), not of the world as He was not. It will not be so on that day when Christ will appear and sit on His own throne, and they shall reign with Him, who now suffer with Him, if not also for Him. (2 Peter 1:19 by W. Kelly)
 "till day dawn and a (or, the) morning star arise in your hearts." That is to say, till they apprehend with enjoyment the bright heavenly relationship which Christianity fully understood gives us now in Christ, and the heavenly hope of His coming to introduce us into the Father's house. The prophetic lamp is good to help us against the squalid place; but how much more is "daylight" in Christ to lift us above the world in all our associations of faith, and the bright hope, Christ as Morning Star, which He not only is, but has promised to give the overcomer (2 Peter 1:19 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

+
19
And we have the prophetic word made surer, to which ye do well taking heed (as to a lamp shining in an obscure place) until the day dawn and the morning star arise in your hearts;

W. Kelly Translation

+
19
aAnd we have the prophetic word firmer, to which ye do well in paying heed, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until day dawn and amorning star arise in your hearts;

WK Translation Notes

+
a
[whole verse]: 19 is given much better by the Revisers, the inspired contrast of the lamp of prophecy with daylight dawning and the day or morning star arising in the heart being clearly given. (Bible Treasury 14:95)
in your hearts: It was lack of understanding the apostle, which led two men of learning in our day to subject his language to a violence repudiated by all the versions ancient and modern of any worth at all known. Both boldly strove to cut the connection of the words which have been specified as giving the true force, but each in a different way: one, by a parenthesis, so as to bring "ye take heed" into line with "in your hearts"; the other, by joining "in your hearts" with "knowing this first." There is no need to expose particularly the absurdity of either device, which most readers of intelligence will not fail to judge as equally unfounded, as they are due to inability in their authors to enter into the mind of the Spirit in the passage. Nor was that inability confined to those who invented their respective beds of Procrustes for torturing the text into the sense of their preference. One has only to glance over the conflict of opinion among the commentators of note to convince any enquirer that the key was quickly lost; and that neither hoary tradition nor modern pretension offers any satisfactory solution. ("The Heavenly Hope," Three Prophetic Gems, p.44-45)
in your hearts: Therefore I do most strenuously oppose the petty efforts that have been made to sever the expression "in our hearts" from this verse. It is a sorrow to see them, and to know that any Christians could be influenced by them. Only this morning I was looking at a book in which there was a most misleading parenthesis introduced, as if the meaning were, "Ye do well to take heed in your hearts" from "the day dawn and the day-star arise." What can one call this but abominable?
There is another way also in which I have seen the truth sought to be destroyed, by connecting "in your hearts" with "knowing this first," contrary to all analogy of Peter or any one else, and in fact without the smallest reason, but with the evident object of obliterating for the heart the value of the heavenly hope. Such dealings with the text I cannot characterize as mistakes only, but as unwarrantable meddling with the word of God. There is not the slightest foundation for either the one punctuation or the other. The English version is perfectly correct in this at least. (ref. missing)
in your hearts: It seems due to truth to guard the unsuspecting reader, that he cannot trust the text of this important scripture (2 Pet. 1:19), given as that of Scholz either in the beautifully printed English Hexapla, Bagster's 1841, or in their Critical New Testament, Greek and English, without date. Here lies Dr. F.M.A. Scholz's own edition, 4to Lipsiae, 1836, which presents the words of the apostle Peter, as they are in every other Greek Testament known to me from Erasmus and the Complutensian down to the Critical Edition of Westcott & Hort, and the manual of Dr. Sanday's Lloyd, and of Eberhard Nestle. The punctuation is the same in all Scholz's text is wholly departed from by parenthetical marks, which force a meaning strange to every editor save him who invented it. For he thus compels the sense, if it has any sense, of a parenthesis beginning with ὠς and ending with ἀνατείγῃ. The consequence is to dislocate the immediate link of "in your hearts" with the day star "arising" there. This is destructive, as others have judged, to the express aim of the Holy Spirit, and completely mars the feeling so eminently in keeping with the writer's fervor. Every spiritual mind, one might think, must answer to the apostle's meaning as usually read, and as it is explained above. What at present could move the affections like the gospel's daylight dawning, and the heavenly hope, Christ as day star arising in the heart? What a bright object to win and fix the soul on! What is the effect of the violence done to this passage? To substitute the heart's attention to the prophetic word, distracting it from the gospel daylight, and from the Lord Himself as our hope. Now the saints do well in paying heed to prophecy; but the heart's allegiance and love are due to Christ Himself; and this is exactly annulled by the strange severance here perpetrated. The doer of it falsified, in my judgment, the truth of God, as decidedly as he played false by giving a turn to Scholz's text quite foreign to it. He might at his own peril so deal with his own Edition of the Epistle; but he had no honest title to falsify another man's.
Another, who naturally seemed dissatisfied with this effort, suggested a different manipulation, and would join "in our hearts" with the words that follow. His sense therefore runs, "in your hearts knowing this first, that no prophecy," etc. But who does not perceive the incongruity of the connection, especially in giving this emphasis from so unusual a collocation to "in our hearts" for such an object? Both went out of the plain path of truth to a ditch on either side, and, in equal insensibility to what they did not appreciate, give us nothing but barrenness instead of the rich fruit of the Spirit to fill our hearts with food and gladness.
Presumably either change sprang from the desire to divert the passage from the heart's enjoyment now, which was not understood, to the actual fulfillment of the day of the Lord. But this is to alienate its real character and aim, and to lose what God has given: the heavenly light in general and the Christian's hope meanwhile, truths which had never been learned from God. ("The Coming, and the Day, of the Lord," Three Prophetic Gems, p.7, Bible Treasury N4:232, see also Bible Treasury 18:286-7)