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Psalm 139

Psa. 139:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

<<To the chief Musician
natsach (Hebrew #5329)
properly, to glitter from afar, i.e. to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from 5331), to be permanent
KJV usage: excel, chief musician (singer), oversee(-r), set forward.
Pronounce: naw-tsakh'
Origin: a primitive root
, A Psalm
mizmowr (Hebrew #4210)
properly, instrumental music; by implication, a poem set to notes
KJV usage: psalm.
Pronounce: miz-more'
Origin: from 2167
of David
David (Hebrew #1732)
Daviyd {daw-veed'}; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse
KJV usage: David.
Pronounce: daw-veed'
Origin: rarely (fully)
.>> O Lord
Yhovah (Hebrew #3068)
(the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God
KJV usage: Jehovah, the Lord. Compare 3050, 3069.
Pronounce: yeh-ho-vaw'
Origin: from 1961
, thou hast searched
chaqar (Hebrew #2713)
properly, to penetrate; hence, to examine intimately
KJV usage: find out, (make) search (out), seek (out), sound, try.
Pronounce: khaw-kar'
Origin: a primitive root
f me, and known
yada` (Hebrew #3045)
to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) (as follow)
KJV usage: acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, (un-)awares, can(-not), certainly, comprehend, consider, X could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be (ig-)norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have (knowledge), (be, make, make to be, make self) known, + be learned, + lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, X prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have (understanding), X will be, wist, wit, wot.
Pronounce: yaw-dah'
Origin: a primitive root

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1-16:  David praises God for his all-seeing providence;
17-18:  and for his infinite mercies.
19-22:  He defies the wicked.
23-24:  He prays for sincerity.
A.M. 2956.
B.C. 1048.
A Psalm.This Psalm is supposed to have been composed by David when made king of Israel; though some think it was written by him when accused of traitorous designs against Saul.
It is a most sublime ode on the wisdom, knowledge, presence, and justice of God:
the sentiments are grand, the style highly elevated, and the images various, beautiful, and impressive.thou hast.
Psa. 139:23• 23Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts: (Psa. 139:23)
Psa. 11:4‑5• 4The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lord's throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.
5The Lord trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth.
(Psa. 11:4‑5)
Psa. 17:3• 3Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress. (Psa. 17:3)
Psa. 44:21• 21Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. (Psa. 44:21)
1 Kings 8:39• 39Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;) (1 Kings 8:39)
1 Chron. 28:9• 9And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. (1 Chron. 28:9)
Jer. 12:3• 3But thou, O Lord, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter. (Jer. 12:3)
Jer. 17:9‑10• 9The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?
10I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.
(Jer. 17:9‑10)
John 21:17• 17He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. (John 21:17)
Heb. 4:13• 13Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. (Heb. 4:13)
Rev. 2:18,23• 18And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;
23And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
(Rev. 2:18,23)
 Book 5, Series 4. Ten tribes restored. (“The Placement of the Psalms in Prophecy” by B. Anstey)
 As the tribes near the borders of the land the Lord will cause them to be brought into the wilderness where He will search their hearts as to their reality (Ezk. 11:9-10, 20:34-38). Nothing will escape His holy eye. Various aspects of the Lord’s deity are shown in His searching them; His omniscience—Infinite in knowledge (vs. 1-6). (Book 5. by B. Anstey)
 (vv. 1-6) Psalms 138 had closed with the recognition that we are the work of God’s hands. This psalm opens with the realization that, if this is so, we must be fully known to God, and ever in His hands. Thus the first six verses speak of the omniscience of God. (Psalms 139 by H. Smith)
 But it is not without the most thorough searching out of all that we are. But this, where there is confidence, is a great grace; for He who alone can do it, and does it according to His own perfectness, does it to purify us from all inconsistent with Himself. (Practical Reflections on the Psalms: Psalms 139-143 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David. Jehovah, thou hast searched me, and known me.