2 Sam. 23:8 KJV (With Strong’s)

These be the names
shem (Hebrew #8034)
an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character
KJV usage: + base, (in-)fame(-ous), named(-d), renown, report.
Pronounce: shame
Origin: a primitive word (perhaps rather from 7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare 8064)
of the mighty men
gibbowr (Hebrew #1368)
intensive from the same as 1397; powerful; by implication, warrior, tyrant
KJV usage: champion, chief, X excel, giant, man, mighty (man, one), strong (man), valiant man.
Pronounce: ghib-bore'
Origin: or (shortened) gibbor {ghib-bore'}
whom David
David (Hebrew #1732)
Daviyd {daw-veed'}; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse
KJV usage: David.
Pronounce: daw-veed'
Origin: rarely (fully)
had: φThe Tachmonite
Tachkmoniy (Hebrew #8461)
sagacious; Tachkemoni, an Israelite
KJV usage: Tachmonite.
Pronounce: takh-kem-o-nee'
Origin: probably for 2453
that sat
yashab (Hebrew #3427)
properly, to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry
KJV usage: (make to) abide(-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell(-ing), ease self, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit(-ant), make to keep (house), lurking, X marry(-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set(- tle), (down-)sit(-down, still, -ting down, -ting (place) -uate), take, tarry.
Pronounce: yaw-shab'
Origin: a primitive root
in the seat
Yosheb (Hebrew #3429)
sitting in the seat; Josheb-bash-Shebeth, an Israelite
KJV usage: that sat in the seat.
Pronounce: bash-Shebeth
Origin: from the active participle of 3427 and 7674, with a preposition and the article interposed
shebeth (Hebrew #7675)
properly, session; but used also concretely, an abode or locality
KJV usage: place, seat. Compare 3429.
Pronounce: sheh'-beth
Origin: infinitive of 3427
, chief
ro'sh (Hebrew #7218)
the head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.)
KJV usage: band, beginning, captain, chapiter, chief(-est place, man, things), company, end, X every (man), excellent, first, forefront, ((be-))head, height, (on) high(-est part, (priest)), X lead, X poor, principal, ruler, sum, top.
Pronounce: roshe
Origin: from an unused root apparently meaning to shake
among the captains
shaliysh (Hebrew #7991)
or shalosh (2 Sam. 23:13) {shaw-loshe'}; from 7969; a triple, i.e. (as a musical instrument) a triangle (or perhaps rather three-stringed lute); also (as an indefinite, great quantity) a three-fold measure (perhaps a treble ephah); also (as an officer) a general of the third rank (upward, i.e. the highest)
KJV usage: captain, instrument of musick, (great) lord, (great) measure, prince, three (from the margin).
Pronounce: shaw-leesh'
Origin: or shalowsh ( 1 Chron. 11:11; 12:18) {shaw- loshe'}
; the same was Adino
`adiynow (Hebrew #5722)
his spear
KJV usage: Adino.
Pronounce: ad-ee-no'
Origin: probably from 5719 in the original sense of slender (i.e. a spear)
the Eznite
`etsen (Hebrew #6112)
a spear
KJV usage: Eznite (from the margin).
Pronounce: ay'-tsen
Origin: from an unused root meaning to be sharp or strong
: he lift up his spear against eight
shmoneh (Hebrew #8083)
feminine shmonah {shem-o-naw'}; or shmownah {shem-o-naw'}; apparently from 8082 through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the "perfect" seven); also (as ordinal) eighth
KJV usage: eight((-een, -eenth)), eighth.
Pronounce: shem-o-neh'
Origin: or shmowneh {shem-o-neh'}
me'ah (Hebrew #3967)
properly, a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction
KJV usage: hundred((-fold), -th), + sixscore.
Pronounce: may-aw'
Origin: or metyah {may-yaw'}
, whom χhe slew
chalal (Hebrew #2491)
pierced (especially to death); figuratively, polluted
KJV usage: kill, profane, slain (man), X slew, (deadly) wounded.
Pronounce: khaw-lawl'
Origin: from 2490
at one
'echad (Hebrew #259)
properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first
KJV usage: a, alike, alone, altogether, and, any(-thing), apiece, a certain, (dai-)ly, each (one), + eleven, every, few, first, + highway, a man, once, one, only, other, some, together,
Pronounce: ekh-awd'
Origin: a numeral from 258
pa`am (Hebrew #6471)
amah {pah-am-aw'}; from 6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications, as follow)
KJV usage: anvil, corner, foot(-step), going, (hundred-)fold, X now, (this) + once, order, rank, step, + thrice, ((often-)), second, this, two) time(-s), twice, wheel.
Pronounce: pah'-am
Origin: or (feminine) pa
or, Joshebbassebet, the Tachmonite, head of the three.

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Ministry on This Verse

A.M. 2949-2989.
B.C. 1055-1015.
An. Ex. Is. 436-476.
or, Josheb-bassebet, the Tachmonite, head of the three.
It is highly probable that in this version instead of {yoshaiv bashshaiveth tachkemoni,} we should read {yoshavam ben chachmoni,} "Joshebeam, son of Hachmoni;' and instead of {hoo adino haëtzni, hoo ôrair eth chanitho,} "he lift up his spear," which are the readings in the parallel place in Chronicles, where it is also, "three hundred," instead of "eight hundred."whom he slew.
Heb. slain.
 If God honors and glorifies David, He does not forget those whom the energy of David’s faith had brought around him. (2 Samuel 22-23 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Joseb-Bassebethh, Tachkemonitei the chief of the captains: he was Adino the Eznite; he fought againstk eight hundred, slain by him at one time.

JND Translation Notes

Or "he who sits in the (first) place."
Or "the Hachmonite."
Or, as 1 Chron. 11.11, "he brandished his spear against."