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Romans 1

Rom. 1:20 KJV (With Strong’s)

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20
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
For
gar (Greek #1063)
properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles)
KJV usage: and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.
Pronounce: gar
Origin: a primary particle
the invisible things
aoratos (Greek #517)
invisible
KJV usage: invisible (thing).
Pronounce: ah-or'-at-os
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 3707
of him
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
from
apo (Greek #575)
"off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative)
KJV usage: (X here-)after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for(-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-)on(-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.
Pronounce: apo'
Origin: a primary particle
the creation
ktisis (Greek #2937)
original formation (properly, the act; by implication, the thing, literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: building, creation, creature, ordinance.
Pronounce: ktis'-is
Origin: from 2936
of the world
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
are clearly seen
kathorao (Greek #2529)
to behold fully, i.e. (figuratively) distinctly apprehend
KJV usage: clearly see.
Pronounce: kath-or-ah'-o
Origin: from 2596 and 3708
, being understood
noieo (Greek #3539)
to exercise the mind (observe), i.e. (figuratively) to comprehend, heed
KJV usage: consider, perceive, think, understand.
Pronounce: noy-eh'-o
Origin: from 3563
by the thingsm that are made
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
poiema (Greek #4161)
a product, i.e. fabric (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: thing that is made, workmanship.
Pronounce: poy'-ay-mah
Origin: from 4160
, even *
te (Greek #5037)
both or also (properly, as correlation of 2532)
KJV usage: also, and, both, even, then, whether. Often used in composition, usually as the latter participle.
Pronounce: teh
Origin: a primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
eternal
aidios (Greek #126)
everduring (forward and backward, or forward only)
KJV usage: eternal, everlasting.
Pronounce: ah-id'-ee-os
Origin: from 104
power
dunamis (Greek #1411)
force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself)
KJV usage: ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.
Pronounce: doo'-nam-is
Origin: from 1410
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
Godhead
theiotes (Greek #2305)
divinity (abstractly)
KJV usage: godhead.
Pronounce: thi-ot'-ace
Origin: from 2304
; νso that
eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
they
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
are
einai (Greek #1511)
to exist
KJV usage: am, was. come, is, X lust after, X please well, there is, to be, was.
Pronounce: i'-nahee
Origin: present infinitive from 1510
without excuse
anapologetos (Greek #379)
indefensible
KJV usage: without an excuse, inexcusable.
Pronounce: an-ap-ol-og'-ay-tos
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of 626
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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For the.
from the.
Rom. 1:19• 19Because what is known of God is manifest among them, for God has manifested it to them, (Rom. 1:19)
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Deut. 4:19• 19and lest thou lift up thine eyes to the heavens, and see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, the whole host of heaven, and be drawn away and bow down to them and serve them, which Jehovah thy God hath assigned unto all peoples under the whole heaven. (Deut. 4:19)
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Job 31:26‑28• 26If I beheld the sun when it shone, or the moon walking in brightness,
27And my heart have been secretly enticed, so that my mouth kissed my hand:
28This also would be an iniquity for the judge, for I should have denied the *God who is above.
(Job 31:26‑28)
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Psa. 8:3• 3When I see thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and stars, which thou hast established; (Psa. 8:3)
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Psa. 33:6‑9• 6By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made, and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
7He gathereth the waters of the sea together as a heap; he layeth up the deeps in storehouses.
8Let all the earth fear Jehovah; let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.
9For *he* spoke, and it was done; *he* commanded, and it stood fast.
(Psa. 33:6‑9)
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Psa. 104:5,31• 5He laid the earth upon its foundations: it shall not be removed for ever.
31The glory of Jehovah will endure for ever; Jehovah will rejoice in his works.
(Psa. 104:5,31)
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Psa. 119:90• 90Thy faithfulness is from generation to generation: thou hast established the earth, and it standeth. (Psa. 119:90)
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Psa. 139:13• 13For thou hast possessed my reins; thou didst cover me in my mother's womb. (Psa. 139:13)
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Psa. 148:8‑12• 8Fire and hail, snow and vapour, stormy wind fulfilling his word;
9Mountains and all hills, fruit-trees and all cedars;
10Beasts and all cattle, creeping things and winged fowl;
11Kings of the earth and all peoples, princes and all judges of the earth;
12Both young men and maidens, old men with youths,--
(Psa. 148:8‑12)
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Matt. 5:45• 45that ye may be the sons of your Father who is in the heavens; for he makes his sun rise on evil and good, and sends rain on just and unjust. (Matt. 5:45)
even his.
Rom. 16:26• 26but which has now been made manifest, and by prophetic scriptures, according to commandment of the eternal God, made known for obedience of faith to all the nations-- (Rom. 16:26)
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Gen. 21:33• 33And Abraham planted a tamarisk in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah, the Eternal *God. (Gen. 21:33)
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Deut. 33:27• 27Thy refuge is the God of old, And underneath are the eternal arms; And he shall drive out the enemy from before thee, And shall say, Destroy them! (Deut. 33:27)
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Psa. 90:2• 2Before the mountains were brought forth, and thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from eternity to eternity thou art *God. (Psa. 90:2)
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Isa. 9:6• 6For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name is called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty *God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. (Isa. 9:6)
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Isa. 26:4• 4Confide ye in Jehovah for ever; for in Jah, Jehovah, is the rock of ages. (Isa. 26:4)
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Isa. 40:26• 26Lift up your eyes on high, and see! Who hath created these things, bringing out their host by number? He calleth them all by name; through the greatness of his might and strength of power, not one faileth. (Isa. 40:26)
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1 Tim. 1:17• 17Now to the King of the ages, the incorruptible, invisible, only God, honour and glory to the ages of ages. Amen. (1 Tim. 1:17)
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Heb. 9:14• 14how much rather shall the blood of the Christ, who by the eternal Spirit offered himself spotless to God, purify your conscience from dead works to worship the living God? (Heb. 9:14)
Godhead.
so that they are.
or, that they may be.
without.
 That which may be known of God has been manifested by creation- His power and His Godhead. (Romans 1:18-3:20 by J.N. Darby)
 Paul's use of the word "world" in verse 20 is "cosmos" in the Greek. It literally means "order." It indicates that the creation has an orderly design to it. (The Unrighteousness of Man by B. Anstey)
 More properly it should be translated "eternal power and divinity." The Godhead refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The limited revelation of God in creation does not reveal the three Persons in the Godhead. (The Unrighteousness of Man by B. Anstey)

J. N. Darby Translation

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20
—for from the world’s creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power andh divinity,—so as toi render them inexcusable.

JND Translation Notes

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h
What is characteristic of God; not "Godhead," as in Col. 2.9.
i
The Greek expression does not affirm that they are so, but states the consequence of the display of creative glory in what was seen. "So that they should," or "might be," is ambiguous in English, and implies purpose. Hence I have said "so as to render," which gives the sense.

W. Kelly Translation

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20
For the invisible things of him from [the] world’s creation are perceived, being understood by the works, both his eternal power and Godhead, that they might be inexcusable1.

WK Translation Notes

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1
from [the] world’s creation: The phrase ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου, "from the world’s creation," can signify the foundation or source of the suggestion as easily and surely as the earliest starting point of time; but the latter seems to me preferable here, because the things made by God are immediately afterward named as furnishing the groundwork for the mind to infer their Maker by. (Bible Treasury 6:263, Notes on Romans, p.22-23)