Articles on

Psalm 91

Psa. 91:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

He that dwelleth
yashab (Hebrew #3427)
properly, to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry
KJV usage: (make to) abide(-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell(-ing), ease self, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit(-ant), make to keep (house), lurking, X marry(-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set(- tle), (down-)sit(-down, still, -ting down, -ting (place) -uate), take, tarry.
Pronounce: yaw-shab'
Origin: a primitive root
b in the secret
cether (Hebrew #5643)
from 5641; a cover (in a good or a bad, a literal or a figurative sense)
KJV usage: backbiting, covering, covert, X disguise(-th), hiding place, privily, protection, secret(-ly, place).
Pronounce: say'-ther
Origin: or (feminine) cithrah (Deut. 32:38), {sith-raw'}
place of the most High
'elyown (Hebrew #5945)
an elevation, i.e. (adj.) lofty (compar.); as title, the Supreme
KJV usage: (Most, on) high(-er, -est), upper(-most).
Pronounce: el-yone'
Origin: from 5927
shall βabide
luwn (Hebrew #3885)
a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain)
KJV usage: abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).
Pronounce: loon
Origin: or liyn {leen}
under the shadow
tsel (Hebrew #6738)
shade, whether literal or figurative
KJV usage: defence, shade(-ow).
Pronounce: tsale
Origin: from 6751
c of the Almighty
Shadday (Hebrew #7706)
the Almighty
KJV usage: Almighty.
Pronounce: shad-dah'-ee
Origin: from 7703

More on:


Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1-2:  The state of the godly.
3-8:  Their safety.
9-10:  Their habitation.
11-13:  Their servants.
14-16:  Their friend; with the effects of them all.
(Title.)This Psalm is supposed by some to have been composed by Moses on the same occasion as the preceding; but others think it was written by David, after his advice to his son Solomon.
1 Chron. 28:1‑21• 1And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
2Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building:
3But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
4Howbeit the Lord God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:
5And of all my sons, (for the Lord hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel.
6And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
7Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day.
8Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the Lord, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the Lord your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
9And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
10Take heed now; for the Lord hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.
11Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlors thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,
12And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the Lord, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
13Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the Lord, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the Lord.
14He gave of gold by weight for things of gold, for all instruments of all manner of service; silver also for all instruments of silver by weight, for all instruments of every kind of service:
15Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof: and for the candlesticks of silver by weight, both for the candlestick, and also for the lamps thereof, according to the use of every candlestick.
16And by weight he gave gold for the tables of showbread, for every table; and likewise silver for the tables of silver:
17Also pure gold for the fleshhooks, and the bowls, and the cups: and for the golden basons he gave gold by weight for every bason; and likewise silver by weight for every bason of silver:
18And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the Lord.
19All this, said David, the Lord made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
20And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord.
21And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at thy commandment.
(1 Chron. 28:1‑21)
Psa. 27:5• 5For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock. (Psa. 27:5)
Psa. 31:20• 20Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues. (Psa. 31:20)
Psa. 32:7• 7Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah. (Psa. 32:7)
Psa. 52:8• 8But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever. (Psa. 52:8)
Psa. 61:3‑4• 3For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy.
4I will abide in thy tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah.
(Psa. 61:3‑4)
Psa. 90:1• 1<<A Prayer of Moses the man of God.>> Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. (Psa. 90:1)
Isa. 8:14• 14And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. (Isa. 8:14)
Ezek. 11:16• 16Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord God; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come. (Ezek. 11:16)
Hos. 14:5‑6• 5I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
6His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon.
(Hos. 14:5‑6)
1 John 4:15‑16• 15Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.
16And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him.
(1 John 4:15‑16)
Heb. lodge.
Psa. 17:8• 8Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings, (Psa. 17:8)
Psa. 36:7• 7How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. (Psa. 36:7)
Psa. 57:1• 1<<To the chief Musician, Al-taschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.>> Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until these calamities be overpast. (Psa. 57:1)
Judg. 9:15• 15And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon. (Judg. 9:15)
Song of Sol. 2:3• 3As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste. (Song of Sol. 2:3)
Isa. 4:5‑6• 5And the Lord will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.
6And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.
(Isa. 4:5‑6)
Lam. 4:20• 20The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the Lord, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen. (Lam. 4:20)
 Book 4, Series 1. The Great Tribulation. (“The Placement of the Psalms in Prophecy” by B. Anstey)
 Psalm 91, on the other hand, gives the divine protection and care of the new generation (the children under 20 years of age) as they were brought along the way safely to the promised land. (Book 4. by B. Anstey)
 PSALM 91 In contrast to the previous psalm where men and women are seen falling in death and not making it through the tribulation, this psalm shows the divine care and protection the remnant will experience as they pass through that same seven year period. (Book 4. by B. Anstey)
 Four names of God are used in this psalm; “the Most High” (El Eylon), “Almighty” (El Shaddai), “LORD” (Jehovah), and “God” (Elohim), showing the infinite care God has for the protection of His own (vs. 1-2). (Book 4. by B. Anstey)
 The 90th Psalm presents mortal man in contrast to the everlasting God. The 91st Psalm presents Christ as the perfectly dependent Man in contrast to mortal man. (Psalms 91 by H. Smith)
 If Psalms 90 describes the blessedness of the dwelling place, Psalms 91 presents the blessedness of the dweller. (Psalms 91 by H. Smith)
 “He that dwelleth...shall abide.” Who can this be but Christ, the One who, in His pathway through this world, ever abode in the secret place of the Most High? He could speak of Himself as “the Son of Man which is in heaven.” He walked on earth but dwelt in heaven. (Psalms 91 by H. Smith)
 The “Most High” speaks of the absolute supremacy of God (Gen. 14:18-20). “The Almighty” speaks of absolute power (Gen. 17:1). (Psalms 91 by H. Smith)
 It takes Jehovah, as such, as God; and so he who owns that name, comes under the care of El-Shaddai for a specific performance of earthly promises in the ways of God. This is not our place; one who acted on it would deceive himself. Yet a general faith, and trust of heart founded on it, would surely be blessed. It does not take up a Father's chastenings with which the government of God connects itself. (Practical Reflections on the Psalms: Psalms 90-93 by J.N. Darby)
 It is not merely the knowledge that there is an Almighty God, who is above all things: the secret place of His true revelation of Himself must be known. This, true faith has, and confers with God there according to it. His name is revealed to faith. (Practical Reflections on the Psalms: Psalms 90-93 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most Highm shall abide under the shadow of the Almightyn.

JND Translation Notes

See Gen. 14.19; Ps. 83.18.
Shaddai. see Gen. 17.1; Ex. 6.3.